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Kelley School of Business

The Kelley School of Business is an undergraduate and graduate business school at Indiana University in Bloomington and Indianapolis, United States. As of 2017 7,500 full-time undergraduate and graduate students are enrolled on its Bloomington campus, as well as 1,740 students at the Indianapolis campus. In addition, more than 800 students study for graduate degrees through the school's online MBA and MS programs through "Kelley Direct". Numerous publications have ranked Kelley as one of the top business schools in the nation; the school was established as "School of Commerce and Finance" of Indiana University in 1920. It was subsequently renamed "School of Business Administration" in 1933 and "School of Business" in 1938. In 1997 it was named "Kelley School of Business" after its alumnus E. W. Kelley, chairman of the Steak n Shake Company, who gave a donation of $23 million, it resided in the Commerce Building constructed in 1923, moving to the Business and Economics Building in 1940 and to today's Business School building in 1966.

Although they had been holding classes in Indianapolis since 1961, it wasn't until the Fall of 1974 that the Kelley School of Business expanded to Indianapolis. It resides in the Business/Spea building on the IUPUI campus. During the expansion, it was said that the Kelley School of Business is "one school, one faculty, one curriculum in two locations." The dean's office is located on the Bloomington campus, but two positions, Executive Associate Dean - Indianapolis and Associate Dean of Indianapolis Research and Programs, were created to lead the Kelley School of Business curriculum and programs at IUPUI. Completed in 2003, the $33 million Graduate and Executive Education Center provides state-of-the-art learning facilities to the Kelley School's graduate and executive education students and houses some of the nation's top-ranked programs and research centers. Featuring elegant limestone and oak architecture, the building provides students and faculty with every imaginable technological advantage and connects with the undergraduate facilities via a two-story limestone walkway.

In 2003, the Kelley School partnered with the Scotts Miracle-Gro Company to launch Bloomington Brands, a unique brand management work-study program for both undergraduates and MBA students. Participating students manage the Osmocote Plant Food brand under contract from Scotts. Bob Stohler, a former Scotts executive and oversees the students. Students manage all marketing variables for the Osmocote brand, including the selection of product formulas, sizes and pricing, as well as the development of marketing strategy, media purchase and selection, promotional activities, consumer research. Brands students work with multiple business functions at Scotts. In the Summer of 2005 interim Dean Dan Smith was appointed to be the new dean of the school, replacing Dean Dan Dalton who stepped down in 2004. In a ceremony on October 21, 2005, the Kelley School renamed its Graduate and Executive Education Center in honor of William J. Godfrey, an alumnus and successful businessman who bequeathed land valued at $25 million.

On March 30, 2012, the Kelley School renamed its Undergraduate Building Hodge Hall in honor of James R. Hodge who gifted $15 million to help renovate and expand the facility; the $60 million expansion and renovation of Hodge Hall broke ground in May 2012 and opened in the fall of 2014. The Eli Lilly Foundation donated a substantial amount as well. In June 2012 Dean Dan Smith stepped down as dean of the school after serving as dean for seven years to take a new position as president and CEO of the Indiana University Foundation. On May 9, 2013, interim Dean Idalene Kesner was announced as the new dean of the school. Dean Kesner is the first woman to serve as dean of the Kelley School of Business; the Kelley School of Business undergraduate program has been ranked top 15 in the nation for over fifteen years and top 10 in the last six, across various publications. In its most recent ranking, Bloomberg Businessweek ranked the Kelley School of Business 1st among public business schools. Overall, it was ranked the 4th in the nation for its undergraduate B.

S. in Business out of more than 100 of the top business schools in America. In 2015, Kelley was ranked 4th; the 2016 ranking for "Best Undergraduate Business Schools" by Poets & Quants ranked the Kelley School of Business 7th in the nation and 2nd among public schools. Kelley is ranked 2nd in academic excellence. In 2017, Poets & Quants ranks Kelley 6th in the nation, 2nd in terms of employment, it lists an acceptance rate of an average ACT and SAT of 31 and 1441 respectively. The Kelley School of Business is ranked 10th overall for its Undergraduate Business Program according to US News & World Report. In a 2016 survey of over 1,000 recruiters by Bloomberg Businessweek, the undergraduate school was ranked 4th in the nation, 1st among public universities. Kelley ranked No. 1 as the school ‘Most Recommended by Alumni’ and ‘Best Career Advising” by Poets and Quants. In 2019, U. S. News ranked these undergraduate programs within the top 15 in the nation: Accounting: 8th Entrepreneurship: 3rd Finance: 7th Management: 6th Management Information Systems: 6th Marketing: 7th Production/Operations Management: 13th Quantitative Analysis: 11th Real Estate: 12thAs of late 2017, 10 business concentrations have been ranked in the Top 20.

