The Make-Believe Wife
The Make-Believe Wife is a lost 1918 American silent comedy film starring Billie Burke and directed by John S. Robertson. Based on an original story for the screen, it was produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed by Paramount Pictures. Billie Burke as Phyllis Ashbrook Alfred Hickman as Roger Mason Ida Darling as Mrs. Ashbrook David Powell as John Manning Wray Page as Anita Webb Isabel O'Madigan as Mrs. Harbury Frances Kaye as Eileen Harbury Bigelow Cooper as Mr. Ashbrook Howard Johnson as Donald Ashbrook F. Gatenbery Bell as Mr. Harbury Like many American films of the time, The Make-Believe Wife was subject to cuts by city and state film censorship boards. For example, the Chicago Board of Censors required a cut, in Reel 4, of five the intertitles "Marian?", "Ethel?", "Daisy?", "Louise, Irene," etc. and "Oh, Geraldine", scene of man looking at picture and at woman's underwear and nodding head, the two intertitles "I give you my word that I don't know, in that room" and "I thought my past was dead".
The Make-Believe Wife on IMDb AllMovie/Synopsis
Heidi Pratt is an American television personality, fashion designer, author. Born and raised in Crested Butte, she befriended Lauren Conrad in 2005. In 2006, Montag came to prominence after being cast in the MTV reality television series The Hills, which chronicled the personal and professional lives of Conrad and friends Audrina Patridge and Whitney Port. During its production, she attended the Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising and was employed by event planning company Bolthouse Productions; as the series progressed, Montag began dating fellow cast member Spencer Pratt, which ended her friendship with Conrad. Their ensuing feud became the central focus of the series, was carried through each subsequent season; the couple, collectively nicknamed "Speidi", married in April 2009. That year, they made controversial appearances on the second season of the American version of I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here!. In January 2010, Montag released her debut studio album Superficial, she received widespread criticism after undergoing ten cosmetic surgery procedures in one day.
In 2011, Montag was featured on the television series Famous Food, where she and several celebrities competed for a restaurant partnership. Two years she and Pratt competed as a single entity on the eleventh series of the British version of Celebrity Big Brother, returned to the series with Pratt as an All-Star for Celebrity Big Brother 19. Montag was born September 1986, in Crested Butte, Colorado, to parents Darlene and Bill Montag. After divorcing, her mother Darlene married Tim Egelhoff. Montag has an older sister Holly a reality television personality, a younger brother Sky, their father Bill married Terri O'Hara. After graduating from high school, Montag moved to California and attended the Academy of Art University in San Francisco for one semester. During freshman orientation, she befriended Lauren Conrad, who at the time was a primary cast member of the MTV reality television series Laguna Beach: The Real Orange County. After both transferred to the Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising in Los Angeles, Montag was subsequently featured in four episodes during the series' second season.
However, after failing to find the school "challenging", she dropped out and received employment from Bolthouse Productions as an assistant. Within two years, she was promoted as an event planner. After moving to Los Angeles in 2006, the Laguna Beach spin-off series The Hills was developed to chronicle the lives of then-housemates Conrad and Montag and friends Audrina Patridge and Whitney Port; that year, she began a short-lived relationship with Jordan Eubanks. By the second season and Conrad's friendship had deteriorated after the former began dating and moved in with Spencer Pratt. During the third season, Conrad ended her friendship with Montag after she suspected that Pratt was responsible for rumors of a sex tape involving her and her former boyfriend Jason Wahler. In August, she began recording her debut studio album; that month, the song "Body Language" was leaked on the internet, featured an uncredited rap verse from Pratt. The following month, she confirmed to Us Weekly that she had undergone a breast augmentation and rhinoplasty five months prior.
Montag's first promotional single and its accompanying music video "Higher" were released in February 2008. That month, she appeared on the cover of Maxim. Montag collaborated with Anchor Blue to launch her first clothing line "Heidiwood" in April, her contract was not renewed the following year after the company decided against featuring celebrity endorsements in future advertising. After several additional unauthorized leaks, Montag enlisted songwriter Cathy Dennis to continue work on her album, she released her first two extended plays Wherever I Am and Here She Is... in 2009. The former included the song "More Is More"; that year and Pratt appeared on the second season of the American version of I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out of Here! in support of the "Feed the Children" foundation. They quit after Montag was hospitalized with a gastric ulcer and created controversy after alleging that they were subject to torture during production. After leaving the series and Pratt became notorious for their antics and antagonistic roles, notably during an interview with Al Roker of Today, were described as "everything that's wrong with America".
