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Kingston, Ontario

Kingston is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada. It is on the eastern end of Lake Ontario, at the beginning of the St. Lawrence River and at the mouth of the Cataraqui River; the city is midway between Toronto and Montreal, Quebec. The Thousand Islands tourist region is nearby to the east. Kingston is nicknamed the "Limestone City" because of the many heritage buildings constructed using local limestone. Growing European exploration in the 17th century, the desire for the Europeans to establish a presence close to local Native occupants to control trade, led to the founding of a French trading post and military fort at a site known as "Cataraqui" in 1673; this outpost, called Fort Cataraqui, Fort Frontenac, became a focus for settlement. Cataraqui would be renamed Kingston after the British took possession of the fort, Loyalists began settling the region in the 1780s. Kingston was named the first capital of the United Province of Canada on February 10, 1841. While its time as a capital city was short, the community has remained an important military installation.

Kingston was the county seat of Frontenac County until 1998. Kingston is now a separate municipality from the County of Frontenac. A number of origins of "Cataraqui", Kingston's original name, have been postulated. One theory is that it is derived from the Iroquois word that means "the place where one hides"; the name may be a derivation of Indigenous words that mean "impregnable", "muddy river", "place of retreat", "clay bank rising out of the water", "where the rivers and lake meet", or "rocks standing in water". Cataraqui was referred to as "the King's Town" or "King's Town" by 1787, in honour of King George III; the name was shortened to "Kingston" in 1788. Cataraqui today refers to an area around the intersection of Princess Street and Sydenham Road, where a village that took that name was located. Cataraqui is the name of a municipal electoral district. Archaeological evidence suggests. Evidence of Late Woodland Period early Iroquois occupation exists; the first more permanent encampments by Indigenous people in the Kingston area began about 500 AD.

The group that first occupied the area before the arrival of the French was the Wyandot people, who were displaced by Iroquoian groups. At the time the French arrived in the Kingston area, Five Nations Iroquois had settled along the north shore of Lake Ontario. Although the area around the south end of the Cataraqui River was visited by Iroquois and other groups, Iroquois settlement at this location only began after the French established their outpost. By 1700, the north shore Iroquois had moved south, the area once occupied by the Iroquois became occupied by the Mississaugas who had moved south from the Lake Huron and Lake Simcoe regions. European commercial and military influence and activities centred on the fur trade developed and increased in North America in the 17th century. Fur trappers and traders were spreading out from their centres of operation in New France. French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the Kingston area in 1615. To establish a presence on Lake Ontario for the purpose of controlling the fur trade with local indigenous people, Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France established Fort Cataraqui to be called Fort Frontenac, at a location known as Cataraqui in 1673.

The fort served as a trading post and military base, attracted indigenous and European settlement. In 1674, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was appointed commandant of the fort. From this base, de La Salle explored south as far as the Gulf of Mexico; the fort was experienced periods of abandonment. The Iroquois siege of 1688 led to many deaths, after which the French destroyed the fort, but would rebuild it; the British destroyed the fort during the Battle of Fort Frontenac in 1758 and its ruins remained abandoned until the British took possession and reconstructed it in 1783. The fort was renamed Tête-de-Pont Barracks in 1787, it is still being used by the military. It was renamed Fort Frontenac in 1939. Reconstructed parts of the original fort can be seen today at the western end of the La Salle Causeway. In 1783, Frederick Haldimand, governor of the Province of Quebec directed Deputy Surveyor-General John Collins to lay out a settlement for displaced British colonists, or Loyalists, who were fleeing north because of the American Revolutionary War and "minutely examine the situation and site of the Post occupied by the French, the land and country adjacent".

Haldimand had considered the site as a possible location to settle loyal Mohawks. The survey would determine whether Cataraqui was suitable as a navy base since nearby Carleton Island on which a British navy base was located had been ceded to the Americans after the war. Holland's report about the old French post mentioned "every part surpassed the favorable idea I had formed of it", that it had "advantageous Situations" and that "the harbour is in every respect Good and most conveniently situated to command Lake Ontario". Major John Ross, commanding officer of the King's Royal Regiment of New York at Oswego rebuilt Fort Frontenac in 1783; as commander, he played a significant role in establishing the Cataraqui settlement. To facilitate settlement, the British Crown entered into an agreement with the Mississaugas in October 1783 to purchase land east of the Bay of Quinte. Known as the Crawford Purchase, this ag

Miss Teen Nepal

Miss Teen Nepal is the second-largest beauty pageant in Nepal. This pageant is held by the Kathmandu Jacyees where; the reigning Miss Teen Nepal is Sanja Moktan, crowned as Miss Teen Nepal in 2017. Kathmandu Jacyees first has been annually held since then. “JCI Miss Teen Nepal” is the beauty pageants held annually by Kathmandu Jaycees. Miss Teen Nepal is the second-largest beauty pageant in Nepal. Kathmandu Jaycees first started the Miss Teen Nepal in 2002 and has been conducted 14th edition, it is focus to all the talented and confident young girls who are willing to participate. Total 24-25 participants are selected for the finalist. After the “Miss Teen Nepal” finalists are selected they are groomed for 22–24 days before the Grand Finale; these training periods are the golden opportunity for the contestant to develop their personality, learn effective public speaking, get chance to meet great personality from different area. Past Miss Nepal and Miss Teen share their experience to the participants and different outgoing activities are conducted for the refreshment and learning for the participants.

The pageant is live telecast through Himalayan Television. For the Miss Teen Nepal; the application must be at least 16 to 18 years old, extended to 19 in 2006. In 2007, Khusbu Oli had an argument with her successor Ayusha Karki. Ayusha Karki, Miss Teen Nepal 2007. Samriddhi Rai, Miss Teen Nepal 2006 2nd runner up. In 2011, she got selected to join Miss Tourism Queen Int'l 2011. Prerana Shah, Miss Teen Nepal 2002 2nd runner up. Jasmine Khadka,Miss Teen Nepal 2016 played role of "Sabyata" in Nepali popular serial "Parichaya". Anushka Adhikari,Miss Teen Nepal 2016 2nd runner up played the role of "Biru" in youth popular Nepali series "21st love". Miss Teen Nepal 2005,Priyanka Karki is national award winning actress of Nepali Movies Industry Miss Nepal Miss Teen Nepal Official Website Kathmandu Jaycees Website Miss Midwest Nepal Website

Welsh Camerata

The Welsh Camerata is a chamber choir of 25-30 singers based in Cardiff, United Kingdom, specialising in the performance of early music. The choir is constituted as a company limited by guarantee, it was founded in 2004 when early music expert Andrew Wilson-Dickson from the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama agreed to lead the choir. Rehearsals take place in Cardiff; the choir has performed with individuals and orchestral groups such as Buddug Verona James, Devon Baroque Orchestra, Welsh Baroque Orchestra, Brandon Hill Chamber Orchestra. In 2014 it gave the first performance of Andrew Wilson-Dickson's large scale oratorio Karuṇā with soloists including Emma Kirkby, in 2016 it premièred his reconstruction of J S Bach's St Mark Passion. Members of the choir have recorded for the BBC Morning Service. Hercules, August 2005 South Wales Argus, March 2009 Karuna, November 2014 Bach Mass in B Minor, 2016 Cardiff Times, February 2017 Church Times, April 2017 Classical-Music.com, July 2017 Seen and Heard International, December 2017 Cowbridge Gem, June 2018 Making Music, May 2019 Art Scene in Wales, July 2019 The Welsh Camerata / Y Camerata Cymreig Andrew Wilson-Dickson