Karl Malone

Karl Anthony Malone is an American retired professional basketball player. Nicknamed "the Mailman", Malone played the power forward position and spent his first 18 seasons in the National Basketball Association with the Utah Jazz and formed a formidable duo with his teammate John Stockton. Malone played one season for the Los Angeles Lakers. Malone was a two-time NBA Most Valuable Player, a 14-time NBA All-Star, an 11-time member of the All-NBA first team, his 36,928 career points scored rank second all-time in NBA history behind Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, he holds the records for most free throws attempted and made, in addition to being tied for the second-most first-team All-NBA selections with Kobe Bryant and behind LeBron James. He is considered one of the greatest power forwards in NBA history. Malone played college basketball at Louisiana Tech University. In his three seasons with Louisiana Tech, he helped the Bulldogs basketball team to its first-ever NCAA tournament in 1984 and to first place in the Southland Conference in 1985.

The Utah Jazz drafted Malone in 1985 with the 13th overall pick in the first round. Malone appeared in the playoffs every season in his career, including the NBA Finals in 1997 and 1998 with the Jazz, he played his final season with the Los Angeles Lakers, with whom he played his third Finals in 2004. Malone has the most career postseason losses of any NBA player with 95. Malone competed with the United States national team in the Summer Olympic Games of 1992 and 1996. After retiring from the NBA, Malone joined the staff of the Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball team in 2007 and was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2010 twice – for his individual career, as a member of the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team. Born in Summerfield, Malone was the youngest of nine children and during his childhood lived on a farm with his single mother, Shirley, his father, Shedrick Hay, was raising a family with another woman he married and committed suicide when Karl Malone was 3.

As a child, Malone worked at the farm and chopped trees and fished. He attended Summerfield High School and led his basketball team to three consecutive Louisiana Class C titles from 1979 to his senior season in 1981. Although recruited by University of Arkansas basketball coach Eddie Sutton, Malone enrolled at Louisiana Tech University, closer to home, he joined the Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball team in his second year because his grades were too low for freshman eligibility. In his second season with Louisiana Tech, Malone averaged 9.3 rebounds per game. Louisiana Tech finished the 1984–85 season 29–3, at the top of the Southland Conference, advanced to the NCAA tournament for the first time in school history. In each of his three seasons with the Louisiana Tech Bulldogs, Malone was an All-Southland selection. In the 1985 NBA draft, the Utah Jazz selected Karl Malone with the 13th overall pick. According to Malone's official NBA biography: "If professional scouts had predicted the impact Karl Malone would have on the NBA, Malone would have been picked much higher than 13th in the 1985 NBA Draft."

In fact, Malone was so convinced the Dallas Mavericks were going to select him with the eighth choice that he had rented an apartment in Dallas. Instead, the Mavericks selected Detlef Schrempf. Under head coach Frank Layden, Malone averaged 14.9 points and 8.9 rebounds in his first season and made the 1986 NBA All-Rookie Team after coming in third for Rookie of the Year votes. On January 14, 1986, the Jazz beat the Houston Rockets 105–102 to snap the Rockets' 20-game winning streak at home. Malone scored 29 points in that game, including four free throws followed by a three-pointer by Pace Mannion to rally from a 96–89 deficit with 5 minutes and 36 seconds remaining to a 96–96 tie. For the third consecutive season, the Jazz made the postseason but lost the first round of the 1986 playoffs to the Dallas Mavericks. In the four playoff games, Malone improved in his scoring with a 20 points per game average but was still subpar in shooting and rebounds. After his second season, Malone became the Jazz's leader in rebounding.

By the 1987–88 season, Malone was the foundation of the offense and John Stockton was the floor general. Malone made his first All-Star Game in 1988 on the strength of 27.1 points per game, made his first All-NBA team at the end of the season. This was the first of 14 consecutive All-Star appearances for Malone. In the 1988 NBA All-Star Game, Malone led the Western Conference All-Star team with 22 points; the Jazz finished 47–35, third place in the Midwest Division, defeated the Portland Trail Blazers in the first round. In the next round, the defending champions Los Angeles Lakers, led by perennial All-Stars Magic Johnson, James Worthy, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, defeated the Jazz in seven games. In the seventh game of the series, Malone scored 31 points and had 15 rebounds, but the Lakers beat the Jazz 109–98 and won the 1988 NBA Finals. In 11 playoff games in 1988, Malone averaged 11.8 rebounds. Malone signed a 10-year contract during the 1988 offseason worth $18 million. In December 1988, Jerry Sloan succeeded Layden as head coach.

Malone averaged 29.1 points in 1988–89, good for second in the NBA behind Michael Jordan, 10.7 rebounds, fifth in the league. This scoring average was Malone's highe


Hermarchus or Hermarch, sometimes incorrectly written Hermachus, was an Epicurean philosopher. He was the successor of Epicurus as head of the school. None of his writings survive, he wrote works directed against Plato and Empedocles. A fragment from his Against Empedocles, preserved by Porphyry, discusses the need for law in society, his views on the nature of the gods are quoted by Philodemus. Hermarchus was a son of Agemarchus, a poor man of Mytilene, was at first brought up as a rhetorician, but afterwards became a faithful disciple of Epicurus, who left to him his garden, appointed him his successor as the head of his school, about 270 BC, he died in the house of Lysias at an advanced age, left behind him the reputation of a great philosopher. Cicero has preserved a letter of Epicurus addressed to him. Diogenes Laërtius mentioned from a letter written by Epicurus, "All my books to be given to Hermarchus, and if anything should happen to Hermarchus before the children of Metrodorus grow up, Amynomachus and Timocrates shall give from the funds bequeathed by me, so far as possible, enough for their several needs, as long as they are well ordered.

