Kapaleeshwarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to lord Shiva located in Mylapore, Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The form of Shiva's consort Parvati worshipped at this temple is called; the temple is the most ancient one, built around the 7th century CE in Dravidian architecture. According to the Puranas, Shakti worshipped Shiva in the form of a peacock, giving the vernacular name Mylai to the area that developed around the temple - mayil is Tamil for "peacock". Shiva is worshiped as Kapaleeswarar, is represented by the lingam, his consort Parvati is depicted as Karpagambal. The presiding deity is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva canonical work, the Tevaram, written by Tamil saint poets known as the Nayanars and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam; the temple has numerous shrines, with those of Kapaleeswarar and Karpagambal being the most prominent. The temple complex houses many halls; the temple has six daily rituals at various times from 5:30 a.m. to 10 p.m. and four yearly festivals on its calendar.
The Arubathimooval festival celebrated during the Tamil month of Panguni as part of the ப்ரஹ்மோத்சவம் is the most prominent festival in the temple. The present masonry structure was built during the Vijayanagar rulers of the Tuluva Dynasty; the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu. The temple's name is derived from Īśvara an alias of lord Shiva. According to the Puranas, during the meeting of Brahma and Shiva at top of Mount Kailash Brahma failed to show the due respect to Shiva. Due to this, Shiva plucked of one of Brahma's heads. In an act of penance, Brahma came down to the site of Mylapore and installed a Lingam to please Shiva; this place is known as Sukra Puri, Veda Puri, among many other names including "Kailaye Mayilai and Mayilaye Kayilai "which means this place is equal to kailash. Goddess Karpagambal, a form of Shiva's consort Parvati, due to a curse became a pea-hen and did penance here to get back her original personality.
Shiva's son Murugan received the spear for the destruction of a demon from Parvati here. Brahma had worshipped here to get back his power to create; the four Vedas have worshipped here. Sukracharya got back his lost eye. Rama brought back Sita from Lanka; the daughter of Sivanesa Chettiar Angam Poompavai got her lost life due to snake bite was resurrected here by the powers of Thirugnana Sambandar. Vayilar Nayanar, a saiva saint, attained salvation here and Mylapore is the birth place of Thiruvalluvar who wrote Thirukkural. In Thevaram special mention is made about the beautiful Madaveedhi as "Malgun Mathri Thavazhum Maada Veedhi Mylappil Ullar". Thiruganana Sambandar, Arunagirinathar have sung the glory of Singara Velar; the 10-day festival during March / April is a treat to watch and Arubathu Moovar festival is attended by lakhs of devotees every year. The held view is that the temple was built in the 7th century CE by the ruling Pallavas; this view is based on references to the temple in the hymns of the Nayanars.
Thirugnanasambandar's 6th song in Poompavaipathikam and Arunagirinathar's 697th song in Thirumylai Thirupugazh, make clear reference to the Kapaleeswarar temple being located by a seashore. There are inscriptions dating back to 12th century inside the temple; the temple's 120 ft gopuram was built during 1906 with stucco figures adorning it. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu; the Kapaleeshwarar temple is of typical Dravidian architectural style, with the gopuram overpowering the street on which the temple sits. This temple is a testimonial for the vishwakarmas sthapathis. There are two entrances to the temple marked by the gopuram on either side; the east gopuram is about 40 m high. The vahanas at the temple include the bull, elephant, peacock and parrot, while a golden chariot is a recent addition. Statues of the god and the goddess are seated on a vahana or chariot, brought in a procession around the temple while the temple band plays music.
Devotees gather around the vahanas and consider it a privilege to pull / lift the God and the Goddess on the vahana. There is a peacock and a peahen caged inside the temple, to symbolize the tradition that Karpagambal had come in the form of peahen to plead to Kapaleeshwarar; the temple priests perform the pooja on a daily basis. Like other Shiva temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Shaivaite community, a Brahmin sub-caste; the temple rituals are performed six times a day. Kalasanthi at 9:00 a.m. Uchikalam at 1:00 p.m. Sayarakshai at 5:00 p.m. Irandamkalam at 7:00 p.m. and Ardha Jamam at 9:00 p.m. There is a separate calendar for the Rahu Abhishekam: it is performed twice in a day at 11:30 a.m and 5:30 p.m. and additionally twice at various times in the day. Each ritual comprises four steps: abhisheka, alangaram and deepa aradanai for both Kapaleeswarar and Karpagambal; the worship is held amidst music with nagaswaram and tavil, religious instructions in the Vedas read by priests and prostration by worshippers in front of the temple mast.
