U.S. Route 41 in Michigan
US Highway 41 is a part of the United States Numbered Highway System that runs from Miami, Florida, to the Upper Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. In Michigan, it is a state trunkline highway that enters the state via the Interstate Bridge between Marinette and Menominee, Michigan; the 278.769 miles of US 41 that lie within Michigan serve as a major conduit. Most of the highway is listed on the National Highway System. Various sections are rural two-lane highway, urbanized four-lane divided expressway and the Copper Country Trail National Scenic Byway; the northernmost community along the highway is Copper Harbor at the tip of the Keweenaw Peninsula. The trunkline ends at a cul-de-sac east of Fort Wilkins State Park after serving the Central Upper Peninsula and Copper Country regions of Michigan. US 41 passes through farm fields and forest lands, along the Lake Superior shoreline; the highway is included in the Lake Superior Circle Tour and the Lake Michigan Circle Tour and passes through the Hiawatha National Forest and the Keweenaw National Historical Park.
Historical landmarks along the trunkline include the Marquette Branch Prison, Peshekee River Bridge and the Quincy Mine. The highway is known for a number of historic bridges such as a lift bridge, the northernmost span in the state and a structure referred to as "one of Michigan's most important vehicular bridges" by the Michigan Department of Transportation. Seven memorial highway designations have been applied to parts of the trunkline since 1917, one of them named for a Civil War general. US 41 was first designated as a US Highway in 1926. A section of the highway served as part of Military Road, a connection between Fort Wilkins and Fort Howard during the Civil War. US 41 replaced the original M-15 designation of the highway which dated back to the formation of the Michigan state trunkline highway system. M-15 ended in Copper Harbor. Realignments and construction projects have expanded the highway to four lanes in Delta and Marquette counties and have created three business loops off the main highway.
US 41 is a major highway for Michigan traffic in the Upper Peninsula. The 278.769-mile highway comprises two lanes. US 41/M-28 is a four-lane expressway along the "Marquette Bypass", segments of the highway in Delta and Marquette counties have four lanes; the route from the southern terminus to downtown Houghton is part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways considered important to the nation's economy and mobility. Sections of the trunkline are on the Lake Lake Michigan circle tours. US 41 enters Michigan on the Interstate Bridge connecting Marinette and Menominee, Michigan. In the city of Menominee, US 41 follows 10th Avenue and 10th Street just west of downtown; the highway meets the southern terminus of M-35, with the Menominee-Marinette Airport to its west, the waters of the Green Bay less than 1,000 feet to the east, following 10th Street out of town. The trunkline runs north through rolling farmland in the central Menominee County communities of Wallace and the twin communities of Carney and Nadeau.
At Powers, US 41 joins with US 2. US 2/US 41 crosses into the Hannahville Indian Community at the communities of Harris in Menominee County and Bark River in Delta County; the county line between the two communities marks the boundary between the Central and Eastern time zones. Just west of downtown Escanaba, US 2/US 41 joins M-35 at the intersection of Ludington Street and Lincoln Road, the center of the Escanaba street grid; the trunkline enters Escanaba from the west on Ludington Street, turns north on Lincoln Road, joins M-35. The combined highway runs north adjacent to Little Bay de Noc using a four-lane divided highway to the city of Gladstone, where M-35 turns west along 4th Avenue North. US 2/US 41 continues on a four-lane expressway north to Rapid River at the end of Little Bay de Noc. There, US 2 turns east, US 41 turns north and inland to cross the Upper Peninsula; the section of US 41 between Menominee and Escanaba illustrates an anomaly in the highway routing: between these two cities M-35 is the shortest state trunkline highway.
