Kirkstall Abbey

Kirkstall Abbey is a ruined Cistercian monastery in Kirkstall, north-west of Leeds city centre in West Yorkshire, England. It is set in a public park on the north bank of the River Aire, it was founded c.1152. It was disestablished during the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII; the picturesque ruins have been drawn and painted by artists such as J. M. W. Turner, Thomas Girtin and John Sell Cotman. Kirkstall Abbey was acquired by Leeds Corporation as a gift from Colonel North and opened to the public in the late 19th century; the gatehouse became a museum. Today it is part of the Leeds Galleries group. Henry de Lacy, Lord of the manor of Pontefract, 2nd Lord of Bowland, promised to dedicate an abbey to the Virgin Mary should he survive a serious illness, he recovered and agreed to give the Abbot of Fountains Abbey land at Barnoldswick in the West Riding of Yorkshire on which to found a daughter abbey. Abbot Alexander with twelve Cistercian monks from Fountains went to Barnoldswick and after demolishing the existing church attempted to build the abbey on Henry de Lacy's land.

They found the place inhospitable. Abbot Alexander set about finding a more suitable place for the abbey and came across a site in the wooded Aire Valley occupied by hermits. Alexander sought help from de Lacy, sympathetic and helped acquire the land from William de Poitou; the monks moved from Barnoldswick to Kirkstall displacing the hermits, some of whom joined the abbey, the rest being paid to move. The buildings were completed between 1152 when the monks arrived in Kirkstall and the end of Alexander's abbacy in 1182. Millstone Grit for building came from Bramley Fall on the opposite side of the river; the English Cistercian houses, of which there are remains at Fountains, Kirkstall and Netley were arranged after the same plan, with slight local variations. As an example, below is the groundplan of Kirkstall Abbey, one of the best preserved; the church is of the Cistercian type, with a short chancel, transepts with three eastward chapels to each, divided by solid walls. The building is plain, the windows are unornamented, the nave has no triforium.

The cloister to the south occupies the whole length of the nave. On the east side stands the two-aisled chapter-house, between which and the south transept is a small sacristy, on the other side two small apartments, one of, the parlour. Beyond this is the calefactory or day-room of the monks. Above this whole range of building runs the monks' dormitory, opening by stairs into the south transept of the church. On the south side of the cloister there are the remains of the old refectory, running, as in Benedictine houses, from east to west, the new refectory, with the increase of the inmates of the house, superseded it, stretching, as is usual in Cistercian houses, from north to south. Adjacent to this apartment are the remains of the kitchen and buttery; the arches of the lavatory are to be seen near the refectory entrance. The western side of the cloister is occupied by vaulted cellars, supporting on the upper story the dormitory of the lay brothers. Nave Tower Presbytery North and south transepts Cloister Library Chapter house Parlour Lay brothers' dormitory Reredorter The Lane/ malt house Refectory Warming house Novices' quarter Abbot's lodgings Visiting abbot's lodgings InfirmaryExtending from the south-east angle of the main group of buildings are the walls and foundations of a secondary group of buildings.

These have been identified as the hospitium or the abbot's house, but they occupy the position in which the infirmary is more found. The hall was a spacious apartment, measuring 83 ft. in length by 48 ft. 9 inches in breadth, divided by two rows of columns. The fish-ponds lay between the river to the south; the abbey mill was situated about 80 yards to the north-west. The millpool may be distinctly traced, together with the mill stream. On 22 November 1539 the abbey was surrendered to Henry VIII's commissioners in the Dissolution of the monasteries, it was awarded to Thomas Cranmer in 1542, but reverted to the crown when Cranmer was executed in 1556. Sir Robert Savile purchased the estate in 1584, it remained in his family's hands for a hundred years. In 1671 it passed into the hands of the Earls of Cardigan. Much of the stone was removed for re-use in other buildings in the area, including the steps leading to Leeds Bridge. During the 18th century the picturesque ruins attracted artists of the Romantic movement and were painted by artists including J. M. W. Turner, John Sell Cotman and Thomas Girtin.