In August, she performed her first official single, the finished version of "Body Language", at the Miss Universe 2009. The following month, she appeared on the cover of Playboy. In November and Pratt released the book "How to Be Famous: Our Guide to Looking the Part, Playing the Press, Becoming a Tabloid Fixture". In January 2010, Montag revealed to People that she had undergone ten cosmetic surgery procedures in a single day two months prior, performed by Frank Ryan. Among the procedures were brow-lifts, ear-pinnings, a chin reduction, as well as a second rhinoplasty and second breast augmentation, she commented that she died from too much Demerol, reducing her heart rate to five
Los Angeles Dodgers
The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles, California. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League West division. Established in 1883 in Brooklyn, New York, the team moved to Los Angeles before the 1958 season, they played for four seasons at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before moving to their current home of Dodger Stadium in 1962. The Dodgers as a franchise have won 23 National League pennants. 11 NL MVP award winners have played for the Dodgers. The team has produced 18 Rookie of the Year Award winners, twice as many as the next closest team, including four consecutive from 1979 to 1982 and five consecutive from 1992 to 1996. In the early 20th century, the team known as the Robins, won league pennants in 1916 and 1920, losing the World Series both times, first to Boston and Cleveland. In the 1930s, the team changed its name to the Dodgers, named after the Brooklyn pedestrians who dodged the streetcars in the city.
In 1941, the Dodgers captured their third National League pennant, only to lose to the New York Yankees. This marked the onset of the Dodgers–Yankees rivalry, as the Dodgers would face them in their next six World Series appearances. Led by Jackie Robinson, the first black Major League Baseball player of the modern era. Following the 1957 season the team left Brooklyn. In just their second season in Los Angeles, the Dodgers won their second World Series title, beating the Chicago White Sox in six games in 1959. Spearheaded by the dominant pitching style of Sandy Koufax and Don Drysdale, the Dodgers captured three pennants in the 1960s and won two more World Series titles, sweeping the Yankees in four games in 1963, edging the Minnesota Twins in seven in 1965; the 1963 sweep was their second victory against the Yankees, their first against them as a Los Angeles team. The Dodgers won four more pennants in 1966, 1974, 1977 and 1978, but lost in each World Series appearance, they went on to win the World Series again in 1981, thanks in part to pitching sensation Fernando Valenzuela.
The early 1980s were affectionately dubbed "Fernandomania." In 1988, another pitching hero, Orel Hershiser, again led them to a World Series victory, aided by one of the most memorable home runs of all time, by their injured star outfielder Kirk Gibson coming off the bench to pinch hit with two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning of game 1, in his only appearance of the series. The Dodgers won the pennant in 2017 and 2018, but lost the World Series to the Houston Astros and Boston Red Sox respectively; the Dodgers share a fierce rivalry with the San Francisco Giants, the oldest rivalry in baseball, dating back to when the two franchises played in New York City. Both teams moved west for the 1958 season; the Brooklyn Dodgers and Los Angeles Dodgers have collectively appeared in the World Series 20 times, while the New York Giants and San Francisco Giants have collectively appeared 20 times. The Giants have won two more World Series. Although the two franchises have enjoyed near equal success, the city rivalries are rather lopsided and in both cases, a team's championships have predated to the other's first one in that particular location.
When the two teams were based in New York, the Giants won five World Series championships, the Dodgers one. After the move to California, the Dodgers have won five in Los Angeles, the Giants have won three in San Francisco; the Dodgers were founded in 1883 as the Brooklyn Atlantics, taking the name of a defunct team that had played in Brooklyn before them. The team joined the American Association in 1884 and won the AA championship in 1889 before joining the National League in 1890, they promptly won the NL Championship their first year in the League. The team was known alternatively as the Bridegrooms, Superbas and Trolley Dodgers before becoming the Brooklyn Dodgers in the 1930s. In Brooklyn, the Dodgers won the NL pennant several times and the World Series in 1955. After moving to Los Angeles, the team won National League pennants in 1959, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1981, 1988, 2017, 2018, with World Series championships in 1959, 1963, 1965, 1981 and 1988. In all, the Dodgers have appeared in 11 in Los Angeles.
