SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Jules Grévy

François Paul Jules Grévy was President of France from 1879 to 1887, one of the leaders of the Opportunist Republican faction. Given that his predecessors were monarchists who tried without success to restore the French monarchy, Grévy is seen as the first real republican President of France. Born at Mont-sous-Vaudrey in the Jura Mountains, he became an advocate in 1837 distinguishing himself at the Conférence du barreau de Paris, having maintained republican principles under the Orléans monarchy, was elected by his native department to the Constituent Assembly of 1848. Foreseeing that Louis Bonaparte would be elected president by the people, he proposed to vest the chief authority in a president of the Council elected and removable by the Assembly, or in other words, to suppress the Presidency of the Republic. After the coup d'état this proposition gained Grévy a reputation for sagacity, upon his return to public life in 1868 he took a prominent place in the Republican party. Initiated at "La Constante Amitié" in Arras, his Masonic activity is inseparable from his political action, specially in the struggle for separation of Church and State that marked the beginning of the Third Republic and MacMahon resignation.

After the fall of the Empire he was chosen president of the Assembly on 16 February 1871, occupied this position until 2 April 1873, when he resigned on account of the opposition of the Right, which blamed him for having called one of its members to order in the session of the previous day. On 8 March 1876 he was elected president of the Chamber of Deputies, a post which he filled with such efficiency that upon the resignation of Marshal MacMahon he seemed to step into the Presidency of the Republic, was elected without opposition by the republican parties. Quiet, attentive to the public interest and his own, but without any particular distinction, he would have left an unblemished reputation if he had not accepted a second term. Shortly afterwards, his son-in-law, Daniel Wilson, was found to be trafficking in the awards of the Legion of Honour. Grévy was not accused of personal participation in these scandals, but he was somewhat obstinate in refusing to realize that he was indirectly responsible for the misuse his relative had made of access to the Elysée, it had to be unpleasantly impressed upon him that his resignation was inevitable.

This political matter was the first one to feed the anti-masonic opinion in France. He died at his home at Mont-sous-Vaudrey on 9 September 1891, following pulmonary edema; the state funeral was held on 14 September. In private life, Grévy was an ardent billiards player, was featured in a portrait as a player in Vanity Fair magazine in 1879. Grévy's zebra is named after him. Listing of the works of Alexandre Falguière List of works by Eugène Guillaume Discours politiques et judiciaires, rapports et messages accompagnes de notices historiques et l'ricédis d'une introduction par L. Delabrousse This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Grèvy, François Paul Jules". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11. Cambridge University Press. P. 585

Justin DiBenedetto

Justin DiBenedetto is a Canadian professional ice hockey player. He is an unrestricted free agent who last played with Ritten/Renon of the Italian Serie A league. DiBenedetto was drafted 175th overall by the New York Islanders during the 2008 NHL Entry Draft. DiBenedetto was born in Ontario. DiBenedetto began his junior hockey career with the Toronto St. Michael's Majors of the Ontario Hockey League in the 2004–05 season, recording nine points in 64 games as a rookie, followed by no points in nine playoff games. In the 2005–06 season, DiBenedetto saw his production increase, as he earned 30 points in 61 games, followed by a goal in four playoff contests. During the off-season, the Majors traded DiBenedetto to the Sarnia Sting. DiBenedetto joined the Sting for the 2006–07 season, where he once again saw an increase in his production, as he finished with 63 points in 58 games, as well as a team high +21 rating. In the playoffs, DiBenedetto had three points in four games. In 2007–08, DiBenedetto saw another big increase in his point production, as he finished second on the Sting with 93 points in 58 games.

DiBenedetto had ten points in nine playoff games for Sarnia. During the 2008 NHL Entry Draft, the New York Islanders drafted DiBenedetto in the sixth round. DiBenedetto returned to Sarnia for his overage season in 2008–09, where in 62 games, he scored 45 goals and 93 points to lead the Sting, finish third in the OHL scoring race, in five playoff games Justin had three assists. Following his successful campaign he was named to the OHL's Second All-Star team and was awarded the Leo Lalonde Memorial Trophy as the top overage player of the year; when the Sting were eliminated from the playoffs, Justin signed a three-year entry level contract with the New York Islanders on April 9, 2009. He was assigned to the Islanders affiliate, the Bridgeport Sound Tigers of the AHL for the playoffs. In three post-season games with Bridgeport, DiBenedetto scored a goal, he returned to the Sound Tigers for the 2009–10 season. DiBenedetto appeared to make his NHL debut in 8 games for the Islanders in the 2010-11 season, recording 1 assist.

