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The KIM-1, short for Keyboard Input Monitor, is a small 6502-based single-board computer developed and produced by MOS Technology, Inc. and launched in 1976. It was successful in that period, due to its low price and easy-access expandability. MOS Technology's first processor, the 6501, could be plugged into existing motherboards that used the Motorola 6800, allowing potential users to get a development system up and running easily using existing hardware. Motorola sued, forcing MOS to pull the 6501 from the market. Changing the pin layout produced the "lawsuit-friendly" 6502. Otherwise identical to the 6501, it had the disadvantage of having no machine in which new users could start playing with the CPU. Chuck Peddle, leader of the 650x group at MOS, designed the KIM-1; the KIM-1 came to market in 1976. While the machine was intended to be used by engineers, it found a large audience with hobbyists. A complete system could be constructed for under 500 US$ with the purchase of the kit for only 245 US$, adding a power supply, a used terminal and a cassette tape drive.

Many books were available demonstrating small assembly language programs for the KIM, including The First Book of KIM by Jim Butterfield et al. One demo program converted the KIM into a music box by toggling a software-controllable output bit connected to a small loudspeaker. Canadian programmer Peter R. Jennings produced what was the first game for microcomputers to be sold commercially, Microchess for the KIM-1; as the system became more popular one of the common additions was the Tiny BASIC programming language. This required an easy memory expansion. All you need to provide is 4 K more of RAM chips and some buffers." The hard part was loading the BASIC from cassette tape -- a error-prone ordeal. Rockwell International—who second-sourced the 6502, along with Synertek—released their own microcomputer in one board in 1978, the AIM 65; the AIM included a full ASCII keyboard, a 20-character 14-segment alphanumeric LED display, a small cash register-like printer. A debug monitor was provided as standard firmware for the AIM, users could purchase optional ROM chips with an assembler and a Microsoft BASIC interpreter to choose from.

There was the Synertek SYM-1 variant, which could be said to be a machine halfway between the KIM and the AIM. The KIM-1 consisted of a single printed circuit board with all the components on one side, it included three main ICs. Each MCS6530 comprises a mask programmable 1024 x 8 ROM, a 64 x 8 RAM, two 8 bit bi-directional ports, a programmable interval timer; the KIM-1 brochure said "1 K BYTE RAM" but it had 1152 bytes. The memory was composed of the two 64 byte RAMs of the MCS6530s. In the 1970s memory sizes were expressed in several ways. Semiconductor manufacturers would use a precise memory size such as 2048 by 8 and sometimes state the number of bits. Mini and mainframe computers had various memory widths so manufacturers would use the term "words", such as 4K words; the early hobbyist computer advertisements would use both "words" and "bytes". It was common to see "4096 words", "4K words" and "4 K bytes"; the term KB was unused or uncommon. The KIM-1 was introduced in the April 1976 issue of BYTE and the advertisement stated "1 K BYTE RAM" and "2048 ROM BYTES".

Included were six 7-segment LEDs and a 24-key calculator-type keypad. Many of the pins of the I/O portions of the 6530s were connected to two connectors on the edge of the board, where they could be used as a serial system for driving a Teletype Model 33 ASR and paper tape reader/punch). One of these connectors doubled as the power supply connector, included analog lines that could be attached to a cassette tape recorder. Earlier microcomputer systems such as the MITS Altair used a series of switches on the front of the machine to enter data. In order to do anything useful, the user had to enter a small program known as the "bootstrap loader" into the machine using these switches, a process known as booting. Once loaded, the loader would be used to load a larger program off a storage device like a paper tape reader, it would take upwards of five minutes to load the tiny program into memory, a single error while flipping the switches meant that the bootstrap loader would crash the machine. This could render some of the bootstrap code garbled, in which case the programmer had to reenter the whole thing and start all over again.

