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Julius Nepos

Julius Nepos was de jure and de facto Western Roman Emperor from AD 474 to 475 and only de jure until his death in AD 480. He was the ruler of Roman Dalmatia from AD 468 to 480. Nepos overthrew his predecessor Glycerius without a fight and proclaimed himself western emperor on 19 or 24 June 474. Orestes, the Magister Militum, turned his forces on Nepos on August 28, 475, forcing him to flee by ship to Dalmatia. Orestes crowned his son Romulus as Emperor in Nepos's absence, but neither the Eastern Emperor Zeno nor many Western provinces recognized Romulus, regarding him as a usurper. Nepos never relinquished his imperial title and sought a compromise with the barbarian king Odoacer who deposed Romulus. Odoacer ambiguously refused him any role in government outside of Dalmatia. Nepos was assassinated in 480 while plotting his own restoration, Zeno formally abolished the Western division of the Empire. Julius Nepos became the governor of Dalmatia after the murder of his uncle, he ruled from AD 468.

From this, Nepos inherited the remainder of the Illyrian field army where, with the eastern Emperor Zeno's blessing and no actual resistance, Nepos landed his forces just outside Rome in early summer AD 474. Nepos overthrew Glycerius without a fight and proclaimed himself western emperor on 19 or 24 June AD 474, with historian A. H. M Jones stating the date as 24 June. Nepos appointed him Bishop of Salona. There is scarce historical evidence, but the evidence available shows Nepos' actions were focused on the Visigothic King Euric. Nepos embarked on a diplomatic offensive against the Visigoths where he sent two embassies in an attempt to consolidate the remaining imperial holdings in Gaul. Nepos sent bishop Epiphanius of Pavia, who had brokered a truce between Anthemius and Ricimer, in the spring of 475 to Toulouse. On in 475, Nepos dispatched a delegation of four bishops to Toulouse from southern Gaul whose job may have been to work out the actual terms of the treaty; this shows that Nepos did have some political and military success as Euric agreed to retro-cede Arles and Marseilles in return for Civitas Arvernorum whose resistance could not last for much longer anyway.

However, after Nepos' fall, Euric reoccupied Arles and Marseilles. Further political activity from Nepos included renewed Vandal attacks. In a similar fashion to the negations with the Goths, Nepos attempted to negotiate a settlement. But, in this case, Nepos could do little more than recognise Vandal possession of all the territories they occupied in Africa, Sardinia and the Balearics. Nepos' rule only lasted a year due to the actions of General Orestes. Orestes was appointed Patrician by Nepos himself with the aim of clearing up the mess in Italy. But, who had played the role of ambassador to Attila after Flavius Aetius handed over the province of Pannonia to the Huns, turned his Barbarian troops on Nepos instead; as a result, on the 28 August 475, Nepos left Ravenna and sailed back to Dalmatia thus abandoning the Roman West for a while. On 31 October AD 475, Orestes appointed his son the new Western Roman Emperor with the regnal name "Romulus Augustus" but it was Orestes and his brother Paul who were the real eminences grises.

Romulus had never been recognised in Constantinople with the western emperor still alive and well. Romulus's reign did not last long; the reliance on bands of barbarian federates by the government instead of their own regular regiments caused problems for Orestes. In 476, these federal tribes demanded that they be given a third of the land, much like the federal tribes in Gaul. Orestes refused their demand which caused the federal tribes to rebel and to appoint a Scirian officer named Odoacer as their king. There is some debate about the position of Odoacer with modern scholars describing him as being part of the Roman military establishment; this is based on John of Antioch's statement that Odoacer was on the side of Ricimer at the beginning of his battle with the emperor Anthemius in 472. Procopius describes him as one of the Emperor's bodyguards. Moreover, Odoacer is described as Nepos' Count of Domestics by historian Peter Heather. Odoacer tried to set up another short-lived regime in August AD 476.