He spent a final season in the Islanders organization as an alternate captain with the Sound Tigers. In his third season abroad, DiBenedetto joined his fourth European club in returning to the Austrian Hockey League with Dornbirner EC on July 14, 2014. On February 2, 2015, DiBenedetto left Dornbirner and transferred for the remainder of the season with Italian club, Ritten/Renon of the Serie A. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

Christmas dinner

Christmas dinner is a meal traditionally eaten at Christmas. This meal can take place any time from the evening of Christmas Eve to the evening of Christmas Day itself; the meals are particularly rich and substantial, in the tradition of the Christian feast day celebration, form a significant part of gatherings held to celebrate the arrival of Christmastide. In many cases, there is a ritual element to the meal related to the religious celebration, such as the praying of grace; the actual meal consumed varies in different parts of the world with regional cuisines and local traditions. In many parts of the world former British colonies, the meal shares some connection with the English Christmas dinner involving roasted meats and pudding of some description; the Christmas pudding and Christmas cake evolved from this tradition. In countries without a lengthy Christian tradition, such as Japan, the Christmas meal may be more influenced by popular culture. Indian people cook a variety of foods, including biryani with chicken or mutton and mutton curry, followed by cake or sweets like kheer.

Long established Christian communities such as Goan Catholics have pork dishes and beef dishes as part of their main course of their Christmas dinner. These include pork sorpatel. For dessert, a dish called. Kerala Christian community is the largest Christianity community in India. Keralite celebrate Christmas with Christmas carols and food. Christmas celebration begins from Christmas Eve. Churches are decorated, Christmas trees and bigger Christmas stars by from youth groups are the biggest attractions in Kerala. Kerala people go from home to home to dance with each other during carol time. All Keralites, including Hindus and Muslims celebrate Christmas and share sweets and gifts to each other and participate in carols and town celebrations. Plum cake is a famous dessert in Kerala and family come together and cut the cake after the midnight mass. Alcohol is consumed during Christmas season. Japanese Christmas cake, a white sponge cake covered with cream and decorated with strawberries, is consumed and Stollen cake, either imported or made locally, is available.

A successful advertising campaign in the 1970s made eating at KFC around Christmas a national custom. Its chicken meals are so popular during the season. Lebanese Christians celebrate Christmas dinners; the feast on both the night of the 24th and lunch of the 25th, is a big one. Family gets together at both meals, some have the leftovers from the dinner prior at the lunch the next day. Traditional offering for Christmas is sugar coated almonds. Roast turkey is the most common choice of meal. Roasted duck, Lebanese salad and pastries such as Honey cake and bûche de Noël are common. Beirut celebrates Christmas by conducting big Christmas parties. Western-style exhibitions of poinsettias, community Christmas trees and Christmas lights are popular. Christmas dinner in the Philippines is called Noche Buena following Hispanic custom, is held towards midnight of 24 December; this comes after the entire family has attended the late evening Mass called the Misa de Gallo. The centerpiece of the Noche Buena is the hamón, a cured leg of pork.

This is served with queso de bola a ball of edam cheese covered in a red wax. Other ubiquitous dishes are pasta and for dessert, fruit salad; the dinner would be accompanied with tsokolate or hot cocoa, made with pure, locally grown cacao beans. Some families prefer tsokolate prepared from tablea or tablets of pressed cocoa powder, either pure or sweetened. Most of the food served on Noche Buena are fresh and prepared during the day of Christmas Eve. Middle-class and affluent families tend to prepare sumptuous feasts which may include any of the following: lechón or spit-roasted pig. Less well-off families would opt for a more economical Noche Buena; this focus on the family is common to all Filipino socio-economic classes and ethnic groups that observe Christmas in that most – if not all – members from branch or extended families in a clan are expected to partake of the Noche Buena. Relatives living abroad OFWs, are encouraged to return home for the occasion, as it is the most important Filipino Christian holiday of the year.

Most families prefer to exchange Christmas presents right after the dinner, in contrast to the Western custom of opening presents on Christmas morning. In Austria, Christmas Eve is the celebration of the end of the pre-Christmas fast. Christmas is celebrated by only Christians. Christmas Eve is the day that the tree is decorated and lit with real candles, so that the Christkindl may visit. Christmas Day is a national holiday in Austria and most Austrians spend the day feasting with their family. Fried carp and Christmas biscuits are eaten, as are many other chocolate delicacies including edible Christmas ornaments. Christmas dinner is goose, ham served with Gluhwein and chocolate mousse. In the areas of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, an elaborate and ritualised meal of twelve meatless dishes is served on Christmas Eve, 6