click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Juan de Oñate

Juan de Oñate y Salazar was a Spanish conquistador from New Spain and colonial governor of the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in the viceroyalty of New Spain. He led early Spanish expeditions to the Great Plains and Lower Colorado River Valley, encountering numerous indigenous tribes in their homelands there. Oñate founded settlements in the province, now in the Southwestern United States. Today Oñate is known for the 1599 Acoma Massacre. Following a dispute that led to the death of thirteen Spaniards at the hands of the Ácoma, including Oñate's nephew, Juan de Zaldívar, Oñate ordered a brutal retaliation against Acoma Pueblo; the Pueblo was destroyed. Around 800-1000 Ácoma were killed. Of the 500 or so survivors, at a trial at Ohkay Owingeh, Oñate sentenced most to twenty years of forced "personal servitude" and additionally mandated that all men over the age of twenty-five have a foot cut off, he was banished from New Mexico and exiled from Mexico City for five years, convicted by the Spanish government of using "excessive force" against the Acoma people.

Today, Oñate remains a controversial figure in New Mexican history: in 1998 the right foot was cut off a statue of the conquistador that stands in Alcalde, New Mexico in protest of the massacre, significant controversy arose when a large equestrian statue of Oñate was erected in El Paso, Texas in 2006. Oñate was born in 1550, at Zacatecas in New Spain to a family of Spanish-Basque colonists and silver mine owners, his father was the conquistador and silver baron Cristóbal de Oñate, a descendant of the noble house of Haro. His mother was Doña Catalina Salazar y de la Cadena, a descendant by her maternal line of a famous Jewish converso family, the Ha-Levi's, his ancestor Cadena fought in the 1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in Al-Andalus, was the first to break through the line of defense protecting Mohammad Ben Yacub. The family was granted another coat of arms, thereafter were known as "Cadenas". Juan de Oñate married Isabel de Tolosa Cortés de Moctezuma, granddaughter of Hernán Cortés, the conqueror of the Triple Alliance, the great-granddaughter of the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma Xocoyotzin.

In response to a bid by Juan Bautista de Lomas y Colmenares, subsequently rejected by the King, in 1595 Philip II's Viceroy /Luis de Velasco selected Oñate from two other candidates to organize the resources of the newly acquired territory. The agreement with Viceroy Velasco tasked Oñate with two goals, his second goal was to capture Capt. Francisco Leyva de Bonilla as he was transporting other criminals, his stated objective otherwise was to spread Catholicism by establishing new missions in Nuevo México. Oñate is credited with founding the Province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, was the province's first colonial governor, acting from 1598 to 1610, he held his colonial government at Ohkay Owingeh, renamed the pueblo there'San Juan de los Caballeros'. In late 1595, the Viceroy de Zúñiga, followed his predecessor's advice and in the summer of 1596 delayed Oñate's expedition in order to review the terms of the original agreement signed, before the previous Viceroy had left office. In March 1598, Oñate's expedition moved out and forded the Rio Grande south of present-day El Paso and Ciudad Juárez in late April.

On the Catholic calendar day of Ascension, April 30, 1598, the exploration party assembled on the south bank of the Rio Grande. In an Ascension Day ceremony, Oñate led the party in prayer, as he claimed all of the territory across the river for the Spanish Empire. Oñate's original terms would have make this land a separate viceroyalty to the crown in New Spain. All summer, Oñate's expedition party followed the middle Rio Grande Valley to present day northern New Mexico, where he engaged with Pueblo Indians. Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá, a captain of the expedition, chronicled Oñate's conquest of New Mexico's indigenous peoples in his epic Historia de la Nueva México, published in 1610. In October 1598, a skirmish erupted when a squad of Oñate's men demanded supplies from the Acoma Pueblo, although the Ácoma themselves needed their stored food to survive the coming winter; the Ácoma resisted and 11 Spaniards were killed, including Juan de Zaldívar. In January 1599, Oñate condemned the conflict as an uprising and ordered the pueblo destroyed, a mandate carried out by Juan de Zaldívar's brother, Vicente de Zaldívar, in an offensive known as the Acoma Massacre.

