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Khnum was one of the earliest-known Egyptian deities the god of the source of the Nile. Since the annual flooding of the Nile brought with it silt and clay, its water brought life to its surroundings, he was thought to be the creator of the bodies of human children, which he made at a potter's wheel, from clay, placed in their mothers' wombs, he was described as having moulded the other deities, he had the titles "Divine Potter" and "Lord of created things from himself". The worship of Khnum centered on two principal riverside sites and Esna, which were regarded as sacred sites. At Elephantine, he was worshipped alongside Anuket. At Esna, he was worshipped alongside Menhit, Nebtu and Heka. Khnum was regarded as the guardian of the source of the Nile River, his significance led to early theophoric names of him, for children, such as Khnum-Khufwy "Khnum is my Protector", the full name of Khufu, builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Khnum has been related to the deity Min; the temple at Elephantine was dedicated to Khnum, his consort Satis, their daughter, Anuket.

The temple dates back to at least the Middle Kingdom. By the Eleventh Dynasty, Khnum and Anuket are all attested at Elephantine. During the New Kingdom, finds from the time of Ramesses II show. Opposite Elephantine, on the east bank at Aswan, Khnum and Anuket are shown on a chapel wall dating to the Ptolemaic Kingdom. In Esna, a temple was dedicated to Khnum and Heka, among other deities; this temple began construction in Ptolemaic times, but most of the surviving parts of the temple were built in Roman times. Khnum is sometimes depicted as a crocodile-headed god. Nebt-uu and Menhit are Khnum's principal consorts and Heka is his eldest son and successor. Both Khnum and Neith are referred to as creator deities in the texts at Esna. Khnum is sometimes referred to as the "father of the fathers" and Neith as the "mother of the mothers", they become the parents of Ra, referred to as Khnum-Re. The Temple of Beit el-Wali of Ramesses II contained statues of Khnum and Anukis, along with statues of Isis and Horus.

In other locations, such as Herwer, as the moulder and creator of the human body, he was sometimes regarded as the consort of Heket, or of Meskhenet, whose responsibility was breathing life into children at the moment of birth, as the kꜣ. In art, Khnum was depicted as a ram-headed man at a potter's wheel, with created children's bodies standing on the wheel, he was shown holding a jar from which flowed a stream of water

Mud Caves

The Mud Caves are a popular feature in Anza Borrego Desert State Park in San Diego County, California. The caves, located in the Carrizo Badlands, along the Arroyo Tapiado, were created by water flowing through a thick deposit of silt and are an example of pseudokarst topography. There are some up to 1,000 feet in length and 80 feet in height. Many of the caves are accessed; some of the caves found here include: Big Mud Cave - The only cave marked on most maps. Hidden Cave - Impossible to find without precise directions. Chasm Cave - A popular cave with a beautiful skylight. Carey's Big Mud Cave - The largest cave in the arroyo. Plunge Pool Cave - A short cave that ends in a spectacular round room that towers above you. Dip Slope Cave - The small entrance is easy to miss. "The Carrizo Badlands Mud Caves in Arroyo Tapiado". "Borrego Springs". "Mud Caves, California". "Exploring the Anza Borrego Mud Caves".

Firefox (novel)

Firefox is a thriller novel written by Craig Thomas and published in 1977. The Cold War plot involves an attempt by the CIA and MI6 to steal a advanced experimental Soviet fighter aircraft; the chief protagonist is fighter pilot turned spy Mitchell Gant. The book was subject to a 1982 film adaptation produced and directed by Clint Eastwood who played the role of Gant in the film. During the Cold War and American intelligence services learn of the MiG-31 aircraft developed by the USSR; the plane embodies a number of technology advances – including stealth technology, hypersonic speeds above Mach 5 and a thought-guided weapons system – surpassing those of the West. Faced with an aircraft which will give the Soviet Union the ability to dominate the skies, the CIA and MI6 launch a joint mission to steal one of the two Firefox prototype aircraft, their plan involves using veteran US Air Force fighter pilot Mitchell Gant, who travels to the Soviet Union under an assumed identity. On paper, Gant is ideally trained to steal Firefox, being fluent in Russian and having flown captured Soviet planes.

Overlooked by his superiors is Gant's wartime experiences in Vietnam, including his capture by Viet Cong after being shot down, an ordeal exacerbated when the enemy guerrillas are wiped out immediately by napalm from an American air strike. With the help of a network of dissidents and sympathizers, Gant reaches Bilyarsk air base where the two prototype aircraft are being developed. Jewish dissident scientists, forced to work on the project, help Gant penetrate the base start a fire to destroy the second prototype and to distract security troops while Gant steals one of the planes. Having escaped with the plane, Gant first heads east to the Ural Mountains turns south toward Turkey; the Soviets reason that Gant must escape north to the Arctic or south to Turkey, a NATO member. The plane lacks fuel to reach China, with stealth capability would never risk the dense Moscow defences to the west. Gant intentionally encounters an Aeroflot jetliner vanishes north, hoping to mislead his pursuers; as a result, the Soviets concentrate their search to the south.