The undergraduate Entrepreneurship & Corporate Innovation major has been ranked 1st among public universities for the last 9 consecutive years. In 2017, The Economist ranked; the Kelley MBA was ranked 1

Concetta Fierravanti-Wells

Concetta Anna Fierravanti-Wells is an Australian Liberal Party politician who served as Minister for International Development and the Pacific from 2016 to 2018, has served as Senator for New South Wales since 2005. Fierravanti-Wells served in the Turnbull Government as Assistant Minister for Multicultural Affairs between September 2015 and February 2016. Fierravanti-Wells was elected to the Senate at the 2004 federal election. Fierravanti-Wells was born in New South Wales. Both her parents were Italian immigrants born in Calitri in the Province of Avellino, she was educated at the Australian National University. She was a Legal Officer, Australian Government Solicitor, Canberra 1984-86, Legal Officer Senior Legal Officer, Australian Government Solicitor, Sydney 1986-90 and Acting Principal Legal Officer, Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service 1990, she was a Policy Advisor to Jim Carlton Shadow Minister for Policy Co-ordination and Development 1990-1993, Senior Private Secretary to John Fahey Premier of New South Wales, 1993-1994.

She was a Senior Lawyer with the Australian Government Solicitor in Sydney 1994-2004. Fierravanti-Wells has been a member of the Federal Council of the Liberal Party, she opposes same-sex marriage and adoption, claiming in a 2012 interview that many LGBT people do not "even intend on staying in a monogamous relationship". She would have taken her seat on 1 July 2005, however following the resignation of Senator John Tierney in April, Fierravanti-Wells was appointed to the resulting vacancy, took her seat on 5 May. Prior to the 2013 federal election, she was the Shadow Minister for Mental Ageing. During the Turnbull cabinet re-shuffle, Fierravanti-Wells was appointed as Assistant Minister for Multicultural Affairs, an outer ministry position. On 13 February 2016, it was announced that Fierravanti-Wells would be appointed Minister for International Development and the Pacific following a rearrangement in the First Turnbull Ministry. In April 2018, speaking at the Overseas Development Institute in London, Fierravanti-Wells said increasing Australia's foreign aid commitment was opposed by most in the country.

“In Australia we had some research done where it showed that about 80% of Australians believe that we should not be spending more on foreign aid or that what we spend is about right.” In 2018, Australia’s foreign aid commitment stood at $3.9bn, its lowest level as a proportion of the budget: 0.22% of gross national income. Fierravanti-Wells is a public opponent of same sex marriage, was one of twelve senators who voted against what became the Marriage Amendment Act 2017. Fierravanti-Wells resigned from the ministry on 21 August 2018, following the Liberal Party leadership spill that day. Summary of parliamentary voting for Senator Concetta Fierravanti-Wells on

Tehran International Book Fair

Tehran International Book Fair is an annual international book fair held in Tehran, Iran. Held in a 120,000 square meter venue at Tehran's Grand Prayer Grounds, the event provides an opportunity for publishers to discuss future cooperation; the fair features special sections, including the House of Literati that honors prominent Iranian cultural figures from a variety of disciplines. Media of Iran Culture of Iran Education in Iran Iran International Exhibitions Company Intellectual property in Iran Tabriz International Book Fair Official WebsiteVideosTehran International Book Fair - Part I Part II Part III 18th International Press Fair in Iran 25th Tehran International Book Fair Tehran 27th book fair warmly welcomed by book enthusiasts


An angstloch was a small hole in the floor of medieval castles and fortresses that led to a cellar or basement room below. The term is German and has no English equivalent, although a door, where there is one, to such a hole is called a trapdoor. An angstloch is located above the basement of a fighting tower or bergfried; the description of these basement rooms as "dungeons" stems from the romanticised castle studies of the 19th century. There is no evidence to indicate that prisoners were lowered through the angstloch into the dungeon using a rope or rope ladder as these 19th century accounts suggest. Archaeological finds, by contrast, indicate the use of these basement spaces as store rooms. For example, piles of stones have been found in such rooms that suggest they were used as a store for projectiles to be used in time of siege. Günther Binding: Architektonische Formenlehre. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1987, ISBN 3534078616, pp. 191, 223. Alois Brandstetter: Die Burg. Residenz Verlag, 1986, ISBN 3701704309, p. 293.

Otto Piper: Abriss der Burgenkunde. Göschen Collection, Volume 119. G. J. Göschen, 1900, pp. 47ff.. Otto Piper: Burgenkunde. Weidlich, 1967, p. 664

Hyderabad State Forces

The Hyderabad State Forces was the armed forces of the kingdom of Hyderabad Deccan. People from Various groups were enlisted in the Nizam's army. Among these groups were Arab nationals like Chaush and African nationals like Siddi's who now stay in Barkas and A. C. Guards areas of present Hyderabad who migrated to the Deccan; the Nizam had about 1200 Sikh guards. Muslims from Audh, Sindh and surrounding areas in North India added to bolster ranks; these non-indigenous soldiers were called as "Rohollas". Other battalions within the army were called line "Walas"; some troops were supplied by Europeans for the security of Nizam. Three different groups were commanded by three different independent commanders; the Nizam, an important officer in Nizam's government called Shangal Umara or "Amin Kabir" maintained their own separate forces. During the time of Operation Polo, the Hyderabad State Forces consisted of six infantry battalions, two Cavalry regiment, 1,500 armed irregulars; the army had one field battery.

