Kings Contrivance, Columbia, Maryland

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Kings Contrivance
Village
Country United States
State Maryland
City Columbia
Established 1977[1]
Named for The King's Contrivance restaurant

Kings Contrivance is a village in the planned community of Columbia, Maryland, and is home to about 11,000 residents. It is Columbia's southernmost village, and was the eighth of Columbia's ten villages to be developed.[2] Kings Contrivance consists of the neighborhoods of Macgill's Common, Huntington and Dickinson, and includes single-family homes, townhouses, apartments and a Village Center (open-air shopping center).

Villages of Columbia

Name origin[edit]

The village takes its name from a local restaurant that was opened in 1962 by Kingdon Gould, Jr. in an old county home that previously belonged to the Macgill family. Gould named his restaurant "The King's Contrivance", which combined his nickname with the word "contrivance". This name was inspired by the names of old Colonial-era land grants, many of which were referred to as the "contrivances" of their owners. In 1967, Gould sold the restaurant to the Rouse-related developer of Columbia, the Howard Research and Development Corp. In 1973, Kings Contrivance was selected as the name of the new village "because of its familiarity and identification with the area of the village."[3][4][5]

History[edit]

Over a period of time, developer James W. Rouse became interested in building a new model city, and in the early 1960s, his company, The Rouse Company, with funding provided by Connecticut General Life Insurance Company, acquired over 14,000 acres in Howard County, Maryland for that purpose. Together, the Rouse Company and Connecticut General formed The Howard Research and Development Corporation (HRD) to develop the new town of Columbia. In October 1963, the plans for the new city were made public. In 1965 the Howard County government approved the HRD's requested master plan for Columbia which included a new zoning classification, New Town zoning, that applied to the HRD's development of Columbia and which allowed for considerable flexibility in that development.

In November 1973, the HRD announced plans for its newest village, Kings Contrivance.[6] Development of Kings Contrivance, however, was subsequently delayed due to the effects of the 1973–75 recession.[7] The first neighborhood of Kings Contrivance, Magill's Common, opened in 1977.

Macgill's Common and the vast majority of the Dickinson neighborhood are located on land that was sold to HRD in September 1963 by Overlook, Inc., a company owned by Kingdon Gould. Overlook, Inc. had acquired the land in several purchases in 1960 and 1961.[8] The Macgill's Common and Dickinson areas were included in the original 1965 New Town zoning district, and in 1966 was subjected to the Columbia Association lien that generally delineates the boundaries of Columbia. Most of the land in the Huntington neighborhood was not acquired by HRD until 1971, and was added to the New Town zoning district in December 1976.[9]

The neighborhood of Macgill's Common opened in 1977, Huntington in 1979, and Dickinson in 1982.

In 1999 the HRD proposed that an additional 517-acre tract be annexed to Columbia as Kings Contrivance's fourth neighborhood.[10] The tract, initially known as the Key property, but later called Emerson, was located on Gorman Road and bordered Route 216 and straddled I-95.[11][12] It had been acquired by HRD in 1971 from a firm led by Kingdon Gould,[13] and was about two miles from the nearest part of Kings Contrivance. Opponents of the proposal contended that Emerson was too distant from the rest of Kings Contrivance and that the Columbia Association would be required to make expensive near-term expenditures to provide amenities for the new neighborhood, including a swimming pool and pathways. Supporters of the proposal argued that annexation of Emerson would generate considerably more revenue for the Columbia Association in the long-run.[14] In November 2000 the Columbia Council, governing board of the Columbia Association, rejected the annexation proposal by a 7-to-3 vote, with Kings Contrivance's representative supporting it.[15] Emerson was subsequently developed separately from Columbia.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Macgill's Common[edit]

Macgill's Common was Kings Contrivance's first neighborhood. It is bounded on the south by Route 32, on the west by Route 29, on the north by the Donleigh, Arrowhead and Allview neighborhoods, and on the east it straddles the Little Patuxent River.

