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Kensington

Kensington is an affluent district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in the West End of central London. The district's commercial heart is Kensington High Street, running on an east-west axis; the north east is taken up by Kensington Gardens, containing the Albert Memorial, the Serpentine Gallery and Speke's monument. South Kensington and Gloucester Road are home to Imperial College London, the Royal College of Music, the Royal Albert Hall, National Historical Museum and Albert Museum, Science Museum; the area is home to many international embassies and consulates and the residence of many politicians and billionaires. The manor of Chenesitone is listed in the Domesday Book of 1086, which in the Anglo-Saxon language means "Chenesi's ton". One early spelling is Kesyngton, as written in 1396; the manor of Kensington in the county of Middlesex, was one of several hundred granted by King William the Conqueror to Geoffrey de Montbray, Bishop of Coutances in Normandy, one of his inner circle of advisors and one of the wealthiest men in post-Conquest England.

He granted the tenancy of Kensington to his follower Aubrey de Vere I, holding the manor from him as overlord in 1086, according to the Domesday Book. The bishop's heir, Robert de Mowbray, rebelled against King William II and his vast feudal barony was forfeited to the Crown. Aubrey de Vere I thus became a tenant-in-chief, holding directly from the king after 1095, which increased his status in feudal England, he granted the church and an estate within the manor to Abingdon Abbey in Oxfordshire, at the deathbed request of his eldest son Geoffrey. As the de Veres became Earls of Oxford, their principal manor at Kensington came to be known as Earl's Court, as they were not resident in the manor, their manorial business was not conducted in the great hall of a manor house but in a court house. In order to differentiate it, the new sub-manor granted to Abingdon Abbey became known as Abbot's Kensington and the church St Mary Abbots; the original Kensington Barracks, built at Kensington Gate in the late 18th century, were demolished in 1858 and new barracks were built in Kensington Church Street.

The focus of the area is Kensington High Street, a busy commercial centre with many shops upmarket. The street was declared London's second best shopping street in February 2005 due to its wide range and number of shops. However, since October 2008 the street has faced competition from the Westfield shopping centre in nearby White City. Kensington's second group of commercial buildings is at South Kensington, where several streets of small to medium-sized shops and service businesses are situated close to South Kensington tube station; this is the southern end of Exhibition Road, the thoroughfare which serves the area's museums and educational institutions. The boundaries of Kensington are not well-defined. To the west, a border is defined by the line of the Counter Creek marked by the West London railway line. To the north, the only obvious border line is Holland Park Avenue, to the north of, the district of Notting Hill classed as within "North Kensington". In the north east is situated the large public Royal Park of Kensington Gardens.

The other main green area in Kensington is Holland Park, on the north side of the eastern end of Kensington High Street. Many residential roads have small communal garden squares, for the exclusive use of the residents. South Kensington largely comprises private housing. North Kensington and West Kensington are devoid of features to attract the visitor. Kensington is, in general, an affluent area, a trait that it shares with Chelsea, its neighbour to the south; the area has some of London's most expensive streets and garden squares, at about the turn of the 21st century the Holland Park neighbourhood became high-status. In early 2007 houses sold in Upper Phillimore Gardens east of Holland Park, for over £20 million. Brompton is another definable area of Kensington; the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea forms part of the most densely populated local government district in the United Kingdom. This high density has come about through the subdivision of large mid-rise Georgian and Victorian terraced houses into flats.

The less-affluent northern extremity of Kensington has high-rise residential buildings, while this type of building in the southern part is only represented by the Holiday Inn's London Kensington Forum Hotel in Cromwell Road, a 27-storey building. Notable attractions and institutions in Kensington include: Kensington Palace in Kensington Gardens; the Olympia Exhibition Hall is just over the western border in West Kensington. Kensington is administered within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, lies within the Kensington parliamentary constituency; the head office of newspaper group DMGT is located in Northcliffe House off Kensington High Street in part of the large Barkers department store building. In addition to housing the offices for the DMGT newspapers Daily Mail, Mail on Sunday and Metro, Northcliffe House accommodates the offices of the newspapers owned by Evgeny Lebedev: The Independent, The Independent on Sunday, the

John Smith (sergeant)

John Smith was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Born in Derbyshire in the United Kingdom, Smith enlisted in the army of the East India Company at the age of 23. Posted to India in 1839, Smith served through various campaigns, earning the Victoria Cross in 1857 at the Siege of Delhi. Smith died from dysentery in 1864. Smith was born in Ashby Road, Derbyshire, in February 1814. After working as a cordwainer like his father and uncle, Smith enlisted with the private army of the East India Company in London on 3 October 1837. Following his training at the East India Company's depot in Chatham, Smith embarked for India. Arriving on 2 August 1839 Smith was posted to the Bengal Sappers and Miners, subsequently arriving at the headquarters in Delhi joining the 3rd Company of the Bengal Sappers and Miners. Smith was promoted to Sergeant in 1840. Smith with the 5th Company of the Bengal Sappers and Miners in November 1841, served in a force under Brigadier Wild, taking part in the advance on Ali Masjid in the Khyber Pass.