And let them provide for the rest according to my arrangements. Hermarchus was the author of several works, which are characterised by Diogenes Laërtius as "excellent": Πρὸς Ἐμπεδoκλέα - Against Empedocles Περὶ τῶν μαθημάτων - On the mathematicians Πρὸς Πλάτωνα - Against Plato Πρὸς Ἀριστoτέλην - Against AristotleAll of these works are lost, we know nothing about them but their titles, but from an expression of Cicero, we may infer that his works were of a polemical nature, directed against the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, on Empedocles. A long fragment from an unspecified work of Hermarchus' has been preserved by Porphyry; this fragment is from his Against Empedocles. In this fragment, Hermarchus discusses the reasons for punishment for murder, he argues that early law-makers were guided by the principle that murder was not good for society, were able to educate other people that this was a rational principle. They created punishments for those people who could not be educated. For everyone who understood that murder was not useful, laws would not be needed.

For Hermarchus, this was an increase in rationality. Philodemus in his On the Way of Life of the Gods, quotes the view of Hermarchus that the gods breathe, because the gods are living beings and all living things breathe. Philodemus goes on to say that, according to Hermarchus, the gods must talk to one another, because conversation is conducive to happiness: And one must say that they use speech and converse with one another. For since in fact all of us who are not maimed make use of language, to say that the gods either are maimed or do not resemble us in this respect is foolish since conversation with those like themselves is a source of indescribable pleasure to the good

Earl Cooley (smokejumper)

Earl Cooley spent his career working in the United States Forestry Service, where he was concerned with developing new methods of fighting forest fires. In 1940, he was one of the first US firefighters to be parachuted from a plane into an area affected by wildfire. Cooley went on to train others to fight fires by smokejumping. After his retirement from the USFS, he set up the National Smokejumper Association, of which he was president from 1993 to 1995. Cooley was born in Hardin, Montana in 1911, he was one of 11 children in his house. He grew up playing just like a normal kid. Hunting and fishing were a big part of his life, he loved anything to do with the outdoors. When he was just a 12-year-old boy, his father suffered a substantial financial setback.. He dropped out of school to help support his family, he relied on his abilities to hunt, fish and farm in order to help them earn money He went back to high school and graduated from the class of 1930. After graduation, he went on to attend and graduate the forestry school at the University of Montana.

In 1937, Cooley started his career with the forestry service. At this point in time the forestry was looking for ways to improve the methods used to fight fires. Terrain in the mountains in the 1930s was inaccessible, the roads nonexistent.. The challenge became focused on finding a way to get to the fire quicker; the service came up with an idea on attaching “water bombs” to a plane to drop on the fire. Although the idea was tested several times, it was cancelled. Cooley thought he could do something with the plane and brought up the idea of smokejumping – parachuting out of an airplane into a fire to get it under control; this appeared to prove true in other countries including Russia and Germany. Many American pilots were unsure about the idea of dropping firefighters into a fire from the air. There are many factors that can go wrong and they were reluctant and hesitant at the idea. Cooley and a partner by the name of Rufus Robinson began to toil with the notion. On July 12, 1940, Cooley and Robinson got their chance to test their idea.

The twenty-eight-year-old, building roads and various other structures for the service was ready for the challenge. A forest fire had sprung up along Martin Creek in the Naz Perce National Forest. Robinson jumped first followed by Cooley, their supplies were dropped on the planes’ next pass. The next day when the four-man crew reached them, they had the fire under control, they turned around and hiked the 28 miles back to camp.. After the service set up the smokejumpers, Cooley began training other young men on how to do the same thing he did, he trained men for what the National Service called “10’o clock men”. The idea was that they could have the fire put out by 10’o clock the next morning after being dispatched. On August 15, 1949, a fire broke out inside of a gulch in Helena National Forest in Montana; the Canyon, which had cliffs that reached 1,250 at times on both sides, made access for ground crews impossible. Cooley was not one of the men who jumped on this run. Instead, he was the spotter.

His job was to wait for the plane to fly over the spot decided by the incident planning team, give the men the signal of when to jump. He laid on the floor, next to the open door, with his foreman across from him. Cooley had to take information from the foreman, the pilot, the ground crews, from what he could see from the air. After denying a few spots, debating another with the foreman Wag Dodge, he decided on the spot he felt would be best to drop the men; the men lined up in groups and he gave them the signal. After four passes, all the jumpers were safely on the ground. After the jumpers landed, the plane made one more pass dumping their equipment on to the ground, they went to meet the ground men who were to meet them. The ground men were; the jumpers were on their own. They continued to move on with the task at hand; as they moved along the gulch, they began to angle downward towards the fire. The fire shifted in what is turned on the men; the men panicked. They were overtaken by the flames. There were only three survivors.

This news effected Cooley harshly. He ensured. Fourteen men were killed, just from his jumpers; this doesn't include all the other men. This is still known as the biggest smokejumper tragedy; when inquired about the Mann Gulch fire, Cooley said “I am sure I did the right thing that day, but I still look at that map and have thought about it every day since then.” After the fire, he went with local rangers to see placement of stone and concrete crosses placed on the spots at which each of the men died. It has been said that until his eighties, he would take trips to ensure the crosses and various plaques and memorials were still standing; the majority of information on the infamous Mann Gulch fire can be found in Norman Maclean's Young Men and Fire. Maclean wrote down the details of this event; the National Forestry service has the incident investigation with interviews from Cooley and the three survivors within their archives. Cooley continued to protect people with the service of smokejumping, he went on to train countless jumpers to get it extinguished quickly.

Along with many others whose job is that of studying fire behavior, he