According to the original 1973 plans for Kings Contrivance, the neighborhood was to be called Macgill's Range, and was to include single family homes and a 35-acre 18-hole golf course that was to be built and operated by the Columbia Association.[16][6] The HRD promoted the golf course as a future revenue source for the Columbia Association that would lessen reliance on property assessments, while critics of the plan charged that its purpose was to allow HRD to charge more for property in the neighborhood.[17][18] In March 1974 the Columbia Association, which was then still dominated by the HRD, approved a budget that called for building the golf course.[19] In July 1974, however, HRD announced that it was delaying development of Kings Contrivance and Macgill's Range indefinitely due to slow real estate sales caused by the 1973–75 recession.[7]

Development of Kings Contrivance did not resume until the Spring of 1976, with the first work beginning on what was now called Macgill's Common in October 1976.[20][21] Macgill's Common officially opened on June 25, 1977, and the golf course was never built there.

In 2010, Macgill's Common had 2,603 residents.[22]

Most of Macgill's Common is located on Athol, a tract that was patented to Reverend James Macgill in 1732. Some parts closer to the Little Patuxent River are located on Brown's Hopyard, which was patented to Robert Brown in 1725.[23] The village takes its name from the Reverend James Macgill, first pastor of Christ Church Guilford, and resident of Athol Manor. Prominent heir, land planner and Judge James MacGill lived in the house that later became The King's Contrivance restaurant as a child, selling the 780-acre estate and home to Kingdon Gould for development through a company named Overlook Inc., after his personal Overlook Farm Estate.[3][24]

The street names of Macgill's Common come from the Folk Songs of North America compilation recorded by Alan Lomax.[3]

Huntington[edit]

Huntington is bordered on the north by the Little Patuxent River, on the south by the Middle Patuxent River, on the west by Broken Land Parkway (if extended), and on the east it straddles I-95. Another part, known as Huntington East, is about one mile east of the main part of Huntington, and is located on Savage-Guilford Road.

Although HRD bought the Vollmerhausen farm property in 1963 (which roughly covered the area from the Vollmerhausen Drive/Keepsake Way line eastward to straddle I-95), only about 25 percent of Huntington was included in the original 1965 Columbia New Town zoning district.[25] By the mid-1960s, most of what would become Huntington was owned by Contee Sand & Gravel Company and other related companies that were led by Homer Gudelsky. In 1965, one of those companies, the Guilford Granite and Stone Company, applied for a permit to operate a granite quarry on the 315 acres that it and its related companies owned. Under the proposal, a 60-acre area would be quarried, and when the quarry was exhausted in about 25 years, a reservoir would be created.[26] Those who opposed the proposal included James Rouse, developer of Columbia, and Kingdon Gould, who lived on the property on the south side of the Middle Patuxent River across from the proposed quarry property.[27] In early 1966, County officials denied the application for a quarry permit.[28] In 1969, another attempt was made by Contee Sand & Gravel to obtain a permit to operate a stone quarry on the property.[29] This application also met with stiff opposition, including again from Gould.[30] After lengthy hearings, county officials denied the request in April 1970.[31]

In August 1971, Contee sold its 349-acre tract to HRD for $2.4 million. Thereafter, HRD agreed to sell the Huntington property to The Marriott Corporation. The sale was contingent on Marriott obtaining approval to build a theme park on the land.

In January 1972, Marriott announced its plans for the massive theme park. It was to be called "Marriott's Great America" and was to include four separate entertainment areas: a park with thrill rides; a marine life park; a drive through animal preserve; and a New Orleans-styled indoor plaza with specialty shops, theatres and restaurants.[32] A 600-room hotel and a campground were also to be built in the park. Marriott projected that the park would draw 11 million visitors a year when completed.[33] Many local residents supported the project, while many others opposed it. Supporters argued that it would provide jobs, entertainment opportunities and tax revenues, while opponents contended that it would overwhelm area roads and the local sewerage system, and that it would result in undesired commercial sprawl. Opponents of the proposed park included Kingdon Gould.[34] HRD and the Rouse Company defended criticism of their sale of the property to Marriott in part on the grounds the theme park would result in more open space than residential development of the land. In September 1972, the County Council rejected Marriott's request for changes in zoning laws that were needed for the project to go forward.[35][36] The sale of the land by HRD to Marriott was never completed.

