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Kabul River

The Kabul River, the classical Cophes, is a 700-kilometre long river that emerges in Maidan Wardak Province in the Sanglakh Range of the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan, is separated from the watershed of the Helmand River by the Unai Pass. The Kabul River empties into the Indus River near Pakistan, it is the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The Kabul River passes through the cities of Kabul and Jalalabad in Afghanistan before flowing into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan some 25 kilometres north of the Durand Line border crossing at Torkham. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the river passes through the cities of Peshawar and Nowshera; the major tributaries of the Kabul River are the Logar, Alingar, Kunar and Swat rivers. The Kabul River is little more than a trickle for most of the year, but swells in summer due to melting snows in the Hindu Kush Range, its largest tributary is the Kunar River, which starts out as the Mastuj River, flowing from the Chiantar glacie in Brughil valley in Chitral and after flowing south into Afghanistan it is met by the Bashgal river flowing from Nurestan.

The Kunar meets the Kabul near Jalalabad. In spite of the Kunar carrying more water than the Kabul, the river continues as the Kabul River after this confluence for the political and historical significance of the name; the Kabul River is impounded by several dams. The Naghlu and Darunta dams are located in the Kabul and Nangarhar provinces of Afghanistan; the Warsak Dam is in the Valley of Peshawar in Pakistan 20 km northwest of the city of Peshawar. In Arrian's The Campaigns of Alexander, the River Kabul is referred to as Κωφήν Kōphēn, the accusative of Κωφής Kōphēs; the word Kubhā, the ancient name of the river is both a Sanskrit and Avestan word. The word changed to Kābul. Al-Biruni called it "the River of Ghorwand"; the Kabul River gave its name to the region and to the settlement of Kabul. List of rivers of Afghanistan List of rivers of Pakistan "Kabul River". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911


OfficeMax is an American office supplies retailer founded in 1988. It is now a subsidiary of Office Depot, Inc., headquartered in Boca Raton, Florida. As of December 2012, OfficeMax operated 941 stores in 47 states, Puerto Rico, the U. S. Virgin Islands and Mexico. In 2012, net sales were $6.9 billion, down from $8.3 billion in 2008. On February 20, 2013, an all-stock merger between Office Depot and OfficeMax was announced; the merger was completed on November 5, creating the largest U. S. office-supplies chain. The OfficeMax name continues to serve as a brand of Inc.. On April 1, 1988, OfficeMax was founded in Ohio, by Bob Hurwitz and Michael Feuer. Hurwitz served as executive chairman and chief executive officer, Feuer was the president and chief operating officer. On July 5, 1988, OfficeMax opened its first retail store in the Golden Gate Shopping Center in Mayfield Heights, Ohio. Hurwitz left the company in 1993 and Feuer became the chairman and chief executive officer. OfficeMax grew by acquisition with Office World first in November 1990, with Office World executive and Montgomery Ward becoming minority shareholders.

In 1990, Office Square stores were purchased in exchange for a 22 % equity stake. In 1991, Kmart increased its stake in OfficeMax to 92%. In January 1992, OfficeMax acquired five sites from Highland Superstores in Boston. OW Office Warehouse, a Virginia-based regional chain, was acquired in June 30, 1992; the company acquired BizMart, its largest acquisition to date, in 1993 from Intelligent Electronics. On August 16, 1993, OfficeMax joined Kmart and most of the other Kmart-owned banners in the "largest power center" Kmart operated in Utica, Michigan. OfficeMax acquired a 19 % stake in a contract stationer. In May 1994, Kmart put a plan in front of its stockholders to sell 20% to 30% of each of its specialty store subsidiaries shares on the open market to pay down debt and fund future expansion of the subsidiaries. Kmart's shareholders turn down the proposal at their June 3 annual meeting. In November 1994, FurnitureMax store within a store concept begins testing in the Cleveland market. In 1995, Kmart sold off 51% of OfficeMax shares, spinning off the company and became a NYSE- publicly traded corporation, based in Shaker Heights, Ohio.

