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Keycard lock

A keycard lock is a lock operated by a keycard, a flat, rectangular plastic card with identical dimensions to that of a credit card or American and EU driver's license. The card stores a physical or digital pattern that the door mechanism accepts before disengaging the lock. There are several common types of keycards in use, including the mechanical holecard, magnetic stripe, Wiegand wire embedded cards, smart card, RFID proximity cards. Keycards are used in hotels as an alternative to mechanical keys; the first commercial use of key cards was to raise and lower the gate at automated parking lots where users paid a monthly fee. Keycard systems operate by physically moving detainers in the locking mechanism with the insertion of the card, by shining LEDs through a pattern of holes in the card and detecting the result, by swiping or inserting a magnetic stripe card, or in the case of RFID cards being brought into close proximity to a sensor. Keycards may serve as ID cards. Many electronic access control locks use a Wiegand interface to connect the card swipe mechanism to the rest of the electronic entry system.

Newer keycard. Mechanical keycard locks employ detainers which must be arranged in pre-selected positions by the key before the bolt will move; this was a mechanical type of lock operated by a plastic key card with a pattern of holes. There were 32 positions for possible hole locations, giving 4.3 billion different keys. The key could be changed for each new guest by inserting a new key template in the lock that matched the new key. In the early 1980s, the key card lock was electrified with LEDs. Since the keycode is permanently set into the card at manufacture by the positions of magnetic wires, Wiegand cards can't be erased by magnetic fields or reprogrammed as magnetic stripe cards can. Many electronic access control locks use a Wiegand interface to connect the card swipe mechanism to the rest of the electronic entry system. Magnetic stripe based keycard locks function by running the magnetic stripe over a sensor that reads the contents of the stripe; the stripe's contents are compared to those either stored locally in the lock or those of a central system.

Some centralized systems operate using hardwired connections to central controllers while others use various frequencies of radio waves to communicate with the central controllers. Some have the feature of a mechanical bypass in case of loss of power. RFID cards contain a small chip and induction loop which the transmitter on the keycard reader can access; the main advantages with RFID cards is that they do not need to be removed from the wallet or pass holder - as the keycard reader can read them from a few inches away. In the case of the hotel room lock, there is no central system; however if the card readers communicate with a central system, it's the system that unlocks the door, not the card reader alone. This allows for more control over the locks. Which locks can be opened by a card can be changed at any time. Logs are kept of which cards unlocked doors at what times. Computerized authentication systems, such as key cards, raise privacy concerns, since they enable computer surveillance of each entry.

RFID cards and key fobs are becoming popular due to their ease of use. Many modern households have installed digital locks that make use of key cards, in combination with biometric fingerprint and keypad PIN options. Offices have slowly installed digital locks that integrate with key cards and biometric technology. Access control

Beaux J. Pooboo

Beaux J. Pooboo is an album by pianist Les McCann recorded in 1965 and released on the Limelight label. Allmusic gives the album 3 stars stating "Les McCann's second album for Limelight is loaded with his mid-'60s trademarks -- the deep-down gospel rhythmic feeling and amen responses, the insistent McCann piano tremolos and wide-screen chording, a leisurely excursion into the blues, party time all around". All compositions by Les McCann except as indicated "The Grabber" - 3:45 "Les McNasty" - 6:07 "Green Green Rocky Road" - 2:44 "Send Me Love" - 4:19 "This Could Be the Start of Something" - 3:10 "The Great City" - 3:30 "Beaux J. Pooboo" - 5:11 "Bat Man" - 4:47 "Roll'Em Pete" - 4:32 "Old Folks" - 2:25 Les McCann - piano, vocals Vince Corrao - guitar Victor Gaskin - bass Paul Humphrey - drums

Return of Pink Five

Return of Pink Five is a sequel to the fan films Pink Five and Pink Five Strikes Back. It continues the adventures of Stacey around the edges of the original Star Wars trilogy; the film was directed by series creator Trey Stokes. The film has been released in multiple parts. Volume One debuted online at AtomFilms on April 25, 2006. Volume Two premiered July 20, 2006 at the Official Star Wars Fan Film Awards ceremony at the San Diego Comic-Con, was released online on May 25, 2007, the 30th anniversary of the release of Star Wars. While Volume One was not eligible for the Official Star Wars Fan Film Awards due to combination of a longer running time and the use of union actors, it was presented as "out of competition feature" due to the long connection of the cast and crew with Atomfilms. Due to a loosening of rules and the change of the Atomfilms contest to a freeform "challenge", Volume Two, filmed at Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park in Felton, CA, was entered in the 2007 competition at the Star Wars convention Celebration 4, where it failed to win an award.

