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Kaiapoi is a town in the Waimakariri District of the Canterbury region, in the South Island of New Zealand. The town is located 17 kilometres north of central Christchurch, close to the mouth of the Waimakariri River, it is considered to be a satellite town of Christchurch, although in the Waimakariri for statistical purposes it is part of the Christchurch urban area. In the 2006 census, the population of the town was 10,200, with a further 1,700 residents in the surrounding area; this represents a growth rate of 11% over the previous five years. Kaiapoi suffered extensive damage in the 2010 Canterbury and the February 2011 Christchurch earthquakes, which rendered many homes uninhabitable and businesses inoperable. Large areas were condemned as part of a residential red zone covering uninhabitable Kaiapoi takes its name from the Māori pā, built just north of the site of the current town around the year 1700 by the Ngāi Tahu chief Tūrākautahi. To become the largest fortified village in the South Island, it lay on the site of a stronghold of an earlier tribe, Waitaha whose history and traditions Ngāi Tahu adopted.

Tūrākautahi was the second son of Tūāhuriri Ngāi Tūāhuriri is the name of the hapu of this area. In selecting the pā site, Tūrākautahi determined that kai would need to be poi from other places hence the name Kaiapoi which it is said can be translated as a metaphor for "economics". All manner of resources were transported along the waterways of the Rakahuri and Taerutu on their way to or from Kaiapoi, including: pounamu from the Arahura River, titi from the islands around Stewart Island / Rakiura, obsidian from Mayor Island / Tuhua; the pā is mistakenly called Kaiapohia, an insult to local Ngāi Tūāhuriri whose ancestors died in the pā after they were besieged by Te Rauparaha and his Ngāti Toa allies in 1832. The first attack made against Ngāi Tahu was at Kaikōura during 1827–28. Ngāi Tahu records state that the Ngāti Kurī people of Kaikōura came down to the beach to welcome their kinsmen, the hapu of Tū-te-pākihi-rangi of Ngāti Kahungunu, whom they were expecting as visitors. Instead, they found the fleet of canoes belonging to Ngāti Toa who, armed with muskets and killed them.

Te Rauparaha and his tribes visited Ngāi Tahu of Kaiapoi to trade muskets for pounamu. The Kaiapoi people soon learned of the attacks on their kin at Kaikōura and a Ngāpuhi warrior staying with Ngāi Tahu at Kaiapoi pā overheard the Ngāti Toa leader planning how they would attack the following morning. Angered by the desecration of his dead aunt's grave Tama-i-hara-nui ordered a retaliatory attack the following day, killing the leading Ngāti Toa chiefs, including Te Pēhi Kupe; the only prominent Ngāti Toa leader not slain was Te Rauparaha. Te Rauparaha returned to Kapiti Island to plan his revenge. In early November 1830, he persuaded Captain John Stewart of the brig Elizabeth to hide him and his warriors on board, they visited the Ngāi Tahu people of Takapūneke near present-day Akaroa under the ruse of trading for flax. Captain Stewart persuaded Te Maiharanui to board the brig and be taken below deck, where Te Rauparaha and his men took the chief, his wife and his daughter prisoner. Te Rauparaha's men surged ashore to sack Takapūneke.

The brig returned to Kapiti with his family held captive. It is said that rather than see his daughter enslaved, Tama-i-hara-nui strangled her and threw her overboard. Te Rauparaha gave Tama-i-hara-nui to the wife of the Ngāti Toa chief Te Pehi, who killed Tama-i-hara-nui by slow torture, his wife suffered the same fate. Te Rauparaha mounted a major expedition against Kaiapoi Ngāi Tahu in the summer of 1831–32. Ngāi Tahu, lacking muskets to repel the armed Ngāti Toa, took a defensive strategy and hoped that Ngāti Toa would not be able to penetrate the wooden palisades surrounding the pā; the ensuing siege lasted for three months. However, during a skirmish between the two tribes, a shelter caught fire. Fanned by the nor'wester, the palisades ignited, allowing Ngāti Toa warriors to enter the village, capture its leaders and kill the people. Ngāti Toa attacked the Banks Peninsula tribes, taking the principal fort at Ōnawe, in Akaroa Harbour. Kaiapoi is known as the'River Town' after the Kaiapoi River, a tributary of the Waimakariri River that flows through the centre of the town.