In 1995, OfficeMax became one of a handful of companies doing business through internetMCI. Around this time Kmart sold the remaining 25% of the OfficeMax shares it held. On July 14, 1996, a new kiosk program called. BatteryMax were operated by Batteries for Everything. OfficeMax filed lawsuits for infringement for use of the "Max" name against Med Max and Circuit City for CarMax, its used car business. For the next few years OfficeMax and its rivals and Office Depot, continued to open new stores, saturating the market segment. OfficeMax developed regional delivery centers, invested in its super-regional PowerMax distribution centers in Las Vegas, Hazleton and Birmingham, Alabama after litigation began with previous logistics and shipping provider. A small sized store concept, OfficeMax PDQ, test was launched in Woodmere, Ohio, in late June 1998. From 2001, OfficeMax began closing underperforming stores in some neighborhoods and in regions where it did not have a strong presence. In 2003, OfficeMax was acquired for $1.3 billion by Boise Cascade Office Products Corporation, who rebranded themselves OfficeMax.

It was announced February 20, 2013, that OfficeMax and Office Depot would combine in an all-stock deal, creating the largest U. S. office-supplies chain. However, as of May 2, 2013, a lawsuit filed by a stockholder, OfficeMax Inc et al.. U. S. District Court, Northern District of Illinois, No. 13-3330 was filed to block the merger, which would pay all OfficeMax shareholders 2.69 shares of Office Depot in exchange for a single share in OfficeMax. Eric Hollander said in a statement "OfficeMax, if properly exposed to the market for corporate control, would bring a price materially in excess of the amount offered in the proposed transaction..." Office Depot said on May 5, 2013 that it would hold a special meeting with shareholders after the staff of the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission finished reviewing documents relating to its merger with OfficeMax. On November 5, 2013, the merger was completed. On December 10, 2013 Office Depot, Inc. announced that it had chosen Boca Raton, Florida for its global headquarters post-merger, closing the OfficeMax headquarters in Naperville, IL.

On February 4, 2015, Office Depot agreed to be acquired by rival Staples for $6.3 billion. However, on December 7, the Federal Trade Commission voted to block the merger. On May 16, 2016, Office Depot announced that the merger agreement between Staples and Office Depot had been terminated. Grand & Toy — OfficeMax's Canadian subsidiary Notes Further reading Fine, Arlene. "OfficeMax... in the beginning". Cleveland Jewish News. Beachwood, Ohio. Retrieved October 18, 2013. Official website

Postage stamps and postal history of Brazil

Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. It was a colony of Portugal from 1500 until 1815. Brazil was the second country in the world, after Great Britain, to issue postage stamps valid within the entire country. Like Great Britain's first stamps, the design does not include the country name; the first stamps of Brazil were issued on 1 August 1843 and are known as "Bull's Eyes" due to their distinctive appearance. On 1 July 1844 a new series was issued, known as the slanted numeral series. Subsequent stamps were in a similar format until the first pictorial stamps were issued in 1866 depicting Emperor Dom Pedro II In 1866 the emperor was represented on all issues until 1884, first with a black beard. For many years stamps from Brazil had Brasil Correio displayed on them; however today the trend is to just have the country name and year, e.g. Brasil 2000. List of people on stamps of Brazil Barata, Paulo Rui. Brazil revenues: Federal and municipal. PUBLIFIL, 1985. Brookman, Lester G; the 100th anniversary of the "Bulls Eyes" stamps of Brazil.

State College, PA: American Philatelic Society, 1943. Ferreira, Henrique Bunselmeyer. Catalogo Ilustrado Dos Carimbos Sobre os Olhos-de-boi. 2011. Mayer, Peter. Encyclopaedic catalogue of the stamps and postal history of Brazil: from the origins to 1890. 1999. Studart, Marcelo Gladio da Costa. Catálogo Histórico dos Selos do. 1991. Studart, Marcelo Gladio da Costa. Falsificações e Fraudações na Filatelia Brasileira. 1991. Awarded the Alvaro Bonilla Lara Medal in 1995 by the FIAF. Taveira, Walter Gonçalves. Brasil 1844–1846: "Inclinados": selos do império do Brasol. Editora O Lutador. Belo Horizonte, MG. Brasil: Fundação Belgo-Mineira, 2001. Media related to Stamps of Brazil at Wikimedia Commons CDD Catalog of Brazil Stamps Stamp News - Brazil

