José Victoriano González-Pérez, better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter born in Madrid who lived and worked in France most of his life. Connected to the innovative artistic genre Cubism, his works are among the movement's most distinctive. Gris was born in Madrid and studied engineering at the Madrid School of Arts and Sciences. There, from 1902 to 1904, he contributed drawings to local periodicals. From 1904 to 1905, he studied painting with the academic artist José Moreno Carbonero, it was in 1905. In 1909 Lucie Belin —Gris' first wife—gave birth to Georges Gonzalez-Gris, the artists only child; the three lived at the Bateau-Lavoir, 13 Rue Ravignan, from 1909 to 1911. In 1912 Gris met Charlotte Augusta Fernande Herpin known as Josette. Late 1913 or early 1914 they lived together at the Bateau-Lavoir until 1922. Josette Gris was unofficial wife. In 1906 he moved to Paris and became friends with the poets Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, artists Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, Fernand Léger and Jean Metzinger.
He submitted darkly humorous illustrations to journals such as the anarchist satirical magazine L'Assiette au Beurre, Le Rire, Le Charivari, Le Cri de Paris. In Paris, Gris followed the lead of Metzinger and another friend and fellow countryman, Pablo Picasso. Gris began to paint in 1911, developing at this time a personal Cubist style. In A Life of Picasso, John Richardson writes that Jean Metzinger's 1911 work, Le goûter, persuaded Juan Gris of the importance of mathematics in painting. Gris exhibited for the first time at the 1912 Salon des Indépendants."He appears with two styles", writes art historian Peter Brooke, "In one of them a grid structure appears, reminiscent of the Goûter and of Metzinger's work in 1912." In the other, Brooke continues, "the grid is still present but the lines are not stated and their continuity is broken. Their presence is suggested by the heavy triangular, shading of the angles between them... Both styles are distinguished from the work of Picasso and Braque by their clear and measurable quality."
Although Gris regarded Picasso as a teacher, Gertrude Stein wrote in The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas that "Juan Gris was the only person whom Picasso wished away". In 1912 Gris exhibited at the Exposicío d'art cubista, Galeries Dalmau in Barcelona, the first declared group exhibition of Cubism worldwide. Gris, in that same year, signed a contract that gave Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler exclusive rights to his work. At first Gris painted in the style of Analytical Cubism, a term he himself coined, but after 1913 he began his conversion to Synthetic Cubism, of which he became a steadfast interpreter, with extensive use of papier collé or, collage. Unlike Picasso and Braque, whose Cubist works were monochromatic, Gris painted with bright harmonious colors in daring, novel combinations in the manner of his friend Matisse. Gris exhibited with the painters of the Puteaux Group in the Salon de la Section d'Or in 1912, his preference for clarity and order influenced the Purist style of Amédée Ozenfant and Charles Edouard Jeanneret, made Gris an important exemplar of the post-war "return to order" movement.
In 1915 he was painted by Amedeo Modigliani. In November 1917 he made one of the polychrome plaster Harlequin. Gris's works from late 1916 through 1917 exhibit a greater simplification of geometric structure, a blurring of the distinction between objects and setting, between subject matter and background; the oblique overlapping planar constructions, tending away from equilibrium, can best be seen in Woman with Mandolin, after Corot and in its epilogue, Portrait of Josette Gris. The clear-cut underlying geometric framework of these works controls the finer elements of the compositions. Though Gris had planned the representation of his chosen subject matter, the abstract armature serves as the starting point; the geometric structure of Juan Gris's Crystal period is palpable in Still Life before an Open Window, Place Ravignan. The overlapping elemental planar structure of the composition serves as a foundation to flatten the individual elements onto a unifying surface, foretelling the shape of things to come.
In 1919 and 1920, artists and critics began to write conspicuously about this'synthetic' approach, to assert its importance in the overall scheme of advanced Cubism. In 1924, he designed ballet costumes for Sergei Diaghilev and the famous Ballets Russes. Gris articulated most of his aesthetic theories during 1924 and 1925, he delivered his definitive lecture, Des possibilités de la peinture, at the Sorbonne in 1924. Major Gris exhibitions took place at the Galerie Simon in Paris and the Galerie Flechtheim in Berlin in 1923 and at the Galerie Flechtheim in Düsseldorf in 1925. After October 1925, Gris was ill with bouts of uremia and cardiac problems, he died of kidney failure in Boulogne-sur-Seine on 11 May 1927, at the age of 40, leaving a wife, a son, Georges. The top auction price for a Gris work is $57.1 million, achieved for his 1915
Charles Tahan is an American actor. His notable roles include Wyatt Langmore in the Netflix original crime drama Ozark, the voice of Victor Frankenstein in the Disney 3D stop-motion-animated fantasy horror comedy Frankenweenie, Ben Burke in the Fox dystopian mystery thriller series Wayward Pines and the young Jonathan Crane / Scarecrow in the Fox/DC Comics superhero drama Gotham. Tahan was raised in Glen Rock, New Jersey, where he attended Glen Rock High School, he is the middle of three children with an older brother, Willie and a younger sister, actress Daisy Tahan. Tahan played Ethan in the post-apocalyptic science fiction horror film I Am Legend and appeared in the horror film Burning Bright, Tahan co-starred with Zac Efron in the drama Charlie St. Cloud, based on Ben Sherwood's 2004 novel The Death and Life of Charlie St. Cloud, he voiced Victor Frankenstein in the Disney 3D stop-motion-animated fantasy horror comedy Frankenweenie, directed by Tim Burton. In 2010, he had a recurring role as Calvin Arliss in the twelfth season of the NBC police procedural drama Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.
