King Kong is a giant movie monster, resembling an enormous gorilla, that has appeared in various media since 1933. Kong has been dubbed the Eighth Wonder of the World, a phrase used within the films; the character first appeared in the novelization of the 1933 film King Kong from RKO Pictures, with the film premiering a little over two months later. The film received universal acclaim upon re-releases. A sequel followed that same year with The Son of Kong, featuring Little Kong. In the 1960s, Toho produced King Kong vs. Godzilla, pitting a larger Kong against Toho's own Godzilla, King Kong Escapes, based on The King Kong Show from Rankin/Bass Productions. In 1976, Dino De Laurentiis produced a modern remake of the original film directed by John Guillermin. A sequel, King Kong Lives, followed a decade featuring a Lady Kong. Another remake of the original, this time set in 1933, was released in 2005 from filmmaker Peter Jackson; the most recent film, Kong: Skull Island, set in 1973, is part of Legendary Entertainment's MonsterVerse, which began with Legendary's reboot of Godzilla in 2014.
A crossover sequel, Godzilla vs. Kong, once again pitting the characters against one another, is planned for 2020; the character of King Kong has become one of the world's most famous movie icons, having inspired a number of sequels, spin-offs, parodies, books, video games, theme park rides, a stage play. His role in the different narratives varies; the King Kong character was conceived and created by American filmmaker Merian C. Cooper. In the original film, the character's name is Kong, a name given to him by the inhabitants of the fictional "Skull Island" in the Indian Ocean, where Kong lives along with other oversized animals, such as plesiosaurs and various dinosaurs. An American film crew, led by Carl Denham, captures Kong and takes him to New York City to be exhibited as the "Eighth Wonder of the World". Kong escapes and climbs the Empire State Building, only to fall from the skyscraper after being attacked by airplanes with guns. Denham comments "it wasn't the airplanes, It was beauty killed the beast", for he climbs the building in the first place only in an attempt to protect Ann Darrow, an actress offered up to Kong on Skull Island as a sacrifice.
A pseudo-documentary about Skull Island that appears on the DVD for the 2005 remake gives Kong's scientific name as Megaprimatus kong and states that his species may be related to Gigantopithecus, though that genus of giant ape is more related to orangutans than to gorillas. Merian C. Cooper became fascinated by gorillas at the age of 6. In 1899, he was given a book from his uncle called Adventures in Equatorial Africa; the book, chronicled the adventures of Paul Du Chaillu in Africa and his various encounters with the natives and wildlife there. Cooper became fascinated with the stories involving the gorillas, in particular, Du Chaillu's depiction of a particular gorilla known for its "extraordinary size", that the natives described as "invincible" and the "King of the African Forest"; when Du Chaillu and some natives encountered a gorilla in the book he described it as a "hellish dream creature", "half man, half beast". As an adult, Cooper became involved in the motion picture industry. While filming The Four Feathers in Africa, he came into contact with a family of baboons.
This gave him the idea to make a picture about primates. A year when he got to RKO, Cooper wanted to film a "terror gorilla picture"; as the story was being fleshed out, Cooper decided to make his gorilla giant sized. Cooper stated that the idea of Kong fighting warplanes on top of a building came from him seeing a plane flying over the New York Insurance Building the tallest building in the world, he came up with the ending before the rest of the story as he stated, "Without any conscious effort of thought I saw in my mind's eye a giant gorilla on top of the building". Cooper was influenced by Douglas Burden's accounts of the Komodo dragon, wanted to pit his terror gorilla against dinosaur-sized versions of these reptiles, stating to Burden, "I had in mind to giantize both the gorilla and your dragons to make them huge; however I always believed in personalizing and focusing attention on one main character and from the beginning I intended to make it the gigantic gorilla, no matter what else I surrounded him with".
Around this time, Cooper began to refer to his project as a "giant terror gorilla picture" featuring "a gigantic semi-humanoid gorilla pitted against modern civilization". When designing King Kong, Cooper wanted him to be a nightmarish gorilla monster; as he described Kong in a 1930 memo, "His hands and feet have the size and strength of steam shovels. This is a monster with the strength of a hundred men, but more terrifying is the head—a nightmare head with bloodshot eyes and jagged teeth set under a thick mat of hair, a face half-beast half-human". Willis O'Brien created an oil painting depicting the giant gorilla menacing a jungle heroine and hunter for Cooper. However, when it came time for O'Brien and Marcel Delgado to sculpt the animation model, Cooper decided to backpedal on the half-human look for the creature and became adamant that Kong be a gorilla. O'Brien on the other hand, wanted him to be human-like to gain audience empathy
Capital Newspapers is a partnership between Lee Enterprises and The Capital Times Company that operates 27 publications and several web sites in Wisconsin. The corporate name of the company is Madison Newspapers Inc. Capital Newspapers has nearly 400 employees; the Wisconsin State Journal was first published on December 2, 1839 as The Madison Express, an afternoon weekly in Madison. It changed its name in 1852 to the Wisconsin Daily Journal in 1852 and to its current name in 1860. In 1919, the newspaper was sold to Lee Newspaper Syndicate by publisher Richard Lloyd Jones; the Capital Times was founded in 1917 by the former managing editor of the Wisconsin State Journal, William T. Evjue, he quit the State Journal in the summer of 1917 after the newspaper abandoned support for Robert La Follette and his opposition to World War I. By December that year, he had raised enough funds to begin his own newspaper, an afternoon daily first published on December 13, 1917. Lee Enterprises and Evjue's The Capital Times Company began discussing a partnership that would operate both newspapers in 1947.