The KIM-1 included a somewhat more complex built-in Terminal Interface Monitor software called TIM, "contained in 2048 bytes of ROM in two 6530 ROM/RAM/IO arrays". This monitor software included the ability to run a cassette tape for storage, drive the LED display, run the keypad; as soon as the power was turned on, the monitor would run and the user could start interacting with the machine via the keypad. The KIM-1 was one of the first single-board computers, needing only an external power supply to enable its use as a stand-alone experimental computer; this fact, plus the low cost of getting started, made it quite popular with hobbyists through the late 1970s. The designer of the TV Typew

Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect

The Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect is a subdialect of Brabantian spoken in Orsmaal-Gussenhoven, a village in the Linter municipality. / p, b / are bilabial, whereas / v / are labiodental. /ʒ/ is restricted to word-initial position, occurs only in loanwords from French. It tends to either be affricated to. /k, kʲ/ are velar. The exact place of articulation of /x, ɣ/ varies: Velar before and after back vowels and, in the case of /x/ when it is preceded by a back vowel in an intervocalic position between stressed and unstressed syllable. Palatal before and after front vowels and, in the case of /x/ after /ə/. Word-initial /x/ is restricted to the sequence /sx/. /h/ may be dropped by some speakers. /p, t, tʲ, k, kʲ, v, z/ may be affricated to. Peters does not specify the environment. In the case of stops, it occurs in pre-pausal position. /v, z/ are realized as voiceless when they occur between vowels, also in word-initial position. /ɣ/ is devoiced in a similar manner. /m, β/ are bilabial. /n, l, r/ are alveolar./n/ before /k/ is pronounced as follows:, if /k/ belongs to another morpheme.

Word-final appears only in loanwords from French. /l/ tends to be velarized postvocalically. /r/ has a few possible realizations: Apical trill or an apical fricative before a stressed vowel in word-initial syllables. Intervocalically and in the onset after a consonant, it may be a tap. Word-final /r/ is variable; the last two variants tend to be voiceless in pre-pausal position. The sequence /ər/ can be vocalized to or. / ŋ / is velar. / β, j / appear only intervocalically. Just like Standard Dutch, Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect devoices all obstruents at the ends of words. Morpheme-final / p, t, k / may be voiced if a vowel follows; the Orsmaal-Gussenhoven dialect contains 12 diphthong phonemes. A notable feature of it are quite unusual contrasts between /eː, øː/, /ei, øy/ and /ɛɪ, œʏ/; the majority of the vowels are close to the canonical values of the corresponding IPA symbols./y/ and /o/ occur only in few loanwords from French. /yː, uː, ɒː/ before /t, d/ within the same syllable may be realized as centering diphthongs with a labial glide before the schwa.

Alternatively, in place of the schwa an unrounded variant of the first vowel may appear:. In the same environment, /øː/ can be realized as. /ɪ, ʏ, ʊ/ are phonetically near-close. /ʏ/ is close to the canonical value of ⟨ʏ⟩, yet /ɪ/ and /ʊ/ are more peripheral than the canonical values of ⟨ɪ, ʊ⟩. /ɛ, œ/ are closer than the canonical values of ⟨ɛ, œ⟩. /ɔ, ɒ, ɒː/ are closer ( than the canonical values of ⟨ɔ, ɒ⟩. / ɔː / appears only before / d / and only as a phonetic centering diphthong. /a, aː/, which are phonological back vowels, are central phonetically. When stressed, short vowels cannot occur in open syllables. Exceptions to this rule are high-frequency words like'what', loanwords from French, such as'depot'; the quality of most diphthongs is close to the canonical values of the IPA symbols used to transcribe them. The starting points of /aɪ, aʊ/ are near-open central; the ending points are and, close to the canonical values of the IPA symbols used to transcribe them. The starting points of the centering diphthongs /iə, eə, ɛə/ are close to the canonical values of the IPA symbols used to transcribe them, whereas their ending points are not central but centralized front.