It did inspire a model railroad exhibit in the Henry Cowell Redwoods Nature Store. In September 2012, funds for Return of Pink Five: Volume Three were raised via Kickstarter and the completed saga was screened at several conventions in 2013; the complete five-episode saga was released on Amazon Video in July 2016. Note: The following synopsis contain some plot spoilers. Volume One opens with Stacey serving in the court of Jabba the Hutt on Tatooine, where she dons the famous metal bikini to rescue Han Solo from carbonite. However, Princess Leia, Solo's new girlfriend, manages to rescue him first. Disgusted by Han's affection towards Leia, Stacey abandons the rebels and travels to the second Death Star. While waiting for the Emperor, she duels with Darth Vader before letting slip the Rebels plans to attack the station, the fact that Leia is Vader's daughter. Volume One ends on a cliffhanger, with Stacey signing on as the Emperor's new apprentice. Volume Two opens with the arrival of the Rebel fleet at the Death Star.

After a brief entreaty from the ghost of Obi-Wan Kenobi, Stacey heads to the surface to "rescue" Han again. She enlists C-3PO, R2-D2 and the Ewoks as a diversion, but abandons the rescue attempt after overhearing Solo tell the princess of his love. Afterward, she learns from the spirit of Yoda that the rebels are unaware of a second shield around the Death Star reactor; the film ends on yet another cliffhanger as she is manipulated by Yoda into returning to the Death Star to deactivate the second shield. Volume Three opens with Stacey and her new droid R5-DD flying in Stacey's X-Wing back to the Death Star, deactivating the second shield while fending off stormtroopers, she finds Palpatine still clinging to a ledge for life and fails to hold on to him. After escaping the Death Star before it blew up, a singed Stacey and R5-DD crash-land on Endor, where she sees Han and Leia once more embracing and confessing their love for one another. Accepting the loss and moving on, Stacey finds Luke at Vader's funeral pyre and starts making romantic overtures toward him.

A nearby ghostly Obi-Wan and Yoda place bets on how long the relationship will last, with Obi-Wan thinking that the rebound relationship will last less than six months. Trey Stokes said in a radio interview that the movie series has now spawned fan art and fan fiction, posted on the Pink Five production blog. Official Pink Five Website Return of Pink Five on IMDb

Effects of the 2008–10 automotive industry crisis on the United States

Beginning in the half of 2008, a global-scale recession adversely affected the economy of the United States. A combination of several years of declining automobile sales and scarce availability of credit led to a more widespread crisis in the United States auto industry in the years of 2008 and 2009. Following dramatic drops in automobile sales throughout 2008, two of the "Big Three" U. S. automakers – General Motors, Chrysler – requested emergency loans in order to address impending cash shortages. By April 2009, the situation had worsened such that both GM and Chrysler were faced with imminent bankruptcy and liquidation. With the intent to prevent massive job losses and destabilizing damage to the entire manufacturing sector, the U. S. and Canadian governments provided unprecedented financial bailout support to allow the companies to restructure and jettison legacy debt via Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Both companies separately filed for this protection by June 1. General Motors emerged from bankruptcy as a new company majority-owned by the United States Treasury, Chrysler emerged owned by the United Auto Workers union and by Italian automaker Fiat S.p.

A.. Both companies terminated agreements with hundreds of their dealerships and GM discontinued several of its brands as part of bankruptcy proceedings. Ford Motor Company was able to survive without entering bankruptcy due to a large line of credit which it obtained in 2007; the U. S. automakers were more affected by the crisis than their foreign counterparts, such as Toyota. Following the 2000s energy crisis, the U. S. automakers failed to produce more fuel-efficient vehicles as opposed to the high-profit sport utility vehicles that were popular in the late 1990s and early 2000s which led to excess inventory and undesirable product. Since the automotive crisis abated, all three American automakers have increased sales of vehicles and have posted a profit; as of 2012, the industry has recovered to some extent. GM had 2011 sales of more than 9 million vehicles, more than Toyota. According to a May 2011 report by the White House National Economic Council, the US government may have to write off about $14 billion of its $80 billion loan.