In late 1973, HRD announced plans to annex its Huntington property to Columbia and the New Town district as part of Kings Contrivance.[37][38] The land to be annexed amounted to about 500 additional acres that had not been made part of Columbia in 1965,[38] and about 75% of what was to become Huntington. The HRD's plan to add Huntington to the New Town district was part of a larger proposal. Although adding Huntington was not controversial, other parts of the HRD’s proposal were, especially its request to increase the number of townhouses and apartments that it was permitted to build in the New Town zone. Lengthy hearings and appeals ensued, and it was not until December 1976 that HRD's request to add Huntington to the New Town district was finally granted.[39][40]

Huntington opened for home sales on June 1, 1979.[41] When developed, Huntington had the highest percentage of open space of any Columbia neighborhood, with about 330 of its 613 acres preserved as open land and woodland.[42]

Huntington had 3,202 residents according to the 2010 Census.[22]

Huntington is located on Wincopin Neck, an 883-acre tract patented to Benjamin and Richard Warfield in 1702. The village is named for a historic home land grant of 259 acres to the son of Henry Ridgely Sr. in 1696.[43]

The street names of Huntington are primarily derived from the works of Carl Sandburg, although some come from the poems of Emily Dickinson and Walt Whitman.[3] Huntington South, an outparcel surrounded by Huntington, was developed in 1986 by the Security Development Company, which requested input from the Rouse Company in naming the streets in its development. The list of names provided, including Lumberjack Row, Red Rain Way and Windbeat Way, were also taken from Sandburg poems.[3]

Dickinson[edit]

Dickinson lies south of Route 32, and is bordered on the east by Broken Land Parkway and Huntington, and on the south by the Middle Patuxent River. On the west, it nears Old Columbia Road.

Dickinson opened September 25, 1982. The village takes its name from the famous American poet, Emily Dickinson[44] and has street names taken from her works.[44]

Dickinson had a population of 5,523 in 2010.[22]

Dickinson is located on land that was included in of a number of Colonial land patents, including Ridgely’s Neck (patented to Henry Ridgely in 1716), Broken Land (Thomas Worthington and Henry Ridgely – 1722), The Addition (Thomas Worthington – 1730) and Bare Hills (John Parr – 1734).[23]

At one time Kindler Road ran from Guilford Road, in what is now Dickinson, across a bridge over the Middle Patuxent River and then to Gorman Road in Hammond Village. The bridge, however, washed out during Tropical Storm Agnes in June 1972 and was not replaced. Parts of the bridge abutment are still present.[45]

Village Center[edit]

The Kings Contrivance Village Center is located in the Dickinson neighborhood at the intersection of Guilford Road and Eden Brook Drive. As of 2017, it is anchored by a Harris Teeter supermarket. The Corner Stable is the center's flagship restaurant/pub. Other businesses include an Italian restaurant/pizzeria called Trattoria E Pizzeria de Enrico, a Chinese restaurant, a Subway restaurant, a sushi restaurant, a Rita's Italian Water Ice, a liquor store, a CVS Pharmacy, a jewelry store, an M&T Bank, a UPS Store, a beauty salon, a barber, a shoemaker, a dry cleaner, a formal wear shop, office space, medical offices, an orthodontist office, an insurance agency, a McDonald's, and a gas station.

The Village Center opened on June 14, 1986.[46] It was originally anchored by Valu Food, a local supermarket chain. After Valu Food went out of business, a Safeway opened in the Village Center in late 1999. The 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) Safeway store and a nearby Friendly's Restaurant were demolished in 2006 to make way for a new 56,000-square-foot (5,200 m2) Harris Teeter supermarket.[47] The new Harris Teeter, the second in Maryland, opened in May 2008. In November 2011, the Corner Stable replaced Michael's Pub as the flagship restaurant in the village center.[48] Michael's Pub, which had been located in the center since 1986, was unable to stay in business after it spent $200,000 to construct an enclosed and separately ventilated smoking area in its bar that complied with existing law, only to have Howard County thereafter prohibit smoking anywhere in bars.[49]

Amherst House, the location of the Kings Contrivance Community Association, is also in the village center. This building, named after Emily Dickinson's hometown in Massachusetts, also serves as a rental hall for community events, parties, and meetings.[44]

Parks and Recreation[edit]

Each of the three neighborhoods of Kings Contrivance has a community swimming pool operated by the Columbia Association.