Stress location is the same as in Belgian Standard Dutch. In loanwords from French, the original word-final stress is preserved, as in'cadeau'; the sample text is a reading of the first sentence of the Sun. The orthographic version is written in Standard Dutch. De noordenwind en de zon hadden een discussie over de vraag wie van hun tweeën de sterkste was, toen er juist iemand voorbij kwam met een dikke, warme jas aan

Ahmed Naguib el-Hilaly

Ahmed Naguib el-Hilaly was an Egyptian lawyer and educator who served as Prime Minister of Egypt twice in 1952. Born in Asyut, el-Hilaly began his career in the Niyaba, he was appointed as a professor in 1923, rising to secretary-general of the Ministry of Public Instruction. He became a royal advisor on education and served as Education Minister under Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha from 1934 to 1936, he joined the Wafd Party in 1938 and served in the Cabinet of Mustafa al-Nahhas in 1937 to 1938 and in his second Cabinet from 1942 to 1944. His publications on education reform paved the way for reforms, including free universal public education in Egypt, day care, earlier entrance to school and longer compulsory education; the University of Alexandria opened. El-Hilaly became chancellor of the Niyaba in 1931. El-Hilaly broke from the Wafd Party in 1951, he served as Prime Minister for 4 months in 1952 following the 1952 Cairo Fire. He served as Prime Minister for one day before the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.

He was imprisoned and was thereafter banned from politics. He died one month after his wife in Maadi

Graciela Daniele

Graciela Daniele is an Argentine-American dancer and theatre director. Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina to Raúl Daniele and Rosa del Carmen Almoina. After her parents divorced, her mother got a job as a secretary for the Argentinian government, her mother became an actress. Daniele began her dance training at the age of seven at Teatro Colón, Argentina's equivalent of Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre, she moved to Paris to continue her ballet studies, while living there attended a performance of West Side Story, with Jerome Robbins's original choreography. Overwhelmed by the way dance was an integral part of the story-telling, she decided to move to New York City to study jazz and modern dance, styles she felt were best for expressing human emotions on stage; as a performer, Daniele made her Broadway debut in What Makes Sammy Run? in 1964. She studied with Martha Graham and Merce Cunningham while working with such luminaries as Bob Fosse, Agnes de Mille, Michael Bennett, who hired her to assist him with Follies in 1971.

Her first credit as a full-fledged choreographer was the 1979 revival of The Most Happy Fella. Daniele has worked with Woody Allen on three films, Mighty Aphrodite, Everyone Says I Love You, Bullets over Broadway. In addition to her work in New York City, where she has choreographed for Ballet Hispanico and served as a director-in-residence at Lincoln Center, Daniele has directed and/or choreographed theatrical and dance productions throughout the United States, she has directed and/or choreographed several musicals of Lynn Ahrens and Stephen Flaherty, most The Glorious Ones and Dessa Rose at the Off-Broadway Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater at Lincoln Center, she has directed and/or choreographed several musicals of Michael John LaChiusa Off-Broadway, most Bernarda Alba and Little Fish. In 1991, she was the first to direct William Finn's two one-act musicals March of the Falsettos and Falsettoland as one evening of theater, for the Hartford Stage Company; this combination went on to become the musical Falsettos.

In 2005, Daniele was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. 2015: The Visit 2007: The Pirate Queen 2005: Chita Rivera: The Dancer's Life 2004: Barbara Cook's Broadway! 2002: Elaine Stritch At Liberty 1999: Marie Christine 1999: Annie Get Your Gun 1998: Ragtime 1995: Chronicle of a Death Foretold 1993: The Goodbye Girl 1990: Once on This Island 1985: The Mystery of Edwin Drood 1984: The Rink 1983: Zorba 1981: The Pirates of Penzance 1978: Working 1975: Chicago 1969: Coco 1968: Promises, Promises 1968: Here's Where I Belong 2006 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography 1999 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical 1998 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1998 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography 1996 Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical 1996 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1996 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Book 1996 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography 1996 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical 1994 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography 1994 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical 1993 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1991 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1991 Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical 1990 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1986 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1984 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1981 Tony Award for Best Choreography 1981 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography Dance Magazine "Faces in Dance: Graciela Daniele", by Rose Eichenbaum, September 1999 "A Life in the Theatre: Director-Choreographer Graciela Daniele", Mervyn Rothstein, June 15, 2006 playbill interview Graciela Daniele at the Internet Broadway Database Graciela Daniele at the Internet Off-Broadway Database American Theatre Wing biography and interview Tony Award listing