Under American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials guidelines, US Highways are to follow the most direct path between two locations, but US 41 runs inland and M-35 goes more directly up the Lake Michigan shoreline. According to the 2007 MDOT state highway map, the US 41 routing runs for 65 miles versus 55 miles for M-35; the original map for the US Highway System shows US 41 continuing north from Powers on a direct line to Marquette. This routing would be more direct than the current US 41 routing via Escanaba and Rapid River, but has not been built; this stretch of US 41 runs north through the western edge of the Hiawatha National Forest. At Trenary, US 41 turns northwest through the southwest corner of Alger County, crossing into Marquette County north of Kiva. M-94 follows US 41 for 2 miles near Skandia, before it turns westward to provide access to K. I. Saywer, a former air force base. US 41 continues northerly into the Chocolay Township community of Harvey, it meets the eastern junction with M-28 in Harvey, the two highways run concurrent for nearly 60 miles, during which they follow the Lake Superior Circle Tour.
US 41/M-28 runs north along the Lake Superior shoreline, passing the Marquette Branch Prison and crossing the Carp River before cresting Shiras Hill on the way into the city of Marquette, entering town on Front Stree
Copper Harbor, Michigan
Copper Harbor is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in northeastern Keweenaw County in the U. S. state of Michigan. It is within Grant Township on the Keweenaw Peninsula which juts out from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan into Lake Superior, its population was 108 as of the 2010 census. The town's name alludes to the former use of its harbor as a port for shipping copper mined from local deposits during the mid-19th century; the Pittsburgh and Boston Mining Company, formed by John Hays of Cleveland, began operating in Copper Harbor in 1844. It was a small development at first, but its mine was modern for its time, the company struck it rich in 1845. A few years the Central and other mines opened and became successful. By 1870, the copper resources had been worked out. Mining activity no longer exists, the town's harbor is used for recreational purposes such as snowmobiling and for a ferry that connects Isle Royale National Park to northern Michigan; the Copper Harbor Lighthouse is situated at the opening of the harbor.
Nearby is Fort Wilkins Historic State Park, a restored 1844 frontier army base built to protect the port in the early years of the copper mining boom. The town is the northern terminus of US 41 and the eastern terminus of M-26. Both approaches to Copper Harbor, the shore-hugging M-26 from Eagle Harbor and the more inland, rugged US 41 offer dramatic views, as does the Brockway Mountain Drive overlook. One can follow Manganese Road from the town's center to Manganese Falls and the Estivant Pines, among the oldest and tallest remaining stands of virgin white pines in Michigan. Copper Harbor is at 47°28′08″N 87°53′18″W; the ZIP code is 49918 and the FIPS place code is 18100. Copper Harbor has a humid continental climate. Summers are warm but hot due to the moderating influence of Lake Superior, whilst winters are cold and snowy, albeit milder than areas on similar parallels to the west, due to the low-scale maritime moderation. Although winter temperatures are similar to those in nearest large metropolitan city Minneapolis a couple of degrees latitude south-west, the main difference being that April is a winter month in Copper Harbor, since the marine effects delay spring.
The temperature lag effect is so great that March holds the town's record low, April's record low temperatures are not much warmer than those of December. Copper mining in Michigan Shipwrecks of the 1913 Great Lakes storm Official community of Copper Harbor website Copper Country Explorer Copper Harbor's birdingfFestival Copper Harbor biking and hiking trails
Cook County, Minnesota
Not to be confused with Cook, Minnesota in Saint Louis County. Cook County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. Around 1.8 million visitors travel to Cook County each year. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,176, making it the fifth-least populous county in Minnesota, its county seat is Grand Marais. The Grand Portage Indian Reservation is within the county; the first inhabitants of this area were the Ojibwe people. The first non-indigenous people to see the area were French fur traders, a few of whom settled in the area. In the 1830s, settlers began arriving from upstate New York. Completion of the Erie Canal and settling of the Black Hawk War made this migration wave safer and easier. Most of Cook County's 1830s settlers came from Orange County and Down East Maine. Most were farmers. By 1845 the future Cook County contained some 350 people of European descent, they were members of the Congregational Church and Baptist churches. By 1900 there were about 3,000 people in Cook County.
