Kenai, Alaska

Kenai is a city in the Kenai Peninsula Borough in the U. S. state of Alaska. The population was 7,100 as of the 2010 census, up from 6,942 in 2000; the city of Kenai is named after the local Dena'ina word'ken' or'kena', which means'flat, open area with few trees. D. published in 2007. This describes the area along the portion of the Kenai River near the City of Kenai. Archaeological evidence suggests that the area was first occupied by the Kachemak people from 1000 B. C. until they were displaced by the Dena'ina Athabaskan people around 1000 A. D. Before the arrival of the Russians, Kenai was a Dena'ina village called Shk'ituk't, meaning "where we slide down." When Russian fur traders first arrived in 1741, about 1,000 Dena'ina lived in the village. The traders called the people "Kenaitze", a Russian term for "people of the flats", or "Kenai people"; this name was adopted when they were incorporated as the Kenaitze Indian Tribe in the early 1970s. In 1786 Pytor Zaikov built Fort Nikolaevskaia for the Lebedev-Lastochkin Company on the site of modern Kenai, being the first European settlement on the Alaskan mainland.

Hostilities surfaced between the natives and settlers in 1797, culminating in an incident in which the Dena'ina attacked Fort St. Nicholas dubbed the battle of Kenai. Over one hundred deaths occurred from all involved parties. In 1838, the introduction of smallpox killed one half of the Dena'ina population. In 1869, after the Alaska Purchase, the United States Army established, it was soon abandoned. In 1895-96, the Holy Assumption of the Virgin Mary Russian Orthodox Church was built in the village, it is still in use today. The establishment of shipping companies in the early 1900s broadened Kenai into a port city. Canning companies were established and helped fuel the commercial fishing boom, the primary activity through the 1920s. In 1940, homesteads were opened in the area; the first dirt road from Anchorage was constructed in 1951. A military base, Wildwood Army Station, was established in 1953, served as a major communications post. Wildwood was conveyed in 1974 to the Kenai Native Association in partial settlement of Alaska Native land claims.

The facility was leased and purchased by the State of Alaska and presently serves as the Wildwood Correctional Complex. In 1965, offshore oil discoveries in Cook Inlet caused a period of rapid growth, they were a part of a series of oil deposits located during the middle of the 20th century. In 1957, oil was discovered at Swanson River, 20 miles northeast of Kenai; this was the first major oil discovery in Alaska. In 1992 and 2011, Kenai was named one of the All-America Cities. In 2008, the Kenai River was designated as a Category 5, or "impaired," water body by the State of Alaska in accordance with the federal Clean Water Act; the Kenai River Working Group was formed to address the issue of water pollution. By 2010, the status of the river was changed to a Category 2, or "water that attains its designated uses." Kenai is located at 60°33′31″N 151°13′47″W, on the west side of the Kenai Peninsula near the outlet of the Kenai River to the Cook Inlet of the Pacific Ocean. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.5 square miles, of which, 29.9 square miles of it is land and 5.6 square miles of it is water.

As with much of Southcentral Alaska, Kenai has a moderate dry-summer subarctic climate due to the cool summers. Winters are snowy, long but not cold considering the latitude, with January featuring a daily average temperature of 15.8 °F. Snow averages 63.6 inches per season, falling from October thru March, with some accumulation in April, in May or September. There are 37 nights of sub-0 °F lows annually, the area lies in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 4, indicating an average annual minimum in the −20 to −30 °F range. Summers are cool due to the marine influence, with 75 °F + highs or 55 °F + lows being rare. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −48 °F on February 4, 1947 up to 93 °F on June 14, 1969. Kenai first appeared on the 1880 U. S. Census as the unincorporated "Creole" village of Kenai Rédoute, it was shortened to Kenai with the 1890 census. It was incorporated in 1960; as of the census of 2000, there were 6,942 people, 2,622 households, 1,788 families residing in the city. The population density was 232.2 people per square mile.

There were 3,003 housing units at an average density of 100.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 82.76% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 8.74% Native American, 1.66% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, 5.00% from two or more races. 3.82 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 2,622 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.20. In the city population was spread out with 32.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 6.4% who we

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas is a system of alternate schools for talented students predominantly from rural area in India. They are run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, New Delhi, an autonomous organization under the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. JNVs are residential and co-educational schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi, with classes from VI to XII standard. JNVs are tasked with finding talented children in rural areas of India and providing them with an education equivalent to the best residential school system, without regard to their families' socio-economic condition; the Navodaya Vidyalaya system is a unique experiment unparalleled in the annals of school education in India and elsewhere. Its significance lies in the selection of talented rural children as the target group and the attempt to provide them with quality education comparable to the best in a residential school system.