For most of the first half of the 20th century, no Major League Baseball team employed an African American player. Jackie Robinson became the first African American to play for a Major League Baseball team when he played his first major league game on April 15, 1947, as a member of the Brooklyn Dodgers; this was due to general manager Branch Rickey's efforts. The religious Rickey's motivation appears to have been moral, although business considerations were a factor. Rickey was a member of The Methodist Church, the antecedent denomination to The United Methodist Church of today, a strong advocate for social justice and active in the American Civil Rights Movement; this event was the harbinger of the integration of professional sports in the United States, the concomitant demise of the Negro Leagues, is regarded as a key moment in the history of the American Civil Rights Movement. Robinson was an exceptional player, a speed
Bailee Madison is an American actress. In film, she played May Belle Aarons in Bridge to Terabithia, Isabelle in Brothers, Sally Hurst in Don't Be Afraid of the Dark, Maggie in Just Go with It, Harper Simmons in Parental Guidance, Kinsey in The Strangers: Prey at Night. On television, she made guest appearances as Maxine Russo in Wizards of Waverly Place and young Snow White in Once Upon a Time, she has a recurring role as Sophia Quinn in The Fosters. In 2015, she began starring as Grace Russell in the Hallmark Channel series Good Witch. Madison was born in Fort Lauderdale, the youngest of seven children, she has two sisters. Her older sister, Kaitlin Riley, is an actress, her mother is Patricia Riley. She began her career. Since she has appeared in several national commercials for major companies including Disney, SeaWorld, Cadillac, she serves as a national youth spokesperson for the childhood-cancer charity Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation. She made her major motion picture debut in the movie Lonely Hearts, in which she plays Rainelle, a girl thrown into the midst of a world of crime.
Madison has a significant role in the Disney movie Bridge to Terabithia, based on the children's book. She plays the younger sister of the lead male character played by Josh Hutcherson, she appears in the independent film Look as Megan, a girl, being watched and followed by a kidnapper. Madison had a small role in Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles during the season 1 finale "What He Beheld" as a girl who becomes part of a short-lived hostage situation. In the DVD extras it is said that they thought about changing the role because of its violent nature, but she insisted that they not. Madison appeared in The Last Day of Summer, she plays a girl. Another Nickelodeon production she had a role in was the television Christmas special Merry Christmas, Drake & Josh, she played a girl. Madison is seen in a featured supporting role in the 2009 film Brothers as Isabelle Cahill, the older daughter of Captain Sam Cahill and Grace Cahill. For her portrayal in the movie, she was nominated for both a Saturn Award and a BFCA Critics' Choice Award.
In 2010, Madison was in the movie Letters to God, where she portrayed Samantha Perryfield, best friend of the lead character, fighting cancer. She is seen in Conviction playing the younger version of Hilary Swank's character, Betty Anne Waters, she can be seen in the episode "Locum" from Law & Order: Special Victims Unit as Mackenzie Burton, a girl, adopted and feels like she is only filling the place of her parents' older daughter, abducted years ago. She appeared in three episodes of the children's horror series, R. L. Stine's The Haunting Hour. In 2011, Madison had a recurring role in the Disney Channel Original Series Wizards of Waverly Place as Maxine, the girl form of Max Russo, she appeared in Just Go with It, alongside Adam Sandler and Jennifer Aniston, as Maggie Murphy, a young girl who wants to become an actress. Madison can be seen in the drama film, An Invisible Sign as the younger version of Jessica Alba's character Mona Gray, she starred in her first leading role in the horror film, Don't Be Afraid of the Dark, alongside Katie Holmes and Guy Pearce where she portrayed Sally Hurst, a lonely withdrawn child, sent to live with her father and his new girlfriend.
In 2012, Madison appeared in the Hallmark film A Taste of Romance alongside Teri Polo and James Patrick Stuart. She had a guest role as the younger version of Ginnifer Goodwin's character Snow White in the TV series Once Upon a Time, she could be seen as the main character in the film Cowgirls n' Angels where she played the feisty and rebellious Ida Clayton who has fantasies of finding her father, a rodeo rider. Madison appeared in another Hallmark film entitled Smart Cookie as Daisy, an eager girl hoping to prove herself as a Girl Scout. In December, she appeared in the family comedy film Parental Guidance, alongside Billy Crystal and Bette Midler. In 2013, Madison began playing Hillary on the TV sitcom Trophy Wife, replacing Gianna LePera who played the character in the pilot. In 2014, she began playing the recurring role of Sophia Quinn in the ABC Family drama The Fosters. In 2015, she began playing Grace Russell, the daughter of Cassie Nightingale, in the Hallmark series Good Witch. In 2017 it was announced that Madison would star in an adaptation of Rachel Bateman's novel Someone Else's Summer.