Gant hugs the eastern slopes of the Ural Mountains to evade Soviet acoustical listening stations, but is spotted and fired upon by a SAM station equipped with infrared search sensors. Gant decoys the incoming missiles by destroying a Tu-16 Badger that chances upon the scene. Gant escapes, but the Soviets are now alerted to his heading and redirect their search efforts to the Barents Sea area of the Arctic. A Soviet warship spots Gant and attacks, firing missiles and attempting to launch a helicopter. Gant destroys the helicopter, but he is now nearly out of fuel so he climbs to stretch out his range, his receiver detects the homing signal, directing Gant to an ice floe. Landing, Gant finds an American submarine bearing kerosene fuel and using the floe as an ad-hoc runway; the Americans rearm and refuel the Firefox, giving Gant the necessary range, but finish before the arrival of a Soviet submarine. Thinking that he has made good his escape, Gant finds himself under attack by the second Firefox prototype.

Realizing that the Soviet scientists failed to destroy the second plane, Gant is forced to dogfight. The second MiG is flown by Tretsov, more experienced in the Firefox aircraft and outflies Gant. After desperate manoeuvrers, Gant realises that the second plane has been destroyed – during the dogfight he reflexively ordered the thought-controlled weapons system to eject a decoy flare, ingested by the second MiG's jet intake, triggering an internal explosion that destroyed it. Free of pursuit, Gant continues on his journey. Mitchell Gant – American fighter pilot and spy, protagonist Kenneth Aubrey – British spy master Colonel Mihail Yurievich Kontarsky – Soviet head of counterintelligence at the Bilyarsk air base Dmitri Priabin – Soviet intelligence officer serving under Colonel Kontarsky at the Bilyarsk air base. Peter Shelley – British agent Charles Buckholtz – American agent with the CIA General Med Vladimirov – Soviet Air Force commandant of the "Wolfpack" tasked with stopping Gant. Air Marshal Mihail Ilyich Kutuzov – Soviet Air Force chief Yuri Andropov – Head of the KGB By the time Thomas began writing Firefox the Soviets had introduced into operational service the MiG-25 Foxbat, the fastest reconnaissance bomber and interceptor in the air, with a top speed of Mach 2.8.

Its appearance in the USSR and the Near East caused a stir in Western aviation and intelligence communities. Thomas' fictional MiG-31 was depicted on the cover of many printings as the Mig-25. At the time of the book's first issue in 1977, stealth technology was a subject of top secret research in defence establishments and had not been operationally deployed; the publisher of the book's first paperback edition, gambled on real-life events such as the 1976 defection of the Soviet pilot Viktor Belenko, to risk a 250,000-copy printing. The background material for Firefox was a result of meticulous research, provided by friends with the RAF, the Russian setting was derived from guidebooks as he could not afford to visit Moscow. Firefox was made into a movie by Warner Brothers based on the novel and released in 1982. Clint Eastwood was the director and played Mitchell Gant; the novel Firefox Down is a continuation of the story of Firefox, beginning at the moment at which the previous book had concluded.

Many of the characters of Firefox and Firefox Down re


Janka-Puszta or Jankovac was a training camp set up for the Ustashe terrorist organisation in 1931. The camp was located in the Zala County of Hungary, close to the border of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia near the villages of Murakeresztúr and Belezna; the camp was one of a string of training camps established in Italy by the Ustashe. It housed several hundred émigré recruits manual laborers returning from Western Europe and North America; the recruits swore an oath of loyalty to the leader of the Ustashe, Ante Pavelić, took part in militant exercises, produced anti-Serb propaganda material. In the summer of 1931, the location was leased by the Hungary authorities to Gustav Perčec who served as the camp commander. Ustashe members were active in the region on both sides of the border at the time. Situated on a hill on 150 acres, the camp consisted of two buildings, open fields and a forest. In November 1931, the first members of the Ustashe terrorist organisation arrived; the camp started out as a sort of commune, a refuge for fugitive members of the Ustashe group who had escaped from Yugoslavia.

