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Juncker Commission

The Juncker Commission was the European Commission in office since 1 November 2014 to 30 November 2019. Its president was Jean-Claude Juncker. In July 2014, Juncker was elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who completed his second five-year term in that year. In the 2014 parliamentary election, Juncker campaigned as the candidate of the European People's Party for the presidency of the European Commission; the EPP won a plurality in parliament, on 27 June, the European Council nominated him for the post. On 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected Juncker as the new Commission president. On 22 October, the European Parliament approved the Juncker Commission in its entirety and during the 23–24 October 2014 meeting of the European Council the Council formally appointed the new Commission. On 1 November 2014, the new Commission assumed office. Juncker has outlined a ten-point agenda for his Presidency focusing on jobs and growth; the following college of commissioners serves under Juncker's presidency: Parties European People's Party Party of European Socialists Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe None The President's cabinet supports the President of the commission, thus has a central role in coordinating the work of the European Commission as a whole.

The president's cabinet is led by Clara Martinez Alberola. It was led by Martin Selmayr, described as "the most powerful EU chief of staff ever." Juncker has for the first time proposed a commission that clusters certain members together under designated policy areas. These clusters will each be headed by one of the vice presidents; each team is composed of a core membership in addition to members who may fall under its respective umbrella as needed. Timmermans and Georgieva both oversee all commissioners while the remaining five project teams are as follows: Vice President: Andrus Ansip Elżbieta Bieńkowska Corina Crețu Phil Hogan Věra Jourová Pierre Moscovici Günther Oettinger Marianne Thyssen Vytenis Andriukaitis Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis Carlos Moedas Tibor Navracsics Margrethe Vestager Vice President: Valdis Dombrovskis Elżbieta Bieńkowska Corina Crețu Věra Jourová Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis Pierre Moscovici Tibor Navracsics Marianne Thyssen Vice President: Jyrki Katainen Elżbieta Bieńkowska Miguel Arias Cañete Corina Crețu Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis Pierre Moscovici Günther Oettinger Violeta Bulc Marianne Thyssen Vytenis Andriukaitis Dimitris Avramopoulos Johannes Hahn Phil Hogan Věra Jourová Cecilia Malmström Carlos Moedas Tibor Navracsics Karmenu Vella Margrethe Vestager Vice President: Maroš Šefčovič Elżbieta Bieńkowska Miguel Arias Cañete Corina Crețu Phil Hogan Karmenu Vella Carlos Moedas Violeta Bulc Věra Jourová Cecilia Malmström Günther Oettinger Pierre Moscovici Marianne Thyssen Margrethe Vestager Vice President: Federica Mogherini Johannes Hahn Cecilia Malmström Neven Mimica Christos Stylianides Dimitris Avramopoulos Miguel Arias Cañete Violeta Bulc In 2015, when European migrant crisis unfolded, new project team was formed.

First Vice President: Frans Timmermans Federica Mogherini Dimitris Avramopoulos Johannes Hahn Neven Mimica

WSG Swarovski Tirol

WSG Swarovski Tirol is an Austrian football club located in Wattens, a town in the state of Tyrol in the west of the country. They play in the Bundesliga, the top tier of Austrian football; the club was formed in 1930 and has been known as SC Wattens, SV Wattens, WSG Wattens. Its most successful period was in 1968 -- 71. Between 1971 and 1984 it merged with FC Wacker Innsbruck to form SSW Innsbruck. In this period the club retained its identity with distinct youth teams. From 1984, WSG Wattens have played in the Austrian Regional League West and the second tier First League. In 2019, they were promoted to the Bundesliga. After promotion, the club announced. WSG Swarovski Tirol play their home matches in Wattens; the stadium's capacity is 5500. The team’s average home attendance for the 2010–11 season was 289; the stadium is occasionally used for international matches, such as a 2010 friendly between Saudi Arabia and Nigeria. In 2013 the stadium was renamed in Gernot Langes stadium in honour of the 70th birthday of the longtime president Gernot Langes.