This was the main arm of the Waimakariri River, but extensive flooding led to a diversion so the majority of the water travelled down the South arm of the Waimakariri. Kaiapoi was well known for the woollen mill run by the Kaiapoi Woollen Manufacturing Company, many woollen items produced at the mill can still be found throughout the world. A freezing works was a major employer in the town, once this and the woollen mill had closed there was some economic turmoil in the town, concern over its future. It, has survived and prospered, although there is some local industry, a large percentage of the population works in the neighbouring city of Christchurch. One optimistic politician of the 1800s had predicted that Kaiapoi would outsize its neighbour Christchurch. In some counts of the latter city's population, Kaiapoi is included as a suburb of Christchurch but most people from the area would maintain that it is a town in its own right. Kaiapoi has five schools: three primary schools, one high school, a teen parent unit attached to the high school.

Kaiapoi Borough School is a state co-educational full primary school, with 326 students. The principal is Murray Overton; the school opened in 1873. Kaiapoi North School is a state co-ed

Julian Stone

Julian Stone is an English actor/writer/producer. He has appeared extensively on the screen, guest-starring in many popular TV shows including Suburgatory, Castle, Mad About You and Babylon 5, was a regular on General Hospital as Jerry Jacks; as a voice actor, he has worked in video game franchises such as Call of Duty, Medal of Honor and Uncharted, looped features including Star Wars: The Last Jedi, Rogue One, Guardians of the Galaxy 2, The Revenant, Mad Max:Fury Road and Phantom Thread. Stone was born in Sussex, he is best known for his role as Jerry Jacks on the soap opera General Hospital from April 1998 until December 1999. Stone portrayed vampire Barnabas Collins in a 1988 Off-Broadway play of Dark Shadows, he played Derek Hammond in the 2002 Dualstar movie When in Rome. In October 2003, Stone took over for Justin Carroll as David Hastings on Passions while Carroll was on paternity leave, he has been married to Barbara Blatz-Stone since 1987 and they have two children together. Maron as Wesley Mann - Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman as Patrick SullivanPoltergeist: The Legacy as Samuel Hartford Renegade as Gary Butler – Babylon 5 as Captain Charles'Charlie' Mitchell – Mike Hammer, Private Eye as Lord Gaffney – Passions as David Hastings – General Hospital as Jerry Jacks Handy Manny as Dandy Dan The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy as Sir Raven California Dreams as Zane Walker – Julian Stone on IMDb Julian Stone fanclub Shadows Off-Broadway

Thomas McBride (footballer)

Thomas McBride is a footballer from Derry, Northern Ireland who plays for Northern Ireland Intermediate League club Newbuildings United. He played with Derry City, had 2 stints at Finn Harps and was a youth player for Northampton Town. McBride was selected for the Northern Ireland Under-18 Schoolboys in 2010. However, he went on to represent the Republic of Ireland at under 19 level. McBride was scouted and signed as a youth to Northampton Town F. C. but after a short spell at the club with no first team appearances, he left by mutual consent, returned to Northern Ireland. McBride signed for local team Derry City on trial in 2010 and after several friendlies was signed up on a one-year contract, he featured on the subs bench at the start of the new First Division season but soon won a place in the starting team. He won Northern Irish u18 player of the year after netting 3 goals within 3 appearances. Following Derry's promotion to the Premier Division and the addition of Ruaidhri Higgins to the midfield McBride lost his place in the team and was dropped to the bench.

