Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti

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Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti
კახეთ-ჰერეთის სამეფო
Kingdom
1020s–1104
Capital Telavi
Languages Georgian
Religion Orthodox Christianity
Government Monarchy
King
 •  c.1020-1037
Prince of Kakheti before the 1020s
Kvirike III the Great (first)
 •  1102-1104 Aghsartan II (last)
History
 •  Established 1020s
 •  Disestablished Annexed by David IV the Builder (K. of Georgia) 1104
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Kakheti
Hereti
Kingdom of Georgia
Today part of

The Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti or just the First Kingdom of Kakheti was a Georgian feudal state in the 11th-12th centuries. It was formed in the 1020s when the prince of Kakheti Kvirike III the Great finally beat the local noblemen, acquired Hereti and crowned himself as a king of Kakheti and Hereti. From this time during whole the 11th century Kakheti-Hereti was an independent and separated state from the united Kingdom of Georgia and its rulers were bearing the title of "the king of the Kakhs and the Rans (Hers)".

The kingdom usually included territories from riv. Ksani (western border) to Aljigancay (eastern border) and from Didoeti (northern border) southwards before the river of Mtkvari (southern border). Eastern part of the kingdom of Hereti — central and north-west districts of modern Azerbaijan — also came inside the frames of Kakheti-Hereti. That's why the possessors of these lands were also named as the "kings of Sheks and Gurjs".

History[edit]

First of all the first king Kvirike made the city of Telavi capital of his newly established kingdom, he also built a new palace for him and conducted some administrative reforms — subdivided the kingdom into 7 duchies : Rustavi, Kveteri, Pankisi, Shtori, Vejini, Khornabuji and Machi. Actually it seems that the king restored the old shattered situation; in the beginning the kings of Kakheti were allies of Georgian kings in fights against foreign aggressors. For example, Kvirike III helped George I against the Byzantine Empire and Bagrat IV against Padlon — atabeg of Gandza. But later when Bagrat made some vigorous events to unite Georgian lands completely, Kakhetian kings contacted the Turk-Seljuks and tried to keep independence in this way. Aghsartan I to keep his ownership on his state gave up Christianity and converted to Islam. But all those events were permanent and the kings of Georgia had quite a strong foothold in the form of patriot local noblemen. Exactly owing to them king David IV the Builder managed to arrest Aghsartan II who was the last king of Kakhti-Hereti and annexed the kingdom successfully.

Henceforth the territory of the Kingdom of Kakheti, following some Georgian traditional administrative dividement rules, got divided into several administrative units, these administrative units were the Duchy of Kakheti, the Duchy of Hereti, Khornabuji bank and the "Land of Arishini".

Kings of Kakheti-Hereti[edit]

Kings from the Arevmaneli clan[edit]

Kings from the Kvirikiani dynasty[1][edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Muskhelishvil, D. Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, V, p. 448, Tbilisi, 1980 (in Georgian)
  • Lortkipanidze M, Mukhelishvili D, Metreveli R. History of Georgia, Vol. 2 - Georgia in the IV-XIII centuries. Tbilisi, 2012. (in Georgian)

References[edit]