Various scenic trails weave within and around the neighborhoods of Kings Contrivance, providing access to Columbia's extensive bike/hiking trail system and County parks. These trails include The Patuxent Branch Trail, which runs along the Little Patuxent River, connecting Huntington and Magill's Common to Lake Elkhorn. Along the Middle Patuxent River, the Dickinson neighborhood includes extensive paths that are located within the Gorman Stream Valley Natural Resource Area. Recreational parks located in and near Kings Contrivance, include Gorman Park, Huntington Neighborhood Park, and Savage Park, all of which are maintained by Howard County Recreation and Parks.[50]

Education[edit]

Hammond High School

The public schools serving the village are:

Miscellaneous[edit]

In 1992 the South Columbia Baptist Church was built on Guilford Road adjacent to Hammond High School after a historic 1846 granite home "Moundland" was demolished.[51][52] Thirty truckloads of stone from Moundland were used by Bruno Reich to renovate his home in Wilde Lake. That renovation project was featured in the show "Dream House" on the HGTV television network.[53]

Scenes from the movie Roulette (2013) were filmed at the Kings Contrivance restaurant.[54][55][56]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us". King's Contrivance Community Association. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  2. ^ "Columbia Villages". The Villages of Columbia. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e Missy Burke; Robin Emrich; Barbara Kellner (2008). Oh, you must live in Columbia!. Columbia Archives. pp. 55–68.
  4. ^ Howard County Deeds, Book 480, p.44
  5. ^ Joseph Rocco Mitchell; David L. Stebenne. New City Upon a Hill. p. 115.
  6. ^ a b "Homes on the Range: A Village is Born". The Columbia Flier. November 15, 1973. p. 9.
  7. ^ a b "Kings Contrivance Delayed Indefinitely". The Columbia Flier. July 25, 1974. p. 8.
  8. ^ "Howard County Deeds, Book 406": 506.
  9. ^ "Zoning Board Votes New Columbia Plan". The Columbia Flier. December 9, 1976. p. 10.
  10. ^ "Rouse Wants to Absorb Area – N. Laurel Community Would Become a Part of Kings Contrivance". Baltimore Sun. November 5, 1999. p. 1B.
  11. ^ "Board to weigh land annexation". The Baltimore Sun. May 18, 2000. p. 1B.
  12. ^ "Annexation of Key property in doubt". The Baltimore Sun. August 6, 2000. p. 1B.
  13. ^ "Columbia Developer Buys Nearby Land". Baltimore Sun. October 29, 1971. p. C22.
  14. ^ "Board to weigh land annexation". Baltimore Sun. May 18, 2000. p. 1B.
  15. ^ "Association rejects Key annexation; Decision effectively shuts down plans for expansion". Baltimore Sun. November 22, 2000. p. 1B.
  16. ^ "Columbia Plans New Village". The Washington Post. November 17, 1973.
  17. ^ "Spear: 'I Could Not Dictate to CA'". The Columbia Flier. March 7, 1974. p. 3.
  18. ^ "Something's Got to Give". The Columbia Flier. August 15, 1974. p. 6.
  19. ^ "CA Board Passes Budget". The Columbia Flier. April 6, 1974. p. 8.
  20. ^ "The Housing Market Hot Again, Says HRD". The Columbia Flier. March 25, 1976. p. 21.
  21. ^ "Model Park Race Down to the Wire". The Columbia Flier. June 23, 1977. p. 26.
  22. ^ a b c "Kings Contrivance Village Center Community Plan". 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
  23. ^ a b Caleb Dorsey's Land Grant Map of Howard County
  24. ^ Howard's Roads to the Past. Howard County Sesquicentennial Celebration Committee. 2001. pp. 82–83.
  25. ^ General Plan for Howard County 1971 (map)