Such children are found in all sections of society, in all areas including the most backward. The Budget for Education and activities at JNVs are provided by Ministry of HRD, Government of India and it's free of cost for the students during the 7 years of stay. JNVs exist all over India, with the exception of Tamil Nadu. There are 661 JNVs across India as of 2016-17 academic year; the idea of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas conceived by former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. The concept of opening a JNV in every district of India was born as a part of the National Policy on Education, 1986 with an aim of providing excellence coupled with social justice. Subsequently, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti was registered as a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860; as per policy of the government, one JNV was to be established in each district of country. To start with, two Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas were established during 1985–86, at Jhajjar and Amravati; as of the 2015–16 academic session, JNVs had been sanctioned for 576 districts.

In addition, ten JNVs have been sanctioned in districts having a large population of ST population, ten in districts having a large concentration of SC population and two special JNVs in Manipur, bringing the total number of sanctioned JNVs to 598. Out of these 591 JNVs are functional. In November 2016, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved the opening of one JNV in each of the 62 uncovered districts; that will bring the total number of JNVs to 660 once operational. Navodaya Vidyalayas are run by the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of School Education and Literacy, Govt. of India. The Chairman of the Samiti is the Minister of Human Resource Development; the Samiti functions through the Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of the Minister of HRD. The Executive Committee is responsible for the management of all affairs including allocation of funds to the Samiti and has the authority to exercise all powers of Samiti.

It is assisted by the Finance Committee and Academic Advisory Committee. The executive head of the administrative pyramid is the Commissioner who executes the policies laid down by the Samiti's Executive Committee. He/she is assisted at the Headquarters level by Joint Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners; the Samiti has established eight regional offices for the administration and monitoring of Navodaya Vidyalayas under their jurisdiction. These offices are headed by assistant commissioners. For each JNV, there is a Vidyalaya Advisory Committee for assistance on matters of academics and other general activities and a Vidyalaya Management Committee for budget preparation, selection of ad-hoc teachers and proper functioning of the school; the district collector of the concerned district is the ex-officio chairman of school level committees with local educationists, public representatives and officers from the district as members. Some schools have a Vidhyalaya Coordination Committee for looking after performance of academics.

At present, there are 598 functional residential schools, which are administrated, according to the following table, by eight regional offices located at Bhopal, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Patna and Shillong with jurisdiction over different states and UTs. Admission to Class VI of the JNVs requires qualification in the, an entrance exam designed and conducted by the CBSE. JNVST for Class VI is conducted annually throughout the country to select the 80 most meritorious students for each JNV, it is conducted in three phases per year, depending upon the session structure in the specific state or union territory. Candidates can apply for the test only once during their Class V. Competition in the entrance exam can be gauged from fact that in JNVST 2015, a total of 1,878.15 thousand students appeared and 41.48 thousand students were selected The test encompasses mental ability skills and regional language. The schools provide reservation as per NVS policy which encompasses reservation for ST and SC, at least 75% selection of students from rural areas, maximum 25% from urban areas, fixed 33% for female students and 3% for disabled candidates.

To compensate for attrition and optimally utilize seats, JNVST, developed by CBSE, is conducted for a hudmission to Class IX and lateral admissions, based on merit in Class X, are made for Class XI. These campuses are located in hinterlands to provide a serene environment and due to the unavailability of land near urban centers. Norms stipulate approx 30 acres of land fo

George Street Bridge, Newport

George Street Bridge is a crossing of the River Usk in the community of Victoria in Newport, South Wales. It is a Grade II* listed structure, it is the first cable-stayed bridge in the United Kingdom. Before its opening in 1964 the only crossings of the river Usk in central Newport were the Newport Bridge carrying the main A48 road and Newport Transporter Bridge. Many grand names were proposed for the bridge but it was named after the small George Street on the western bank of the River Usk; the bridge was planned to be six lanes wide, but with the M4 motorway Usk bridge planned further upstream it was reduced to four lanes. On completion, the A48 route was diverted over the new bridge, making it the preferred route for through traffic. However, in 2004 the new City Bridge on the Southern Distributor Road further downstream became the preferred route and assumed the route number. List of bridges in Wales