Knox County, Indiana
Knox County is a county located in Indiana in the United States. It was one of two original counties created in the old Northwest Territory in 1790 and was reduced to its present size in 1817; as of 2010, the population was 38,440. The county seat is Vincennes. Knox County comprises the Vincennes, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area. In 1790, Winthrop Sargent, Secretary of Northwest Territory, organized the first Indiana county, Knox County, it was named for Major General Henry Knox, U. S. Secretary of War. Knox County was one of the original counties of the Northwest Territory and was created prior to the formation of the Indiana Territory; when it was created, Knox County extended to Canada and encompassed all or part of the present states of Indiana, Michigan and Ohio. When the Illinois Territory was formed in 1809, the portions of Knox County beyond the Wabash River became a part of Illinois. Many of Knox Country townships and lots were surveyed with the French system, which goes towards non-cardinal compass points.
Knox and Clark counties are the only ones laid out in this fashion. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 524.04 square miles, of which 516.03 square miles is land and 8.01 square miles is water. US 41 US 50 US 150 SR 58 SR 59 SR 61 SR 67 SR 159 SR 241 SR 358 SR 441 SR 550 George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Bicknell Vincennes Bruceville Decker Edwardsport Monroe City Oaktown Sandborn Wheatland Emison Freelandville Ragsdale WestphaliaFritchton Busseron Decker Harrison Johnson Palmyra Steen Vigo Vincennes Washington Widner In recent years, average temperatures in Vincennes have ranged from a low of 18 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.51 inches in February to 5.13 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code.
County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association.
The judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Knox County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 38,440 people, 15,249 households, 9,725 families residing in the county. The population density was 74.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 17,038 housing units at an average density of 33.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.9% white, 2.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 26.9% were German, 19.9% were American, 13.0% were Irish, 9.1% were English. Of the 15,249 households, 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families, 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 38.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $51,534. Males had a median income of $40,553 versus $27,201 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,381. About 12.6% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over. In 2005, Knox County had 16,240 jobs; the largest employing industry in the county was education and health services with 34 percent of total industry employment. Trade and utilities came in second with over 22 percent of total industry employment.
Manufacturing showed the most job growth and the largest percentage gain since 2001, increasing 316 jobs or 21 percent. The 2005 all industry earnings average for Knox County was $26,875, up $2,824 or 11.7 percent over the county's 2001 average. The m
Interstate 74 is an Interstate Highway in the midwestern and southeastern United States. Its western end is at an interchange with Interstate 80 in Iowa; the major cities that I-74 connects to includes Iowa. I-74 exists as several disconnected sections of highways in North Carolina. In the state of Iowa, Interstate 74 runs south from Interstate 80 for 5.36 miles before crossing into Illinois on the Interstate 74 Bridge. North of the Mississippi River, I-74 bisects Davenport. In the state of Illinois, Interstate 74 runs south from Moline to Galesburg. I-74 continues southeast to the Champaign-Urbana area, intersecting with Interstate 57; the interstate runs east past Danville at the Illinois-Indiana state line. U. S. Route 150 parallels Interstate 74 in Illinois for its entire length, save the last few miles on the eastern end, where it parallels U. S. Route 136. In the state of Indiana, Interstate 74 runs east from the Illinois state line to the Crawfordsville area before turning southeast, it runs around the city center of Indianapolis along Interstate 465.
Once I-74 reaches the southeast side of Indianapolis it diverges from I-465 and continues to the southeast. It enters Ohio in Harrison, Ohio. In the state of Ohio, Interstate 74 runs southeast from the Indiana border to the western segment's current eastern terminus at Interstate 75 just north of downtown Cincinnati, it is signed with U. S. Route 52 for its entire length. While planned to continue through West Virginia and Virginia to the Interstate 74 section in North Carolina, the route remains unsigned or unbuilt past Cincinnati. At this point, I-74 would follow U. S. Route 52 east from Cincinnati and the current Interstate 74. In the state of North Carolina, as of the end of 2018 I-74 exists in several segments, starting with a concurrency with I-77 at the Virginia border; this includes the most western portion from Interstate 77 to US 52 just south of Mount Airy, a segment co-signed as US 311, first opened to traffic as a bypass of High Point bypass extended west to I-40 east of Winston-Salem and east to Interstate 73 near Randleman another along the southern segment of Interstate 73 and U.
