click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Josiah Wedgwood

Josiah Wedgwood was an English potter and entrepreneur. He founded the Wedgwood company, he is credited with the industrialisation of the manufacture of pottery. The renewed classical enthusiasms of the late 1760s and early 1770s were of major importance to his sales promotion, his expensive goods were in much demand from the nobility, while he used emulation effects to market cheaper sets to the rest of society. Every new invention that Wedgwood produced – green glaze, black basalt and jasper – was copied. Having once achieved perfection in production, he achieved perfection in sales and distribution, his showrooms in London gave the public the chance to see his complete range of tableware. Meeting the demands of the consumer revolution and growth in wealth of the middle classes that helped drive the Industrial Revolution in Britain, Wedgwood is credited as the inventor of modern marketing, he pioneered direct mail, money back guarantees, travelling salesmen, carrying patterned boxes for display, self-service, free delivery, buy one get one free, illustrated catalogues.

A prominent abolitionist, Wedgwood is remembered too for his "Am I Not a Man And a Brother?" anti-slavery medallion. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family, he was the grandfather of Charles and Emma Darwin. Born in Burslem, the eleventh and last child of potter Thomas Wedgwood and Mary Wedgwood, Josiah was raised within a family of English Dissenters, he was the grandson of a Unitarian minister and was an active Unitarian. By the age of nine, he was proving himself to be a skilled potter, he survived a childhood bout of smallpox to serve as an apprentice potter under his eldest brother Thomas Wedgwood IV. Smallpox left Josiah with a permanently weakened knee, which made him unable to work the foot pedal of a potter's wheel; as a result, he concentrated from an early age on designing pottery and making it with the input of other potters. The pottery created in his father's and brother's business was inexpensive and low quality and mottled in color. In his early twenties, Wedgwood began working with the most renowned English pottery-maker of his day, Thomas Whieldon, who became his business partner in 1754.

Wedgwood began to study the new science of chemistry, seeking to understand the materials science of fire and minerals and to develop better clays and glazes for potter-making. Following an accident in 1762, Wedgwood met Joseph Priestley, another Dissenter and a chemist who gave Wedgwood advice on chemistry. Wedgwood's experimentation with a wide variety of techniques coincided with the burgeoning of the nearby industrial city of Manchester. Inspired, Wedgwood leased the Ivy Works in the town of Burslem. From 1768 to 1780 he partnered with Thomas Bentley, a businessman from a landowning family, sophisticated and had astute taste. Over the course of the next decade, his experimentation transformed the sleepy artisan works into the first true pottery factory. In January 1764 Wedgwood married his third cousin, they had eight children: Susannah Wedgwood married Robert Darwin and became the mother of the English naturalist Charles Darwin. Charles married his cousin; the doubled family inheritance of Wedgwood wealth created by his grandfather gave Charles Darwin the leisure time to formulate his theory of evolution.

John Wedgwood, joined the business rather reluctantly interested in horticulture Richard Wedgwood Josiah Wedgwood II Thomas Wedgwood, best known as a pioneer photographer Catherine Wedgwood Sarah Wedgwood Mary Anne Wedgwood Wedgwood was keenly interested in the scientific advances of his day and it was this interest that underpinned his adoption of its approach and methods to revolutionize the quality of his pottery. His unique glazes began to distinguish his wares from anything else on the market. By 1763, he was receiving orders from the highest levels of the British nobility, including Queen Charlotte. Wedgwood convinced her to let him name the line of pottery she had purchased "Queen's Ware", trumpeted the royal association in his paperwork and stationery. Anything Wedgwood made. In 1764, he received his first order from abroad. Wedgwood marketed his Queen's Ware at affordable prices, everywhere in the world British trading ships sailed. In 1767 he wrote. Creamcolour, Queen Ware, Ivory, still increases -- It is amazing how the use of it has spread all most over the whole Globe."

He first opened a warehouse at Charles Street, Mayfair in London as early as 1765 and it soon became an integral part of his sales organization. In two years, his trade had outgrown his rooms in Grosvenor Square. In 1767, Wedgwood and Bentley drew up an agreement to divide decorative wares between them, the domestic wares being sold on Wedgwood's behalf. A special display room was built to beguile the fashionable company. Wedgwood's in fact had become one of the most fashionable meeting places in London, his workers had to work day and night to satisfy the demand, the crowds of visitors showed no sign of abating. The proliferating decor

Robert Howe (Australian politician)