In 2009, Tahan co-starred as William Woolf in the drama The Other Woman with Scott Cohen and Natalie Portman. In 2015, Tahan had a recurring role in two episodes of the first season of the Fox superhero drama Gotham, he played a young Dr. Jonathan Crane. In 2017, he returned to the show early in the fourth season until the role was recast to David W. Thompson. From 2015 to 2016, he starred as Ben Burke in the Fox dystopian mystery thriller series Wayward Pines created by M. Night Shyamalan. Charlie Tahan on IMDb Charlie Tahan on Twitter
The FA Cup semi-finals are played to determine which teams will contest the FA Cup Final. They are the penultimate phase of the oldest football tournament in the world; the semi-finals have always been contested at neutral venues. Since 2008, all semi-finals have been held at Wembley. In the past any suitably large ground, not the home ground of a team in that semi-final was used. Villa Park in Birmingham, Old Trafford in Manchester, Hillsborough in Sheffield were common hosts. All semi-finals between 1871 and 1881 were played at Kennington Oval; the first neutral semi-final match outside London took place in 1882 in Huddersfield. The 1989 semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough, turned into tragedy when 96 supporters were killed in the stands due to overcrowding; the Hillsborough disaster had wide-ranging effects on future stadium design. Liverpool were granted a special dispensation to avoid playing their 2012 semi-final match against Everton on the 23rd anniversary of the disaster.
The 1991 semi-final between Arsenal and Tottenham Hotspur was the first to be played at Wembley, the traditional venue for the FA Cup Final. Two years both semi-finals were held at Wembley after the Steel City derby between Sheffield clubs Wednesday and United was switched from the original venue of Elland Road, Leeds; this was repeated in 1994, although a replay between Manchester United and Oldham Athletic was held at Maine Road, Manchester. From 1995 to 1999 and from 2001 to 2004 other neutral grounds were used, though in 2000 both matches were played at the old Wembley, in its final year of operation. In 2005 both semi-finals were played at the Millennium Cardiff. However, in 2006 the FA decided to revert to the neutral ground system, with Villa Park and Old Trafford hosting the games. In 2003, it was announced that all future semi-finals would be played at the new Wembley Stadium, once it had opened; the decision was for financial reasons, to allow the FA to recoup some of the costs of rebuilding the stadium.
However, the move drew criticism from some supporters' groups. Over a decade after the move, Aston Villa have called for the semi-finals to be regionalised once again. Tottenham Hotspur's 2018 semi-final was to some extent a home match for them, as they played their home games at Wembley that season while their new stadium was under construction. However, for the semi-final the FA did not treat them as a home team. In the past, there would be a replay. If the replay was drawn, there would be a second replay. In theory, an unlimited number of games could be played to obtain a winner. For example, in 1980 it took four games to decide the tie between Liverpool; this was the most games needed to settle an FA Cup semi-final, although there were several occasions when three games were played. Prior to the 1992 semi-finals, the only semi-final played under different rules to this was the rearranged 1989 semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest, for which it had been declared in advance that the game would be decided by extra time and penalties if necessary due to the Hillsborough Stadium disaster.
Queen's Park chose not to contest the 1871–72 replay match with Wanderers. There were no semi-finals played in the 1872–73 competition. Under the rules at the time, holders Wanderers received a bye to the final. Queen's Park again decided not to contest a semi-final, so Oxford University advanced automatically. Between 1877–1881 only one semi-final was played due to the format of the competition leaving three teams remaining. In 1991 the FA decided. If this game ended in a draw, extra time would be played, followed by penalty kicks if the match was still even. In 1999 it was decided that the semi-finals should be decided in one game, with extra time and penalties if the score was level after 90 minutes. Replays are still used in earlier rounds, though they were eliminated in the quarter-finals in 2016; the last FA Cup semi-final replay, in 1999, saw. This turned out to become one of the most memorable semi-finals of all time, with Peter Schmeichel saving a last-minute penalty from Dennis Bergkamp and a Ryan Giggs extra time goal deciding the outcome in Manchester United's favour.
In 2003 this goal was voted the greatest in FA Cup history. From 2016 to 2017, a fourth substitute was allowed in semi-final matches if the game went into extra time. Villa Park is the most used stadium in FA Cup semi -- final history; the highest attendance for an FA Cup semi-final is 88,141 for Everton's penalty win over Manchester United on 19 April 2009. It was the fourth semi-final to be played at the new Wembley Stadium; the highest winning margin was Newcastle United's 6–0 victory over Fulham in the 1908 Anfield semi-final. The highest post-war winning margin was Stoke City's 5–0 victory over Bolton Wanderers in the second 2011 semi-final on 17 April 2011; the highest-scoring match was Hull City's 5–3 victory over Sheffield United in the second 2014 semi-final. Teams shown with an asterisk beside their name are no longer in existence; this table is updated after 2016–17 FA Cup. Venues that no longer exist or host football matches are denoted with an asterisk. FA Cup FA Cup Final FA Cup Third-fourth place matches Hillsborough Disaster FA Cup statistics