Kali known as Kālikā or Shyāmā, is a Hindu goddess. Kali is one of a list which combines Sakta and Buddhist goddesses. Kali's earliest appearance is that of a destroyer of evil forces, she is the most powerful form of Shakti, the goddess of one of the four subcategories of the Kulamārga, a category of tantric Saivism. Over time, Kali has been worshipped by devotional movements and tantric sects variously as the Divine Mother, Mother of the Universe, Adi Shakti, or Adi Parashakti. Shakta Hindu and Tantric sects additionally worship her as Brahman, she is seen as the divine protector and the one who bestows moksha, or liberation. Kali is portrayed standing or dancing on her consort, the Hindu god Shiva, who lies calm and prostrate beneath her. Kali is worshipped by Hindus throughout India. Kālī is the feminine form of "time" or "the fullness of time" with the masculine noun "kāla"—and by extension, time as "changing aspect of nature that bring things to life or death." Other names include Kālarātri, Kālikā.
The homonymous kāla, "appointed time," is distinct from kāla "deep blue," but became associated through popular etymology. The association is seen in a passage from the Mahābhārata, depicting a female figure who carries away the spirits of slain warriors and animals, she is called kālarātri and kālī. Kālī is the feminine form of Kāla, an epithet of Shiva, thus the consort of Shiva. Hugh Urban notes that although the word Kālī appears as early as the Atharva Veda, the first use of it as a proper name is in the Kathaka Grhya Sutra. Kali appears in the Mundaka Upanishad not explicitly as a goddess, but as the dark blue tongue of the seven flickering tongues of Agni, the Hindu god of fire. According to David Kinsley, Kāli is first mentioned in Hindu tradition as a distinct goddess around 600 AD, these texts "usually place her on the periphery of Hindu society or on the battlefield." She is regarded as the Shakti of Shiva, is associated with him in various Puranas. Her most well-known appearance on the battlefield is in the sixth century Devi Mahatmyam.
The deity of the first chapter of Devi Mahatmyam is Mahakali, who appears from the body of sleeping Vishnu as goddess Yoga Nidra to wake him up in order to protect Brahma and the World from two demons Madhu and Kaitabha. When Vishnu woke up he started a war against the two demons. After a long battle with Lord Vishnu when the two demons were undefeated Mahakali took the form of Mahamaya to enchant the two asuras; when Madhu and Kaitabha were enchanted by Mahakali, Vishnu killed them. In chapters, the story of two demons can be found who were destroyed by Kali. Chanda and Munda attack the goddess Durga. Durga responds with such anger, causing her face to turn dark resulting in Kali appearing out of her forehead. Kali's appearance is dark blue, gaunt with sunken eyes, wearing a tiger skin sari and a garland of human heads, she defeats the two demons. In the same battle, the demon Raktabija is undefeated because of his ability to reproduce himself from every drop of his blood that reaches the ground.
Countless Raktabija clones appear on the battlefield. Kali defeats him by sucking his blood before it can reach the ground, eating the numerous clones. Kinsley writes that Kali represents "Durga's personified wrath, her embodied fury."Other origin stories involve Parvati and Shiva. Parvati is portrayed as a benign and friendly goddess; the Linga Purana describes Shiva asking Parvati to defeat the demon Daruka, who received a boon that would only allow a female to kill him. Parvati merges with Shiva's body, reappearing as Kali to defeat his armies, her bloodlust gets out of control. The Vamana Purana has a different version of Kali's relationship with Parvati; when Shiva addresses Parvati as Kali, "the dark blue one," she is offended. Parvati becomes Gauri, the golden one, her dark sheath becomes. Regarding the relationship between Kali and Shiva, Kinsley writes that: In relation to Shiva, she appears to play the opposite role from that of Parvati. Parvati calms Shiva, counterbalancing his destructive tendencies.