The first decade of the twentieth century saw a large influx of Europeans, from Germany and Ireland. These waves introduced Catholicism to Cook County; the county was created on March 9, 1874. It was named for Michael Cook and State Senator Cook County is a rugged wooded triangle of land on the NE tip of Minnesota, it abuts the southern border of Canada, the western border of the state of Wisconsin, is surrounded by the northern end of the Great Lakes. It is dotted with lakes and streams; the state's highest point is in the county, at 2,301' ASL. The county has a total area of 3,340 square miles, of which 1,452 square miles is land and 1,887 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county in Minnesota by total area. The highest natural point in Minnesota, Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, the highest lake in Minnesota, Lake Abita at 2,048 feet, are located in Cook County. Lake Superior is at the county's southern border. There is only one traffic light in the county. Minnesota State Highway 61 Cook County Road 12 – Gunflint Trail Cook County is in the extreme northeast of the state at the tip of the Arrowhead region.
Its geographic neighbors are: Rainy River District, Ontario Canada - northwest Thunder Bay District, Ontario Canada - northeast Lake County - west Ashland County, Wisconsin - south Keweenaw County, Michigan - east/EST Border Ontonagon County, Michigan - southeast/EST Border Northern Minnesota offers extreme winter weather. While the averages are low, the extremes provide more details. A third of the year is below freezing. Of those days, 21 are below zero degrees Fahrenheit; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 5,168 people, 2,350 households, 1,438 families in the county. The population density was 3.56/sqmi. There were 4,708 housing units at an average density of 3.24/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 89.45% White, 7.59% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.29% Black or African American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 2.05% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.6 % were of 17.7 % Norwegian, 11.5 % Swedish, 7.2 % Irish and 5.4 % English ancestry.
There were 2,350 households out of which 24.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.80% were non-families. 32.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.73. The county population contained 20.40% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 31.20% from 45 to 64, 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,640, the median income for a family was $47,132. Males had a median income of $31,211 versus $23,650 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,775. About 8.10% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.
Grand Marais Lutsen Lutsen Township Schroeder Township Tofte Township East Cook Grand Portage West Cook Chippewa City Colvill Cook County voters have voted Democratic. In 78% of national elections since 1980, the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Cook County, Minnesota Cook County Government's website Mn/DOT – maps of Cook County
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
English Americans are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or in England. In the 2017 American Community Survey, English Americans are of the total population; the term is distinct from British Americans, which includes not only English Americans but Scottish Americans, Scotch-Irish Americans, Welsh Americans, Cornish Americans and Manx Americans from the whole of the United Kingdom. However, demographers regard this as a serious under count, as the index of inconsistency is high and many if not most Americans from English stock have a tendency to identify as "Americans" or if of mixed European ancestry, identify with a more recent and differentiated ethnic group. In the 1980 Census, over 49 million Americans claimed English ancestry, at the time around 26.34% of the total population and largest reported group which today, would make them the largest ethnic group in the United States. Scotch-Irish Americans are for the most part descendants of Lowland Scots and Northern English settlers who colonized Ireland during the Plantation of Ulster in the 17th century.
In 1982, an opinion poll showed respondents a card listing a number of ethnic groups and asked, "Thinking both of what they have contributed to this country and have gotten from this country, for each one tell me whether you think, on balance, they've been a good or a bad thing for this country." The English were the top ethnic group, with 66% saying they were a good thing for the United States, followed by the Irish at 62%. Ben J. Wattenberg argues that this poll demonstrates a general American bias against Hispanics and other recent immigrant populations; the majority—57%--of the Founding Fathers of the United States were of English extraction. English immigrants in the 19th century, as with other groups, sought economic prosperity, they began migrating in large numbers without 1840s to 1890s. Americans of English heritage are seen, identify, as "American" due to the many historic cultural ties between England and the U. S. and their influence on the country's population. Relative to ethnic groups of other European origins, this may be due to the early establishment of English settlements.
