Julia Scarlett E Louis-Dreyfus Hall is an American actress, comedian and singer. She is known for her work in the television comedy series Saturday Night Live, The New Adventures of Old Christine, Veep, she is one of the most awarded actresses in American television history, winning more Emmy Awards and more Screen Actors Guild Awards than any other performer. Louis-Dreyfus broke into comedy as a performer in The Practical Theatre Company in Chicago, which led to her casting in the sketch show Saturday Night Live from 1982 to 1985, her breakthrough came in 1989 with a nine-season run playing Elaine Benes on Seinfeld, one of the most critically and commercially successful sitcoms of all time. Other notable television roles include Christine Campbell in The New Adventures of Old Christine, which had a five-season run on CBS, her role as Selina Meyer in Veep, which ran for seven seasons on HBO, her film roles include Hannah and Her Sisters, National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation, Deconstructing Harry, Enough Said.
She voiced roles in the animated films A Bug's Life and Onward. Louis-Dreyfus has received eleven Emmy Awards, eight for acting and three for producing, with a total of 24 nominations throughout her career, she has received a Golden Globe Award, nine Screen Actors Guild Awards, five American Comedy Awards, two Critics' Choice Television Awards. Louis-Dreyfus received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2010, was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 2014. In 2016, Time named Louis-Dreyfus as one of the 100 most influential people in the world on the annual Time 100 list. In 2018, she received the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, presented by the Kennedy Center as America's highest comedy honor. Julia Scarlett E Louis-Dreyfus was born in New York City on January 13, 1961, her American-born mother, was a writer and special needs tutor, her French-born father, billionaire Gérard Louis-Dreyfus, chaired the Louis Dreyfus Company. She is a great-great-granddaughter of Léopold Louis-Dreyfus, who in 1851 founded the Louis Dreyfus Group, a French commodities and shipping conglomerate, which members of her family still control.
Her paternal grandfather, Pierre Louis-Dreyfus, was president of the Louis Dreyfus Group. Pierre was a member of a Jewish family from Alsace, she is distantly related to Alfred Dreyfus of the infamous Dreyfus affair. Her paternal grandmother was born in the US to parents of Mexican descent. In 1962, one year after Louis-Dreyfus' birth, her parents divorced. After relocating to Washington, D. C. when she was four, her mother married L. Thompson Bowles, Dean of the George Washington University Medical School. During her childhood, her mother took her to Unitarian church services. Louis-Dreyfus spent her childhood in several states and countries, in connection with her stepfather's work with Project HOPE, including Colombia and Tunisia, she graduated from the Holton-Arms School in Bethesda, Maryland, in 1979. She said, "There were things I did in school that, had there been boys in the classroom, I would have been less motivated to do. For instance, I was president of the honor society."Louis-Dreyfus attended Northwestern University in Evanston, where she was a member of the Delta Gamma sorority.
She studied theatre and performed in the Waa Mu Show, a student-run improv and sketch comedy revue, before dropping out during her junior year to take a job at Saturday Night Live. She received an honorary doctor of arts degree from Northwestern University in 2007; as part of her comedic training, Louis-Dreyfus appeared in The Second City, one of Chicago's best-known improvisational theatre groups, whose alumni include Alan Arkin, Steve Carell, Stephen Colbert, Tina Fey, Amy Poehler, Shelley Long, John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd, Bill Murray, John Candy, Chris Farley, Bob Odenkirk and many, many others who went on to become successful comedians and pop culture icons. It was her performance with The Practical Theatre Company at their "Golden 50th Anniversary Jubilee" that led to her being asked to join the cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live at the age of 21. Louis-Dreyfus subsequently became a cast member on Saturday Night Live from 1982 to 1985, the youngest female cast member in the history of the program at that time.
During her time on SNL, she appeared alongside several actors who would rise to prominence, such as Eddie Murphy, Jim Belushi, Billy Crystal, Martin Short. It was during her third and final year on SNL that she met writer Larry David during his only year on the show, who would co-create Seinfeld. Louis-Dreyfus has commented that her casting on SNL was a "Cinderella-getting-to-go-to-the-ball kind of experience". April May June, a televangelist Becky, El Dorko's date Consuela, Chi Chi's friend and co-host of Let's Watch TV Darla in SNL's parody of The Little Rascals Weather Woman, a superhero who controls the weather Patti Lynn Hunnsucker, a teenage correspondent on Weekend UpdateFollowing her 1985 departure from SNL, Louis-Dreyfus appeared in several films, including Woody Allen's Hannah and Her Sisters.
