KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N. V. is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands. KLM is headquartered with its hub at nearby Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, it is part of the Air France–KLM group, a member of the SkyTeam airline alliance. Founded in 1919, KLM is the oldest airline in the world still operating under its original name and had 35,488 employees and a fleet of 119 as of 2015. KLM operates scheduled cargo services to 145 destinations. In 1919, a young aviator lieutenant named Albert Plesman sponsored the ELTA aviation exhibition in Amsterdam; the exhibition was a great success. In September 1919, Queen Wilhelmina awarded the yet-to-be-founded KLM its "Royal" predicate. On 7 October 1919, eight Dutch businessmen, including Frits Fentener van Vlissingen, founded KLM as one of the first commercial airline companies. Plesman became its first director; the first KLM flight took place on 17 May 1920. KLM's first pilot, Jerry Shaw, flew from London, to Amsterdam; the flight was flown using a leased Aircraft Transport and Travel De Haviland DH-16, registration G-EALU, carrying two British journalists and some newspapers.
In 1920, KLM carried 22 tons of freight. In April 1921, after a winter hiatus, KLM resumed its services using its pilots, Fokker F. II and Fokker F. III aircraft. In 1921, KLM started scheduled services. KLM's first intercontinental flight took off on 1 October 1924; the final destination was Java, in the Dutch East Indies. VII with registration was piloted by Van der Hoop. In September 1929, regular scheduled services between Amsterdam and Batavia commenced; until the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, this was the world's longest-distance scheduled service by airplane. By 1926, it was offering flights to Amsterdam, Brussels, London, Bremen and Malmö, using Fokker F. II and Fokker F. III aircraft. In 1930, KLM carried 15,143 passengers; the Douglas DC-2 was introduced on the Batavia service in 1934. The first experimental transatlantic KLM flight was between Amsterdam and Curaçao in December 1934 using the Fokker F. XVIII "Snip"; the first of the airline's Douglas DC-3 aircraft were delivered in 1936.
KLM was the first airline to serve Manchester's new Ringway airport, starting June 1938. KLM was the only civilian airline to receive the Douglas DC-5; when Germany invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940, several KLM aircraft—mostly DC-3s and a few DC-2s—were en route to or from the Far East, or were operating services in Europe. Five DC-3s and one DC-2 were taken to Britain. During the war, these aircraft and crew members flew scheduled passenger flights between Bristol and Lisbon under BOAC registration; the Douglas DC-3 PH-ALI "Ibis" registered as G-AGBB, was attacked by the Luftwaffe on 15 November 1942, 19 April 1943, on 1 June 1943 as BOAC Flight 777, killing all passengers and crew. Some KLM aircraft and their crews ended up in the Australia-Dutch East Indies region, where they helped transport refugees from Japanese aggression in that area. Although operations paused in Europe, KLM continued to expand in the Caribbean. After the end of the Second World War in August 1945, KLM started to rebuild its network.
Since the Dutch East Indies were in a state of revolt, Plesman's priority was to re-establish KLM's route to Batavia. This service was reinstated by the end of 1945. Domestic and European flights resumed in September 1945 with a fleet of Douglas DC-3s and Douglas DC-4s. On 21 May 1946, KLM was the first continental European airline to start scheduled transatlantic flights between Amsterdam and New York City using Douglas DC-4 aircraft. By 1948, KLM had reconstructed its network and services to Africa and South America, the Caribbean resumed. Long-range, pressurized Lockheed Constellations and Douglas DC-6s joined KLM's fleet in the late 1940s. During the immediate post-war period, the Dutch government expressed interest in gaining a majority stake in KLM, thus nationalizing it. Plesman wanted KLM to remain a private company under private control. In 1950, KLM carried 356,069 passengers; the expansion of the network continued in the 1950s with the addition of several destinations in western North America.