Namond Brice

Namond Brice is a fictional character on the HBO drama The Wire, played by Julito McCullum. Namond is the son of Wee-Bey Brice and De'Londa Brice and is a middle school student during season 4, he is friends with Michael Lee and Randy Wagstaff and bullies Duquan "Dukie" Weems. Namond lives with his mother and the two are well looked after by money from the Barksdale drug dealing organization that his father was a part of. Wee-Bey is serving consecutive life sentences for multiple homicides committed on behalf of the Barksdales, having confessed to crimes he did not commit. Grateful because Wee-Bey shielded the rest of the organization by taking the prison sentence on himself, the Barksdales provide for Namond and De'Londa. After the organization is shattered by the incarceration of Avon Barksdale, his sister Brianna Barksdale continues to pay them; this steady income means. Namond accompanies Michael to a community gym run by Dennis "Cutty" Wise but does not box himself. Namond works for onetime Barksdale lieutenant Bodie Broadus as a drug runner.

Bodie gave Namond the job out of respect for Wee-Bey who he worked with before his arrest and is careful to remind Namond of this fact. He is not interested in this line of work and reads while working and is seen leaving early to catch pigeons with his friends, he becomes impatient with Randy while waiting to catch a potential homing pigeon but is quieted when Michael tells him his voice may be scaring away the birds. Namond is enraged, he taunts Dukie until he attacks him and Michael breaks up the fight. When Dukie is beaten up by a rival gang Namond expresses a desire for revenge. Randy has the idea of an ambush using water balloons filled with urine; the plan backfires on Namond. The terrace boys chase after his friends. While Michael is caught and receives a beating, Namond watches. Namond buys ice cream for all of his friends including Dukie at Michael's urging. Namond and De'Londa visit Wee-Bey at the prison. Wee-Bey relies on them to take care of his beloved pet fish and Namond follows his father's instructions.

Wee-Bey is glad that Namond is working with Bodie and gives him advice on succeeding as a drug dealer including getting a less distinctive haircut. De'Londa is unimpressed with Namond's attitude towards his work and threatens to withhold money for new clothes until he applies himself. Namond swaps the job with Michael so that his friend can make money for a time, irritating Bodie who points out that his corner is not "social services". Despite her threats and Namond giving up his job De'Londa buys him new clothes for school; when school begins, Namond proves to be disruptive in class and to have a general disregard for school rules. He runs afoul of Assistant Principal Marcia Donnelly for wearing non-uniform clothing, he is in Roland "Prez" Pryzbylewski's math class along with Michael and his friend Kareem Williams. In the class are Chiquan and Zenobia. Namond disrupts the class and gets suspended for three days because of his actions, he apologizes to Prez of his own volition afterwards. Namond keeps a knife hidden in a bush at school, but this is confiscated by Donnelly on a random sweep.

De'Londa takes Namond to visit his father during his suspension. Wee-Bey continues to take more interest in the street than Namond's school. While he admires Namond's attitude, Wee-Bey cautions his son on the savage and two-faced nature of the drug trade as symbolized by Marlo Stanfield's organization. Namond and De'Londa suffer a major change in circumstances. De'Londa is powerless to argue. Brianna tells Namond that she wanted them both to be there so that De’Londa could not lie to him about what happened. De'Londa sets Namond up dealing narcotics to support them, she still refuses to let him drop out of school. She insists. Namond asks about what Brianna meant about them having enough money and De'Londa tells him that Brianna was lying, she visits Bodie and convinces him to give Namond a package to work, threatening to tell Wee-Bey with the suggestion that he might arrange something unpleasant for Bodie if he refuses. When Namond returns to school he is placed in a special class under Howard "Bunny" Colvin.