S. Route 220 from just north of Asheboro to south of Ellerbe, a more eastern segment that runs from Laurinburg to an end at NC 41 near Lumberton; the latest segment to be signed, from I-40 to High Point, occurred after the federal government approved signing this section as I-74 in the summer of 2013, despite the highway not being up to current interstate standards. It was uncertain why the Federal Highway Administration made an exception, but this might have been the result of a misinterpretation when a state highway administrator asked for interstate designation for another section and "Future Interstate" for the section completed that did not meet standards; the 1991 plan to build Interstate 73 soon included an extension of I-74 from where it ended in Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth, Ohio along Ohio State Route 32. In November 1991, the United States Congress passed the $151 billion Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act that included the I-73/74 North-South Corridor and made I-73 a priority and included an extension of I-74 from Hamilton County to I-73 at Portsmouth.
On August 31, 1992, the Ohio Turnpike Commission passed a resolution to study making the extension of I-74 a toll road. Congress had authorized paying for 80 percent of the cost, but the state would have to pay the remainder of the $56 million, it was estimated that improving US 52 to interstate standards in West Virginia would cost $2 billion. Still, by 1994, improvements to US 52 were planned, future plans called for I-73 to follow that route; the I-74 extension seemed more certain. The Ohio Turnpike Commission proposed that the extension run along Ohio State Route 32. Long-range plans call for I-74 to continue east and south of Cincinnati to North Carolina using OH 32 from Cincinnati to Piketon and the proposed I-73 from Portsmouth through West Virginia to I-77, it would follow I-77 through Virginia into North Carolina, where I-74 splits from Interstate 77 near the Virginia state line and runs eastward to northwest U. S. Route 52, which it will follow to Winston-Salem along U. S. Route 311 through High Point to I-73.
I-73 and I-74 overlap to Rockingham. In 1996 AASHTO approved the signing of highways as I-74 along its proposed path east of I-81 in Wytheville, where those highways meet Interstate Highway standards. North Carolina started putting up I-74 signs along its roadways in 1997; as of October 2009, Interstate 74 remains unbuilt in the state of West Virginia. WVDOT is upgrading the Tolsia Highway to four lanes, but not to Interstate Highway standards; as of December 2008, Interstate 74 is proposed to follow the path of Interstate 77 through the state of Virginia, but remains unsigned from the West Virginia border to the North Carolina border. Two sections of I-74 in North Carolina are under construction; these include building the first part of a bypass of Rockingham with Interstate 73 by reconstructing US 220 to interstate standards for 4 miles south of Ellerbe and is scheduled to be completed in 2018 and the first
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Henry County, Illinois
Henry County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. The 2010 United States Census, listed its population at 50,486, its county seat is Cambridge. Henry County is included in IA-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Henry County was formed on January 1825 out of Fulton County, Illinois, it is named for Patrick Henry, Revolutionary War firebrand and champion of individual rights, to whom the slogan "give me liberty, or give me death" is attributed. The county was settled by people from New England and western New York, descendants of English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era; the New England settlers founded the five towns of Andover, Geneseo, Morristown and La Grange. The settlement of Cambridge came about in 1843, when the owner of the land in that area dedicated a section of his properties to a town council; the incoming "Yankee" settlers made Henry County culturally similar to early New England culture. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 826 square miles, of which 823 square miles is land and 2.7 square miles is water.
It is the 29th largest of Illinois' 102 counties. The area is flat, with elevations ranging from 650 feet above sea level in the northwest to 850 in the southeast. About 456,596 acres or 86.7% of the county's land area, is used for agriculture. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Cambridge have ranged from a low of 13 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −24 °F was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches in January to 4.32 inches in August. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 50,486 people, 20,373 households, 14,149 families residing in the county; the population density was 61.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 22,161 housing units at an average density of 26.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.8% white, 1.6% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 30.0% were German, 14.6% were Irish, 12.3% were Swedish, 11.5% were English, 7.2% were American. Of the 20,373 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $49,164 and the median income for a family was $61,467. Males had a median income of $44,589 versus $30,992 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,915. About 6.8% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over. Annawan Atkinson Kedron Oxford Saxon Henry County's political history is typical of many Yankee-settled rural counties in Illinois.