Since 1776, English-Americans have been less to proclaim their heritage in the face of the upsurge of cultural and ethnic pride by African Americans, Irish Americans, Scottish Americans, Italian Americans or other ethnic groups. A leading specialist, Charlotte Erickson, found them to be ethnically "invisible," dismissing the occasional St. George Societies as ephemeral elite clubs that were not in touch with the larger ethnic community. In Canada, by contrast, the English organized far more ethnic activism, as the English competed with the well-organized French and Irish elements. In the United States the Scottish immigrants were much better organized than the English in the 19th century, as are their descendants in the late 20th century; the original 17th century settlers were overwhelmingly English. From the time of the first permanent English presence in the New World until 1900, these immigrants and their descendants outnumbered all others establishing the English cultural pattern as predominant for the American version.
According to the United States Historical Census, the ethnic populations in the British American Colonies of 1700, 1755 and 1775 were: The category'Irish' represents immigrants from Ireland outside the Province of Ulster, the overwhelming majority of whom were Protestant and not ethnically Irish, though from Ireland. The distinction between Scots-Irish and Irish came about in the mid-19th century: prior to this time all Irish persons whatever religion were identified as'Irish.' In 1790 the U. S. conducted its first national population census. The ancestries of the population in 1790 has been estimated by various sources, first in 1932 again in 1980 and 1984 by sampling distinctive surnames in the census and assigning them a country of origin. There is debate over the accuracy between the studies with individual scholars and the Federal Government using different techniques and conclusion for the ethnic composition. A study published in 1909 titled A Century of Population Growth by the Government Census Bureau estimated the English were 83.5% of the white population.
The states with the highest percentage by the same Census Bureau data in 1909 of English ancestry were Connecticut 96.2%, Rhode Island 96.0%, Vermont 95.4%, Massachusetts 95.0%, New Hampshire 94.1%, Maine 93.1%, Virginia 85.0%, Maryland 84.0%, North Carolina 83.1%, South Carolina 82.4%, New York 78.2%, Pennsylvania 59.0%. Another source by Thomas L. Purvis in 1984 estimated that people of English ancestry made up about 47.5% of the total population or 60.9% of the white or European American population. Some 80.7% of the total United States population was of European origin. Around 757,208 were of African descent with 697,624 being slaves. In 1980, 23,748,772 Americans claimed only English ancestry and another 25,849,263 claimed English along with another ethnic ancestry, it must be noted that 13.3 million or 5.9% of the total U. S. population chose to identify as "American" as seen in censuses that followed. Below shows the persons. At a national level the ancestry response rate was high with 90.4% of the total United States population choosing at least
The Cajuns known as Acadians are an ethnic group living in the U. S. state of Louisiana, in the Canadian maritimes provinces as well as Québec consisting in part of the descendants of the original Acadian exiles—French-speakers from Acadia in what are now the Maritimes of Eastern Canada. In Louisiana and Cajun are used as broad cultural terms without reference to actual descent from the deported Acadians. Today, the Cajuns make up a significant portion of south Louisiana's population and have exerted an enormous impact on the state's culture. While Lower Louisiana had been settled by French colonists since the late 17th century, the Cajuns trace their roots to the influx of Acadian settlers after the Great Expulsion from their homeland during the French and British hostilities prior to the Seven Years' War; the Acadia region to which modern Cajuns trace their origin consisted of what are now Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island plus parts of eastern Quebec and northern Maine. Since their establishment in Louisiana, the Cajuns have developed their own dialect, Cajun French, developed a vibrant culture including folkways and cuisine.
The Acadiana region is associated with them. The origin of the designation Acadia is credited to the explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, commissioned by the King Francis I of France, who on his 16th-century map applied the ancient Greek name "Arcadia" to the entire Atlantic coast north of Virginia. "Arcadia" derives from the Arcadia district in Greece which since classical antiquity had the extended meanings of "refuge" or "idyllic place". Samuel de Champlain fixed the orthography with the'r' omitted in the 17th century; the term came to apply only to the northern part of the coast in what is now Canada and New England. The Cajuns retain a unique dialect of the French language and numerous other cultural traits that distinguish them as an ethnic group. Cajuns were recognized by the U. S. government as a national ethnic group in 1980 per a discrimination lawsuit filed in federal district court. Presided over by Judge Edwin Hunter, the case, known as Roach v. Dresser Industries Valve and Instrument Division, hinged on the issue of the Cajuns' ethnicity: We conclude that plaintiff is protected by Title VII's ban on national origin discrimination.