An estimated 800-1000 Ácoma died in the siege of the pueblo, the 500 survivors were put on trial and sentenced by Oñate. All men and women older than 12 were enslaved for 20 years. In addition, men older than 25 had one foot amputated. In 1601, Oñate undertook a large expedition east to the Great Plains region of central North America; the expedition party included 130 Spanish soldiers and 12 Franciscan priests—similar to the expedition of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire—and a retinue of 130 American Indian soldiers and servants. The expedition possessed 350 mules. Oñate journeyed across the plains eastward from New Mexico in a renewed search for Quivira, the fabled "city of gold." As had the earlier Coronado Expedition in the 1540s, Oñate encountered Apaches in the Texas Panhandle region. Oñate proceeded eastward. Leaving the river behind in a sandy area where his ox carts could not pass, he went across country, the land became greener, w

Jukka Santala

Jukka Santala is a Finnish former footballer who played as a striker. He returned to Finland after few years playing abroad, he had a trial with the Finnish Veikkausliiga side HJK Helsinki. But he chose to take a contract from FC Haka. While contracted to Rangers in Scotland he spent a short period at Partick Thistle, he has played for Danish side FC Nordsjælland, Finnish side RoPS and Swedish Superettan side Mjällby AIF. FC Nordsjælland profile Official Danish Superliga statistics Career statistics at Danmarks Radio

Hitman (British game show)

Hitman is a quiz programme, produced by Television South and aired on the ITV network for 1 series in 1989, the programme was hosted by Nick Owen. The program was based on the US version, which aired on NBC in 1983 and was hosted by Peter Tomarken. In the first round, three players watched a film clip and answered a series of questions about it; each correct answer earned a "hitman" for the player. The first two players to earn five hitmen advanced to the next round. For the second round, each of the remaining two players was given an army of hitmen to defend; the first player who qualified for the round received nine hitmen, while the second player received eight. They watched a new film clip and answered questions about it, with each correct answer eliminating one of the opponent's hitmen; the contestant loses one hitman. The first player to wipe out all of his/her opponent's hitmen won the game and advanced to the final round for a chance to win up to £3,000. In this round, the winner stood facing away from a board with eight columns, each of which contained a random number of hitmen from one to five, had 60 seconds to clear up to three of them.

He/she chose a column and tried to clear it out by answering questions on both of the film clips in the earlier rounds, earning £1,000 per column cleared. A wrong answer meant that the player had to choose a new one. Completing three columns awarded the top prize of £3,000. At the time of the show's broadcast, £3,000 was the maximum allowable cash prize on a game show in the United Kingdom; the first winner of this top prize, Paul Grimshaw from Wakefield held the UK record for the highest cash winnings on a game show. The series had 15 episodes and ran between 21 February to 30 May on Tuesdays at 19.00. A number of ITV companies moved the programme. Thames. Anglia and Central moved the series to Wednesday at 17.10. Scottish, started the series on 28 February at 19.30 only broadcasting 14 out of the 15 episodes. Hitman at UKGameshows.com

Cheong (food)

Cheong is a name for various sweetened foods in the form of syrups and fruit preserves. In Korean cuisine, cheong is used as a tea base, as a honey-or-sugar-substitute in cooking, as a condiment, as an alternative medicine to treat the common cold and other minor illnesses; the word cheong was used to refer to honey in Korean royal court cuisine. The name jocheong was given to mullyeot and other human-made honey-substitutes. Now, honey is called cheong in Korean, but is instead called kkul, the native name for honey; the name kkul was used outside the royal court. Jocheong mullyeot or rice syrup corn syrup Maesil-cheong Mogwa-cheong Mucheong Yuja-cheong Maesil-cheong called "plum syrup", is an anti-microbial syrup made by sugaring ripe plums. In Korean cuisine, maesil-cheong is used as a sugar substitute; the tea made by mixing water with maesil-cheong is called maesil-cha. It can be made by mixing plums and sugar together, leaving them for about 100 days. To make syrup, the ratio of sugar to plum should be at least 1:1 to prevent fermentation, by which the liquid may turn into maesil-ju.