The stadium does not meet Bundesliga suitability criteria and therefore redevelopment work has been planned to create a modern, 6,000 capacity stadium by the summer of 2021. During this period, the club will use the Tivoli Stadium in Innsbruck. Austrian Second Division: Winners: 2018-19 Austrian Second Division: Winners: 1968 Austrian Third Division: Winners: 1989, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2016 As of 23 January, 2020Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Football in Austria Austrian Football First League Official website

Noboru Shimura

Noboru Shimura is a Japanese professional footballer, playing for FC Machida Zelvia in the J2 League on loan from Spartak Subotica. He operates as a defensive midfielder, being capable of playing as a defender. Born in Kawagoe, Japan, Shimura moved to Montenegrin First League in February 2015, he had played with university team in his home country. After six-month period with Berane making 11 appearances, he moved to Mornar Bar. Shimura noted 35 appearances in both Montenegrin domestic competitions for the 2015–16 season, scoring a goal in 2–1 away victory over Zeta on 20 November 2015. Next the short spell with Bokelj in 2016 and both of matches in the first qualifying round for 2016–17 UEFA Europa League against Vojvodina he spent on the bench as an unused substitution, Shimura joined Sutjeska Nikšić for the league part of the same season. Playing for the club he noted 31 league matches with 1 goal, as 7 matches with 1 goal in the Montenegrin Cup, including the final game against Grbalj after which Sutjeska won the competition.

Behind the end of a season, he left the club. After several season playing in Montenegro, Shimura moved to Serbia and joined Spartak Subotica in summer 2017, penning a three-year professional contract with new club. Shimura made his Serbian SuperLiga debut in opening match of the 2017–18 season, in 2–1 home win versus OFK Bačka under coach Aleksandar Veselinović, when he noted an assist for a goal. Making an official appearance for Spartak, Shimura became the first Japanese footballer in the club history. Shimura scored his first goal for the club in 2–0 away victory over Rad; as a coincidence, Shimura scored his next goal for the club in 2–0 win against the same opponent on 18 March 2018. Shimura scored his third season goal in 2–0 away victory over Vojvodina on 22 April 2018; as of 1 January 2019 Sutjeska NikšićMontenegrin Cup: 2016–17 Noboru Shimura at Noboru Shimura at Noboru Shimura at Soccerbase Noboru Shimura – UEFA competition record Noboru Shimura at J.


War of 1812 Campaigns

The following is a synopsis of the land campaigns of the War of 1812. This campaign includes all operations in the Canada-US border region except the battle of Chippewa and Lundy's Lane; the invasion and conquest of western Canada was a major objective of the United States in the War of 1812. Among the significant causes of the war were the continuing clash of British and American interests in the Northwest Territory and the desire of frontier expansionists to seize Canada as a bargaining chip while Great Britain was preoccupied with the Napoleonic Wars. In the first phase of the war along the border in 1812, the United States suffered a series of reverses. Fort Mackinac fell, Fort Dearborn was evacuated, Fort Detroit surrendered without a fight. American attempts to invade Canada across the Niagara Peninsula and toward Montreal failed completely. Brig. Gen. William Henry Harrison's move to recapture Detroit was repulsed, but he checked British efforts to penetrate deeper into the region at the west end of Lake Erie, during the summer of 1813.

Meanwhile, in April 1813, Maj. Gen. Henry Dearborn's expedition captured Fort Toronto and burned York, capital of Upper Canada. On 27 May, Brig. Gen. Jacob Brown repelled a British assault on New York. An American force led by Col. Winfield Scott seized Fort George and the town of Queenston across the Niagara, but the British regained control of this area in December 1813. A two-pronged American drive on Montreal from Sackett's Harbor and Plattsburgh, New York in the fall of 1813 ended in a complete fiasco. Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British fleet on Lake Erie, opening the way for Harrison's victory at the Thames River, which reestablished American control over the Detroit Area. A Campaign Streamer, embroidered Canada, 18 June 1812 – 17 February 1815 was awarded for this campaign. An American advance from Plattsburgh in March 1814, led by Maj. Gen. James Wilkinson, was checked just beyond the border, but on 3 July, 500 men under General Brown seized Fort Erie across the Niagara in a coordinated attack with Commodore Isaac Chauncey's fleet designed to wrest control of Lake Ontario from the British.

