Bradford is a city in West Yorkshire, England, in the foothills of the Pennines, 8.6 miles west of Leeds, 16 miles north-west of Wakefield. Bradford became a municipal borough in 1847, received its charter as a city in 1897. Following local government reform in 1974, city status was bestowed upon the City of Bradford metropolitan borough. Bradford forms part of the West Yorkshire Urban Area, which in 2001 had a population of 1.5 million and is the fourth largest in the United Kingdom, with Bradford itself having a population of 529,870. Part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Bradford rose to prominence in the 19th century as an international centre of textile manufacture wool, it was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolution, amongst the earliest industrialised settlements becoming the "wool capital of the world". The area's access to a supply of coal, iron ore and soft water facilitated the growth of Bradford's manufacturing base, which, as textile manufacture grew, led to an explosion in population and was a stimulus to civic investment.
The textile sector in Bradford fell into decline from the mid-20th century. Bradford has since emerged as a tourist destination, becoming the first UNESCO City of Film with attractions such as the National Science and Media Museum, Bradford City Park, the Alhambra theatre and Cartwright Hall. Bradford has faced similar challenges to the rest of post-industrial Northern England, including deindustrialisation, social unrest and economic deprivation; the name Bradford is derived from the Old English brad and ford the broad ford which referred to a crossing of the Bradford Beck at Church Bank below the site of Bradford Cathedral, around which a settlement grew in Saxon times. It was recorded as "Bradeford" in 1086. After an uprising in 1070, during William the Conqueror's Harrying of the North, the manor of Bradford was laid waste and is described as such in the Domesday Book of 1086, it became part of the Honour of Pontefract given to Ilbert de Lacy for service to the Conqueror, in whose family the manor remained until 1311.
There is evidence of a castle in the time of the Lacys. The manor passed to the Earl of Lincoln, John of Gaunt, The Crown and private ownership in 1620. By the middle ages Bradford, had become a small town centred on Kirkgate and Ivegate. In 1316 there is mention of a fulling mill, a soke mill where all the manor corn was milled and a market. During the Wars of the Roses the inhabitants sided with House of Lancaster. Edward IV granted the right to hold two annual fairs and from this time the town began to prosper. In the reign of Henry VIII Bradford exceeded Leeds as a manufacturing centre. Bradford grew over the next two-hundred years as the woollen trade gained in prominence. During the Civil War the town was garrisoned for the Parliamentarians and in 1642 was unsuccessfully attacked by Royalist forces from Leeds. Sir Thomas Fairfax took the command of the garrison and marched to meet the Duke of Newcastle but was defeated; the Parliamentarians retreated to Bradford and the Royalists set up headquarters at Bolling Hall from where the town was besieged leading to its surrender.
The Civil War caused a decline in industry but after the accession of William III and Mary II in 1689 prosperity began to return. The launch of manufacturing in the early 18th century marked the start of the town's development while new canal and turnpike road links encouraged trade. In 1801, Bradford was a rural market town of 6,393 people, where wool spinning and cloth weaving was carried out in local cottages and farms. Bradford was thus not much bigger than nearby Keighley and was smaller than Halifax and Huddersfield; this small town acted as a hub for three nearby townships – Manningham and Great and Little Horton, which were separated from the town by countryside. Blast furnaces were established in about 1788 by Hird, Dawson Hardy at Low Moor and iron was worked by the Bowling Iron Company until about 1900. Yorkshire iron was used for shackles and piston rods for locomotives, colliery cages and other mining appliances where toughness was required; the Low Moor Company made pig iron and the company employed 1,500 men in 1929.
When the municipal borough of Bradford was created in 1847 there were 46 coal mines within its boundaries. Coal output continued to expand, reaching a peak in 1868 when Bradford contributed a quarter of all the coal and iron produced in Yorkshire. In 1825 the wool-combers union called a strike that lasted five-months but workers were forced to return to work through hardship leading to the introduction of machine-combing; this Industrial Revolution led to rapid growth, with wool imported in vast quantities for the manufacture of worsted cloth in which Bradford specialised, the town soon became known as the wool capital of the world. A permanent military presence was established in the city with the completion of Bradford Moor Barracks in 1844. Bradford had ample supplies of locally mined coal to provide the power. Local sandstone was an excellent resource for building the mills, with a population of 182,000 by 1850, the town grew as workers were attracted by jobs in the textile mills. A desperate shortage of water in Bradford Dale was a serious limitation on industrial expansion and improvement in urban sanitary conditions.