He captured and killed Orestes and his brother Paul Piacenza but Romulus still technically remained as the Western Emperor. Odoacer had no interest in preserving the position of this notional ruler who controlled nothing beyond the Italian peninsula. So, Odoacer sent an embassy to Zeno proposing that he assume sovereignty over Italy as the sole Roman emperor but that Odoacer would control the administration. Nepos never returned to Italy. While Zeno was considering the proposition from Odoacer, he received an embassy from Nepos asking for his assistance in reclaiming the throne. Zeno had little interest in western affairs and had no intention of sparing money and men upon Nepos' behalf, yet he could not overtly disavow Nepos due to the relation between Nepos and the empress mother Verina. Therefore, Zeno unfolded a two-sided plan; the first side was to lecture the senators for having killed and expelled the two emperors they had sent and urge them to take Nepos back. On the other side Zeno told Odoacer's personal representatives that Odoacer ought to seek his appointment from Nepos.

He praised Odoacer for the good beginning he had made in preserving the authority of Rome and addressed Odoacer as Patrician who should acknowledge Nepos's de jure Imperial status. Zeno replied to Nepos that the western Empire was over. Following this reply, Odoacer depose

5th U.S. Artillery, Battery I

Battery "I" 5th Regiment of Artillery was a light artillery battery that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The battery was attached to Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to May 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May 1863. Artillery Brigade, V Corps, to July 1863. Camp Barry, Washington, D. C. XXII Corps, to November 1863. Consolidated with 5th U. S. Artillery, Battery C November 1863. Artillery Brigade, II Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March 1865. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to June 1865. Department of Washington to August 1865. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C. until March 1862. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Near New Bridge June 20. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill June 27. Turkey Bend June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Movement from Harrison's Landing to Centreville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battle of Groveton August 29.

Second Battle of Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19. Shepherdstown September 20. Movement to Falmouth, Va. October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. December 12-15. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. At Camp Barry, Washington, D. C. until December 1863. Consolidated with Battery C, 5th U. S. Light Artillery November 1863. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battle of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania Court House May 8-21. Po River May 10. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 22-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Assaults on Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864 to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22, 1864. Deep Bottom July 27-29. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865.

Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assaults on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Moved to Washington, D. C. May. Grand Review of the Armies May 23. Duty at Washington, D. C; the crest of the coat of arms of the 5th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, depicting hands grasping a wheel with a gun superimposed on it, commemorates the service of Battery C and Battery I, combined under Lt. Richard Metcalf at Spotsylvania, 4–24 May 1864; the battery "charged earthworks firing its guns and ran them up by hand to a new position, to the Bloody Angle, fired repeatedly. This is purported to be the only recorded instance in the Civil War of a battery charging on breastworks." Captain Stephen Hinsdale Weed Lieutenant Malbone F. Watson Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, 1908. Attribution This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H.. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co. List of United States Regular Army Civil War units 5th Air Defense Artillery Regiment Battery I, 5th U.

S. Artillery monument at Gettsyburg

Erica Gavel

Erica Gavel is a Canadian 4.5 point wheelchair basketball player who won a silver medal at the 2015 Parapan American Games in Toronto. In 2016, she was selected as part of the team for the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro. Erica Gavel was born in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, on May 25, 1991, she attended Carlton Comprehensive High School. She went on to play for the University of Saskatchewan Huskies. Towards the end of her first year, she suffered a serious knee injury. Like most young and fit people, she recovered and was ready to play again at the start of her second year, she played foir most of the season but suffered a cartilage tear in the same knee. This benched her for 18 months, she had no sooner recovered. This time it required microfracture surgery. There was no cartilage between her tibia. Doctors told her. Gavel remembered that a classmate played wheelchair basketball, decided to give it a try, she was classified as a 4.5 point player. On March 30, 2014 Gavel led Team Saskatchewan to their first Junior National Championship.

Her passion and performance earned her a five-year athletic scholarship to play at the University of Alabama Crimson Tide, placed second in the National Intercollegiate Championship in 2014. Gavel was named the team's Most Improved Player; that year she selected for the Canadian national team, which went on to win Silver at 2015 Parapan American Games in Toronto, Ontario). In 2016, she was selected as part of the side for the 2016 Summer Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. 2015 – Silver at 2015 Parapan American Games