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Jungle Fever

Jungle Fever is a 1991 American romantic drama film written and directed by Spike Lee. The film stars Wesley Snipes, Annabella Sciorra, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Samuel L. Jackson, Lonette McKee, John Turturro, Frank Vincent, Halle Berry, Anthony Quinn, is Lee's fifth feature-length film. Jungle Fever explores the beginning and end of an extramarital interracial relationship against the urban backdrop of the streets of New York City in the 1990s; the film received positive reviews, with particular praise for Samuel L. Jackson's performance. Flipper Purify, a successful and married architect from Harlem, is married to Drew, who works as a buyer at Bloomingdales. Together, they have a young daughter. At work, Flipper discovers that an Italian-American woman named Angie Tucci has been hired as a temp and his secretary. Angie lives in Bensonhurst with her abusive father and her two brothers and Jimmy. Angie and her boyfriend Paulie Carbone have been dating since high school. Paulie lives with his elderly widowed father, Lou.

Angie feels suffocated in her home life. Flipper and Angie begin to spend many nights in the office working late, one night they have sex; the sexual encounter begins their tumultuous relationship. Afterwards, Flipper demands to be promoted to partner at the company but gets rejected by his superiors and Leslie, to which he responds by resigning and having plans to start his own firm. Flipper admits his infidelity to his longtime friend, high school teacher Cyrus. Cyrus criticizes Flipper for having an affair with a white woman, referring to the cause as "jungle fever" - an attraction borne of sexualized racial myths rather than love. Flipper pleads with Cyrus not to tell anyone, including his wife. Angie's friends are shocked. Drew learns about Flipper's affair, through Cyrus' wife, Vera after Cyrus told Vera about Flipper's infidelity and throws him out of their home. Flipper moves in temporarily with his father, Southern Baptist preacher The Good Reverend Doctor Purify and mother, Lucinda Purify.

Angie comes home to a severe and brutal beating with a belt from her father when word gets out that she is dating a black man after one of Angie's friends tells one of Angie's brothers. Flipper tries to reconcile with Drew. Being multiracial, Drew feels Flipper was attracted to her for being half-white, but is now unfaithful to her because she is half-black and that Flipper was searching for a white, light-skinned woman as he was a successful black man. Flipper and Angie find an apartment in move in together; as a couple, they encounter discrimination such as being refused and ignored by a waitress in a restaurant, chastisement from The Good Reverend Doctor, financial issues. The couple are subjected to police harassment by Officer Long and Officer Ponte - the same police officers who killed Radio Raheem in Do the Right Thing; the incompatibility of Flipper and Angie's relationship is compounded by Flipper's feelings for Drew and Ming, the fact Angie wants to have children of her own. The couple break up - echoing what Cyrus told him earlier, Flipper tells Angie their relationship has been based on sexual racial myths and not love, but Angie does not concede the point.

Things begin to turn worse for Flipper when his crack-addicted older brother Gator -, pestering Flipper and his family for money - steals and sells Lucinda's TV for crack. Flipper's family refuses to give Gator money because he has spent their money on crack. Flipper searches all over Harlem for Gator, he gives up on his brother and cuts him off, telling him that he is not allowed to ask anyone in his family for money and that no one in the family will give him any more money. Rebelling, Gator arrives at his parents' house to ask for money and, after Lucinda refuses him, begins to ransack the home. Gator's erratic behavior leads to an altercation with both of his parents that ends with The Good Reverend Doctor shooting and killing him, proclaiming his son to be "evil and better off dead", he collapses and dies as Lucinda weeps over Gator's body with The Good Reverend Doctor watching remorsefully. Another subject the film focuses on is the former fiancé of Angie. Paulie is taunted by his racist Italian-American friends for having lost his girlfriend to a black man.