In 1854 Bradford Corporation bought the Bradford Water Company and embarked on a huge engineering programme to bring supplies of soft water from Airedale and Nidderdale. By 1882 water supply had radically improved. Meanwhile, urban expansion took place along the routes out of the city towards th
Darley Dale known as Darley, is a town and civil parish in the Derbyshire Dales district of Derbyshire, with a population of around 6,000. It lies north of Matlock, on the A6 road; the town forms part of the urban area of Matlock. It is a commuter town for workers in Matlock; this article contains information on the area covered by the current civil parish of Darley Dale. The main built-up area of the parish extends for 2 miles along the A6 road north-west of Matlock, starting near the ARC Leisure Centre and ending near Stancliffe Quarry, it is bounded on the south-west by the River Derwent and extends over the hills and moors to the north-east as far as Darwin Forest Country Park. The parish includes the settlements at Darley Dale, Darley Hillside, Two Dales, Upper Hackney and Farley, but excludes Darley Bridge and Northwood. Darley Dale is sometimes confused with Darley Abbey (a mile north of Derby and with Dale Abbey. Earlier versions of this article claimed that a Benedictine abbey was built in Darley Dale under the reign of Henry I in the 12th century - this is not supported by the evidence now available.
St Helen's Church dates from the 12th century. The Wirksworth Moor to Longstone turnpike opened in 1759; the Chesterfield to Matlock and Rowsley Bridge turnpike opened in 1760. In 1849 a railway line opened for passenger traffic between Ambergate and Rowsley, with intermediate stations at Matlock Bath, Matlock Bridge and Darley. In 1873 a new railway station opened at Darley on opposite side of level crossing. In 1877 Rowsley railway sidings brought into use. St Helen's Church was restored in 1877. Whitworth Hospital opened in 1889. Whitworth Institute was erected in 1890. In 1890 Darley railway station renamed Darley Dale; the town grew in the 19th and 20th centuries around the lead mining, metal forging and quarrying industries. Situated in the Churchtown part of Darley Dale, this Grade II* listed parish church dates from the 12th century; the church was restored in 1877. The church tower was restored and strengthened in 1902-03. Outside the church, in the south wall of the chancel, the four periods of architecture, Early English and Perpendicular, can be seen.
Inside the church, there are monuments to Sir John de Darley, lord of the manor in 14th century. There is a memorial window to the famous engineer, Sir Joseph Whitworth, who lived in the parish and is buried in the churchyard; the yew tree, situated just outside the south porch, is claimed to be 2,000 years old and is one of the thickest in England with a girth of around 33 feet, 4 feet from the ground. It is claimed. Situated on Chesterfield Road in Two Dales, this was built in 1827. Known as Hudson's Chapel. Superseded by the Dale Road Methodist Church in 1904. After use as a Sunday school, it was converted into a bakery. Situated on Greenaway Lane, this was built in 1848. Superseded by the nearby Hackney Methodist Church in 1908. After a period in use as a Sunday school, it is no longer used as a place of worship. Situated on Dale Road, close to the Whitworth Institute, this was built in 1904, it superseded the Wesleyan Chapel in Two Dales. This was built in 1908 to replace a smaller Primitive Methodist chapel nearby on Greenaway Lane.
Situated on Moor Lane, this was built in 1912 to replace an earlier building on Lumb Lane. It is part of the same circuit as Dale Road Methodist Church. Sir Joseph Whitworth, the 19th-century machine toolmaker and engineer, lived at Stancliffe Hall in Darley Dale for the last 13 years of his life, he died at Monte Carlo in 1887, aged 83, was buried at St. Helen's Church. During his lifetime he drew up plans for the village and these were fulfilled thanks to generous endowments from his estate, he had, according to his biographer Terence Kilburn, hoped to build a comprehensive village college but his wife, preferred a social centre. The Institute and Park was a compromise and is just one of the things the Whitworths did to enrich the lives of Darley Dale's inhabitants. Lady Louisa Whitworth built Whitworth Cottage Hospital, the first of two major building projects in Darley Dale, following the death of her husband and it was opened in 1889, it is still in use as an NHS hospital in 2015, providing a minor injuries unit, two urgent care wards and some community health services.