By 2012, polls from Pew Research Center and Quinnipiac University Polling Institute show that the American public now believes that the bailouts have been helpful for the American economy. Some note that the crisis occurred as a result of business of the Big Three U. S. automakers which had limited access to offshore production as opposed to their Asian counterparts. Analysts point out that Asian companies that manufacture automobiles in Asia but in the U. S. were not experiencing similar problems. They were able to produce compact automobiles in the Pacific Rim area for less cost. A December 22, 2008 article in The New York Times stated, "For the most part, the so-called auto transplants – foreign-owned car companies with major operations in the United States – have deep pockets and ample credit, they are not facing potential bankruptcy like General Motors and Chrysler." Much of the criticism centered on structural differences between the Big Three and the "transplants" that result in major cost differentials.

The U. S. Big Three were first weakened by the more expensive automobile fuels linked to the 2003–2008 oil crisis which, in particular, caused customers to turn away from large sport utility vehicles and pickup trucks, the main market of the American "Big Three"; the U. S. automakers suffered from higher labor costs than their non-unionized counterparts, including salaries, benefits and pensions. In return for labor peace, management granted concessions to its unions that resulted in uncompetitive cost structures and significant legacy costs. Further, the volume of cars sold in the U. S. was tied to home equity lines of credit, with 24% of sales financed this way in 2006. When the availability of these loans dried up in 2008 due to the subprime mortgage crisis, vehicle sales declined from 17 million in 2006 to 10.6 million in 2009. In 2006, Consumer Reports reported that all 10 of the cars that it considered to be the 10 best were built by Japanese companies. While Michigan lost 83,000 Big Three auto manufacturing jobs between 1993 and 2008, more than 91,000 new auto manufacturing jobs were created in Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas during that same time period.

Note that 83,000 jobs were lost in Michigan and there is not a reference to automotive jobs lost in other states. Center for Automotive Research estimated that for every job created by a foreign transplant, 6.1 jobs were lost by the Big Three. The support given to General Motors and Chrysler by the Obama Administration was unpopular, with a March 2009 CNN/Opinion Research Corporation poll finding that only 37% of Americans approved of the actions. A June 2009 Wall Street Journal/NBC News survey found 39% approval. However, two polls taken three years after the event show that Americans did support the auto bailout. An April 2012 poll by Quinnipiac University Polling Institute shows that 53% of American voters support the bailout, 50% believe it has been a success. A Pew Research Center poll from February 2012 shows that 56% of adults polled now believe that the government giving loans to General Motors and Chrysler was "good for the economy". At the time, the Big Three employees, parts-supplier employees and car-dealer employees totaled 1.6 million.

All auto-related industries and after-market service businesses employed 3.1 million people in the United State

1993–94 FA Premier League

The 1993–94 FA Premier League was the second season of the Premier League, the top division of professional football in England. Manchester United won the league by eight points over nearest challengers Blackburn Rovers, their second consecutive league title. Swindon Town finished bottom of the league in their first season of top-flight football and were relegated along with Sheffield United and Oldham Athletic. From the start of the 1993–94 season, the FA Premier League was sponsored by Carling Breweries. Just before the start of the season, Roy Keane became the most expensive footballer signed by an English football team; the 22-year-old Irish midfielder left relegated Nottingham Forest for Manchester United for a fee of £3.75 million. During the 1993–94 season, many players were transferred between Premier League clubs for fees exceeding £1 million, they included David Rocastle, Roy Wegerle and Tim Flowers. At £2.5 million, Flowers became the most expensive goalkeeper in English football. Manchester United led the 1993–94 Premier League for all of the season finishing as champions eight points ahead of runners-up Blackburn Rovers.

They won the FA Cup after beating Chelsea 4–0 in the final, thereby becoming only the fourth team to achieve this feat in the 20th century. Their lead of the Premier League stood at 11 points by the end of October and peaked at 16 points two months but a run of bad results in March was followed by defeat at Blackburn at the beginning of April, which meant that they now led the league on goal difference. A return to form saw United seal the league title with two games still to play. Norwich City, Leeds United, Newcastle United and Aston Villa were among the sides who showed promise early in the season before Manchester United established a runaway lead. Norwich reached the third round of the UEFA Cup after famously beating Bayern Munich in the second round, but their league form slumped after manager Mike Walker departed to Everton in January, the Norfolk side finished 12th. Everton's brief lead of the league in the opening stages of the season was followed by a slump in form, manager Howard Kendall stepped down at the beginning of December with the Toffees now in the bottom half of the table.