There are weekly rituals like somavaram and sukravaram, fortnightly rituals like pradosham and mon
Twilight of the Thunder God is the seventh studio album by the Swedish melodic death metal band Amon Amarth. Twilight of the Thunder God was released in September 2008, it is based on Thor's slaying of the serpent Jörmungandr. In anticipation of this album, there was a series of studio diaries in the form of vlogs that discussed the recording process of this album in the studio. There were six vlogs recorded; the first focused on Fredrik Andersson recording the drums. The second vlog focused on Olavi Mikkonen recording the rhythm guitar position; the third vlog focused on Ted Lundström recording bass band members preparing food. The fourth episode focused on Johan Hegg recording vocals; the fifth video was Johan Söderberg recording guitar solos. The final vlog featured Olavi Mikkonen and Ted Lundström packing up the studio and a sneak peek of the album. A series of 8-page comics were made during the production of the album, eponymously entitled "Twilight of the Thunder God", released in magazines throughout Europe.
On 27 June 2008, the title of this album was announced. Twilight of the Thunder God features several guest appearances featuring Entombed vocalist Lars Göran Petrov on "Guardians of Asgaard", Children of Bodom and Stone guitarist Roope Latvala who contributes a solo on the track "Twilight of the Thunder God", Finnish cello metal band Apocalyptica as a guest appearance on "Live for the Kill". A month on 25 July 2008, the album artwork was revealed, featuring Thor, the Norse God of Thunder, in battle with Jörmungandr. On 27 August 2008, Amon Amarth released the information that they had finished work on a video clip for the title track of the album; the video clip was shot in Poland. The band notes that while they were there, a heavy storm came through the town, resulting in the roughest conditions the band has shot a music video in; the album debuted at number 50 on the Billboard 200, debuted at number 11 on the Swedish album charts. This makes the band's first album to chart on the top 200, the band's highest chart debut in their native country of Sweden, debuting 10 places higher than their previous release, With Oden on Our Side.
Initial critical response to Twilight of the Thunder God was positive. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has received an average score of 80, based on 5 reviews; the album was ranked number six on Metal Hammer's Top 50 Albums of 2008. All tracks are written by Amon Amarth. Johan Hegg − vocals Olavi Mikkonen − lead guitar Johan Söderberg − rhythm guitar Ted Lundström − bass Fredrik Andersson − drums Lars Göran Petrov − vocals on "Guardians of Asgaard" Roope Latvala − guitar solo on "Twilight of the Thunder God" Apocalyptica − cellos on "Live for the Kill" Ronny Milianowicz - horns, choir vocals Tom Thiel − album artwork Peter Damin − drum technician
Big Brother Brasil 20 is the twentieth season of Big Brother Brasil which premiered on January 21, 2020 on the Rede Globo. The show is presented by Tiago Leifert; the grand prize is R$1.5 million with tax allowances, plus a R$150.000 prize offered to the runner-up and a R$50.000 prize offered to the housemate in third place. The season featured 18 housemates divided into two groups of 9: "Celebrities", composed of famous people in various niches, "Anonymous", composed of everyday Brazilians. On Week 2, 4 new housemates entered the game as part of a twist, bringing the number of housemates up to 22. In order to celebrate the show's 20th season anniversary and twists from previous seasons will be revived and scattered again; this is going to be the longest season of the series to date. This season, each housemate will be able to use a cellphone to capture moments in the house during a time determined by production; the cell phone will only allow them to post photos and videos to #FeedBBB and see what other housemates are saying about each other.
It will not allow contact with the outside world. Along with its regular powers, this season the HoH will be tasked with splitting their housemates into haves and have-nots as well as choosing what and how much each group will be eating; this HoH will be awarded their own private party at the end of their HoH reign. On Day 1, 18 housemates entered the Big Brother house, divided by a wall with Celebrities on one side and Civilians on the other; the two groups were not able to see each other until the end of night 2. Twist introduced in Big Brother Brasil 9; each week, the nominated housemates compete against each other for one last chance to save themselves from eviction. Housemates nominated by the HoH are not eligible to compete and are sent straight to the public vote. A re-worked version of a twist featured in the first week of Big Brother Brasil 18. On Day 12, four additional housemates entered the Glass house where the public voted for two of them to move into the main House. Twist introduced in Big Brother Brasil 9, re-used in Big Brother Brasil 11 and Big Brother Brasil 13.