KLM's fleet expanded with the addition of new versions of the Lockheed Constellation and Lockheed Electra, of which KLM was the first European airline to fly. On 31 December 1953, the founder and president of KLM, Albert Plesman, died at the age of 64, he was succeeded as president by Fons Aler. After Plesman's death, the company and other airlines entered a difficult economic period; the conversion to jet aircraft placed a further financial burden on KLM. The Netherlands government increased its ownership of the company to two-thirds, thus nationalizing it; the board of directors remained under the control of private shareholders. On 25 July 1957, the airline introduced its flight simulator for the Douglas DC-7C – the last KLM aircraft with piston engines – which opened the transpolar route from Amsterdam via A
The Istituto di Lingua e Cultura Italiana "Michelangelo" referred to as Istituto Michelangelo, is a owned Italian language school situated in the centre of Florence, Its main public are adult learners who wish to begin or perfect their knowledge of the Italian language. The school was founded in 1975 by two graduates of Florence University: Domenico Cancellieri and Mauro Buffi; the Institute is accredited by the Region of Tuscany. The Institute's headquarters are in Via Ghibellina in Palazzo Gherardi, the 15th century former home of the Gherardi family; the Institute moved to its present location in 1980 from its original premises in Via Orsanmichele, not far from the Cathedral of Florence. Besides the Italian language, the school teaches several Italian culture courses, such as Italian cooking and history of art and runs a fine arts department, offering painting, sculpture, mosaic, fashion design and photography courses. Since 2018 the Institute is the Florentine seat of the Unitelma La Sapienza University of Rome.
Istituto di lingua e cultura italiana "Michelangelo" Unitelma La Sapienza Università degli studi di Roma
Dâw is a Nadahup language spoken by about one hundred Dâw people in the northwestern part of Amazonas, Brazil, in an area known as Alto Rio Negro. Most Dâw speak Nheengatu and Portuguese. An extinct variety, Kurikuriaí, named after the Curicuriari River, was a distinct language sociolinguistically, but at least intelligible with Dâw. Dâw has 15 vowels: Vowels are laryngealized when occurring beside a glottal stop, as seen in the examples below. /ʔɛʔ/ "large mouth" /nɯʔ/ "to lack" Vowel harmony in Dâw is seen in two situations: in compounding and with the focus marker /-Vʔ/, where V indicates a vowel. When combining two words with the first word having the syllable structure CVC, vowel harmony is not seen, e.g. /pɔx/ "high" + /lã̌ʃ/ "boat" = /pɔxlã̌ʃ/ "airplane". However, when combining two words with the first word having the syllable structure CV, vowel harmony is seen, e.g. /xɔ̂/ "canoe" + /tɯm/ "eye" = /xɯtɯm/ "sun". The vowel of the focus marker /-Vʔ/ is the same as the vowel of the syllable it is appended to, e.g. /jɯ̂w/ "blood" + /-Vʔ/ = /jɯ̂wɯʔ/.
Dâw has 25 consonants: Glottalized consonants are laryngealized, as seen in the examples below. /wˀac/ "oar" /ʃělˀ/ "banana"The plosive consonants have no audible release as codas, e.g. /pɤp/ "to kick" is realized as, /kɤɟ/ "to scratch with the nail" as. When being onsets, /c/ and /k/ are realized as ejective consonants, i.e. and, unlike the other plosive consonants, which are realized as plain consonants, e.g. "without hair", "to hook". Stress is fixed in Dâw. A few suffixes in Dâw do not take the stress, however; the suffixes are divided into metric suffixes and extrametric suffixes. The former follows the general rule of stress on the last syllable. See the examples below, where /-ɔh/ is a metric suffix, /-ĩh/ an extrametric suffix. "to return" "return!" "is returning" In Dâw there are either three or four tones, depending on analysis. There are a low tone, a high tone, a rising tone and a falling tone, marked by a grave accent, an acute accent, a caron and circumflex but only the two latter are lexical.