  26. ^ "Quarry Advantage Presented as Zoning Hearing Continues". The Howard County Times. September 22, 1965. p. 11.
  27. ^ "Protestants State Case Against Quarry Zoning". The Howard County Times. October 7, 1965. p. 1.
  28. ^ "Long, Controversial Quarry Zoning Application Denied". The Howard County Times. February 17, 1966. p. 1.
  29. ^ "Contee Hearing Begins". The Howard County Times. December 11, 1969. p. 1.
  30. ^ "Protestors Case Gets Underway in Contee Quarry Proceedings". The Howard County Times. January 19, 1970. p. 1.
  31. ^ "Appeals Board Says No to Contee Quarry Bid". The Howard County Times. April 6, 1970. p. 1.
  32. ^ "'Great America' Park Here in '74". The Howard County Times. January 27, 1972. p. 1.
  33. ^ "Marriott to Build Big Park". The Baltimore Sun. January 27, 1972. p. A1.
  34. ^ "Gould Denounces Marriott Project". The Baltimore Sun. August 4, 1972. p. C20.
  35. ^ "Marriott Park Plan Rejected". The Washington Post. September 23, 1972. p. A1.
  36. ^ "Marriott Loses in Howard County". The Baltimore Sun. September 23, 1972. p. A18.
  37. ^ "Home on the Range: A Village is Born". The Columbia Flier. November 15, 1973. p. E24.
  38. ^ a b "Deal Proposed on Columbia Park Site". The Baltimore Sun. December 22, 1973. p. B1.
  39. ^ "Zoning Board Votes New Columbia Plan". The Columbia Flier. December 9, 1976. p. 10.
  40. ^ "Howard Zoners Vote More Apartments, Space in Columbia". The Baltimore Sun. December 4, 1976. p. B16.
  41. ^ "Thousands Tour Huntington Opening". The Columbia Flier. June 7, 1979. p. 32.
  42. ^ "New Models to Open in Columbia". The Baltimore Sun. May 13, 1979. p. F1.
  43. ^ Mitchell, Joseph Rocco; Stebenne, David (2007). New City Upon a Hill: A History of Columbia, Maryland. The History Press. p. 129. ISBN 1-59629-067-6.
  44. ^ a b c "About Us". Kings Contrivance Community Association. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  45. ^ "Residents oppose plan for bridge; Gorman Park span could add disruptions and litter, they say". Howard Ed. The Baltimore Sun. February 3, 2000. p. 1B.
  46. ^ "Hosting a Party Fit for Kings", Columbia Flier, June 19, 1986, p. 62.
  47. ^ "Upscale market planned ; Columbia's Kings Contrivance slated to get a Harris Teeter outlet". Baltimore Sun. January 22, 2006. p. 1G.
  48. ^ "Corner Stable doors to open in Columbia". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  49. ^ "It's Cheers – Michael's Pub in Kings Contrivance is Closing". Columbia Patch. March 23, 2011. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  50. ^ "Howard County Parks". www.co.ho.md.us. Archived from the original on April 26, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
  51. ^ Norris P. West (December 10, 1990). "Church, historic house vie as good vs. good". The Baltimore Sun.
  52. ^ "HO-40 Moundland" (PDF). April 1982. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  53. ^ "After a 19-year renovation project, the result is a happy ending". The Baltimore Sun. September 15, 1999.
  54. ^ "Luck of the Draw: The Making of 'Roulette' Part 16". YouTube. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  55. ^ Luck of the Draw: The Making of 'Roulette' Part 16 Trailer. NME. 6:55 minutes in. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2014. at the Kings Contrivance restaurant in Columbia, Maryland
  56. ^ "Roulette". IMDB. Retrieved January 8, 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°11′6″N 76°51′35″W / 39.18500°N 76.85972°W / 39.18500; -76.85972