Once in a while, the Big Phone rings, unleashing good or bad consequences on the nomination process for those who decide to answer it. Twist introduced in Big Brother Brasil 8, permanent from onwards. At the beggining of each week, the previous Head of Household may or may not be given the opportunity to disqualify some housemates from competing in the upcoming HoH competition. Twist introduced in Big Brother Brasil 12, permanent from onwards; the cast list was unveiled on January 18, 2020. Glass House housematesThe cast list was unveiled on January 31, 2020. Key – Celebrities – Civilians – Glass House Civilians All numbers are in points and provided by Kantar Ibope Media. In 2020, each point represents 260.558 households in 15 market cities in Brazil. ^Note 1: This episode aired on a special time at 10:30 p.m. ^Note 2: This episode aired on a special time at 09:45 p.m. ^Note 3: This episode aired on a special time at 08:00 p.m. Official site
The Franklin Mint was a private mint founded by Joseph Segel in 1964 in Wawa, Pennsylvania. The brand name is owned by Sequential Brands Group headquartered in New York City, New York; the Franklin Mint sells coins, jewelry, die-cast vehicles, dolls and other collectibles. For five decades The Franklin Mint produced and mass marketed "collectibles", its product line began with manufacturing and marketing minted gold and silver commemorative rounds and medallions. In the 1970s and 1980s, Franklin Mint expanded operations to legal-tender coins, producing a combination of bullion and non-bullion proof and uncirculated coin sets of both small and large denominations for a number of countries Panama and various island states. One of its best numismatic sellers was the "Coin Sets of all Nations" series which included stamps and post marks of the respective nation on each set. Besides coins, other offerings included dolls, knives, LP record sets and die-cast vehicles. Emphasized in these media were influential historical figures or famous actors.
Wildlife scenes were a common feature. Many of these items were sold through television advertisement over the years. One of the LP sets was the 100 Greatest Recordings Of All Time, a collection of classical recordings selected by a panel of performers and conductors and pressed on translucent 180 gram deep red vinyl and packaged two LPs to an each album; each LP was set into a plastic carrier that touched the rim. There were two rereleases of this set; the second used ordinary paper sleeves inside a foldout compartment to house the LPs. The third used a side-open paper sleeves. In all three sets the vinyl quality was the same; the Franklin Library produced public domain classic books from its founding in 1973 until closing in 2000. Its books were bound by The Sloves Organization, Ltd.. In 1983, after Warner Communications had purchased the Franklin Mint, the company entered the diecast vehicle market, starting with the 1935 Mercedes Benz 500K Roadster; the cars were labeled as Franklin Mint Precision Models.
In the following years, Franklin Mint produced more than 600 different issues of motorcycles and tractors besides automobiles. Additionally the Franklin Mint began manufacturing diecast aircraft; the Franklin Mint produced a large number of World War II 1:48 scale planes including the B-17 Flying Fortress, PBY Catalina, P-51 Mustang, FW190. In 1980, Warner Communications purchased The Franklin Mint for about $225 million; the combination was short lived: Warner sold The Franklin Mint in 1985 to American Protection Industries Inc. for $167.5 million. However, Warner retained Eastern Mountain Sports, a retailer that The Franklin Mint had acquired in the 1970s, as well as The Franklin Mint Center, which it leased back to API. API was renamed Roll International in 1993. During the early 2000s, Roll International wound down much of the Franklin Mint business. On August 31, 2006, Roll International Corp sold the remaining assets of The Franklin Mint to a group including private equity investors led by M. Moshe Malamud, David Salzman and Steven J. Sisskind, who have extensive experience in the art, media and direct marketing industries.
The Franklin Mint brand was purchased in November 2013 by Sequential Brands Group. Following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund was granted intellectual property rights over her image. In 1998, after refusing the Franklin Mint an official license to produce Diana merchandise, the fund sued the company, accusing it of illegally selling Diana dolls and jewelry. In California, where the initial case was tried, a suit to preserve the right of publicity may be filed on behalf of a dead person, but only if that person is a Californian; the Memorial Fund therefore filed the lawsuit on behalf of the estate, upon losing the case, was countersued by Franklin Mint in 2003. In November 2004, the case was settled out of court with the Diana Memorial Fund agreeing to pay £13.5 million to charitable causes on which both sides agreed. In addition to this, the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund had spent a total of close to £4 million in costs and fees relating to this litigation, as a result froze grants allocated to a number of charities.
The Old Berrien County Courthouse Complex is a historic district containing four significant structures, three former county buildings and a house. It is located in Berrien Springs and bounded by Cass, Kimmel and Union Streets, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Berrien County was first organized in 1831; the first attorney in the county, Francis B. Murdock, arrived here in about 1830 and constructed a log house near this location in 1832; the location of the county seat was in flux for the first few years, court being held first in Niles and in St. Joseph. In 1837, it was moved to the more geographically central Berrien Springs. Berrien Springs donated four lots at this site on. A jail with jailor's residence was constructed here in 1837/38. In 1838, Gilbert Button Avery, a local builder, designed a building to house the county court. Builder James Lewis was awarded a contract to erect the building for $2,500. County records were kept in the courthouse basement, but because of the potential danger from dampness and fire in this frame structure, a separate county office building was built in 1860-61 by local contractor George H. Murdoch at a cost of $3000.