College football on radio

College football on radio includes the radio broadcasting of college football games, as well as pre- and post-game reports and human-interest stories. In 1911, more than 1,000 people gathered in downtown Lawrence, Kansas to watch a mechanical reproduction of the 1911 Kansas vs. Missouri football game while it was being played. A Western Union telegraph wire was set up direct from Missouri. A group of people would announce the results of the previous play and used a large model of a football playing field to show the results; those in attendance cheered as though they were watching the game live, including the school's legendary Rock Chalk, Jayhawk cheer. College football games have been broadcast since 1921, beginning with the 1921 West Virginia vs. Pittsburgh football game on October 8 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; the first game broadcast nationwide happened the following year, with the 1922 Princeton vs. Chicago football game; the game had Grantland Rice dub Princeton the "Team of Destiny."

Today every college football game is broadcast on the radio in their local market and many are broadcast nationally. Division III teams may rely on student-run radio stations as their only broadcast outlet, but Division I teams garner enough interest to be broadcast not only on commercial radio, but on a network of stations covering a wide region. Other coverage includes local broadcasts of weekly coach's programs. Sports USA Radio Network, Westwood One, Compass Media Networks, ESPN Radio, Touchdown Radio, Nevada Sports Network all distribute college football broadcasts on a nationwide basis. Additionally Notre Dame and BYU have their games distributed nationally through IMG. Radio broadcasts of Canadian university football are not as consistent. There is no national radio broadcasting of university football, much in the same way that the sport is not nationally televised. Teams in mid-sized markets tend to be broadcast on radio, while those in the largest cities or suburbs do not. On the Internet, Division I schools tend to place audio streaming of their radio broadcasts behind paywalls.

Lower divisions and Canadian teams allow their affiliates and/or flagship stations to broadcast the game online without any additional fees. Compass Media Networks: Gregg Daniels or Drew Bontadelli & Dale Hellestrae ESPN Radio: Bill Rosinski, David Norrie, & Ian Fitzsimmons Sports USA Radio Network: John Ahlers, Eli Gold, or TBA & Gary Barnett, Doug Plank, or Charles Arbuckle Touchdown Radio: Brett Dolan & Gino Torretta Westwood One: Jason Horowitz / Al Groh / Olivia Dekker College football on television

Chile–Croatia relations

Chile–Croatia relations are foreign relations between Chile and Croatia. Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 15, 1992. Chile has honorary consulates in Rijeka and Split. Croatia has honorary consulates in Antofagasta and Punta Arenas; the Senate of Chile has awarded Croatian President Stjepan Mesić an order of merit, to honor the improvement of bilateral relations between Croatia and Chile. While representing Chile, senate vice president Baldo Prokurica stated that he found areas for stronger collaboration in future in oil and gas research and shipyards and he expressed an interest in Chilean students' having scholarships in Croatia, it is accepted that there are up to 380,000 Chileans of Croatian descent, despite some of Croatian are being mixed or Serbian who live in Chile. Though the number may be much higher with some demographic analysts estimating a figure of 750,000. Foreign relations of Chile Foreign relations of Croatia Croatian Chilean Chilean embassy in Zagreb Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration: list of bilateral treaties with Chile

George M. Thomas (American politician)

George Morgan Thomas was a U. S. Representative from Lewis County, Kentucky. Born near Poplar Flat, Kentucky, in Lewis County, Thomas was educated in the common schools, he taught school two years. He was school commissioner from 1850 to 1859, he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1851, practiced. Thomas was served for four years, he was a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from 1859 to 1863. He served as Commonwealth's attorney for the tenth judicial district 1862-1868, he was elected county judge in 1868 and was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky in 1871, losing the election to Democrat John G. Carlisle, he was again a member of the State house of representatives in 1872 and 1873. He was the circuit judge of the fourteenth judicial district from 1874 to 1880 and United States district attorney from 1881 to 1885. Thomas was elected as a Republican to the Fiftieth Congress, he was appointed Solicitor of Internal Revenue by President William McKinley on May 20, 1897, served until May 31, 1901.

He died in Vanceburg, January 7, 1914. He was interred in Woodland Cemetery on a hill overlooking the city. United States Congress. "George M. Thomas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Johnson, E. Polk. A History of Kentucky and Kentuckians: The Leaders and Representative Men in Commerce and Modern Activities. Lewis Publishing Company. Pp. 748–751. Retrieved 2008-11-10; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website