The opening to the public of the Whitworth Institute in September 1890 marked the beginning of Lady Louisa's second major project in Darley Dale. The institute comprised an indoor swimming pool, an assembly hall, various reading and committee rooms and a library, a billiard room, a museum of natural history, a convenient hotel and a landscaped park; the Whitworth Institute was given to the people of Darley Dale and in 2009/10 underwent a £1.7M renovation to ensure its continued use for future generations. The park provides a variety of sporting activities with soccer and cricket pitches, a bowling green and a skateboard arena. Whitworth Park provides over ten acres of landscaped grounds with pathways along tree-lined avenues. There is a shallow lake; the centrepiece of the park is an obelisk commemorating Sir Joseph Whitworth. In 2003 the park was the subject of a £750,000 refurbishment. Notable people associated with Darley Dale include: Nigel Bond, snooker player, was born there Tom Chambers, was born there in 1977 Mike Hendrick, English cricketer, was born there in 1948 Christopher Green, comedy writer and performer, grew up there Joseph Paxton and gardener for the nearby Chatsworth House Crichton Porteous, author Joseph Whitworth, engineer - see the Whitworth legacy section above Sir Godfrey de Foljambe, polit
A lathe is a machine that rotates a workpiece about an axis of rotation to perform various operations such as cutting, knurling, deformation and turning, with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object with symmetry about that axis. Lathes are used in woodturning, metal spinning, thermal spraying, parts reclamation, glass-working. Lathes can be used to shape the best-known design being the Potter's wheel. Most suitably equipped metalworking lathes can be used to produce most solids of revolution, plane surfaces and screw threads or helices. Ornamental lathes can produce three-dimensional solids of incredible complexity; the workpiece is held in place by either one or two centers, at least one of which can be moved horizontally to accommodate varying workpiece lengths. Other work-holding methods include clamping the work about the axis of rotation using a chuck or collet, or to a faceplate, using clamps or dogs. Examples of objects that can be produced on a lathe include screws, gun barrels, cue sticks, table legs, baseball bats, musical instruments and much more.
The lathe is an ancient tool, with tenuous evidence for its existence at a Mycenaean Greek site, dating back as far as the 13th or 14th century BC. Clear evidence of turned artifacts have been found from the 6th century BC: fragments of a wooden bowl in an Etruscan tomb in Northern Italy as well as two flat wooden dishes with decorative turned rims from modern Turkey. During the Warring States period in China, ca 400 BCE, the ancient Chinese used rotary lathes to sharpen tools and weapons on an industrial scale; the first known painting showing a lathe dates to the 3rd century BC in ancient Egypt. The lathe was important to the Industrial Revolution, it is known as the mother of machine tools, as it was the first machine tool that led to the invention of other machine tools. The first documented, all-metal slide rest lathe was invented by Jacques de Vaucanson around 1751, it was described in the Encyclopédie. An important early lathe in the UK was the horizontal boring machine, installed in 1772 in the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich.
It was horse-powered and allowed for the production of much more accurate and stronger cannon used with success in the American Revolutionary War in the late 18th century. One of the key characteristics of this machine was that the workpiece was turning as opposed to the tool, making it technically a lathe. Henry Maudslay who developed many improvements to the lathe worked at the Royal Arsenal from 1783 being exposed to this machine in the Verbruggen workshop. A detailed description of Vaucanson's lathe was published decades before Maudslay perfected his version, it is that Maudslay was not aware of Vaucanson's work, since his first versions of the slide rest had many errors that were not present in the Vaucanson lathe. During the Industrial Revolution, mechanized power generated by water wheels or steam engines was transmitted to the lathe via line shafting, allowing faster and easier work. Metalworking lathes evolved into heavier machines with more rigid parts. Between the late 19th and mid-20th centuries, individual electric motors at each lathe replaced line shafting as the power source.
Beginning in the 1950s, servomechanisms were applied to the control of lathes and other machine tools via numerical control, coupled with computers to yield computerized numerical control. Today manually controlled and CNC lathes coexist in the manufacturing industries. A lathe may or may not have legs known as a nugget, which sit on the floor and elevate the lathe bed to a working height. A lathe may sit on a workbench or table, not requiring a stand. All lathes have a bed, a horizontal beam. Woodturning lathes specialized for turning large bowls have no bed or tail stock a free-standing headstock and a cantilevered tool rest. At one end of the bed is a headstock; the headstock contains high-precision spinning bearings. Rotating within the bearings is a horizontal axle, with an axis parallel to the bed, called the spindle. Spindles are hollow and have exterior threads and/or an interior Morse taper on the "inboard" by which work-holding accessories may be mounted to the spindle. Spindles may have exterior threads and/or an interior taper at their "outboard" end, and/or may have a hand-wheel or other accessory mechanism on their outboard end.
