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Klagenfurt

Klagenfurt am Wörthersee known as just Klagenfurt, is the capital of the federal state of Carinthia in Austria. With a population of 101,403, it is the sixth-largest city in the country; the city is the bishop's seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gurk-Klagenfurt and home to the University of Klagenfurt, the Carinthian University of Applied Sciences and the Gustav Mahler University of Music. The city of Klagenfurt is in southern Austria, midway across the nation, near the international border, it is in the middle as far from Innsbruck, to the west, as from Vienna, to the northeast. Klagenfurt covers an area of 120.03 square kilometres. It is on the Glan River; the city is surrounded by several forest-covered hills and mountains with heights of up to 1,000 m, for example, Ulrichsberg. To the south is the Karawanken mountain range, which separates Carinthia from Slovenia and Italy. Klagenfurt is a statutory city of Carinthia, the administrative seat of the district of Klagenfurt-Land, but it doesn't belong to it.

In fact, their licence plates are different. Klagenfurt is divided itself into 16 districts: It is further divided into 25 Katastralgemeinden, they are: Klagenfurt, Ehrenthal, Großbuch, Großponfeld, Gurlitsch I, Hallegg, Hörtendorf, Lendorf, Nagra, Neudorf, St. Martin bei Klagenfurt, St. Peter am Karlsberg, St. Peter bei Ebenthal, Sankt Peter am Bichl, St. Ruprecht bei Klagenfurt, Tentschach, Waidmannsdorf and Welzenegg. Klagenfurt has a typical continental climate, with a fair amount of fog throughout the autumn and winter; the rather cold winters are, broken by occasional warmer periods due to foehn wind from the Karawanken mountains to the south. The average temperature from 1961 and 1990 is 7.1 °C, while the average temperature in 2005 was 9.3 °C. Carinthia's eminent linguists Primus Lessiak and Eberhard Kranzmayer assumed that the city's name, which translates as "ford of lament" or "ford of complaints", had something to do with the superstitious thought that fateful fairies or demons tend to live around treacherous waters or swamps.

In Old Slovene, cviljovec is a place haunted by such cvilya. Thus they assumed that Klagenfurt's name was a translation made by the German settlers of the original Slovene name of the neighbouring wetland. However, the earliest Slovene mention of Klagenfurt in the form of "v Zelouzi" dating from 1615 is 400 years more recent and thus could be a translation from German; the latest interpretation, on the other hand, is that the Old Slovene cviljovec itself goes back to an Italic l'aquiliu meaning a place at or in the water, which would make the wailing-hag theory obsolete. Scholars had at various times attempted to explain the city's peculiar name: In the 14th century, the abbot and historiographer John of Viktring translated Klagenfurt's name in his Liber certarum historiarum as Queremoniae Vadus, i.e. "ford of complaint", Hieronymus Megiser, Master of the university college of the Carinthian Estates in Klagenfurt and editor of the earliest printed history of the duchy in 1612, believed to have found the origin of the name in a "ford across the River Glan", however, is impossible for linguistic reasons.

The common people sought an explanation: A baker's apprentice was accused of theft and executed, but when a few days afterwards the alleged theft turned out to be a mistake and the lad was proved to be innocent, the citizens' "lament went forth and forth". This story was reported by Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, who became Pope Pius II. In 2007, the city changed its official name to "Klagenfurt am Wörthersee". However, since there are no other settlements by the name of Klagenfurt anywhere, the previous shorter name remains unambiguous. Legend has it that Klagenfurt was founded after a couple of brave men had slain the abominable "Lindwurm", a winged dragon in the moors adjoining the lake, the staple diet of, said to have been virgins, but which did not spurn the fat bull on a chain that the men had mounted on a strong tower; the feat is commemorated by a grandiose 9-ton Renaissance monument in the city centre. The place was founded by the Spanheim Duke Herman as a stronghold sited across the commercial routes in the area.

Its first mention dates from the late 12th century in a document in which Duke Ulric II. Exempted St. Paul's Abbey from the toll charge "in foro Chlagenvurth"; that settlement occupied an area, subject to frequent flooding, so in 1246 Duke Herman's son, Duke Bernhard von Spanheim, moved it to a safer position and is thus considered to be the actual founder of the market place, which in 1252 received a city charter. In the following centuries, Klagenfurt suffered fires, invasions of locusts, attacks from Islamic Ottomans, was ravaged by the Peasants' Wars. In 1514, a fire completely destroyed the city, in 1518 Emperor Maximilian I, unable to rebuild it, despite the loud protests of the burgers, ceded Klagenfurt to the Estates, the nobility of the Duchy. Never before had such a thing happened; the new owners, brought about an economic renaissance and the political and cultural ascendancy of Klagenfurt. A canal was dug to connect the city to the lake as a supply route for timber to rebuild the city and to feed the city's new moats.