It was announced in August 2011 that he had left the club after requesting that his contract be terminated as to complete a move to Institute. After leaving Derry he signed for neighbouring club Institute, he left the club. He signed for Finn Harps in February 2012, he left in May 2013, again by mutual consent. He rejoined the Drumahoe club in June 2014, for the start of his second stint with them marking his return to senior football, his debut was a 2-2 away draw with Dungannon Swifts on the first day of the 2014-15 NIFL Premiership season. His first competitive goal since rejoining the club came in late August, in a 2-0 home league cup win over Dollingstown, his only league goal of the season came in a 1-1 draw with Glentoran at the Riverside Stadium. In the summer of 2017, McBride returned to Finn Harps as the club looked to remain in the League of Ireland Premier Division, following the departure of Barry Molloy. Despite becoming a mainstay in the side, Harps were relegated. McBride subsequently agreed a new one-year contract for the 2018 First Division season.

McBride signed for Institute for his third spell with the club in January 2019. In October 2019,McBride left Institute for intermediate club Newbuildings United

Cabinet of North Korea

The Cabinet of North Korea is, according to the Constitution of North Korea, the administrative and executive body and a general state-management organ in the Government of North Korea. The Cabinet's principal newspaper is Minju Choson. In North Korea's first constitution, adopted in 1948, the executive powers were vested in the Cabinet, chaired by Kim Il-sung himself; the 1972 constitution saw the establishment of the post of President of North Korea which led the executive branch, the cabinet was split into two organizations: The Central People's Committee and the State Administration Council. The Central People's Committee provided the highest visible institutional link between the government and the party and serves in effect as a de facto super-cabinet; the National Defence Commission was sub-committee of this body. The CPC's formal powers were all-inclusive and it was chaired by the President. Among its responsibilities are formulating domestic and foreign policies, directing the work of the State Administration Council and its local organs, directing the judiciary, ensuring the enforcement of the constitution and other laws, appointing or removing the vice premiers and cabinet members, establishing or changing administrative subdivisions or their boundaries, ratifying or abolishing treaties signed with foreign countries.

The CPC may issue decrees and instructions. The State Administration Council was guided by the CPC and was led by a premier and included vice premiers, committee chairmen, other cabinet-level members of central agencies, it was responsible for the formulation of state economic development plans and measures for implementing them, the preparation of the state budget, the handling of other monetary and fiscal matters.1982 saw the People's Armed Forces and Public Security Ministries assigned directly to the President together with the State Inspection Commission. In 1990, by a CPC decision, the NDC became independent from it as a separate institution, 1992 constitutional amendments assigned it directly to the Supreme People's Assembly. In 1998 amendments to the Constitution, the Central People's Committee and the State Administration were abolished, the Cabinet was re-created. Thus, the Cabinet is not only the highest executive enforcement organ but was expanded to become the general State management organ.

Emphasizing its expanded role, on January 1999 Kim Jong-il stated that "The party organizations and party cadres should not intervene in administrative matters. The party should help the cabinet to be responsible for all economic affairs. Last year we made a new governmental system where the cabinet is supposed to be the control tower of the economy... No organizational unit should handle economic problems without consulting the cabinet"; the cabinet is appointed and accountable to the Supreme People's Assembly, the North Korean unicameral parliament. The SPA chooses the Premier of North Korea who appoints three vice premiers and the cabinet's ministers. All members of the cabinet are members of the Workers' Party of Korea which rules the country since its establishment in 1948. While the SPA is not in session, the cabinet is accountable to the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly; as of 2000, some 260 people have served as cabinet ministers. Six of them have been women: Ho Jong-suk, Pak Chong-ae, Yi Yang-suk, Pak Yong-sin, Yi Ho-hyok, Yu Gi-jong.