In 2018, she portrayed the role of Kinsey, a rebellious child in horror film The Strangers: Prey at Night. Christina Hendricks and Martin Henderson played her parents; the film received mixed response from critics. Bailee Madison's career includes voice over work with Breathe Bible. Madison has served as the national youth spokesperson for Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation since 2010, an organization that encourages kids to fundraise and spread awareness of pediatric cancer by running their own lemonade stands. In January 2018, Madison's first novel was published, Losing Brave, a Young-Adult Mystery, co-written with Stefne Miller. Since November 2018, she has co-hosted the podcast Just Between Us with her sister Kaitlin Vilasuso. Bailee Madison on IMDb Bailee Madison at AllMovie
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. is an American film studio, production company and film distributor, a member of the Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group, a division of Sony Entertainment's Sony Pictures subsidiary of the Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony Corporation. What would become Columbia Pictures, CBC Film Sales Corporation, was founded on June 19, 1918 by Harry Cohn, his brother Jack Cohn, Joe Brandt, it went public two years later. In its early years, it was a minor player in Hollywood, but began to grow in the late 1920s, spurred by a successful association with director Frank Capra. With Capra and others, Columbia became one of the primary homes of the screwball comedy. In the 1930s, Columbia's major contract stars were Cary Grant. In the 1940s, Rita Hayworth became the studio's premier star and propelled their fortunes into the late 1950s. Rosalind Russell, Glenn Ford, William Holden became major stars at the studio, it is one of the leading film studios in the world and is a member of the "Big Five" major American film studios.
It was one of the so-called "Little Three" among the eight major film studios of Hollywood's Golden Age. Today, it has become the world's fifth largest major film studio; the studio was founded on June 19, 1918 as Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Jack's best friend Joe Brandt, released its first feature film in August 1922. Brandt was president of CBC Film Sales, handling sales and distribution from New York along with Jack Cohn, while Harry Cohn ran production in Hollywood; the studio's early productions were low-budget short subjects: "Screen Snapshots", the "Hall Room Boys", the Chaplin imitator Billy West. The start-up CBC leased space in a Poverty Row studio on Hollywood's famously low-rent Gower Street. Among Hollywood's elite, the studio's small-time reputation led some to joke that "CBC" stood for "Corned Beef and Cabbage". Brandt tired of dealing with the Cohn brothers, in 1932 sold his one-third stake to Harry Cohn, who took over as president. In an effort to improve its image, the Cohn brothers renamed the company Columbia Pictures Corporation on January 10, 1924.
Cohn remained head of production as well. He would run one of the longest tenures of any studio chief. In an industry rife with nepotism, Columbia was notorious for having a number of Harry and Jack's relatives in high positions. Humorist Robert Benchley called it the Pine Tree Studio, "because it has so many Cohns". Columbia's product line consisted of moderately budgeted features and short subjects including comedies, sports films, various serials, cartoons. Columbia moved into the production of higher-budget fare joining the second tier of Hollywood studios along with United Artists and Universal. Like United Artists and Universal, Columbia was a horizontally integrated company, it controlled distribution. Helping Columbia's climb was the arrival of Frank Capra. Between 1927 and 1939, Capra pushed Cohn for better material and bigger budgets. A string of hits he directed in the early and mid 1930s solidified Columbia's status as a major studio. In particular, It Happened; until Columbia's existence had depended on theater owners willing to take its films, since as mentioned above it didn't have a theater network of its own.
Other Capra-directed hits followed, including the original version of Lost Horizon, with Ronald Colman, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, which made James Stewart a major star. In 1933, Columbia hired Robert Kalloch to be women's costume designer, he was the first contract costume designer hired by the studio, he established the studio's wardrobe department. Kalloch's employment, in turn, convinced leading actresses that Columbia Pictures intended to invest in their careers. In 1938, the addition of B. B. Kahane as Vice President would produce Charles Vidor's Those High Gray Walls, The Lady in Question, the first joint film of Rita Hayworth and Glenn Ford. Kahane would become the President of Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1959, until his death a year later. Columbia could not afford to keep a huge roster of contract stars, so Cohn borrowed them from other studios. At Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the industry's most prestigious studio, Columbia was nicknamed "Siberia", as Louis B. Mayer would use the loan out to Columbia as a way to punish his less-obedient signings.