The plums can be removed after 100 days, the syrup can be consumed right away, or mature for a year or more. Mogwa-cheong called "preserved quince", is a cheong made by sugaring Chinese quince. Either sugar or honey can be used to make mogwa-cheong. Mogwa-cheong is used as a tea base for mogwa-cha and mogwa-hwachae, or as an ingredient in sauces and salad dressings. Yuja-cheong called "yuja marmalade", is a marmalade-like cheong made by sugaring peeled and thinly sliced yuja, it is used as a tea base for yuja-cha, as a honey-or-sugar-substitute in cooking, as a condiment. Fruit syrup List of spreads List of syrups Korean tea Yeot Media related to Cheong at Wikimedia Commons

Rex Gatchalian

Rex Gatchalian, is a Filipino politician, serving as the 26th Mayor of the Valenzuela, Philippines. Prior to his assumption to the mayoralty, he served as the representative of the first district of Valenzuela to the House of Representatives of the Philippines. Gatchalian's siblings include politicians Win Gatchalian, Wes Gatchalian. Gatchalian was born January 21, 1979 and graduated Cum Laude in 2001 from the George Washington University in Washington D. C. United States, with a bachelor's degree political science, with secondary fields of study in marketing and psychology. In 2005, at the age of 26, he was elected president of Waterfront Hotels and Casinos, the country's largest Filipino-owned first class hotel operator, he chose. In the 2007 elections, Gatchalian was elected from the 1st District of Valenzuela City as Representative for the 14th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines, making him one of the youngest legislators; as Vice-Chairman for the Congressional Committee for Overseas Workers’ Affairs, he authored Republic Act 10022 known as “An Act Amending R.

A. 8042, otherwise known as the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995”. The law mandates new policies for the further protection and genuine representation of migrant workers, he is one of the principal authors of Republic Act No. 9576, or the law that doubles the maximum deposit insurance coverage by the Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation from P250,000 to P500,000. It was during his first term as Representative that he was elected as National Spokesperson for the political party Nationalist People's Coalition. In the national elections of May 2010, Gatchalian was re-elected as Representative of the 1st District of Valenzuela for the 15th Congress with the largest electoral margin in the district's history. At the age of 31, he became the youngest member of the Commission on Appointments in history, the only Congressional Representation from the City of Valenzuela to be a member, he served as the Senior Vice-Chairman for the Congressional Committee on Games & Amusements. Gatchalian was elected chief executive of Valenzuela City during the May 2013 midterm elections.

His public service platform, better known as the “Five Pillars of Good Governance,” focused on the essential needs of his constituents: Education and Social Services, Job Generation, Trade and Industry. He oversaw the creation of 48 barangay health stations city-wide and the 14 Sentro ng Sama-Samang Serbisyo or 3S Centers as well as the ALERT Center, the Valenzuela City's Peoples Park, the Valenzuela School of Mathematics and Science. Other programs developed under the term include: 3S Plus Electronic Terminal - the Philippines’ first electronic building permit application system Bantay Estudyante – the first senior citizen-force multiplier group that protects the safety of children who walk their way to public schools Bantay Ilog – the first local flood control arm that safeguards the city' rivers and creeks from pollutants Barangay-Based Feeding Program – the local government's free supply of nutritious, ready-to-cook food for malnourished children aged six months to five years, provided that their parents bring them to the barangay health station for weighing, check-up and vaccination Kitchen-on-Wheels – the mobile kitchen used by the City Social Welfare and Development Office to transport meals for typhoon victims or disaster-stricken communities Women's Wellness Clinic, Mobile Medical and Dental Clinics, Mobile Botika – the city government's mobile health facilities for medical missions and rescue operations VPOW or Valenzuela Police-on-Wheels - the first mobile police precinct in the country www.