They only narrowly avoided relegation on the final day of the season. Aston Villa finished a disappointing 10th in the league, but won the Football League Cup for the fourth time. Finishing runners-up in the Premier League were Blackburn Rovers. In third place came Newcastle United, whose 22-year-old striker Andy Cole was the Premier League's leading scorer with 34 goals in 40 games, with a total of 41 goals in all competitions. In fourth place came Arsenal, who achieved success in European competition with a 1–0 win over Parma in the Cup Winners' Cup final. Swindon Town managed just five league wins all season and were relegated in bottom place having conceded 100 league goals in 42 games. Oldham Athletic, who had avoided relegation on goal difference the previous season, were relegated on the final day of the season after failing to win at Norwich City; the final relegation place went to Sheffield United, who were relegated from the top flight after a 3–2 defeat at Chelsea, with the winning goal coming in injury time.

Twenty-two teams competed in the league – the top nineteen teams from the previous season and the three teams promoted from the First Division. The promoted teams were West Ham United and Swindon Town. Newcastle United and West Ham United returned to the top flight after absences of four and one year while Swindon Town played in the top flight for the first time, they replaced Crystal Palace and Nottingham Forest, ending their top flight spells of three and sixteen years respectively. Note: – Home.

City Vision

City Vision is a centre-left coalition of two political parties, the New Zealand Labour Party and the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand, community independents who contest Auckland Council elections every three years. They have caucused in affiliation with Labour Party councillors and progressive independents. City Vision originated in 1998 with a view to contesting and challenging the Citizens and Ratepayers Association which had dominated control of the Auckland City Council since the C&R's formation in the 1930s. City Vision have traditionally held representation in the south of Auckland City. City Vision candidates gained partial control of the Auckland City Council with the appointment of their first leader Bruce Hucker as Deputy Mayor of Auckland City in the 1998–2001 Christine Fletcher Mayoral administration, but received an electoral setback in 2001 with the election of a John Banks/C&R led council. City Vision and Labour formed a working majority after the 2004 elections plus the election of Dick Hubbard to the mayoralty, partnering with Action Hobson anti-motorway councillors to form a bloc of twelve out of twenty.

This council term saw public discontent over rates rises and water-price rises, public anger over accusations of wasteful spending, such as on overseas travel. This term was marked by infighting inside City Vision, with the deposition of leader Bruce Hucker and his replacement by Labour Councillor Richard Northey, a former Labour MP. City Vision lost the 2007 elections to a John Banks/Citizens-and-Ratepayers team, finding themselves reduced to three councillors, in addition to two Labour councillors re-elected. Richard Northey continued as the leader of the City Vision and Labour bloc on Auckland City's council from the 2007 elections until 2010. In the 2010 elections, the first for the new Auckland Council, Cathy Casey won a seat for City Vision. Winning candidates endorsed by City Vision were Len Brown for mayor. Labour won another two council seats. City Vision won the majority on two local boards: Waitemata Local Board, which includes the central business district, Albert-Eden Local Board.

They held two seats on the Puketapapa Local Board under the affiliation Roskill Community Voice. In the 2013 elections, Cathy Casey retained her council seat for City Vision. Winning candidates endorsed by City Vision were Len Brown for mayor. City Vision and affiliates held the majority on three local boards: the majority was maintained on the Waitemata and Albert-Eden local boards while City Vision members gained a majority on the Puketapapa local board under the affiliation Roskill Community Voice. In 2016, City Vision called for a total review of local voting, including evaluation of online voting feasibility and a single polling day. Peter Haynes - Albert-Eden Local Board Margi Watson - Albert-Eden Local Board Jessica Rose - Albert-Eden Local Board Glenda Fryer - Albert-Eden Local Board Graeme Easte - Albert-Eden Local Board Pippa Coom - Waitematā Local Board Shale Chambers - Waitematā Local Board Adriana Christie - Waitematā Local Board Richard Northey - Waitematā Local Board Denise Roche - Waitematā Local Boardn1 Vernon Tava - Waitemata Local Boardn1Mark Davey, Auckland Future, was an original board member but resigned effective 16 October 2017.

Denise Roche was elected in a by-election held on 17 February 2018 to fill the vacancy