The Louisiana Acadian is alive and well. He is "up front" and "main stream." He is not asking for any special treatment. By affording coverage under the "national origin" clause of Title VII he is afforded no special privilege, he is given only the same protection as those with English, French, Czechoslavakian, Polish, Italian, Irish, et al. ancestors. The British Conquest of French Acadia happened in 1710. Over the next 45 years, the Acadians refused to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance to Britain. During this period, Acadians participated in various militia operations against the British and maintained vital supply lines to the French fortress of Louisbourg and Fort Beausejour. During the French and Indian War, the British sought to neutralize the Acadian military threat and to interrupt their vital supply lines to Louisbourg by deporting Acadians from Acadia. During 1755–1763 Acadia consisted of parts of present-day Canada: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, the Gaspe Peninsula in the province of Quebec.
The deportation of the Acadians from these areas has become known as the Great Upheaval or Le Grand Dérangement. The Acadians' migration from Canada was spurred by the Treaty of Paris; the treaty terms provided 18 months for unrestrained emigration. Many Acadians moved to the region of the Atakapa in present-day Louisiana travelling via the French colony of Saint-Domingue. Joseph Broussard led the first group of 200 Acadians to arrive in Louisiana on February 27, 1765, aboard the Santo Domingo. On April 8, 1765, he was appointed militia captain and commander of the "Acadians of the Atakapas" region in St. Martinville; some of the settlers wrote to their family scattered around the Atlantic to encourage them to join them at New Orleans. For example, Jean-Baptiste Semer, wrote to his father in France: My dear father... you can come here boldly with my dear mother and all the other Acadian families. They will always be better off than in France. There are neither duties nor taxes to pay and the more one works, the more one earns without doing harm to anyone.
The Acadians were scattered throughout the eastern seaboard. Families were put on ships with different destinations. Many ended up west of the Mississippi River in what was French-colonized Louisiana, including territory as far north as Dakota territory. France had ceded the colony to Spain in 1762, prior to their defeat by Britain and two years before the first Acadians began settling in Louisiana; the interim French officials provided land and supplies to the new settlers. The Spanish governor, Bernardo de Gálvez proved to be hospitable, permitting the Acadians to continue to speak their language, practice their native religion, otherwise pursue their livelihoods with minimal interference; some families and individuals did travel north through the Louisiana territory to set up homes as far north as Wisconsin. Cajuns fought in the American Revolution. Although they fought for Spanish General Galvez, their contribution to the winning of the war has been recognized."Galvez leaves New Orleans with an army of Spanish regulars and the Louisiana militi
M-26 (Michigan highway)
M-26 is a 96.355-mile-long state trunkline highway in the U. S. state of Michigan, running from two miles east of Rockland to its junction with US Highway 41 in Copper Harbor. It runs southwest-to-northeast in the western half or Michigan's Upper Peninsula; the northernmost segment, which parallels the shore of Lake Superior on the west side of the Keweenaw Peninsula, is scenic. M-26 reached the Wisconsin border, but a section of the highway became US 45. Other changes on the northern end of M-26 incorporated highways that were numbered M-111 and M-206 in the Eagle Harbor and Eagle River area. M-26 starts at an intersection with US 45 east of Rockland in Michigan's Ontonagon County. From there it runs through the town of Mass City to the junction with M-38 east of Greenland; the two highways join for a short distance before M-26 separates turning northeast to Winona across the Houghton County line. In Twin Lakes M-26 passes the shores of Twin Lakes State Park. M-26 passes through hilly terrain in western Houghton County.