William Raisbeck was a Scottish professional association football player at the turn of the twentieth century. Born in Wallacetown, Stirlingshire but raised in a mining community near Cambuslang in South Lanarkshire, Raisbeck began his career with Larkhall Thistle before going on to Hibernian and Clyde. In 1896 he travelled south of the border to join Sunderland, but left without playing a match and returned to Scotland, where he played for Royal Albert and once again for Clyde, where he did play in several league matches. In 1898 he joined Sunderland again, this time made 69 appearances in The Football League, scoring five goals. In 1901 he made only three appearances. In 1902 he joined New Brompton of the Southern League, where he played for two seasons, making over 60 appearances. In 1904 he played for Reading, after which he returned to Scotland to play for Falkirk for the next two seasons. In 1907, Raisbeck and other members of his family, including his younger brother Andrew, a footballer, emigrated to Canada.
The history of lightvessels in the United Kingdom goes back over 250 years. This page gives a list of lightvessel stations within the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and Gibraltar; the world's first lightvessel was the result of a business partnership between Robert Hamblin, an impoverished former barber and ship manager from King's Lynn, David Avery, a regular investor in small projects. In 1730 the pair secured a government licence to moor a ship – with a prominent light affixed to it to serve as a navigation aid – at the Nore in the Thames mouth. Hamblin and Avery intended to profit from the vessel by collecting a fee from passing merchant vessels; the licence was opposed by Trinity House which considered that it possessed a monopoly on construction and maintenance of navigation aids in British waters. After extensive legal dispute the licence was revoked in 1732 and Trinity House assumed direct responsibility for the proposed lightship; the Nore lightship commenced operations in 1734.
A further lightvessel was placed at the Dudgeon station, off the Norfolk coast, in 1736, with others following at Owers Bank and the Goodwin Sands. Many others were commissioned during the nineteenth century off England's east coast and the approaches to the Thames, where there were many treacherous shoals. Following their acquisition of the patent, all English and Welsh lightvessels were maintained by Trinity House, with the exception of the four vessels in the approaches to the River Mersey, which were maintained by the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board until 1973, those in the Humber Estuary, which were the responsibility of the Humber Conservancy Board. In order to act as effective daymarks Trinity House lightvessels were painted red, with the station name in large white letters on the side of the hull, a system of balls and cones at the masthead for identification; the first revolving light was fitted to the Swin Middle lightvessel in 1837: others used occulting or flashing lights. White lights were preferred for visibility though red and occasionally green were used.
Communication with lightvessels proved to be a major problem for Trinity House. After a series of shipwrecks, an experiment was conducted whereby a nine-mile undersea cable was run from the Sunk lightvessel in the Thames Estuary to the post office at Walton-on-the-Naze; this was plagued by delays. As a result of a motion brought forward by Sir Edward Birkbeck, a Royal Commission was established to look at the issue of'electrical communication' and gave its first Report in 1892; the world's first radio distress signal was transmitted by the East Goodwin lightvessel's radio operator on 17 March 1899, after the merchant vessel Elbe ran aground on the Goodwins, while on 30 April that year, the East Goodwin vessel transmitted a distress signal on its own behalf, when the SS R. F. Matthews rammed it in a dense fog. Safety was further improved by the development of more powerful lamps and through the replacement by foghorns of the gongs used as fog signals; until the 20th century, all Trinity House vessels were permanently manned.
An 1861 article in the Cornhill Magazine described lightshipmen as being paid 55 shillings a month: the vessels were supplied, the crews relieved, once a month. It was noted that "a general tone of decent and superior conduct" was observed, that the men were "very respectable swearing and profane language are prohibited" and that every man was supplied with a Bible as well as "a library of varied and entertaining literature". By the start of the 20th century, Trinity House lightvessels had a crew of 11, of whom seven would be on active duty at any one time, it was an demanding and dangerous profession, it would take 15 to 20 years of service to be promoted to master. The majority of British lightvessels were decommissioned during the 1970s - 1980s and replaced with light floats or LANBY buoys, which were vastly cheaper to maintain: in 1974 at the time of Trinity House's original development project, lightship annual running costs at £30,000 were ten times those of the LANBY; the remaining UK lightvessels have now been converted to unmanned operation and most now use solar power.
The following are lightvessel stations. Individual vessels were transferred between different stations during their existence but they kept their Trinity House LV number. Stations themselves were changed during wartime, when lights were only displayed in response to specific shipping needs, it is that photographs on various websites showing named lightvessels, may appear to be structurally different to comparable records on other web pages due to the fact that the particular LV might have been withdrawn from a station after photographing and being towed away for drydocking and possible direction to a new station and therefore a different lightvessel would have been substituted at the named station on withdrawal of the previous LV. This has been most evident on those LVs that have been withdrawn and shipped to another port at home or abroad to become a floating museum, floating restaurant,'clubhouse', etc. Scarweather LV and Helwick LV have for