In subsequent troop maneuvers in the Niagara region, Brig. Gen. Winfield Scott's brigade of Brown's command was unexpectedly confronted by a large British force while preparing for an Independence Day parade near the Chippewa River. Scott's well-trained troops broke the enemy line with a skillfully executed charge, sending the survivors into a hasty retreat. British losses were 137 304 wounded. After Chippewa, Brown's force advanced to Queenstown, but soon abandoned a proposed attack on Forts George and Niagara when Chauncey's fleet failed to cooperate in the operation. Instead, on 24–25 July 1814, Brown moved back to the Chippewa preparatory to a cross-country march along Lundy's Lane to the west end of Lake Ontario. Unknown to Brown, the British had concentrated about 2,200 troops in the vicinity of Lundy's Lane and 1,500 more in Forts George and Niagara. On 25 July, Scott's brigade, moving again towards Queenstown in an effort to draw off a British detachment threatening Brown's line of communications on the American side of the Niagara, ran into the enemy contingents at the junction of Queenstown Road and Lundy's Lane.

The ensuing battle, which involved all of Brown's force and some 3,000 British, was fiercely fought and neither side gained a clear cut victory. The Americans retired to the Chippewa unmolested, but the battle terminated Brown's invasion of Canada. Casualties were heavy on both sides, the British losing 878 and the Americans 854 in killed and wounded. British siege of Fort Erie failed to drive the Americans from that outpost on Canadian soil, but on 5 November they withdrew voluntarily. Commodore Thomas Macdonough's victory over the British fleet on Lake Champlain compelled Sir George Prevost, Governor General of Canada, to call off his attack on Plattsburgh with 11,000 troops. After the surrender of Napoleon, the British dispatched Maj. Gen. Robert Ross from France on 27 June 1814, with 4,000 veterans to raid key points on the American coast. Ross landed at the mouth of the Patuxent River in Maryland with Washington as his objective on 19 August and marched as far as Upper Marlboro, Maryland without meeting resistance.

Meanwhile, Brig. Gen. William Winder, in command of the Potomac District, had assembled a mixed force of about 5,000 men near Bladensburg, including militia and some 400 sailors from Commodore Joshua Barney's gunboat flotilla, destroyed to avoid capture by the British fleet. In spite of a considerable advantage in numbers and position, the Americans were routed by Ross' force. British losses were about 249 wounded. British detachments entered the city and burned the Capitol and other public buildings in what was announced as retaliation for the American destruction at York. While the British marched on Washington, Baltimore had time to hastily strengthen its defenses. Maj. Gen. Samuel Smith had about 9,000 militia, including 1,000 in Fort McHenry guarding the harbor. On 12 September 1814, the British landed at North Point about 14 miles below the city, where their advance was momentarily checked by 3,200 Maryland Militiamen. Thirty-nine British were killed and 251 wounded at a cost of 24 Am

MARS (ticket reservation system)

MARS, which stands for Multi Access seat Reservation System, is a train ticket reservation system used by the railway companies of former Japanese National Railways Japan Railways Group and travel agencies in Japan, developed jointly by Hitachi and the Railway Information Systems Co. Ltd, a JR Group company jointly owned by the seven members of the group; the host of the system is located in Kokubunji and managed by JR Systems. Ticket offices at JR stations equipped with MARS terminals are called Midori no Madoguchi, selling tickets for all JR Group trains with reserved seats beginning one month prior to the ride; the MARS-1 system was created by Mamoru Hosaka, Yutaka Ohno, others at the Japanese National Railways' R&D Institute, was built in 1958. It was the world's first seat reservation system for trains; the MARS-1 was capable of reserving seat positions, was controlled by a transistor computer with a central processing unit consisting of a thousand transistors. The latest version of MARS uses the MARS 501 system, introduced in 2002.