The low tone only occurs on syllables without stress, while the high tone only occurs on syllables with stress, the rising and falling tones may occur on all syllables. As the low and high tones are not lexical, they are left unmarked, as in /tɤɡ/ "tooth", realized as. Besides the lexical function of tone, tone may function morphologically and syntactically. Consider the examples below, the first being morphological and the second being syntactical, showing how tone is used in a derivative manner and how tone is used to differentiate intransitive from transitive verbs. "to eat" "food" "to bathe" "to bathe"Vowel length is predictable and present in Dâw, yet not distinctive lexically. All vowels with a rising or falling tone are long. Dâw basic lexicon at the Global Lexicostatistical Database ELAR archive of Documentation of Dâw Martins, Silvana Andrade, Fonologia e Gramática Dâw, Netherlands: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics Martins, Reconstrução Fonológica do Protomaku Oriental, Netherlands: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics
Jugoton was the largest record label and chain record store in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia based in Zagreb, Socialist Republic of Croatia. Jugoton was formed in 1947, it is notable for releasing some of the most important former Yugoslav rock records. In addition, the company owned a widespread network of record shops across SFR Yugoslavia. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the company changed its name to Croatia Records in 1990. Jugoton notable for signing numerous eminent former Yugoslav pop and rock acts; some of the artists that have been signed to Jugoton include: Jugoton released the influential compilation album Paket aranžman. Many artists that represented Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest were signed with Jugoton, including the 1989 winners Riva. Like other former Yugoslav labels, Jugoton had a licence to release foreign titles for the Yugoslav market including notable international popular music stars such as: Rick Astley, The Beatles, David Bowie, Kate Bush, Deep Purple, Iron Maiden, John Lennon, Gary Moore, Mötley Crüe, Elvis Presley, Pink Floyd, Public Image Limited, The Rolling Stones, Scorpions, U2, Kim Wilde and others.
Other major labels in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia were: PGP-RTB and Jugodisk from Belgrade. Jugoton, as an important part of the former Yugoslav culture is one of the subjects of Yugonostalgia; the former Jugoton record shop located in the main shopping mall in Skopje, North Macedonia, still operates under the same name managed by the Macedonian record label Lithium Records. An example of different kind is the online radio and web tv station called Jugoton which operates in the Yugoslav diaspora in Vienna, Austria, it plays music from the former Yugoslavia, but from all the contemporary former Yugoslav countries, including pop and folk. However, it is not formally related to the actual Jugoton, not all the Yugoslav artists represented in its program were signed to the label. Yugoton is a Polish tribute album to the former Yugoslav rock scene released in 2001, its title is a nod to Jugoton. List of record labels Croatia Records official website
Alan Munro is an English flat racing jockey. He has won many major races including The Derby and the Irish Derby in 1991, he rode Sergeant Cecil to win the Northumberland Plate, the Ebor Handicap and the Cesarewitch in the same season, a feat never achieved before. Great Britain Derby – Generous King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes – Generous St. James's Palace Stakes – Araafa France Prix d'Ispahan – Zoman Hong Kong Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup) – Indigenous Hong Kong Gold Cup – Industrialist Queen Elizabeth II Cup – Industrialist Ireland Irish 2,000 Guineas – Araafa Irish Derby – Generous Phoenix Stakes – Mac's Imp Tattersalls Gold Cup – Zoman Italy Oaks d'Italia – Bright Generation Premio Lydia Tesio – Eva's Request Premio Presidente della Repubblica – Great Palm United States Washington, D. C. International Stakes – Zoman
During the 2006–07 English football season, Sheffield Wednesday F. C. competed in the Football League Championship. In the 2006-07 season, manager Paul Sturrock was sacked after Sheffield Wednesday's slow start, he was replaced by former Scunthorpe United boss Brian Laws. They finished ninth in the Championship that season, just four points short of the play-offs. Sheffield Wednesday's score comes first Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Yoann Folly - Southampton Leon Clarke - Wolves, nominal Jermaine Johnson - Bradford City, £500,000 Patrick Collins - Darlington, free Drissa Diallo - MK Dons, free Craig Rocastle - Oldham Athletic, free Jon-Paul McGovern - MK Dons, free Ben Kirby - Boston United, free Rory McArdle - Rochdale, nominal Drew Talbot - Luton Town, £250,000 Madjid Bougherra - Charlton Athletic, £2,500,000