Spindles are impart motion to the workpiece. The spindle is driven either by foot power from a treadle and flywheel or by a belt or gear drive to a power source. In most modern lathes this power source is an integral electric motor either in the headstock, to the left of the headstock, or beneath the headstock, concealed in the stand. In addition to the spindle and its bearings, the headstock contains parts to convert the motor speed into various spindle speeds. Various types of speed-changing mechanism achieve this, from a cone pulley or step pulley, to a cone pulley with back gear, to an entire gear train similar to that of a manual-shift auto transmission; some motors have electronic rheostat-type speed controls, which obviates cone gears. The counterpoint to the headstock is the tailstock, sometimes referred to as the loose head, as it can be positioned at any convenient point on the bed by
West Riding of Yorkshire
The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England. From 1889 to 1974 the administrative county, County of York, West Riding, was based on the historic boundaries; the lieutenancy at that time included the City of York and as such was named West Riding of the County of York and the County of the City of York. Its boundaries correspond to the present ceremonial counties of West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and the Craven and Selby districts of North Yorkshire, along with smaller parts in Lancashire, Greater Manchester and, since 1996, the unitary East Riding of Yorkshire; the West Riding encompasses 1,771,562 acres from Sheffield in the south to Sedbergh in the north and from Dunsop Bridge in the west to Adlingfleet in the east. The southern industrial district, considered in the broadest application of the term, extended northward from Sheffield to Skipton and eastward from Sheffield to Doncaster, covering less than one-half of the riding. Within this district were Barnsley, Bradford, Dewsbury, Halifax, Keighley, Morley, Pontefract, Rotherham, Sheffield and Wakefield.
Major centres elsewhere in the riding included Ripon. Within the industrial region, other urban districts included Bingley, Bolton on Dearne, Cleckheaton, Featherstone, Hoyland Nether, Mexborough, Normanton, Rothwell, Shipley, Sowerby Bridge, Swinton, Wath-upon-Dearne and Worsborough. Outside the industrial region were Goole, Ilkley and Selby; the West Riding contained a large rural area to the north including part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The subdivision of Yorkshire into three ridings or "thirds" is of Scandinavian origin; the West Riding was first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. Unlike most English counties, being so large, was divided first into the three ridings and the city of York; each riding was divided into wapentakes, a division comparable to the hundreds of Southern England and the wards of England's four northern-most historic counties. Within the West Riding of Yorkshire there were ten wapentakes in total, four of which were split into two divisions, those were— Claro, Skyrack and Tickhill and Staincliffe.
The wapentake of Agbrigg and Morley was created with two divisions but was split into two separate wapentakes. A wapentake known as the Ainsty to the west of York, was until the 15th century a wapentake of the West Riding, but since has come under the jurisdiction of the City of York The administrative county was formed in 1889 by the Local Government Act 1888, covered the historic West Riding except for the larger urban areas, which were county boroughs with the powers of both a municipal borough and a county council. There were five in number: Bradford, Huddersfield and Sheffield; the City of York was included in the county for lieutenancy purposes. The number of county boroughs increased over the years; the boundaries of existing county boroughs were widened. Beginning in 1898, the West Riding County Council was based at the County Hall in Wakefield, inherited by the West Yorkshire County Council in 1974; the Local Government Act 1888 included the entirety of Todmorden with the West Riding administrative county, in its lieutenancy area.