In 1889 the abbey was sold to Colonel John North. The Council undertook a major restoration project and the abbey was opened to the public in 1895; the abbey is Scheduled Ancient Monument. After a £5.5 million renovation programme there is a new visitor centre with interactive exhibits which illustrates the history of the abbey and the lives of the monks. Entry to the Abbey itself is with a donation box. Guided tours are available; the Leeds Shakespeare Festival, performed by the British Shakespeare Company, took place annually in the cloisters from 1995 until 2009. The abbey grounds are a public park, are used for occasional events such as the annual Kirkstall Festival and the Kirkstall Fantasia open-air concerts. On the other side of the main road, the grade II* listed former abbey gatehouse now forms

Erin Manning (photographer)

Erin Manning is an American photographer, author and television personality. Her earliest encounter with photography occurred at age seven when she discovered a book entitled The Family of Man. Manning's photography career began as a commercial and stock photographer, as well as working for Getty Images, she specializes in lifestyle imagery for clients such as AT&T, Bank of America, lifestyle magazines, healthcare organizations and individuals. Erin Manning's appearance as the host of DIY Network's The Whole Picture series from 2005–2009 introduced her as the digital photo expert for the photo enthusiast. Beginning in 2007 Manning partnered with Inc.. SanDisk, F. J. Westcott to create educational videos, she is the author of Portrait and Candid Photography and Make Money With Your Digital Photography, published by John Wiley & Sons Prior to the launch of her TV series, she appeared as the technology and lifestyle expert on DIY Network’s Enable Your Home. 2006–2010: DIY Network The Whole Picture – 26 episodes.

2009: E! That Morning Show 2009: QVC Digital Green Screen Projects 2007: ABC View From the Bay – Picture Perfect Photos. 2006: NBC Today Show – Digital Dating, Give it Your Best Shot. 2006: CBS The Early Show – Taking Perfect Holiday Photos. 2005: DIY Network Enable Your Home. 2014: CreativeLive – How to Take Your Own Headshot 2013: CreativeLive – Digital Photography 101 2013: – Up and Running with Lighting: Studio Lights and Flash with Erin Manning2013: – Up and Running with Lighting: Natural Light with Erin Manning Portrait and Candid Photography: Photo Workshop, 2nd Edition Make Money with your Digital Photography: Creative Digital Photography Portrait and Candid Photography: Photo Workshop 2013: One Bronze Telly Award for producing and hosting How to Use the Storyteller App for Crystal Cruises 2013: One Bronze Telly Award for producing and hosting How to Take Better Vacation Photos for SanDisk 2013: One Bronze Telly Award for producing and hosting Birthday Invitation Photos for FJ Westcott 2010: One Silver Telly Award for co-producing and hosting the educational video More Digital Photo Basics.

2010: One Bronze People's Choice Telly Award for co-producing and hosting the Erin Manning Home Studio Lighting Kit Educational DVD. 2010: One Bronze Telly Award for co-producing and hosting Speaking Tips 2006–2009: Seven Bronze and Two Gold Classic Telly Awards for hosting DIY Network’s The Whole Picture. Loyola Marymount University 2001 Erin Manning’s official website Publisher's Biography of Erin Manning Erin Manning TV

The Draft Horse

The Draft Horse is a Warner Bros. cartoon released in 1942, directed by Chuck Jones. The title is a pun on the draft. A farm horse sees a poster that says the U. S. Army needs horses; the horse goes to the recruiting station and tries to volunteer, but is rejected, labeled "44-F". Leaving the station dejected, he wanders into a wargames situation, the flying bullets frighten him so much he makes a dash for home. At the end, he is serving the war effort in another way, knitting "V for Victory" sweaters for the boys overseas; the short uses multiple music cues for several scenes. This includes: We Did It Before - Played during the opening credits and at the end. Played when the sergeant looks down the horse's throat Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush - Sung by Horse as "This Is the Way We Plow the Field". Light Cavalry Overture - Played when the horse sees the army billboard. Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean - Played when the horse kisses the farmer goodbye. William Tell Overture - Played when the horse runs off to enlist.

Played during the sham battle. Played when the horse races home. Battle Music No. 9 - Played when the horse play-acts battle scenes in the recruiting office. Played again when the horse play-acts battle scenes a second time. Taps - Hummed by the horse, causing the sergeant to cry, it Had to Be You - Played. The Old Grey Mare - Played when the horse removes his harness and gets brushed. You're in the Army Now - Played during the eye test; the Draft Horse is the first short Jones directed that’s considered his turning point in direction, with this and shorts focusing on faster pacing and more funny jokes. Before hand, producer Leon Schlesinger and Warner Bros. demand Jones to abandon his old style of directing, inspired by the Walt Disney Cartoons at the time, which focused more on story and animation gags. One amusing bit that highlights the Warner cartoonists' penchant for going to the edge of general public taste without quite crossing over, is this "eye chart test", underscored by the music connected with You're in the Army Now,: You're in the Army now You're not behind the plow You'll never get rich By diggin' a ditch YOU'RE IN THE ARMY NOW!

The missing line can either be rendered "You son-of-a-bitch" or "By diggin' a ditch", depending on the audience. A similar gag was employed by Tex Avery in Blitz Wolf. Horses in warfare Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies filmography The Draft Horse on IMDb