SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Kazakh Steppe

The Kazakh Steppe called the Great Dala, ecoregion, of the Palearctic temperate grasslands and shrublands biome, is a vast region of open grassland in northern Kazakhstan and adjacent portions of Russia, extending to the east of the Pontic steppe and to the west of the Emin Valley steppe, with which it forms part of the Eurasian steppe. Before the mid-nineteenth century it was called the Kirghiz steppe,'Kirghiz' being an old name for the Kazakhs; the steppe extends more than 2,200 km from the area east of the Caspian Depression and north of the Aral Sea, all the way to the Altai Mountains. It is the largest dry steppe region on earth, covering 804,450 square kilometers; the Kazakh Steppe lies at the southern end of the Ural Mountains, the traditional dividing line between Europe and Asia. Much of the steppe is considered to be semi-desert; the Turan Lowland lies in the southwestern part of the steppe, but elevation increases as one travels east or to the northern parts of the steppe, with a few exceptions.

The Pontic Steppe lies to the west and northwest. To the north and northeast of the Kazakh Steppe lies the Kazakh forest steppe, an ecoregion of pine groves interspersed with grasslands that forms a transition between the Kazakh steppe and the forests of Siberia. To the south lies the Kazakh semi-desert and the Kazakh upland ecoregions; the Kokchetav Massif in north-central Kazakhstan harbors an enclave of the Kazakh upland, distinct from the Kazakh steppe which surrounds it at lower elevations. The region has a semi-arid, continental climate, with most of the area falling under the "BSk" classification under the Köppen climate classification system; the steppe receives from 200mm to 400mm of precipitation in an average year, with more falling in the northern areas of the steppe. Average temperatures in July range from 20C to 26C, -12C to -18C in January. High winds sweep across the plains at times; because of low rainfall, the steppe has few trees, consists of grasslands and large, sandy areas.

Typical vegetation includes feathergrass and fescue. Animals that can be found in the steppes of Kazakhstan include the Saiga Antelope, Siberian Roe Deer, foxes, Mongolian gerbils and steppe tortoises; the western part of the Kazakh Steppe is sparsely populated, with between two and three people per square kilometer. As one heads east across the plains, the population density increases to between four and seven people per square kilometer. Kazakh people make up the majority of the people living in the area. Russia leases 7,360 square kilometers in the southern region of the steppe for the world's oldest space launch facility, Baikonur Cosmodrome; the movie Tulpan was set in the Kazakh Steppe. Saryarka — Steppe and Lakes of Northern Kazakhstan Steppe Route List of ecoregions in Russia CIA, The World Factbook, 2004 World Wildlife Fund, ed.. "Kazakh steppe". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08. Saudi Aramco World, surfbirds.com, Holidays in Kazakhstan

Victoria Cup (rugby union)

The Victoria Cup is a rugby union tournament contested by the four African nations of Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe as of 2019. After a seven-year hiatus, the competition was revived following Rugby Africa's cancellation of the Africa Gold Cup in 2019 due to sponsorship loss. In 2010 and 2011, the Victoria Cup was played as a trinations tournament between Kenya and Uganda on a double round-robin basis, with the teams playing home-and-away; the competition was discontinued in 2012 after Uganda and Zimbabwe withdrew due to financial difficulties. The Cup is named after Lake Victoria in Kenya and Victoria Falls which were named in honour the reigning Queen Victoria and her great grandmother; the Victoria Cup winners and runners-up from the inaugural trinations tournament of 2010 onward are listed below: The results of matches involving Kenya and Uganda from 1958–2009 are listed below: Current Official World Rankings Historic World Rankings

Three Times Three

Three Times Three is a studio album by jazz drummer Antonio Sánchez. The record was released on September 2014 via CAM Jazz label; the album was recorded in New York between October and December 2013. It teams Sánchez in three trio settings. One is with bassist Matt Brewer; the album was released as a two-CD set on September 2014, by CAM Jazz. The Financial Times' reviewer wrote that "Sanchez, in cracking form, brings out the best of his all-star cast with crisp rolls, light-touch cymbals and crashing interjections. Great tunes, strong moods and lots going on." "Nar-this" "Constellations" "Big Dream" "Fall" "Nook and Crannies" "Rooney and Vinski" "Leviathan" "Firenze" "I Mean You" Antonio Sánchez – drums Matt Brewer – bass Joe Lovanotenor sax Christian McBride – bass Brad Mehldaupiano John Patitucci – bass John Scofieldguitar