After months of preparation, Gustav Perčec began to seek members to join the camp. In co-operation with the Hungarian authorities, Ustashe fugitives crossing the Yugoslav-Hungarian border were interviewed by Hungarian police and their details were passed onto Percec. After it was confirmed a fugitive was not a Yugoslav spy, the Hungarian police would take them to the camp and would be provided a false name and acceptance into the camp. Andrija Betlehem lived near Hungarian border and established a channel for transport of Ustaše from Croatia to their training camp in Janka-Puszta; those living at the training camp partook in regimented programs. Alongside Croatian nationalism indoctrination, Ustashe members took part in military training and conducted duties to keep the camp running; the head instructors of weapons training were Hungarian officers and the living conditions at the camp were said to have been poor, with camp members receiving severe punishment for any misbehavior. Much of the weaponry came from Italy, many high ranking and prominent members of the Ustashe organisation visited the camp including: Ante Pavelic.

In relation with the agreement reached in 1929 between the pro-Bulgarian Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization and the Ustashe on a common struggle against Yugoslavia. As result, Bulgarian Vlado Chernozemski was designated as their instructor in terrorist attacks and was send to Italy in 1931. Since mid-1932, taking steps to improve its relations with Yugoslavia, the Italian authorities have closed the Borgo Val di Taro Ustashe camp, thus Vlado Chernozemski, was transferred to Janka-Puszta. From the period of 1932-1934, the camp served as the ideological and technical support base for many militant actions including the Velebit uprising and the assassination of Alexander I of Yugoslavia. In the camp lived the lover of Perčec-Jelka Pogorelec, an agent of Serbian intelligence. One night she secretly crossed the border. In October 1933 she published a series of materials for the camp in the "Novosti" newspaper in Zagreb; this complicated Yugoslavia's relations with Hungary. Cross-border conflicts arose between the two countries, accompanied by mutual attacks.

Thus, in April 1934, Belgrade made a formal complaint to the League of Nations. There was a complaint filled by the Hungarian regent Horthy; the League formed a commission to review the case in May. Under these circumstances, the Hungarian authorities were forced to close the camp and urgently move the Ustashe in the nearby town of Nagykanizsa; when the members of the international commission arrived at the camp, they recognized that the complaint about a terrorist camp was not correct. In this way the camp fell into disuse in late 1934. Stuparić, Darko. Tko je tko u NDH: Hrvatska 1941.-1945. Minerva. ISBN 978-953-6377-03-9

Joan of France (1351–1371)

Joan of France was the only child of Philip VI of France and his second wife Blanche of Navarre. Joan was posthumously born. Joan's maternal grandparents were Joan II of Navarre, her paternal grandparents were Charles of Margaret of Naples. Joan had two half-brothers from her father's first marriage to Joan the Lame: John II of France and Philip of Valois, Duke of Orléans. After the death of Philip, Blanche retired to Neaufles-Saint-Martin near Gisors in Normandy. In 1370, Joan was betrothed to Infante John, Duke of Girona and heir of Peter IV of Aragon; the marriage contract was signed 16 July 1370. The following year Joan set off to marry John in Aragon. However, Joan died on 16 September 1371 in whilst travelling to meet her future husband, he accused the midwife Bonanada of having caused her death by use of sorcery. Joan's mother died 5 October 1398, twenty-seven years after her daughter, they are buried together in the Basilica of St Denis, the necropolis of the Kings of France, north of Paris

Ametist Azordegan

Ametist Azordegan is a Swedish journalist, television presenter and radio presenter. She was born in Tehran, but left in 1986, studied journalism in Stockholm, she presented the Sveriges Radio music show En kärleksattack på svensk hiphop between 2007 and 2014, broadcast on P3 and SR Metropol. Since 2013, she has been a reviewer for different cultural events for Sveriges Radios P1, P2 and P3, she is a member of the Grammis award jury and the Swedish Music Hall of Fame. Azordegan has worked for SVT since 1999 on the music show Kvällstoppen, Pop i fokus along with Per Sinding-Larsen and Fredrik Lindström, she has earlier worked as a reviewer in music for the papers City and Gaffa, on and off reviewer for Metro and Sonic, has written music articles for Göteborgs-Posten. Azordegan and actor Mikael Tornving were suspended from their work at Sveriges Radio during a period ahead of the 2010 Swedish general election after breaking the station's policy by showing their political views. Azordegan participated in a campaign film against far-right parties.

After rapper Adam Tensta left TV4's studio show Nyhetsmorgon in protest against perceived racism in 2015, Azordegan wrote a column about her belief that the channel lacks in understanding about racism. Since 2014, she has been writing a history book about Swedish hip hop music; the book was published by Natur & Kultur and released in 2017. At the 2015 Kingsizegala, she won the award of Original of the year, an award, given to a person or network that works to promote the Swedish hip hop music and scene. Media related to Ametist Azordegan at Wikimedia Commons