Kali is Shiva's "other wife," as it were, provoking him and encouraging him in his mad, disruptive habits. It is never Shiva who must calm Kali. Kāli appears in the Death of the Mahabharata, she is called Kālarātri and appears to the Pandava soldiers in dreams, until she appears amidst the fighting during an attack by Drona's son Ashwatthama. In Kāli's most famous legend and her assistants, the Matrikas, wound the demon Raktabija, in various ways and with a variety of weapons in an attempt to destroy him, they soon find that they have worsened the situation for with every drop of blood, dripped from Raktabija he reproduces a clone of himself. The battlefield becomes filled with his duplicates. Durga summons Kāli to combat the demons; the Devi Mahatmyam describes: Out of the surface of her forehead, fierce with frown, issued Kali of terrible countenance, armed with a sword and noose. Bear
The women's water polo tournament at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing was held from 11 August to 21 August at the Ying Tung Natatorium. Teams from eight nations competed. 20 games were played, 12 of them in the preliminary round. Eight games were played in the final round; the tournament featured eight teams, separated into two groups of four teams. Each team played the other three teams in its pool once in a round-robin format; the first-place team in each pool qualified directly for the semifinal, the second- and third-place teams moved on to the quarterfinal round, the fourth-place teams played each other in a seventh place game. The winners of the quarterfinal games moved on to the semifinals to face the top teams from each pool, while the quarterfinal losers played a fifth place classification game; the semifinal winners played in the gold medal game, while the losers played each other for the bronze. All times are CST. Bracket All times are CST. All times are CST. All times are CST. All times are CST.
James Mark McBath is a former American football player who started as quarterback for the Texas Longhorns in the late 1970s. He was the starting quarterback in Darrell Royal's last game. Mark McBath was a recruited high school quarterback who played at Richard King High School in Corpus Christi, he All District and All South Texas two years in a row. He made the All District team as a center fielder for the baseball team. McBath's career at Texas was marked by an early rise, an unfortunate injury, a spectacular finish and a surprising early departure. McBath arrived at the University of Texas in 1976 as the back-up to Randy McEachern, Ted Constanzo and Mike Cordaro and was competing with fellow freshman Jon Aune for the fourth-string role, but an injury to McEachern in August, inconsistent play by Constanzo and Cordaro, led Darrell Royal to put McBath in as starter as a true freshman. He started four games that season, going 2–2, including a loss to number 11 Texas A&M and a victory over Arkansas after Coach Royal announced that it would be his last game as Texas' head coach.
McBath started the 1977 season as the starting quarterback and led Texas to three consecutive wins and the number 4 ranking, while sharing playing time with Jon Aune. But his season was sidelined, he was placed in a cast for over two months. He was out for the rest of the season while Texas went undefeated and played in the Cotton Bowl for the national championship; the following spring, McBath was unable to go full speed in drills because of his recovering ankle. As a result, McEachern was named the starter one week prior to the season opener, with McBath relegated to the third string. McEachern and Donnie Little took most of the snaps that season, with McBath getting mop-up duty against Rice and TCU, until Texas was upset by unranked Baylor late in the season. In that game, McBath threw three interceptions. For reasons that Akers never stated, McBath was given the start the next week, in the final regular-season game against Texas A&M, he was named the Chevrolet Offensive Player of the Game. He was given the start again in the Sun Bowl game against Maryland and they won in a 42–0 rush-dominated blowout.
Though he was projected to be the starter the next season, had said that late in the season that he was coming back in 1979, McBath quit football a month after quarterbacking the Longhorns in their Sun Bowl win. He left with a year of eligibility remaining so that he could focus on getting his grades up to medical school standards, he figured he had no chance in the NFL, saw football getting in the way of his dream of going to medical school. He finished his career with 2 losses as a starter. McBath went to medical school in Houston, Texas, he spent five years as a surgical resident at Hermann Hospital and held a teaching fellowship in surgical oncology at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center and Tumor Institute, he left to enter his own practice in Houston. Dr. McBath is a board certified fellowship-trained surgical oncologist. In his practice, he performs a wide range of surgical procedures, including cancer operations, with vast experience in treating breast cancer, he was published in the 2005 edition of Texas Super Doctors, a publication that selects doctors according to outstanding achievements.