Smith served throughout the 1842 campaign in Afghanistan, taking part in the successful storming of the Khyber Pass. Smith rejoined the Headquarters of the Bengal Sappers and Miners at Delhi, was shortly afterwards transferred to 7th Company, with whom he served in the part of the Sutlej campaign. Smith was awarded a medal for this. Posted to the 3rd Company, Smith served through the Punjab campaign in the Second Anglo-Sikh War, being present at the siege and capture of Multan and battle of Gujerat. For this service Smith was awarded the Punjab Medal with two clasps. Smith was posted in 1851 to work with the Superintending Engineer of the Punjab, in the Department of Public Works, as an Acting Assistant Overseer attached to the Mian Mir Division becoming an Assistant Overseer in 1854. Smith was ordered to return to his regiment in 1856, due to an error in the carrying out of this order Smith was mistakenly posted, at a reduced rank of Gunner, to the 3rd Company of the 4th Battalion of Bengal Artillery.

Smith protested against the order, leading to its rescinding and Smith being sent back to the Bengal Sappers and Miners at his former rank of Sergeant. Smith remained at the depot in Rurki until the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny in May 1857 when the a force from the Bengal Sappers and Miners were ordered to the immediate aid of the station at Meerut; the arrival of this force at Meerut on 13 May 1857 was met with hostility, the Meerut authorities demanded that the Bengal Sappers and Miners be disarmed, leading to the mutiny of a large number of the force which left to join the rebels at Delhi, leaving 45 Non-commissioned Officers and Privates, 124 loyal Indian sappers. After two weeks at Meerut, this group was ordered to join the Delhi Field Force, with Smith serving in operations through the siege. Smith was 43 years old, a sergeant in the Bengal Sappers and Miners, Bengal Army during the Indian Mutiny when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. On 14 September 1857 at Delhi, British India, Sergeant Smith with two lieutenants and Bugler Robert Hawthorne showed conspicuous gallantry in the blowing in the Kashmir Gate in broad daylight under heavy fire.

His citation reads: For conspicuous gallantry, in conjunction with Lieutenants Home and Salkeld, in the performance of the desperate duty of blowing in the Cashmere Gate of the fortress of Delhi in broad daylight, under a heavy and destructive fire of musketry, on the morning of 14 September 1857, preparatory to the assault. Smith spent 1858 engaged in operations in Oudh and was awarded the Indian Mutiny Medal with "Delhi" clasp. In July 1859 Smith was appointed acting Barrack Master for Jullundur and Phillour. Smith was promoted to Ensign on 17 March 1860. and served as Barrack Master at Peshawar and Darjeeling, returning in January 1864 to general duties at Amballa. While on leave in Jullundur, Smith contracted dysentery there and died on 26 June 1864, following which he was buried in the Artillery Cemetery in Jullundur; the location of Smith's Victoria Cross medal is unknown. A memorial plaque commemorating Smith was placed on the wall of Ticknall Village Hall in 2014. Find A Grave entry for John Smith

Consumer import of prescription drugs

Consumer import of prescription drugs refers to an individual person a patient, getting prescription drugs from a foreign country for their own personal use in their own country. People might have drugs shipped to them from online pharmacies, they may travel internationally for the purpose of medical tourism, purchase drugs there to be used back home. Individual consumers will only consider seeking drugs from other countries if they have some barrier to access in their own country. One barrier to access is high local prices compared to other markets. Another barrier to access could be legal restrictions preventing an individual from getting a drug they want or need. In some markets, drug prices are influenced by the prices in other, nearby markets. In Europe, for example and travel to different countries, the price of a certain drug in one country affects the price in other, nearby countries. Having this kind of competitive exchange can keep prices low, but it can lead to lowered drug accessibility.

Sometimes a manufacturer may choose not to offer a drug in one market, to ensure success in selling the drug at a higher price in a different market. Businesses and drug retailers wish to control the supply of pharmaceuticals in their own marketplace; as such, if low-cost drugs entered a market from other lower-cost territories, what might develop is pure price-based selling. The TRIPS agreement is an example of a World Trade Organization treaty which regulates how drugs can be traded in the international marketplace; some developing countries might receive access to lower-cost drugs through compulsory licenses. Compulsory licenses affect markets outside the country. Drugs which are legal in one place may not be legal in another. People in the United States have easy access to Canada; the quality of medicine in Canada is comparable to that of the United States. Drug prices are much lower in Canada than in the United States. To save money, some consumers in the United States seek to purchase drugs in Canada.

Different people have published different perspectives on this practice. One major on-line supplier, Canada Drugs, announced its closure on July 13, 2018 as part of an agreement with the U. S. Department of Justice. Consumers may feel that prescription drugs which are available to multiple countries to be of equivalent quality, feel comfortable buying and using drugs by choosing to purchase from the country which offers the drugs at the lowest price. Governments oversee the import of prescription drugs so bringing a prescription drug from a foreign country could be Illegal drug trade