ValenzuelaTrabaho.gov.ph - the first job-matching website operated by a local government unit After completing his projects for the 5 Pillars, Gatchalian's second wave of undertakings focused on transforming Valenzuela City into a more liveable one. His notion of a ‘liveable city’ implies the presence of a leveled up infrastructure network and integrated sound protocols on logistics and management that will enable the city to respond to disasters and other challenges - hence, the birth of the ALERT Center; the ALERT Center is the brain of the disaster preparedness and response of the city, the roof of the Valenzuela City Disaster Preparedness Office, the new Central Fire Station, Red Cross Volunteer Center, the Valenzuela City Command and Coordinating Center, the VC Tent. In 2014, Gatchalian started inaugurating the Sentro ng Sama-samang Serbisyo; the ‘little city halls’ house the fundamental satellite offices of the local government, such as the barangay health stations, fire substations, Serbisyo Centers, many more.

On February 14, 2015, the city's 17th Charter Day, Valenzuelanos’ much awaited Valenzuela City People's Park was opened to the public. Valenzuela City earned several citations under the leadership of Mayor REX; the citations profess the city's economic accountability and disaster preparedness, outstanding employment and micro-entrepreneurship development programs, timely health and social protection policies, sound implementation of peace and order advocacies. Official Website of the City Government of Valenzuela Official Facebook Account Official Twitter Account 14th Congress of the Philippines

Thomas Alleyne's High School

Thomas Alleyne's High School is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form located in Uttoxeter, England. It is one of three schools founded in 1558 from the will of Thomas Alleyne, it has four different coloured houses: Elkes, Orme and Whitmore. The school celebrated its 450th anniversary in 2008; the 2011 Ofsted Report showed. However, the sixth form was only rated satisfactory. In 2011 there was a drop in the school's exam results by 7% from the previous year with 51% of students achieving 5 or more GCSEs grades A-C compared to a national average of 58.2%. The school ranked 47th out of 121 schools located within Staffordshire and the percentage of children achieving maths and English GCSEs was below both the national and local authority averages for state funded schools. Following on from the previous years results mentioned above, in August 2012 the school achieved its best results in history, with 77% of students achieved "five or more A* - C grades and 68 percent and more than 300 students achieving these with higher grades in Maths and English" In addition to the core subjects of English, Science, RE, PE and MFL for GCSE students the school offers a broad range of other courses, including the International Baccalaureate.

From 2013 the school offers a BTEC course in Health & Social Care and IT is now offered as a Cambridge qualification. The school has a S. E. N department, was given the status of being dyslexia-friendly. For 2011, the school's pupil characteristics show that the number of children with SEN is well below both the national and local authority averages; the number of children receiving free school meals is less than half of the local authority average and less than a third of the state average. The school was in the news in 2010 when a teacher was found to be having an inappropriate relationship with a student, he appeared at Stafford Crown Court in 2010 and pleaded not guilty but changed his plea to guilty on 19 May 2011. He was sentenced to 15 months in prison and banned from working with children for life on 24 June 2011. During 2011 and in recognition of its development of staff, the school became one of the first schools in Staffordshire to receive a prestigious "quality" mark. In 2013 the school announced a consultation into plans to become an academy.

The school plays a key role in supporting the local teenager support group YESS. By raising funds to support the charity through its first year. In March 2013, another group of VIth Form students participated in a charitable event raising more than £900 for local charities. Alleyne's Academy The Thomas Alleyne Academy Thomas Alleyne's High School Ofsted Inspection Report Thomas Alleyne's High School Uttoxeter 1998 - 2001 Reunion