Roscoea forrestii

Roscoea forrestii is a perennial herbaceous plant occurring in the Sichuan and Yunnan provinces of China. Most members of the ginger family, to which it belongs, are tropical, but R. forrestii, like other species of Roscoea, grows in much colder mountainous regions. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant in gardens, it was named after George Forrest. Roscoea forrestii is a perennial herbaceous plant. Like all members of the genus Roscoea, it dies back each year to a short vertical rhizome, to which are attached the tuberous roots; when growth begins again, "pseudostems" are produced: structures which resemble stems but are formed from the wrapped bases of its leaves. Plants of R. forrestii are 17–30 cm tall, but may be up to 35 cm, with four to eight leaves. The first three to five leaves dotted with pink; the remainder of the leaves have a blade, free from the pseudostem and is 6.5–13 cm by 2–5 cm, smooth, or less with short hairs. In its native habitats, R. forrestii flowers between July.

The stem of the flower spike is hidden by the leaf sheaths. The pale green bracts which subtend the flowers are equal to it in length. Flowers may be yellow; each flower has the typical structure for Roscoea. There is a tube-shaped outer calyx, flushed with pink, 5–13 cm long with a two- or three-toothed apex. Next the three petals form a tube which protrudes from the calyx, 5–13 cm long, terminating in three lobes, an upright central lobe, 2.5–4 cm long by 1.5–2.5 cm wide, with dark veins, two narrower side lobes, 2.6–4 cm long by 5–10 mm wide. Inside the petals are structures formed from four sterile stamens: two lateral staminodes form what appear to be small upright petals, 1.1–2.5 cm long. The labellum bends is split from about half way into two lobes; the single functional stamen has a cream anther, about 5–8 cm long, with 5–9 mm long spurs formed from the connective tissue between the two capsules of the anther. The ovary is 1–5 cm long. Roscoea forrestii was first described scientifically by Elizabeth Jill Cowley, a British botanist, in 1982.

The specific epithet commemorates the Scottish plant collector George Forrest, who collected in western China and introduced many new garden plants to Europe and beyond. The type specimen was collected by Forrest in 1913 at 3,050 m in the Dali range in Yunnan; the Zingiberaceae family is tropical in distribution. The unusual mountainous distribution of Roscoea may have evolved recently and be a response to the uplift taking place in the region in the last 50 million years or so due to the collision of the Indian and Asian tectonic plates. Species of Roscoea divide into a Himalayan clade and a "Chinese" clade; the two clades correspond to a geographical separation, their main distributions being divided by the Brahmaputra River as it flows south at the end of the Himalayan mountain chain. It has been suggested that the genus may have originated in this area and spread westwards along the Himalayas and eastwards into the mountains of China and its southern neighbours. R. Forrestii was not included in the analysis by al..

It occurs in the geographical region of the Chinese clade, is said to be close to R. humeana, a member of this clade. Roscoea forrestii occurs in a variety of habitats, such as among shrubs and on cliffs, at between 2,000 and 3,400 metres, it is found in south Sichuan and west Yunnan. Some Roscoea species and cultivars, including R. forrestii, are grown in rock gardens. They require a sunny position with moisture-retaining but well-drained soil; as they do not appear above ground until late spring or early summer, they escape frost damage in regions where subzero temperatures occur. R. forrestii was described in 1999 as "dwindling" when grown at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, as it required more moisture. R. Forrestii was included in a trial of Roscoea held by the Royal Horticultural Society from 2009 to 2011, it proved hardy. It grew in the trial and was given the Award of Garden Merit. For propagation, see Roscoea: Cultivation

Ask Father

Ask Father is a short, 13-minute, slapstick-style comedy made by Harold Lloyd in 1919 before he got into his classic full-length feature films. Aside from Lloyd, it features Bebe Daniels, a charming and spunky actress who appeared in dozens of films in the 1910s. Lloyd is a serious young middle-class guy on the make; the problem is getting in to see the boss. When Lloyd gets into the boss’ office, the latter uses trap doors and conveyor belts to expel him. Lloyd decides to be sensible and he settles for the cute switchboard operator instead; the film includes a brief wall climbing sequence. Light-hearted, fast-paced. Harold Lloyd - The Boy Bebe Daniels - Switchboard operator Snub Pollard - The Corn-Fed Secretary Wallace Howe - The Boss Bud Jamison - Guardian at the door Noah Young - Large office worker Sammy Brooks - Short office worker Marie Mosquini - The Boy's First Love James Parrott - Willie, The Boy’s Rival Harry Burns William Gillespie - Office worker Lew Harvey Margaret Joslin Dorothea Wolbert Charles Stevenson - The Cop List of American films of 1919 Harold Lloyd filmography Ask Father on IMDb Ask Father on YouTube