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Karen MacKenzie

Karen MacKenzie is a long-running fictional character in the CBS primetime soap opera Knots Landing. Karen is portrayed by actress Michele Lee, has appeared on the show since its pilot episode, first broadcast on December 27, 1979. Knots Landing follows the trials of four middle-class families living on a suburban cul-de-sac known as Seaview Circle in California. Lee portrayed Karen for the entire run of Knots Landing, being the sole cast member to appear in every episode of its fourteen seasons. At the time, her appearances in all 344 episodes set a record for an actress on American primetime television. Karen's storylines focus on family troubles and kidnapping. In her early years on the serial, the character had much more of an "edge" in order to test the audience on who would be the most like J. R. Ewing, the primary character of its parent series Dallas. Over time, she became much more of a wholesome character. Series creator David Jacobs said "Karen is the tent pole, she says the things. She's the voice of the viewer."

Entertainment Weekly described Karen as being "efficient and understanding". During the course of her existence on the program, she was married to both Sid Fairgate and second husband Mack MacKenzie. Many other characters would try to undermine her relationship with Mack, such as his daughter, Paige Matheson, former love interest Anne Matheson, though she learned to accept Paige as his daughter on. Due to her long-running tenure, television personality Joan Rivers commented that Lee was, in theory, the "First Lady of Knots Landing" during her guest appearance on The Late Show, which Rivers hosted at the time; the characters of the serial represented what was happening in society at the time. Lee acknowledged that, wasn't ashamed of that. Remember in our society, maybe people don't remember, but remember when we could go over to other people's houses and come in through an open back door? I remember when I was a little girl and my mother and father would have people over and they'd walk into an unlocked door in our house."

Prior to being cast in Knots Landing, Michele Lee had made a slew of film and television appearances. Lee holds the sole record for appearing in every single episode of the dramatic serial, setting a record for being one of the only female actresses in primetime television history to do so. After the success of Dallas, David Jacobs' presented his initial idea again and created Knots Landing, with some alterations of his original script. In an interview, Jacobs explained: "Well, that's pretty good, but you know-and he pulled out the pages that we'd left for them a few years ago on the show, or a year before on Knots, he said,'Is there any way we can make this a spin-off?' I just took one of the couples and made it, you know and Gary, created on the parent series and putting them into the mix, but when you have four couples and you change one, you sort of have to change the dynamic all the way around. However, once I wrote the script, remarkably little changed from the script and the pilot as you would see it."

Series creator David Jacobs has said, "Karen is the tent pole. She says the things. She's the voice of the viewer." Entertainment Weekly has said of Lee's character, "Her character, Karen MacKenzie, is efficient and understanding. Today, she's headed for big trouble, but Karen, onetime widow, single mom, kidnappee, shooting victim, talk show hostess, target of a psychotic fan, is resilient; some on Knots say the show could not survive the loss of its moral mouthpiece." The actress herself commented, "Karen has gone through so much that it's hard to get her a story line. Although she may be the only character who doesn't need a story line. She's a rock, she helps solve the problems. After 12 years of playing Karen, you think,'Oh, God, I wish I could play the town slut, but I have to save those roles for my hiatus."Jacobs said, "Karen, Michele Lee's character, was - made the speeches that I would have made about subjects, so she sort of was my footprint...but she was different. And I never had to - I never had a problem hearing Karen, you know.

She and I spoke the same way." The character evolved from the beginning of the series to the end. In the beginning, Karen was somewhat of a "bad girl" in order to lure over some fans of J. R. Ewing from Dallas, he noted: "Well, Karen in the beginning was limited by her - well, we made Karen a little bit harsher in the first season than we otherwise would have because we were toying with the audience. And because it was a Dallas spin-off, the natural question was always,'Well, where's your JR? Who's your JR?' And so though Michele Lee herself is a likeable person, if she's being over the top she's a person of great enthusiasm, she's a person of great strength, in the pilot anyway, we were sort of pushing the possibility that she was gonna be our equivalent. I always wanted to project the idea that we weren't Dallas, it was a different scale from Dallas, that whoever we had wasn't gonna be as successful as JR, but on, the line "being married to a saint" was - Don Murray was so sweet, you know, so rational all the time that, um, her enthusiasm, or the size of her enthusiasm, sometimes grew shrill and - I don't remember the context in which she said,'It's difficult being married to a saint" - but it's true, Sid had - you kno

Timeline of Abu Dhabi

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. 1761 - Drinking water found on Abu Dhabi Island. 1790s - Abu Dhabi Island becomes "capital of the Bani Yas tribal confederation." 1818 - Shakhbut bin Dhiyab Al Nahyan and Tahnun bin Shakhbut Al Nahyan become rulers of Abu Dhabi. 1855 - Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan becomes ruler of Abu Dhabi. 1928 - Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan becomes ruler of Abu Dhabi. 1939 - Abu Dhabi Petroleum Company established. 1948 - Dubai-Abu Dhabi border dispute. 1952 - Population: 4,000 in sheikdom. 1955 - The city's first airfield opens 1958 - Oil discovered in Abu Dhabi. 1962 - Oil exportation begins from offshore Das Island. 1966 - Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan becomes ruler of Abu Dhabi. 1968 - Population: 46,375. 1969 - Al Bateen Airport begins operating on Abu Dhabi Island. 1971 December: Abu Dhabi becomes part of the newly formed United Arab Emirates. Abu Dhabi National Oil Company established. 1972 - Al-Ittihad newspaper in publication.