In the 1930s, Columbia signed Jean Arthur to a long-term contract, after The Whole Town's Talking, Arthur became a major comedy star. Ann Sothern's career was launched when Columbia signed her to a contract in 1936. Cary Grant signed a contract in 1937 and soon after it was altered to a non-exclusive contract shared with RKO. Many theaters relied on westerns to attract big weekend audiences, Columbia always recognized this market, its first cowboy star was Buck Jones, who signed with Columbia in 1930 for a fraction of his former big-studio salary. Over the next two decades Columbia released scores of outdoor adventures with Jones, Tim McCoy, Ken Maynard, Jack Luden, Bob Allen, Russell Hayden, Tex Ritter, Ken Curtis, Gene Autry. Columbia's most popular cowboy was Charles Starrett, who signed with Columbia in 193
Nicole Mary Kidman is an Australian-American actress and producer. She began her acting career in Australia with the 1983 films Bush BMX Bandits, her breakthrough came in 1989 with the thriller Dead Calm and the television miniseries Bangkok Hilton. In 1990, she made her Hollywood debut opposite Tom Cruise, she went on to achieve wider recognition with leading roles in Far and Away, Batman Forever, To Die For, Eyes Wide Shut. She received two consecutive nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress for playing a courtesan in the musical Moulin Rouge! and the writer Virginia Woolf in the drama film The Hours. Kidman has since starred in such films as The Others, Cold Mountain, Birth, The Paperboy, Paddington, The Beguiled, Boy Erased, Destroyer, she has received two additional nominations for an Academy Award for. In 2012, she received her first Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for her role in the HBO film Hemingway & Gellhorn and returned to television in 2017, co-producing and starring in the HBO drama series Big Little Lies, winning the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress as well as Outstanding Limited Series.
In 2018, she played Queen Atlanna in the superhero film Aquaman, which emerged as her highest grossing release. Kidman is the recipient of multiple awards, including an Academy Award, two Primetime Emmy Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, the Silver Bear for Best Actress, she has been a Goodwill ambassador for UNICEF since 1994 and for UNIFEM since 2006. In 2006, Kidman was appointed Companion of the Order of Australia and was the highest-paid actress in the motion picture industry for that year; as a result of being born to Australian parents in Hawaii, Kidman has dual citizenship of Australia and the United States. Kidman owns the production company Blossom Films. Following her divorce from actor Tom Cruise, Kidman has been married to singer Keith Urban since 2006. Kidman was born 20 June 1967 in Honolulu, while her Australian parents were temporarily in the United States on student visas, her mother, Janelle Ann, is a nursing instructor who edited her husband's books and was a member of the Women's Electoral Lobby.
Her father was Antony Kidman, a biochemist, clinical psychologist and author, who died of a heart attack in Singapore aged 75. Kidman's ancestry includes Irish and English heritage. Being born in Hawaii, she was given the Hawaiian name "Hōkūlani"; the inspiration for the name came from a baby elephant born around the same time at the Honolulu Zoo, but the name is a used Hawaiian name for girls, Hokulani meaning "Heavenly Star". At the time of Kidman's birth, her father was a graduate student at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, he became a visiting fellow at the National Institute of Mental Health of the United States. Opposed to the war in Vietnam, Kidman's parents participated in anti-war protests while living in Washington, D. C; the family returned to Australia when Kidman was four and her mother now lives on Sydney's North Shore. Kidman has Antonia Kidman, a journalist and TV presenter. Kidman attended Lane Cove Public School and North Sydney Girls' High School, she was enrolled in ballet at three and showed her natural talent for acting in her primary and high school years.
She says that she was first inspired to become an actress upon seeing Margaret Hamilton's performance as the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz. Kidman has revealed that she was timid as a child, saying, "I am shy – shy – I had a stutter as a kid, which I got over, but I still regress into that shyness. So I don't like walking into a crowded restaurant by myself. At Philip Street, Kidman studied alongside Naomi Watts, she attended the Australian Theatre for Young People. Here she took up drama and performing in her teens, finding acting to be a refuge. Owing to her fair skin and red hair, the Australian sun forced the young Kidman to rehearse in halls of the theatre. A regular at the Phillip Street Theatre, she received both encouragement and praise to pursue acting full-time. In 1983, aged 16, Kidman made her film debut in a remake of the Australian holiday season favourite Bush Christmas. By the end of 1983, she had a supporting role in the television series Five Mile Creek. In 1984, her mother was diagnosed with breast cancer, which caused Kidman to halt her acting work temporarily while she studied massage so she could help her mother with physical therapy.