The new partnership began on November 1948 as Madison Newspapers, Inc.. On February 1, 1949, the Wisconsin State Journal moved from afternoons to mornings and was the sole newspaper published on Sunday in the partnership. Madison Newspapers and Lee Enterprises acquired Independent Media Group, Inc.'s newspapers in Nebraska and Wisconsin on July 1, 2000. Of the purchased newspapers, Lee Enterprises purchased 18 in both states and Madison Newspapers acquired 11 in Wisconsin; the newspapers purchased the Portage Daily Register, the Baraboo News Republic, the Shawano Leader, Reedsburg Times Press, the Juneau County Star-Times, the Wisconsin Dells Events, the Sauk Prairie Eagle, the Shopper Stopper, the Wisconsin Reminder. Central Wisconsin Newspapers, Inc. a subsidiary of Madison Newspapers, was created to manage the newspapers. The Daily Citizen of Beaver Dam, two weekly newspapers, five other publications were acquired by Central Wisconsin Newspapers, Inc. a subsidiary of Madison Newspapers, from Conley Publishing Group on April 1, 2002.
One year after completing the purchase of the Daily Citizen, Madison Newspapers changed its name to Capital Newspapers and integrated its two subsidiaries—Central Wisconsin Newspapers and Citizen Newspapers—in name only into the renamed company. The name change was strategic. According to the press release, the "change does not signal a significant reorganization and no job losses will occur because of this change; the newsrooms will remain separate and independent...." On October 3, 2006, Capital Newspapers completed the sale of the Shawano Leader and its commercial printing operations near Shawano to BlueLine Media Holdings LLC of Neenah. The Leader had 7,200 on Sundays; the company's most recent change took place on April 26, 2008, when The Capital Times published its last daily print edition and started publishing online. The Capital Times now consists of three interrelated products: captimes.com. The Capital Times Co. of Madison acquired WisPolitics.com the online subscription political news service, in February 2011.
WisPolitics is operated as a wholly owned subsidiary, with no integration of staff or connection to the editorial philosophy of The Capital Times. The Capital Newspapers printing press inks numerous publications in the Dane County region that are not owned by the corporation. Press room clients include various University of Wisconsin student-led newspapers, such as The Badger Herald which distributes 11,500 papers on Mondays and Thursdays and The Daily Cardinal which distributes 10,000 newspapers Monday through Thursday
Massachusetts's 7th congressional district is a congressional district located in eastern Massachusetts, including three-fourths of the city of Boston and a few of its northern and southern suburbs. Massachusetts congressional redistricting after the 2010 census changed the borders of the district starting with the elections of 2012, with most of the old 7th district redistricted to the new 5th district. Most of the old 8th district now comprises the new 7th district; the seat is held by Ayanna Pressley. According to The Boston Globe and the latest census data 33 percent of the population of the district were born outside of the United States, with 34 percent of the population white, 26 percent African American, 21 percent Latino. Boston: Wards 1, 2 Ward 3: Precincts 7, 8 Ward 4 Ward 5: Precincts 1, 2, 2A, 6-10 Ward 7: Precinct 10 Wards 8-10 Ward 11: Precincts 1-8 Ward 12 Ward 13: Precincts 1, 2, 4-6, 8 and 9 Ward 14 Ward 15 Ward 16: Precincts 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11 Ward 17 Ward 18 Ward 19: Precincts 7, 10-13 Ward 20: Precinct 3 Wards 21 and 22 Cambridge: Wards 1, 2, 3, 5, 11 Ward 4: Precinct 1 Ward 10: Precinct 3 Chelsea Everett Milton: Precincts 1, 5 and 10 Randolph Somerville 1849: "The whole of Berkshire County.
An act of the legislature passed April 22, 1852 divided the 7th district of Massachusetts as such: "The towns of Andover, Bradford, Haverhill, Lynnfield, Middleton and Topsfield in the county of Essex. 1893: "Essex County: Towns of Lynn and Saugus. Middlesex County: Towns of Everett, Melrose and Wakefield. Suffolk County: 4th and 5th wards of the city of Boston, the towns of Chelsea and Revere." 1916: In Essex County: Boxford, Lynn, Middleton, North Andover, Saugus. In Middlesex County: North Reading. 1941: In Essex County: Lawrence, Middleton, North Andover, Peabody. In Suffolk County: Chelsea, Winthrop. In Middlesex County: Arlington Belmont Everett Framingham Lexington Lincoln Malden Medford Melrose Natick Stoneham Waltham Watertown Wayland: Precinct 2 Weston Winchester WoburnIn Suffolk County: Revere Winthrop As of January 2019, there are two living former members of the House; the most recent representative to die was Thomas J. Lane on June 14, 1994; the most serving representative to die was Torbert Macdonald, who died in office on May 21, 1976.
Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Map of Massachusetts's 7th Congressional District, via Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth CNN.com 2004 election results CNN.com 2006 election results