The segment of roadway in South Range was realigned to smooth out curves in the roadway. From there north, M-26 runs downhill on approaching the western business district of Houghton and the Portage Lake Lift Bridge from the west, it enters and runs through the middle of Dakota Heights before re-entering Houghton and continuing to approach the bridge. The Portage Lake Lift Bridge connects the cities of Hancock and Houghton, Michigan by crossing over the Portage Waterway, an arm of Portage Lake which cuts across the Keweenaw Peninsula with a canal linking the final several miles to Lake Superior to the northwest; as its name states, the bridge is a lift bridge with the middle section capable of being lifted from its low point of four feet clearance over the water to a clearance of thirty two feet to allow boats to pass underneath. The Portage Lake Lift Bridge is the widest and heaviest double decked vertical lift bridge in the world; the lower deck of the bridge was open to rail traffic, but this level is now closed to trains and is used in the winter for snowmobile traffic.
Throughout the 1960s, 70s and 80s, the bridge was painted the same color as the Mackinac Bridge — cream and forest green — however, in the early 1990s, it was repainted in a cream and robins egg blue color scheme—exactly the same colors as the National Park Service's ship Ranger III—to some demoting Houghton as the "Gateway to Isle Royale". On the north end of the bridge, M-26 turns east. M-26 passes through Ripley at the base of the Mt. Ripley Ski Area before turning north to Dollar Bay on the shore of the heavy polluted Torch Lake. Next are the twin communities of Lake Hubbell. M-26 forms the main streets of these; the highway runs back to the west to rejoin US 41 in Calumet. US 41/M-26 connects with the northern end of M-203 on the north side of town before heading out to Keweenaw County. In the town of Phoenix, M-26 separates from US 41 one last time, turning west for a stretch along the northern shoreline of the Keweenaw Peninsula, it passes through the communities of Eagle Harbor. M-26 in Eagle River crosses the namesake river on the glue-laminated Eagle River Timber Bridge.
The 152-foot bridge features 79 feet in length. The connecting work between the wood elements is steel. There are hinge points in the center of each arch; the deck is wood covered with an asphalt driving surface. Enough wood was used in construction to fabricate four average-sized homes. All the wood was pressure-treated, the steel was galvanized and epoxy-coated. Reapplication of preservative and tightening bolts will be the routine maintenance required every three years. Past Eagle Harbor, M-26 meets the scenic Brockway Mountain Drive; the northern terminus of M-26 is located in Copper Harbor. The terminus is just past the second intersection with Brockway Mountain Drive near the marina and the location of the Isle Royale Queen ferry to Isle Royale National Park. Before it was a state highway, many parts of the original route of M-26 were used as a military road, connecting Fort Wilkins at Copper Harbor with Fort Howard at Green Bay, Wisconsin. From 1919 until 1934, M-26 was routed southward to the Wisconsin state line to a connection with STH-26 along what is now US 45.
The original northern terminus of M-26 was in Laurium at M-15. This extension would be reversed in 1933 when the Mohawk to Gay routing was turned over to Keweenaw County control. A second extension in 1935 along US 41 to Phoenix replaced M-129 between Eagle Harbor. At this time, M-206 was designated from M-26 to the Eagle Harbor light house. A rerouting of M-26 in November 1940 moved it between Phoenix and Eagle River, replacing M-111; the segment between Phoenix and Eagle River along Copper Falls Mine Road was turned over to Keweenaw County at this time. In 1979, M-26 was rerouted through Dakota Heights. Park Avenue had served as the main route from Houghton to Atlantic Mine, but this was replaced by the new route of the highway; the Lake Shore Drive Bridge, which had carried M-26 over the Eagle River, was relegated to pedestrian use in 1990 after the adjacent Eagle River Timber Bridge opened for traffic. In 2006, the Michigan Department of Transportation opened a bypass around the southwest and southern edge of South Range in order to provide a safer route through the town.
As of 4 October 2006, MDOT has transferred jurisdiction of the necessary pieces of roadway to compl