1974 - Al Fajr newspaper begins publication. 1980 E 11 road completed. Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates headquartered in Abu Dhabi. Population: 242,975. 1981 - Regional Gulf Cooperation Council meets in Abu Dhabi. 1982 - Abu Dhabi International Airport established on the mainland. 1991 - July: "Bank of Credit and Commerce International collapses. Abu Dhabi's ruling family owns a 77.4% share." 1993 - International Defence Exhibition begins. 1994 - Baynunah Hilton Tower built. 2000 - Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange established. 2001 - Abu Dhabi Mall and Marina Mall in business. 2002 - Population: 527,000. 2003 - July: Etihad Airways founded 2004 - Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan becomes ruler of Abu Dhabi. 2005 - Emirates Palace hotel in business. 2007 Sheikh Zayed Mosque built. Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre opens. 2008 - Abu Dhabi Bus service begins. 2009 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix car race begins. Construction begins on Abu Dhabi National Oil Company headquarters and Saadiyat Island's Louvre Abu Dhabi.

2010 Sky Tower built. Ferrari World amusement park in business on Yas Island. 2011 Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Capital Gate, Etihad Towers built. Guggenheim Abu Dhabi construction begins on Saadiyat Island. 2012 - The Landmark built. 2014 Yas Mall in business. New York University Saadiyat Island campus built. 2019 - Pope Francis becomes the first Pope to visit the Arabian Peninsula and the UAE Abu Dhabi, fromFebruary 3-5. Abu Dhabi history List of rulers of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi Timelines of other cities in United Arab Emirates: Dubai Map of Abu Dhabi, 1994 "Geographical Index: Abu Dhabi". Arabian Humanities. Sana'a. ISSN 2308-6122


Dimethisterone sold under the brand names Lutagan and Secrosteron among others, is a progestin medication, used in birth control pills and in the treatment of gynecological disorders but is now no longer available. It was used both alone and in combination with an estrogen, it is taken by mouth. Side effects of dimethisterone are similar to those of other progestins; when used in combination with high doses of an estrogen, an increased risk of endometrial cancer can occur. Dimethisterone is a progestin, or a synthetic progestogen, hence is an agonist of the progesterone receptor, the biological target of progestogens like progesterone, it has no other important hormonal activity. Dimethisterone was first described and was introduced for medical use in 1959, it started being used in birth control pills in 1965. However, due to its low potency and consequent inability to prevent the increased risk of endometrial cancer with estrogens, dimethisterone was soon discontinued for such purposes. Dimethisterone was used alone in the treatment of gynecological disorders and in combination with ethinylestradiol in birth control pills.

Side effects of dimethisterone are similar to those of other progestins. Dimethisterone was derived from modification of ethisterone via introduction of methyl groups at the C6α and C21 positions. Relative to ethisterone, it is 12 times as potent orally as a progestogen in animals, unlike ethisterone, is a pure progestogen with no androgenic activity in animals at high doses. However, in spite of its improved potency over ethisterone, it is a weak progestogen relative to most other progestins, in fact one of the weakest known. Dimethisterone known as 6α,21-dimethylethisterone or as 6α,21-dimethyl-17α-ethynyltestosterone, as well as 17α-ethynyl-6α,21-dimethylandrost-4-en-17β-ol-3-one or as 6α,21-dimethyl-17β-hydroxy-17α-pregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one, is a synthetic androstane steroid and a derivative of testosterone. Chemical syntheses of dimethisterone have been published. Dimethisterone was developed by the British pharmaceutical company British Drug Houses and was first reported in the medical literature in 1959, with introduction for medical use under the brand name Secrosteron following in the same year.

It was introduced in the United States as an oral contraceptive in combination with high doses of ethinylestradiol under the brand name Oracon in 1965. Due to the fact that it contains a weak progestogen in combination with a large dose of a potent estrogen, this preparation was found to be associated with a increased risk of endometrial cancer in women, is now no longer marketed; the improved potency of dimethisterone due to 6α-methylation served as the basis for the synthesis of medroxyprogesterone acetate. Whereas hydroxyprogesterone acetate is around twice as potent as ethisterone orally, medroxyprogesterone acetate shows 10 to 25 times the potency of ethisterone. Dimethisterone is the generic name of the drug and its INN, USAN, BAN. Dimethisterone was marketed alone under the brand names Lutagan and Secrosteron and in combination with ethinylestradiol under the brand names Oracon, Secrodyl and Tova

Burnett Memorial Fountain

Frances Hodgson Burnett Memorial Fountain, located near Fifth Avenue and the Museum of the City of New York in Manhattan's Central Park, is an outdoor bronze sculpture and fountain which serves as a memorial to Burnett, the author of several literary classics including The Secret Garden and Little Lord Fauntleroy. Created by sculptor Bessie Potter Vonnoh in 1936 and dedicated on May 28, 1937 by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, it depicts Mary and Dickon from The Secret Garden. Burnett Memorial Fountain by David Berger, CUNY