JR Systems

Feminine Brigades of St. Joan of Arc

The Feminine Brigades of Saint Joan of Arc known as Guerrilleras de Cristo was a secret military society for women founded on June 21, 1927 at the Basilica of Our Lady of Zapopan, in Zapopan, Mexico, on June 21, 1927. The founders included Luz Laraza de Uribe and María Gollaz, plus additional members of the Unión de Empleadas Católicas of Guadalajara, their lay advisor, Luis Flores González. Formed as a secret Catholic women's society that organized to support the Mexican Cristero War effort, they were affiliated with Unión Popular. Initial membership grew to 135 women members within a matter of days. At its height, the brigade was composed of 56 squadrons, totaling 25,000 female militants, most active in Jalisco and Mexico City. Recruitment began in Catholic women's colleges but spread among the indigenous population and across all social classes; each member was to take vows of faith and absolute secrecy. The primary functions of the group were nursing wounded Cristero rebels and securing funds, food and shelter.

The women provided moral strength and encouragement for battlefield men, motivating the men in their families to follow and defend their beliefs. Many of the first feminine Brigades were working-class women from the city. Soon, more women from rural regions joined, they facilitated munitions delivery by navigating areas where Cristeros were; as their membership increased, so did their duties, to the extent that they were in the field of battle. The women took a vow of faith and absolute secrecy in front of a crucifix, promising to die rather than betray the secrets and cause of the Cristeros if tortured or promised payment. No evidence supports that the vow was broken; the women in the Brigades sent President Calles letters and petitions explaining their concerns on Article 130 of the Mexican Constitution. They protested, boycotted businesses that discriminated against its employees based on religion and publicly criticized government action, including the expelling of priests; the women spread teachings on the church, which included educating their children and teaching catechism.

One duty was to spread propaganda with pamphlets throughout Mexico, explaining the mission of the main coordinating Cristero group, known as La Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad Religiosa, or LNDLR. They published the newspaper La Dama Catolica, which served as propaganda and a way to recruit women to the cause of the Cristeros. "Señoras," women associated with the Brigades and the UDCM, were chiefly married, urban dwelling and middle and upper class. They offered religious teaching and childcare to working women and their families, donated food and clothes to charities and the needy, supported seminars and vocations and opened Catholic schools and libraries. All the women marched in protests. "Religiosas" had to be less public than the señoras. They went underground to provide places for worship and sanctuaries for the Blessed Sacrament, they hid wounded and fleeing Cristeros or families whose fathers died in war, they turned their homes into asylums and secret meeting centers for priests to hold Mass and other sacraments.

They provided food and shelter and offered spiritual advice and religious devotions for Cristeros. The penalty for being discovered was confinement in jail and legal prosecution; when the religiosas were discovered, government troops would search them aggressively and were known to steal from them. The officials found items from blessed marriages, coffins with bodies from funerals and documents of baptism and other sacraments; the religiosas were responsible for a spy communication system warning Cristeros about soldiers' movements. The women nursed, performed surgery, provided medical equipment, were directly involved in the Feminine Brigades, they changed their locations to avoid government troops. The "jovenes" were young female active revolutionaries, including some "religiosas" who were sometimes in active battle alongside the Cristeros; the Feminine Brigades were considered independent and were credited by field commanders for sustaining the rebellion. They operated in squadrons to provide various kinds of ammunition, manufacturing it themselves and distributing it through a complex network of supply routes.

These women devised creative and clandestine ways to keep soldiers supplied, including special vests for smuggling ammunition out of federal factories and secret workshops for the production of homemade explosives, such as grenades made out of jelly tins. These 25,000 women carried messages—written on silk and hidden within the soles of shoes—between units. All their activities were carried out under an oath of secrecy; the efforts of the Joan of Arc Brigades notwithstanding, the Cristero army never had enough ammunition to win a decisive victory. Too in the heat of battle, they had to disengage so as to live to fight another day. By 1928 the Brigades had grown in numbers and efficiency and had become an important part of the Cristero effort; the Brigades at this point obeyed the LNDLR leadership only occasionally. The feud between the Brigades and the LNDLR resulted in a serious decrease in the flow of ammunition. Enrique Gorostieta y Valarde, the leader of the LNDLR, had to smooth out rela