After being Democratic in its first few elections, the county turned powerfully Republican for the 110 years following the formation of that party. The only time it did not vote Republican between 1856 and 1960 was in 1912 when the GOP was mortally divided and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt won a majority of the county's ballots. In 1964, when the Republican Party nominated the Southern-oriented Barry Goldwater, Henry County voted Democratic for the first time since 1852, but as was typical for Yankee counties it returned to the Republicans with the selection of the more moderate Richard Nixon. In the 1980s, the transition of the Republican Party into a party based around Southern Evangelicals alienated its historic Yankee base: Henry County turned to Democrat Michael Dukakis in 1988, voted Democratic in every election between 1988 and 2012 except that of 2004 when George W. Bush carried the county by 5.1 percent. However, concern with unemployment in the “Rust Belt” resulted in a powerful swing to Republican Donald Trump in 2016 – the worst Democratic result in the county since Jimmy Carter in 1980.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Henry County, Illinois Official website U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Henry County, Illinois Henry County Tourism Bureau Illinois Ancestors Henry County Henry County Historical Society
U.S. Route 150
U. S. Route 150 is a 571-mile long northwest-southeast United States highway, signed as east–west, it runs from U. S. Route 6 outside of Moline, Illinois to U. S. Route 25 in Mount Vernon, Kentucky. In the state of Illinois, U. S. 150 runs from the Quad City International Airport at U. S. Route 6 southeast to near Vermilion. U. S. 150 in Illinois is 267.47 miles long. Between Moline and Danville, Route 150 parallels Interstate 74. In the state of Indiana, U. S. 150 runs south with U. S. Route 41 from Terre Haute, it is concurrent with its parent, U. S. Route 50 from Vincennes to Shoals, it runs east to New Albany before overlapping Interstate 64 into Kentucky. Between Vincennes and New Albany the road follows the original route of the Buffalo Trace. U. S. 150 runs concurrently with I-64 as it enters Kentucky from Indiana, crossing the Ohio River into Louisville on the Sherman Minton Bridge and exiting the I-64 freeway at North 22nd Street in the Portland neighborhood. From there, U. S. 150 runs south to West Broadway.
S. 150 follows Broadway across downtown to Baxter Avenue. Between West Main and West Broadway in Louisville, U. S. 150 is concurrent with U. S. Route 31W. S. Route 31E; the route along Baxter Avenue and Bardstown Road follows the former Louisville and Bardstown Turnpike through the Highlands district of Louisville and past the historic Farmington plantation at the interchange with the Watterson Expressway. U. S. routes 31E separate at Bardstown near the Martha Layne Collins Blue Grass Parkway. U. S. 150 continues southeast, around the city of Danville before terminating at Mount Vernon. U. S. Route 168 was created in 1926 from Louisville to Mount Vernon, overlapping US 68 between Bardstown and Perryville. In 1934, US 150 absorbed US 168. Illinois Route 39 ran from Bloomington to Champaign on the current routing of U. S. 150. U. S. Route 150 Business is a special U. S. Route in Springfield, Kentucky; the route runs through downtown Springfield. It intersects Kentucky state highways 152, 555, 528, 1584, 1404.
U. S. Route 150 Bypass is a special U. S. Route in Danville, Kentucky; the route bypasses Danville to the southwest. The route is overlapped by US 127 Byp. for the first half of its length. It intersects US 127, along with Kentucky state routes 34 and 37. U. S. Route 50 U. S. Route 250 U. S. Route 350 U. S. Route 450 U. S. Route 550 U. S. Route 650 Roads in Louisville, Kentucky Endpoints of US highway 150
United States Secretary of War
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration. A similar position, called either "Secretary at War" or "Secretary of War", had been appointed to serve the Congress of the Confederation under the Articles of Confederation between 1781 and 1789. Benjamin Lincoln and Henry Knox held the position; when Washington was inaugurated as the first president under the Constitution, he appointed Knox to continue serving as Secretary of War. The Secretary of War was the head of the War Department. At first, he was responsible including naval affairs. In 1798, the Secretary of the Navy was created by statute, the scope of responsibility for this office was reduced to the affairs of the United States Army. From 1886 onward, the Secretary of War was in the line of succession to the presidency, after the Vice President of the United States, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President pro tem of the Senate and the Secretary of State.
In 1947, with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947, the Secretary of War was replaced by the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force, along with the Secretary of the Navy, have since 1949 been non-Cabinet subordinates under the Secretary of Defense. The Secretary of the Army's office is considered the direct successor to the Secretary of War's office although the Secretary of Defense took the Secretary of War's position in the Cabinet, the line of succession to the presidency; the office of Secretary at War was modelled upon Great Britain's Secretary at War, William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington, at the time of the American Revolution. The office of Secretary at War was meant to replace both the Commander-in-Chief and the Board of War, like the President of the Board, the Secretary wore no special insignia; the Inspector General, Quartermaster General, Commissary General, Adjutant General served on the Secretary's staff. However, the Army itself under Secretary Henry Knox only consisted of 700 men.
Parties No party Federalist Democratic-Republican Democratic Whig Republican Confederate States Secretary of War Bell, William Gardner. Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005: Portraits and Biographical Sketches. Washington, D. C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the United States Cabinet 1789-2010. Armenia, New York: Greyhouse Publishing. King, Archibald. Command of the Army. Military Affairs. Charlottesville, Virginia: The Judge Advocate General's School, U. S. Army