Other boundary changes in the county included the expansion of the county borough of Sheffield southward in areas in Derbyshire such as Dore. Fingerposts erected in the West Riding. At the top of the post was a roundel in the form of a hollow circle with a horizontal line across the middle, displaying "Yorks W. R.", the name of the fingerpost's location, a grid reference. Other counties, apart from Dorset, did not display a grid reference and did not have a horizontal bar through the roundel. From 1964, many fingerposts were replaced by ones in the modern style, but some of the old style still survive within the West Riding boundaries. By 1971 1,924,853 people lived in the administrative county, against 1,860,435 in the ten county boroughs; the term West Riding is still used in the names of the following clubs, organisations: 33rd Foot, First Yorkshire West Riding Regiment, a re-enactment group based in Halifax who depict this Regiment during the Napoleonic Wars 49 Signal Squadron, a squadron of 34 Signal Regiment based at Carlton Barracks in Leeds 51st Light Infantry, a re-enactment group based in the West Midlands who depict this Regiment during the Napoleonic Wars 106 Field Squadron, a squadron of 72 Engineer Regiment based in Greenhill and Manningham Lane, Bradford 269 Bat
Idle, West Yorkshire
Idle is a residential suburban area in the city of Bradford, West Yorkshire, in England and was a separate village and before that the Manor of Idle. Idle is loosely bordered by the areas of Eccleshill, Thackley, Apperley Bridge, Greengates, in the north-east of the city; the Manor of Idle contained the villages of Idle and Windhill and hamlets of Thackley, Thorpe-Green, Cross-Keys and Wrose. The Manor of Idle was bounded by the River Aire in the north and in the east Pighill Beck up to Blakehill Tongue and across westwards down a small beck to Bradford Beck; the name is thought to be a corruption of Idlawe meaning Ide's Hill, where Ida is supposed to be an Anglo Saxon settler. Idle was once part of the parish of Calverley but in 1584 a chapel of ease was built on Town Lane and in 1630 rebuilt on the same site; the building is now known as Old Chapel. In 1775 Round Steps School was added to the western end of Old Chapel and was rebuilt in 1836; the school building contained a lockup and the town's offices, was used by the Mechanics Institute.
It was demolished in the late 19th century. In 1914 there was a move to demolish Old Chapel to improve road access however there was a successful campaign to oppose this and preserve the Old Chapel. In 1717 Upper Chapel was built on Westfield Road by dissenters, rebuilt in 1790 and rebuilt again in 1850; this was demolished in 1953 and rebuilt again becoming the United Reformed Church in 1972. The Primitive Methodists Church was established on Town Lane in 1861 but was demolished; the property was used by the Idle branch of the YMCA. Thorpe Methodist Chapel was built in 1814 and a new chapel built in 1871 demolished circa 1981 and a modern chapel built on the site. Holy Trinity Church was built off Town Lane in 1830 and the graveyard was extended into land between the church and The Grange occupied by Church Farm. In 1858 the Unitarian Church was built on Highfield Road but was demolished. St John's Church was built on Cavendish Road but this has now been demolished; the Idle Baptist Chapel was built on Bradford Road in 1810 and the Idle Baptist Church was built in 1875 but demolished in 1983.
The Salvation Army took up residence in the Old Green Mill in Idle Green. In 1890 the foundations were laid for the present Idle Citadel Salvation Army Worship Hall on Walter Street The builders were Messrs Obank & sons of Thackley; the hall was opened in April 1893. In 1999 a new community hall was built adjoining the main hall over the site of the old air-raid shelter; the Idle Spiritualist Church was established on Highfield Road in the former premises of the White Hart Inn. Idle's early local industry was based on quarrying. Stone was exported using the canal and on the railway. Mills in the Idle area include Old Green Mill, Butt Lane Cotton Mill, Union Mills, Simpson Green Mill or Castle Mill, New Mill and Albion Mill. Idle was served at different periods by two railway stations firstly the Idle railway station in Thackley on the Leeds and Bradford line during 1847-48, the Idle railway station in central Idle on the Great Northern Laisterdyke—Shipley line between 1875 and 1968; the railway opened to goods in 1874 and to passengers in 1875.
Idle's workhouse was on Windhill Old Road in Thackley. Watmough's printers had premises on High Street; the business closed and the buildings demolished to make way for housing. A tram service operated from Bradford to Thorpe Garth from 1901 to 1931 after which a trolley bus service started. Jowett Cars Ltd had a car factory in Bradford Road, Idle until 1954. Jowett sold the factory to International Harvester who made tractors at the site until the early 1980s; the factory was demolished after International Harvester closed it, the site is now occupied by Enterprise 5, a retail complex consisting of independent units, McDonald's and a Morrisons supermarket. Rank Leak Wharfedale had a site on Highfield Road manufacturing Hi-Fi equipment; the Idle Picture Palace opened in 1912 located in existing buildings on The Green. Circa 1930 sound was installed and in 1955 a wide screen, but it closed in 1959 to reopen as a Bingo hall but the building was demolished in 1970/71. In more modern times there was a Hillards Supermarket off Idlecroft which became Dunnes Stores.