In 1869, a new jail and sheriff's residence was built at a cost of $26,720.34. In 1873, the county built a larger, "fire-proof" office building at a cost of $5609.52. However, despite the new construction, by the 1870s, the courthouse became too small to hold county records, county residents of the more populous coastal towns grumbled about the poor transportation to Berrien Springs. By the early 1890s, the cities of St. Joseph and Benton Harbor came to an agreement about siting a new courthouse, a county-wide vote was instituted, with the plan to move the courthouse prevailing. In 1894, the county seat was moved to St. Joseph. After the relocation of the county seat, the former courthouse complex was sold to private individuals in 1897; the courthouse itself served for a few years as village hall, as an armory for the Berrien Springs Light Guard, was used from 1922 to 1967 by the Berrien Springs Village Seventh-Day Adventist Church. The jail was demolished, the sheriff's residence and office building were remodeled into apartments.
The Murdock log house was built onto. However, the buildings decayed over the years of the twentieth century. In 1967, the Seventh-Day Adventist Church put the former courthouse up for sale, there was some talk of demolishing the buildings. Historical societies in the county joined together to preserve the courthouse. In 1968, the county re-purchased the buildings and leased it to the Berrien County Historical Association, which restored the building. In 1968, the house to which the Murdock log house was attached was demolished; the Association acquired effective control over the remaining county buildings in the complex. The Old Berrien County Courthouse Complex is located on a two-acre site, a courthouse square, it contains four historical structures: The former Berrien County Courthouse, constructed in 1839. Murdock House, a log structure constructed in about 1832 and moved to the present site in 1973; the Old Berrien County Courthouse is individually listed on the National Register. The courthouse is a white frame Greek Revival end-gable structure on a high brick basement, measuring 41 feet by 61 feet.
It has a portico across the front with four 20 foot high fluted Doric columns, with a small balcony within the portico. The exterior of the building is clad with clapboard, a series of triple-sash windows, 15 feet high, line the sides and rear of the building; the county office building is a two-story brick Italianate structure with a low hip roof and a fieldstone foundation. It has arched windows with sandstone sills; the structure has a metal cornice. On the rear of the building is a single-story red brick, gable-roofed wing with sandstone trim; this was the original office building, constructed in 1860/61. The sheriff's residence is a two-story red brick house with a low roof; the main entrance is flanked by paired, four-over-four, sash windows. A brick cornice tops the building; the Murdock log house is a gable-roofed log structure measuring 20 feet by 30 feet. It has a wood shingle roof, the gables are covered with vertical board
Woof Records is a British independent record label founded by English musicians Tim Hodgkinson and Bill Gilonis in London in 1980. Tim Hodgkinson and Bill Gilonis began experimenting with tape collages in 1979 and recorded I Do – I Do – I Don't – I Don't, an 18-minute collection of songs. Hodgkinson and Gilonis created Woof Records to release the title on a 7-inch EP in 1980, they continued to release titles on the label, subject to the restriction that at least one of them had to play on, engineer, or produce each record. Between 1980 and 1994, 15 titles were released on the label. WOOF 001, Bill Gilonis, Tim Hodgkinson, I Do – I Do – I Don't – I Don't, 1980 WOOF 002, The Work, "I Hate America", 1981 WOOF 003, The Work, Slow Crimes, 1982 WOOF 005, The Work, The Worst of Everywhere, 1982 WOOF 006, The Lowest Note on the Organ, The Lowest Note on the Organ, 1983 WOOF 007, Catherine Jauniaux, Tim Hodgkinson, Fluvial, 1983 WOOF 008, The Lowest Note on the Organ, "Piggy Bank", 1984 WOOF 009, Let's Het, 1984 WOOF 010, Tim Hodgkinson, Splutter, 1985 WOOF 011, The Momes, Spiralling, 1989 WOOF 012, The Work, Rubber Cage, 1989 WOOF 013, Fred Frith, Tim Hodgkinson, Live Improvisations, 1992 WOOF 014, Valentina Ponomareva, Ken Hyder / Tim Hodgkinson, The Goose, 1992 WOOF 015, The Work, See, 1992 WOOF 016, Tim Hodgkinson, Each in Our Own Thoughts, 1994