Robert Howe was an Australian politician. He was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives from 1910 until his death in office in 1915. Howe was born in Newcastle in England, he migrated to Australia in 1882 and became a patternmaker and engineer, working for many years at the Cockatoo Island Dockyard. He was Sydney district secretary of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, represented the union before the Industrial Court in an early award inquiry, he was elected to the Australian House of Representatives as the Labor member for Dalley at the 1910 election, defeating the sitting MP, William Wilks. He was re-elected at the 1913 election after fending off a challenge to his Labor preselection from Thomas Storey, but had a nervous breakdown after the election and missed the first session of that term of parliament, he recovered for some time, but became ill again in late 1914, died at his Balmain house in April 1915

City Winery

City Winery is a winery, music venue and private event location in Hudson Square, New York City. Other locations include Atlanta, Nashville, Washington D. C. and Philadelphia, PA. Satellite locations are sited in New York City. A location in Montgomery, New York, at former textile mill, the first one outside a major city, is planned for 2018. Founded in 2008 by CEO Michael Dorf, the venue has hosted gigs by Graham Nash, Norah Jones and Lee Ann Womack, it runs a set of free early evening weekday gigs for local musicians. Each City Winery location is a functioning urban winery, importing grapes from all over the world to create unique locally made wines. Shlomo Lipetz a member of Team Israel at the World Baseball Classic in March 2017, serves as the Vice President of programming, books music for their five locations. Lipetz began working at City Winery in 2008 with its founding

The Pride of Mid-America Marching Band

The "Pride of Mid-America" is the name of the Ball State University marching band. Consisting of around 200 members, it is the largest student organization at Ball State; the band was first organized in 1926 by Claude E. Palmer, who at that time was the head of the Music Department at the former Ball State Teachers College. In 1945, Robert Hargreaves became the new Director of the Bands, working with Robert Holmes as Associate Director of Bands; the next year, Hargreaves selected Robert Hamilton as the new director. In 1950, Herbert Fred was designated Director of Bands. Under his direction, the Ball State Marching Band was one of the first bands in the country to perform drill on the field. In addition, the band began accepting women into the organization, only accessible to men. In the late 1950s, Hargreaves appointed Earl Dunn as the new Director of Bands. During the 1960s, band membership grew from 66 to 190, receiving national recognition for outstanding performances. From homecoming parades to playing with outside musicians, the band was on its way to expanding and carving a name for itself.

The marching band participated in the Inaugural Parade for Lyndon B. Johnson on January 20, 1965; the band performed for presidents Richard Nixon and George H. W. Bush. By the mid-1960s, the band had established a reputation for playing Big Band arrangements for the halftime shows. "The Pride" appeared in the 1965 and 1967 Grantland Rice Bowl games. By the end of the 1970s, the band had 250 players, was still growing in both membership and prestige. In 1984, Joseph Scagnoli became the new director of the Ball State Marching Band. Growing to 300 members, it was the first band in Indiana to perform curvilinear drills on the field. In 1989, the band traveled to Fresno, California for the California Raisin Bowl, to Las Vegas, Nevada in 1993 and 1995 to perform in the Las Vegas Bowl."The Pride" played for the Buffalo Bills, Cincinnati Bengals, the Indianapolis Colts. The marching band became so popular during the 1990s that it recorded a cassette featuring the Ball State Fight Song, Victory March, Fanfare.

All copies sold out due to its popularity. A compact disc was released in 1998, featuring the Ball State traditional songs and fight songs of the Mid-American Conference. By the end of the decade, Christian Zembower had become the new director. In 2006, Dr. Thomas Caneva was appointed Director of Bands, Dan Kalantarian was appointed associate Director of Bands. In 2007, the band executed new drills, debuted a new uniform, performed for David Letterman at the inauguration of the new Letterman Communication and Media Building, they performed a pregame and halftime show at Indiana University and had an appearance at the International Bowl in early 2008. The band's other appearances included an Indianapolis Colts game at the new Lucas Oil Stadium, an appearance at the MAC Championship in Detroit, a trip in early 2009 to Mobile, Alabama for the GMAC Bowl; the name, "Pride of Mid-America," was first introduced in the 1960s by former director Earl Dunn. Some speculations led to the thought that the name came from the prestige and recognition that the marching band started to have at the time.

It was linked to the sudden growth in number of members during Dunn's direction, or to the university's participation in the Mid-American Conference. What inspired the name is not determined. Today, the name represents Ball State and its traditions, it has become the main title of the marching band, it is used as an encouragement tool for the members, such as the traditional dismissal after every rehearsal or performance, which goes: Leader: Band who are we?! Band: Ball State! Leader: I said band who are we? Band: Ball State! Leader: What do we have?! Band: PRIDE! Leader: I said what do we have?! Band: PRIDE! Leader: Let's go, let's go! Band: Let's go, Ball U! "The Pride" consists of a great number of brass and woodwind players, a limited number of percussion players who are required to audition. As part of the auxiliary, the band has a color guard and a feature twirler, but it included cardettes and majorettes in past years; the current feature twirler is Sarah Hirschbeck. The directors of "The Pride" have changed their duties and responsibilities.