The Cabinet, as the executive branch of the North Korean state, is responsible for implementing the state's economic policies, as guided by the Workers' Party. The cabinet is not responsible for defense and security issues, as those are handled by the State Affairs Commission. Thus, the security organizations such as the Korean People's Army, Ministry of People's Security and State Security Department report and subordinated directly to the SAC, whose Chairman holds full power as the supreme leader of the republic and the party and overall commander-in-chief of all uniformed forces; the Cabinet convenes an executive meeting. The plenary meeting consists of all the Cabinet members, while the executive meeting is kind of a presidium, comprises fewer people, including the Premier, vice premier and other Cabinet members whom the Premier nominates; the cabinet forms acts in the form of directives. In the performance of its mandate the Cabinet is empowered by the Constitution to: adopt measures to execute state policy.

Institute and supplement regulations concerning state management based on the Constitution and ministerial laws. Guide the work of the Cabinet commissions, direct ministries and subordinate agencies of the Cabinet and the local people’s committees set up and remove direct ministries and agencies, main administrative economic organizations, enterprises, adopt measures to improve the State management structure. Draft the State plan for the development of the national economy and adopt measures to put it into effect. Compile the State budget and adopt measures to implement it. Organize and exercise works in the fields of industry, construction, communications, trade, land management, city management, science, health, physical training, labor administration, environmental protection and others. Adopt measures to strengthen banking system. Do inspection and control work to establish a state management order. Adopt measures to maintain social order, protect State and social cooperation body’s possession and interests, to guarantee citizens’ rights.

Conclude treaties with foreign countries, cond

Bredgar and Wormshill Light Railway

The Bredgar & Wormshill Light Railway is located near the villages of Wormshill and Bredgar in Kent, just south of Sittingbourne. It is a 2 ft narrow gauge railway about one-half mile in length; the BWLR is a private line, built up as a hobby by a group of friends since the early 1970s. It is a operational line, operated to a high standard, with a station, engine sheds and workshops at Warren Wood station and a smaller station at the other end of the line, known as Stony Shaw; the line is open to the public on the first Sunday of each month throughout the summer to raise money for various charities. On open days a number of other attractions are on display including a model railway, a Showman's road locomotive, a traction engine and a steam roller. In June 2011 the railway appeared in a segment filmed for the BBC's Saturday Kitchen programme which aired on 18 June 2011. Warren Wood Station Stony Shaw Station The museum has four steam road locomotives in its collection; the BWLR is home to a collection of Bean cars.

Other exhibits to be found at the BWLR include: An 1870 beam engine built by Thomas Horn to a design by James Watt. One of two supplied to a waterworks at Ashford. Acquired in 1988 and restored to working order; the BWLR is twinned with the Chemin de Fer de La Valée de l'Ouche, Bligny-sur-Ouche, Côte-d'Or, France. British narrow gauge railways

Maud Geffray

Maud Geffray is a French pop musician. Maud Geffray is part of the Scratch Massive group. In 2015, Maud Geffrey published a first solo album named 1994; this is the soundtrack of a film shot during a rave in 1994 on a beach between Carnac. In 2017, she released Polaar; this album was produced during a winter residency in Rovaniemi in northern Finland, with a commission from the Louvre. She composed a musical film inspired by the life of the adolescents in the dark. It's dark 22 hours a day. In November 2017, as a guest of the Variations festival, organized by the musical magazine Sourdoreille, Maud Geffray joined the Dutch harpist, Lavinia Meijer to honor the minimalist and repetitive contemporary music of Philip Glass on the stage of La Cigale. Maud Geffray composed the soundtrack for the documentary film Southern Belle by director Nicolas Peduzzi, which portrays a lost and decadent American youth through the figure of Taelor, heir to an oil tycoon. Maud Geffray is a part of the programming as a DJ of the Wet for me, organized by the feminist and lesbian collective Barbi turix.

2015 1994, Vinyl album 2017, Pan European Recording 2018, film soundtrack for Southern Belle This article incorporates text available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license