Louis XVI of France

Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last king of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months. In 1765, upon the death of his father, Dauphin of France—the son and heir apparent of Louis XV—Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin of France. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he assumed the title King of France and Navarre, until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of King of the French until the monarchy was abolished on 21 September 1792; the first part of his reign was marked by attempts to reform the French government in accordance with Enlightenment ideas. These included efforts to abolish serfdom, remove the taille and the corvée, increase tolerance toward non-Catholics as well as the abolition of the death penalty for deserters; the French nobility reacted to the proposed reforms with hostility, opposed their implementation. Louis implemented deregulation of the grain market, advocated by his economic liberal minister Turgot, but it resulted in an increase in bread prices.

In periods of bad harvests, it would lead to food scarcity. From 1776, Louis XVI supported the North American colonists, who were seeking their independence from Great Britain, realised in the 1783 Treaty of Paris; the ensuing debt and financial crisis contributed to the unpopularity of the Ancien Régime. This led to the convening of the Estates-General of 1789. Discontent among the members of France's middle and lower classes resulted in strengthened opposition to the French aristocracy and to the absolute monarchy, of which Louis and his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette, were viewed as representatives. Increasing tensions and violence were marked by events such as the storming of the Bastille, during which riots in Paris forced Louis to definitively recognize the legislative authority of the National Assembly. Louis XVI was initiated into masonic lodge Trois-Frères à l'Orient de la Cour. Louis' indecisiveness and conservatism led some elements of the people of France to view him as a symbol of the perceived tyranny of the Ancien Régime, his popularity deteriorated progressively.

His disastrous flight to Varennes in June 1791, four months before the constitutional monarchy was declared, seemed to justify the rumors that the king tied his hopes of political salvation to the prospects of foreign intervention. The credibility of the king was undermined, the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic became an ever-increasing possibility. In a context of civil and international war, Louis XVI was suspended and arrested at the time of the Insurrection of 10 August 1792, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of high treason, executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793, as a desacralized French citizen under the name of Citizen Louis Capet, in reference to Hugh Capet, the founder of the Capetian dynasty – which the revolutionaries interpreted as Louis' surname. Louis XVI was the only King of France to be executed, his death brought an end to more than a thousand years of continuous French monarchy. Both of his sons died before the Bourbon Restoration.

Louis-Auguste de France, given the title Duc de Berry at birth, was born in the Palace of Versailles. One of seven children, he was the second surviving son of Louis, the Dauphin of France, the grandson of Louis XV of France and of his consort, Maria Leszczyńska, his mother was Marie-Josèphe of Saxony, the daughter of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland. Louis-Auguste was overlooked by his parents who favored his older brother, duc de Bourgogne, regarded as bright and handsome but who died at the age of nine in 1761. Louis-Auguste, a strong and healthy boy but shy, excelled in his studies and had a strong taste for Latin, history and astronomy and became fluent in Italian and English, he enjoyed physical activities such as hunting with his grandfather and rough play with his younger brothers, Louis-Stanislas, comte de Provence, Charles-Philippe, comte d'Artois. From an early age, Louis-Auguste was encouraged in another of his interests, seen as a useful pursuit for a child.

When his father died of tuberculosis on 20 December 1765, the eleven-year-old Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin. His mother never recovered from the loss of her husband and died on 13 March 1767 from tuberculosis; the strict and conservative education he received from the Duc de La Vauguyon, "gouverneur des Enfants de France", from 1760 until his marriage in 1770, did not prepare him for the throne that he was to inherit in 1774 after the death of his grandfather, Louis XV. Throughout his education, Louis-Auguste received a mixture of studies particular to religion and humanities, his instructors may have had a good hand in shaping Louis-Auguste into the indecisive king that he became. Abbé Berthier, his instructor, taught him that timidity was a value in strong monarchs, Abbé Soldini, his confessor, instructed him not to let people read his mind. On 16 May 1770, at the age of fifteen, Louis-Auguste married the fourteen-year-old Habsburg Archduchess Maria Antonia

Sweetwater, Oklahoma

Sweetwater is a town in Beckham and Roger Mills counties in the U. S. state of Oklahoma. It was incorporated in 1998; as of the 2010 census it had a population of 87. Named for nearby Sweetwater Creek, the town is at the junction of State Highway 30 and State Highway 152; the post office, was established September 27, 1894. On May 5, 2007, a tornado, rated on the Enhanced Fujita Scale as EF3, traveled on a path around 100 to 150 yards wide and 7.5 miles long. It began about 2.5 miles south of Sweetwater and ended 5 miles north of Sweetwater, following State Highway 30. EF3 wind speeds range from 136 to 165 miles per hour, it damaged several buildings in the town, including the church and high school, destroyed eight homes. The Sweetwater Public School District is one of the smallest public school districts in the state of Oklahoma. For the most recent data available, it tied with Boley for the smallest high school with 15 students. For a combined district, K-12, Sweetwater finished third with 60 students.

Information on Sweetwater