He acts out to try to get out early to begin selling his package but learns that in his new class there will be no further suspensions. He is unable to faze Colvin as Colvin is a former Western district police commander who has himself grown up in West Baltimore; because of this, Colvin is not as scared as the academic types in the classroom as he has dealt with many people much worse than Namond during his 30-year tenure with the Baltimore Police Department. Namond recruits Little Kenard and Byron to help him move the package he has been given. Despite his best efforts he cannot convince Michael to get involved. Namond is driven away from his first choice of territory by a rival crew. Another young dealer called. Cutty breaks up the fight rescuing Namond from a beating, his young dealers are not impressed with his second choice of territory and their trade slows down. Namond begins to enjoy the Special Class when the teacher gives him a chance to talk about his ambitions and his views on what makes a successful "corner boy."

Namond says he believes that he will be dead in ten years time but still claims to have the ambition of becoming a kingpin in the drug trade. He reveals something of a motive for his disruptive behaviour when he tells the class th

Billy Hogg

William Hogg was an English footballer who played at outside right, winning the Football League championship with Sunderland in 1901–02, before moving to Scotland where he won the Scottish League title three times with Rangers. He made three appearances for England in 1902. Hogg was born in Sunderland and was playing local football with Willington Athletic when he was spotted by Sunderland where he became a professional in October 1899, he made his debut on 2 December scoring in a 5 -- 0 victory over Notts County. He soon became a regular fixture in the outside-right berth and in his first season Sunderland finished third in the League, with Hogg having made 19 appearances with six goals; the following season he was ever-present appearing in all 34 league matches, contributing nine goals as Sunderland finished as runners-up. In 1901–02 Hogg missed six games, but increased his goal tally to ten for the season, as Sunderland claimed the Championship by a three-point margin over Everton. Hogg was selected for all England's matches in the 1902 British Home Championship, including the match played at Ibrox Park on 5 April 1902, subsequently declared "void" after the collapse of a stand left 25 spectators dead.

England had played poorly in their opening matches, drawing 0–0 with Wales on 3 March 1902 and scrambling a 1–0 victory over the Irish on 22 March. Following the Ibrox disaster, the Scotland game was relocated to Villa Park; the match was fiercely fought and ended with a 2–2 draw, sharing the points but giving the trophy to the Scots. Although never selected again for England, Hogg continued to score for his club, in 1903–04 he was the club's top-scorer with 12 goals. Hogg remained with Sunderland until May 1909. In his final season with the Roker Park club, he scored two hat-tricks in a fortnight, the first away to Woolwich Arsenal on 21 November with the second coming on 5 December, in a 9–1 victory at St James' Park over bitter local rivals Newcastle United, with the other goals coming from George Holley, Arthur Bridgett and Jackie Mordue. Sunderland finished the 1908–09 season in third place, with Newcastle champions. In his ten years with Sunderland, Hogg made a total of 303 appearances in all competitions, with 84 goals.

In May 1909 he moved to Glasgow, where he joined Rangers for a fee of £100. In his first season at Ibrox, Rangers finished third in the Scottish League table, with Hogg contributing six goals from 29 appearances. In each of the next three seasons, Rangers won the title with Hogg contributing 14 goals from 30 appearances in 1910–11 and 20 goals from 30 appearances in 1911–12. In each of the three championship seasons, Rangers' top scorer was Scotland international William Reid. By 1913, injuries were beginning to limit Hogg's appearances and he was only able to make 16 appearances losing his place to Jimmy Paterson as Rangers claimed the title for the third consecutive season, he left Rangers at the end of the season, spending a year with Dundee before accepting the position of player-manager at Raith Rovers. Following the outbreak of the First World War, Hogg returned to Wearside to work in an engineering works. After the war he became a local licensee. SunderlandFootball League champions: 1901–02RangersScottish League champions: 1910–11, 1911–12 & 1912–13 Billy Hogg's brother Jack Hogg was a professional footballer: he was a half-back with Sunderland, Sheffield United and Southampton and Hartlepool United.

Billy Hogg's younger son William played with Bishop Auckland and Bradford City. Billy’s great great grandson, Edward Theodore Jeffries is a footballer, scoring 28 goals for TWGSB playground boys, he is 4 foot 9 Billy Hogg at England profile Sunderland profile Full details of Sunderland career Article on Sunderland A. F. C. Website Photograph