As for today, the director is in charge of arranging the music, writing drill patterns. Former and today's directors: Dr. Claude E. Palmer Dr. Robert Hargreaves Mr. Robert Hamilton Mr. Herbert Fred Dr. Merton Utgaard Mr. Earl Dunn Mr. Dean DePoy Mr. Roger McConnell Dr. Joseph Scagnoli Dr. Christian Zembower Mr. Dan Kalantarian Dr. Shawn Vondran Dr. Thomas Keck Dr. Caroline Hand They help and shadow the director as part of the graduate work; the current graduate assistants are Adam Friedrich and Stuart Ivey. The marching band counts on several instructors to help with the band, they the assistant director of bands. The band uses a color guard instructor and a percussion instructor; the percussion instructor has several duties including instructing the Ball State Drumline by arranging music, directing sectional rehearsals, practicing drill. The color guard instructor, Rhonda Reynolds, is responsible for providing and teaching flag and/or dance routine to the group, as

Elwha Ranger Station

The Elwha Ranger Station is a historic district in Olympic National Park built in the 1930s for the U. S. Forest Service; the complex of fourteen buildings is divided in two by Olympic Hotsprings Road. To the east lie the ranger station and three residences, with nine maintenance buildings on the west side of the road; the complex was turned over to the National Park Service in 1940 when the land was added to Olympic National Park from Olympic National Forest. Construction is typical of USFS practice, reflects the Forest Service's preference of the time for bungalow and American Craftsman style architecture; the Elwha area was designated as one of fifteen areas in Olympic National Forest to be used for public recreation. The "Cleator Plan," named after Forest Service recreation engineer Fred W. Cleator, envisioned the construction of appropriate structures to support these activities, including a ranger station. In the mid-1930s a Civilian Conservation Corps camp was established nearby, contributing labor for forest construction projects.

When the area was taken over by the National Park Service in 1940 the complex continued in use unchanged, retaining its Forest Service character. The historic district comprises 13 contributing buildings, built between 1930 and 1936; the Elwha Ranger Station Office was built in 1932. The one-story wood frame structure is covered with half-log siding on the lower walls in two widths and shingles on the gables; the building is irregular in shape, with porches on the south and west sides, supported by log columns. The Ranger Station Residence was built in 1932; the 1-1/2 story frame structure is similar in construction and materials, located a little distance away from the office. The Mechanic's House had been built in 1930; this 1-1/2 story building is similar to the others. A matching woodshed is nearby; the Bunkhouse was built in 1932. The 1-1/2 story structure is with its own woodshed; the maintenance area across the road includes the 1930 fire cache building, equipment shed, equipment repair shop and horse barn, all of wood frame construction.

The two-story barn is covered with board-and-batten siding and has a distinctive Forest Service character. 1936 buildings include the gas and oil building, constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps, an equipment shed, moved in 1948 from the Elwha CCC camp, a smaller lean-to shed. The oil and grease building has a residential character, with stylized pine tree cut-outs in the gables and curved support brackets on the front porch; the equipment sheds are large gabled 1-1/2 story buildings with exposed rafter tails and prominent gable dormers. The Elwha Ranger Station complex was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on July 13, 1997; the district is located between the NRHP-listed Elwha and Altair community kitchens

John Read (Connecticut politician)

John Reed was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives from Norwalk, Connecticut Colony in the May 1715 and October 1717 sessions. He was the son of James Reed, he was an officer in Oliver Cromwell's new model army, a soldier from the age of sixteen. When Charles II of England was restored to the throne, Reed left for America, he settled first in Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. In Providence, he married Anne Samson Derby, he moved to Rye, Province of New York, in 1684, where he lived for three or four years. He established himself in the western part of Norwalk, at a house he built on the eastern side of the Five Mile River, north of the Old Post Road and nearly two miles from the Long Island Sound at a place called Reed's Farms, his name is found among the records of the town of Norwalk in 1687. John Reed was admitted to the bar in 1708 in Connecticut, his house was used for a meeting place for some years. His wife died and he married again to the Widow Scofield from Stamford.

He died in Norwalk, in the ninety-eighth year of his age, in 1730, was interred in a tomb on his own farm. Third great-grandfather of William Benjamin Reed, mayor of South Norwalk, Connecticut from 1891 to 1892