She began gaining popularity in the mid-1980s after appearing in several film roles, including BMX Bandits, Watch the Shadows Dance, the romantic comedy Windrider, which earned Kidman attention due to her racy scenes. During the decade, she appeared in several Australian productions, including the soap opera A Country Practice and the 1987 miniseries Vietnam, she made guest appearances on Australian television programs and TV movies. In 1988, Kidman appeared based on the play of the same name; the Australian film earned her an Australian Film Institute award for Best Supporting Actress. Kidman next starred with Sam Neill in Dead Calm as Rae Ingram; the thriller brought Kidman to international recognition.
A single parent is a person who lives with a child or children and who does not have a wife, husband or live-in partner. A single parent may have either sole custody of the child or joint physical custody, where the child lives part-time with each parent. Reasons for becoming a single parent include divorce, break-up, death of the other parent, childbirth by a single woman or single-person adoption. A single parent family is a family with children, headed by a single parent. Single parenthood has been common due to parental mortality rate due to disease and maternal mortality. Historical estimates indicate that in French, English, or Spanish villages in the 17th and 18th centuries at least one-third of children lost one of their parents during childhood; such single parenthood was short in duration, since remarriage rates were high. Divorce was rare and divorce became difficult to obtain after the fall of the Roman Empire, in Medieval Europe, due to strong involvement of ecclesiastical courts in family life.
Among all households in OECD countries in 2011, the proportion of single-parent households was in 3-11% the range, with an average of 7.5%. It was highest in Australia, Mexico, United States, Costa Rica and New Zealand, while it was lowest in Japan, Switzerland, Croatia, Germany and Cyprus; the proportion was 9 % in the United Kingdom. Among households with children in 2005/09, the proportion of single-parent households was 10% in Japan, 16% in the Netherlands, 19% in Sweden, 20% in France, 22% in Denmark, 22% in Germany, 23% in Ireland, 25% in Canada, 25% in the United Kingdom, 30% in the United States; the U. S. proportion increased from 20% in 1980 to 30% in 2008. In all OECD countries, most single-parent households were headed by a mother; the proportion headed by a father varied between 9% and 25%. It was lowest in Estonia, Costa Rica, Japan and the United Kingdom, while it was highest in Norway, Sweden and the United States; these numbers were not provided for Australia or New Zealand. In 2016/17, the proportion of children living in a single-parent household varied between 6% and 28% in the different OECD countries, with an OECD country average of 17%.
It was lowest in Turkey, Greece and Poland, while it was highest in France, United Kingdom, Lithuania, United States and Latvia. It was 19 % in Canada. Among children living in a single-parent household, most live with their mother, others with their father, while other children have a shared parenting arrangement where they spend an equal amount of time with their two parents. Among those living with one single parent, most live with their mother. In 2016, the proportion of 6-12 year olds living with their single father ranged between 5% and 36% among the different OECD countries, it was highest in Belgium, Slovenia, France and Sweden, while it was lowest in Lithuania, Poland, Estonia and the United Kingdom. It was 15% in the United States. In 2005/06, the proportion of 11-15 year old children living in a shared parenting arrangement versus with only one of their parents varied between 1% and 17%, being the highest in Sweden, it was 5% in Ireland and the United States, 7% in Canada and the United Kingdom.
By 2016/17, the percentage in Sweden had increased to 28%. It has been statistically proven that the lack of social support for single mothers causes them to spiral into depression. Over 9.5 million American families are run by one woman. Single mothers are to have mental health issues, financial hardships, live in a low income area, receive low levels of social support. All of these factors are taken into consideration when evaluating the mental health of single mothers; the occurrence of moderate to severe mental disability was more pronounced among single mothers at 28.7% compared to partnered mothers at 15.7%. These mental disabilities are not limited to anxiety and depression. Financial hardships affect the mental health of single mothers. Women, ages 15–24, were more to live in a low socio-economic area, have one child, not to have completed their senior year of high school; these women reported to be in the two lowest income areas, their mental health was much poorer than those in higher income areas.
A similar study on the mental health of single mothers attempted to answer the question, "Are there differences in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, between married, never-married, separated/divorced mothers?" Statistically, never married, separated/divorced mothers had the highest regularities of drug abuse, personality disorder and PTSD. The family structure can become a trigger for mental health issues in single mothers, they are at risk for having higher levels of depressive symptoms. Studies from the 1970s showed that single mothers who are not financially stable are more to experience depression. In a more current study it was proven that financial strain was directly correlated with sky rocket levels of depression. Among low-income, single mothers