Paulie asks one of his customers - a friendly black woman named Orin Goode - on a date. This angers Paulie's father. On his way to meet Orin, Paulie is surrounded and assaulted viciously by his friends for his attempt at an interracial relationship. Although beaten, Paulie still arrives at Orin's house for their date. Angie is accepted back into her father's home and Flipper tries to mend his relationship with Drew but is unsuccessful, he talks to his daughter. As Flipper leaves his house, a young crack-addicted prostitute propositions him, calling him "daddy". Lee dedicated the film to Yusuf Hawkins. Hawkins was killed on August 23, 1989, in Bensonhurst, New York by Italian-Americans who believed the youth was involved with a white girl in the neighborhood, though he was in the n

Bishop of Clonfert

The Bishop of Clonfert is an episcopal title which takes its name after the village of Clonfert in County Galway, Ireland. In the Roman Catholic Church it remains as a separate title, but in the Church of Ireland it has been united with other bishoprics; the diocese of Clonfert was one of the twenty-four dioceses established at the Synod of Rathbreasail in 1111, its boundaries were fixed at the Synod of Kells in 1152. During the Reformation, the bishops changed their allegiance back and forth between the Pope and the Crown. After the Reformation, there were parallel apostolic successions. In the Church of Ireland, the title continued until 1625, when it united with Kilmacduagh, forming the united see of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh. In the Roman Catholic Church, the title remains a separate bishopric; the current incumbent is the Most Reverend Michael Duignan, Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Clonfert, appointed on 16 July 2019 and ordained bishop on 13 October 2019. Official website of the Catholic Diocese of Clonfert

Compendium of postage stamp issuers (Pa–Pl)

Each "article" in this category is a collection of entries about several stamp issuers, presented in alphabetical order. The entries are formulated on the micro model and so provide summary information about all known issuers. See the Category:Compendium of postage stamp issuers page for details of the project. Refer Pakhoi Dates 1889 – Capital Kuantan Currency 100 cents = 1 dollarMain Article Needed See Malaysia Dates 1903 – 1922 Currency 100 centimes = 1 francRefer China Dates 1947 – Capital Islamabad Currency 12 pies = 1 anna. Dates 1948 – 1967 Currency 1000 milliemes = 100 piastres = 1 poundRefer Egyptian Occupation IssuesSee Gaza Dates 1948 – 1950 Currency 1000 mils = 1 poundRefer Jordan An agreement was signed in Washington on 13 September 1993 between Israel and Yasser Arafat's PLO which recognised the right of Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and an enclave on the West Bank around Jericho, it was confirmed by the Cairo Agreement of 4 May 1994. The Palestinians began issuing stamps in 1994 with the inscription The Palestinian Authority.

Dates 1994 – Capital Jerusalem / Ramallah Currency mils 1000 fils = 1 Jordanian dinarMain Article Postage stamps and postal history of the Palestinian National Authority Dates 1878 – Capital Panama City Currency 100 centavos = 1 peso 100 centesimos = 1 balboaMain Article Needed Refer Canal Zone Dates 1852 – 1870 Capital Rome Currency 100 bajocchi = 1 scudo 100 centesimi = 1 liraRefer Italian States Dates 1906 – 1942 Capital Port Moresby Currency 12 pence = 1 shilling. Dates 1912 – 1932 Capital Patmos Currency 100 centesimi = 1 liraRefer Aegean Islands Refer Corfu & Paxos Dates 1917 – 1922 Currency Chinese and Italian both usedRefer Italian Post Offices Abroad Refer French Post Offices Abroad. Dates 1902 – 1932 Capital Currency 12 pence = 1 shilling. Part of the historic Duchy of Savoy, it was annexed by the French Republic in 1792. By the Treaty of Vienna 1815, it combined with the island of Sardinia to form a state known as the Kingdom of Sardinia. However, Turin was the capital and Piedmont, one of the most dynamic nations of 19th century Europe, is the name used by historians.

The island of Sardinia was much the junior partner. Piedmont's most prominent figure was Count Camillo Cavour, the statesman who inspired and forged the unification of Italy under Piedmont's leadership. Stamps do not show the country's name; the first stamps of unified Italy, issued in 1862, were printed in Turin. In the catalogues, Gibbons list the Piedmont/Sardinia stamps under Sardinia; this is correct but, in view of the historical prominence of Piedmont, this work follows the accepted practice of most historians. The relative insignificance of the island of Sard