The premises remained unoccupied after Dunnes closed in 2015. The site has been developed and is now split between Home Bargains and Aldi; the borders between the village and its neighbouring areas are not well defined, but there are three distinct areas in the village: the working class area of Thorpe Edge to the south east of the village. To the extreme west of the village on the border with the area of Wrose, is the rural Idle Moor; this is a hilly area of the village and provides views over the River Aire valley towards Shipley and Baildon. The village centre consists of a small village green, around which are various shops, banks and eateries, including most of the village's fast food outlets. In the area leading away from the village centre towards Leeds Road, there is a recreational area including football fields, tennis courts, a bowling green and a children's play area; this is known locally as the Idle Rec. Idle and The Green is a conservation area; the village of Idle was included in Bradford when it became a city in 1899.
Today the village is located in the ward of Thackley. The village is located in the newly created parliamentary constituency of Bradford East
Whitworth Art Gallery
The Whitworth is an art gallery in Manchester, containing about 55,000 items in its collection. The gallery is part of the University of Manchester. In 2015, the Whitworth reopened after it was transformed by a £15 million capital redevelopment that doubled its exhibition spaces, restored period features and opened itself up to its surrounding park; the gallery received more than 440,000 visitors in its first year and was awarded the Art Fund’s Museum of the Year prize in 2015. In June 2017, Maria Balshaw stepped down as the director to take up her new role as the Director of Tate. Nick Merriman was acting Interim Director of the Whitworth On October 11 2018 it was announced that Alistair Hudson would be the new Director of Manchester Art Gallery and the Whitworth. Hudson Director at MIMA, is a co-director of the Asociación de Arte Útil; the gallery was founded in 1889 by Robert Dukinfield Darbishire with a donation from Sir Joseph Whitworth, as The Whitworth Institute and Park. The first building was completed in 1908.
In 1958 the gallery became part of the University of Manchester. In October 1995 the mezzanine court in the centre of the building was opened; the new gallery, designed chiefly for the display of sculpture, won a RIBA regional award. In 2010 the art gallery received 172,000 visitors, making it one of Greater Manchester's ten most-visited tourist attractions. In February 2015, the Whitworth reopened after a £15 million capital redevelopment and received over 440,000 visitors in its first reopening year, it was shortlisted for the Stirling Prize and won the Art Fund’s Museum of the Year in 2015. On Saturday 26 April 2003, three paintings — Van Gogh's The Fortification of Paris with Houses, Picasso's Poverty and Gauguin's Tahitian Landscape – were stolen from the gallery, they were found rolled up in a nearby public toilet and were subsequently put back on display. The Grade II listed gallery was built between 1895 and 1900 in a free Jacobean style to the designs of J. W. Beaumont; the gallery consisting two storeys and a basement is constructed of red brick with bands and dressings of matching terracotta and has green slate roofs.
Its nine-bay main range has two towers and a large projecting semi-circular porch with a screen of paired stone Ionic columns and a stone frieze below a balustraded parapet. An architectural competition was launched by RIBA Competitions to design an extension in 2008 and funding was secured in February 2011. In September 2013 the gallery closed for extension works; the £15 million redevelopment was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the University of Manchester. The refurbishment works, undertaken by architects MUMA envisaged the gallery reopening to the public by summer 2014, but complications have delayed the opening; the development includes expanded gallery areas, a learning studio, study centre, an art garden and cafe. Developers have constructed a glass, stainless steel and brick extension consisting of two wings which extend into Whitworth Park from the back of the gallery building; the wings are connected by a glass promenade. The extension means; the extension, which opened on 14 February 2015 doubles the gallery's public space.
It will provide more space for displaying the 55,000 items in the gallery's collection and link the building to Whitworth Park. The refurbishment and extension work resulted in the development winning a RIBA National Award in 2015 and subsequently being shortlisted for the RIBA Stirling Prize; the Whitworth won the Art Fund’s Museum of the Year award in 2015. The Whitworth has notable collections of watercolours, sculptures and textiles; the gallery focuses on modern artists, the art collections include works by Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Ford Madox Brown, Eduardo Paolozzi, Francis Bacon, William Blake, David Hockney, L. S. Lowry, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh and Pablo Picasso, a fine collection of works by J. M. W. Turner. One of its most famous works is the marble sculpture Genesis by Sir Jacob Epstein. Listed buildings in Manchester-M15 Official website Whitworth Art Gallery archives, University of Manchester Library