In total, the Nizam's army numbered 24,000 men, of whom some 6,000 were trained and equipped. Some of the units surrendered on the first two days of the Operation. Four Hyderabadi infantry Companies and three Cavalry squadrons were absorbed into the Maratha Light Infantry, Madras Regiment, Poona Horse and Deccan Horse of the Indian Army respectively. In 1767-1768, Nizam ʿĀlī accepted British control in Hyderabad by the Treaty of Masulipatam. From 1778 onwards, a British resident and subsidiary force were installed in his dominions. In 1795, Nizam ʿĀlī Khan lost some of his own territories to the Marathas; when he turned to the French, the British increased their subsidiary force stationed in his domain. The Nizam's territorial gains against Tippu Sultan were given to the British. Surrounded by territory controlled by the British, Nizam ʿĀlī Khan was pushed to enter into an agreement that placed his country under British protection in 1798, he was, independent in domestic matters. Nizam ʿĀlī Khan and his soldiers were allied to the British in the second and third Maratha Wars, Nizam Nāṣir al-Dawlah and Hyderabad's military contingent remained loyal to the British during the Sepoy Mutiny.

In September 1948, the Indian Army attacked Hyderabad State due to attacks from the Razakars in surrounding areas. The battle between the Nizam's army and the Indian army had lasted for five days, had led to an Indian victory. Hyderabad was integrated into the Indian union as a result. Nizams of Hyderabad Hyderabad Deccan Chaush Siddis Establishments of the Nizams

André Fuhrmann

André Fuhrmann is a Professor of Philosophy and Logic at the Goethe University Frankfurt. Fuhrmann studied at the University of Marburg and at the University of St Andrews, where in 1984, he earned his Master of Philosophy, he went to the Institute of Advanced Studies at the Australian National University and got his Ph. D. in 1988. Fuhrmanns Ph. D. thesis was on Relevance logic and Modal logic. From 1989 to 2002 Fuhrmann worked at the University of Konstanz as a post-doc and research fellow. During that time he had several visiting positions at Indiana University Bloomington, Columbia University, at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Fuhrmann had the position of a full professor of philosophy at the São Judas Tadeu University in São Paulo, Brazil from 2002 to 2006, he was appointed a professor with a Chair of Theoretical Philosophy at the Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main in 2006. Moreover, he was additionally appointed Professor of Linguistics in 2009. André Fuhrmann has made contributions in Relevance logic and Modal logic.

Fuhrmann is best known for his research on "belief revision" or "theory change", a field of formal epistemology with applications for artificial intelligence and cognitive science. Fuhrmann takes an interest in freshwater diatoms. Together with H. Lange-Bertalot he discovered and described new species in Brazil. Heinz-Meier-Leibnitz Prize for work in Cognitive Science 1989: Reflective modalities and theory change. Synthese 81:115–134. 1991: Tropes and laws. Philosophical Studies, 63:57–82. 1991: Theory contraction through base contraction. Journal of Philosophical Logic, 20:256–281. 1991: Models for relevant modal logics. Studia Logica, 49:301–315, 1991. 1994: On S. Studia Logica, 53:75–91. 1994: Undercutting and the Ramsey test for conditionals. Synthese, 101:157–169. Levi. 1994: A survey of multiple contractions. Journal of Logic and Information, 3:39–76. 1995: A relevant theory of conditionals. Journal of Philosophical Logic, 24:645–665. 1997: Solid belief. Theoria, 63:90–104. 1997: An Essay on Contraction.

Studies in Logic and Information, Stanford. 1999: When hyperpropositions meet... Journal of Philosophical Logic, 28:559–74. 2002: Explanatory exclusion and causal relevance. Facta Philosophica, 4:287–300. P. Mendonça. 2002: Russell’s way out of the paradox of propositions. History and Philosophy of Logic, 23:197–213. 2005: Existenz und Notwendigkeit – Kurt Gödels axiomatische Theologie. In: W. Spohn: Logik in der Philosophie. Synchron, Heidelberg 2005, S.349–374. 2006: Is pragmatist truth irrelevant to inquiry? In: Knowledge and Inquiry, hg. v. E. Olsson, Cambridge. 2013: Knowability as potential knowledge. Synthese. 2015: Blogging Gödel: His Ontological Argument In The Public Eye. In: Godel’s Ontological Argument. History and Controversies, ed. K. Swietorzecka, Warsaw ´, 2015. 2017: Deontic Modals: Why Abandon The Default Approach. In: Erkenntnis 83, pp. 1351-1365. André Fuhrmann page on Goethe University Frankfurt Personal website of André Fuhrmann Fuhrmanns personal website on his diatom research