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Kool G Rap

Nathaniel Thomas Wilson, better known by his stage name Kool G Rap, is an American rapper from Queens. He began his career in the mid-1980s as one half of the group Kool G Rap & DJ Polo and as a member of the Juice Crew, he is cited as one of the most influential and skilled MCs of all time, a pioneer of mafioso rap/street/hardcore content and multisyllabic rhyming. On his album The Giancana Story, he stated that the "G" in his name stands for "Giancana", but on other occasions he has stated that it stands for "Genius", he has been cited as a major influence to some of hip-hop's most critically acclaimed figures such as The Notorious B. I. G. Nas and Jay-Z, as well as many underground rappers. Wilson grew up in the poverty-ridden streets of Corona, New York with legendary producer Eric B. In an interview with The Source he stated. I was like 15 years old, Ma dukes couldn't dress a nigga no more and at that age you want a little money in your pocket. That's, material possessions. A nigga got caught up in that mentality.

Nigga started selling drugs at a certain point, all that shit, it's what was goin' on in the streets... all my friends got smoked. Everybody was droppin'. All my friends started packing burners everyday, we was wild shorties. Around this time, Wilson was looking for a DJ, through Eric B. he met DJ Polo, looking for an MC to collaborate with. Juice Crew producer Mr. Magic and DJ Marley Marl allowed Polo and Kool G Rap to go to their studio to record a demo, which resulted in the song "It's a Demo." The song was written and recorded in one night, had Marley so impressed, that he embraced Kool G Rap and DJ Polo as Juice Crew members. In 1986, the duo appeared on Mr. Magic's Rap Attack radio show on 107.5. They released "It's a Demo" as a single with "I'm Fly", along with two more singles. Shortly after this, Kool G Rap appeared on the Juice Crew's classic posse cut "The Symphony" before they released their debut album, Road to the Riches in 1989; this album and their two albums, Wanted: Dead or Alive and Live and Let Die, are regarded and considered hip-hop classics.

In 1993, Kool G Rap parted ways with DJ Polo to pursue a solo career. In 1995, Wilson started his solo career with the album 4, 5, 6, which featured production from Buckwild, guest appearances from Nas, MF Grimm and B-1, it has been his most commercially successful record, reaching No. 24 on the US Billboard 200 album chart. This was followed by Roots of Evil in 1998. In 1997 G Rap was featured on Frankie Cutlass' "Politic & Bullsht" album track titled "Know Da Game" which featured Mobb Deep, he planned to release his next album, The Giancana Story, on Rawkus Records in 2000. Due to several complications with the record label, the album release date was pushed back several times, the album was released in 2002. "My Life", the single from the album, featuring Talk Box legend G-Wise, reached No. 6 on the US Billboard Hot 100 Rap singles charts. Kool G Rap and his group 5 Family Click released a joint album, Click of Respect, on Kool G Rap's own Igloo Ent. record label in 2003, to mild success. There were rumors of Kool G Rap's signing to both Rocafella and G-Unit Records, at one point Maybach Music.

In 2007, he released Half a Klip on Chinga Chang Records, featuring production from, among others, DJ Premier and Marley Marl. A full LP was released in 2011, Royalty, Respect showcasing his true to form style and lyricism; the promise and prospects of collaboration albums were announced the next year on his own, newly formed label FullMettle. The first of these new projects came in 2018 with the album Son of G Rap with Rochester, New York based rapper 38 Spesh. In years, Kool G Rap's interests extended outside hip-hop, he stated in further interviews his desire to begin writing movie scripts, an ambition taken in for a few years as he sought out various collaborators, as well as his desire to work on a clothing line at one point. Kool G Rap is regarded as a hugely influential golden age rapper. Music journalist Peter Shapiro suggests that he "created the blueprint for Nas and everyone who followed in their path". Kool G is described by Kool Moe Dee as "the progenitor and prototype for Biggie, Jay-Z, Treach, N.

O. R. E. Fat Joe, Big Pun, about twenty-five more hard-core emcees", Kool Moe Dee claims Kool G Rap is "the most lyrical" out of all of the artists mentioned. MTV describes Kool G Rap as a "hip-hop godfather", adding that he paved the way for a lot of MCs who we would not have heard of otherwise. Rolling Stone says, "G Rap excelled at the street narrative, a style that would come to define Queens MCs like Nas and Mobb Deep". Other artists who have named Kool G Rap as a major influence include The Notorious B. I. G. Eminem, Jay-Z, Tajai of Souls of Mischief, Vinnie Paz of Jedi Mind Tricks, Steele of Smif-N-Wessun, Havoc of Mobb Deep, Rock of Heltah Skeltah, MC Serch, Black Thought of The Roots, M. O. P. R. A. the Rugged Man, Bun B of UGK, Rah Digga. C. of D. I. T. C. Memphis Bleek, Pharoahe Monch of Organized Konfusion, Action Bronson, Twista, among others, he is often highly rated in terms of his technical ability and is ranked alongside other regarded golden age MCs, such as Big Daddy Kane, KRS-One. In Jay-Z's track'Encore', Jay-Z raps, "hearing me rap is like hearing G Rap in his prime".

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Leeds Student Television

Leeds Student Television is a student television station run by students from the University of Leeds. Leeds Student Television produces video content and broadcasts on a weekly basis around the University as well as on its website and Facebook page. In the late 1960s a group of students formed'Network 4' and broadcast black and white programmes on a closed circuit around the University. However, it became too costly and time consuming to continue, the students decided to broadcast radio instead, Network 4 became, still going strong today. 30 years in 2002, enterprising first year Broadcasting student Nik Smith discussed with a group of friends the possibility of once again setting up a student TV station at the University of Leeds. They approached Leeds University Union, were laughed out of the office when they asked for funding to get the idea off the ground; the Union agreed that they could set up the station, as long as it was called LUUTV. And so, Leeds University Union Television was born.

Screens went up in the Union, began to glow with a few simple PowerPoint slides. LUUTV was starting to go live. Just past 12:00pm on Friday 28 February 2003, LUUTV went on-air across the Union with the assistance of the late Richard Whiteley who became the station's patron; the broadcast introduced viewers to The Essential, a news show, That's Entertainment. Both are still a key part of the LSTV schedule today; the full story of the struggle to launch LUUTV is charted in the documentary Going Live. In September 2003, a new influx of members to LUUTV, there were some big changes. In the first few weeks, broadcasts hadn't gone out as planned, Nik made the decision to stop broadcasting until after Christmas, to focus on improvements and organisation. A new Union executive allowed the name to LS:TV, or Leeds Student Television, to bring them in line with the other media groups in the Union, Leeds Student Radio and Leeds Student. On 15 March 2004 the first LS:TV broadcast hit the screens of the Union to a huge reception.

With the first show out of the way, the Easter holidays meant it was time for the new LS:TV to head to its first National Student Television Association conference, in Norwich. LS:TV submitted a mix of LUUTV and LS:TV programming to NaSTA for their annual awards ceremony, they returned from the conference and awards ceremony with 3 major awards - Best Comedy, Best Documentary and Best Ident, 1 Highly Commended award. The next year saw LS:TV go from strength to strength, with the purchase of broadcast quality cameras and microphones and the production of hour-long weekly shows nearly every single week of term. LS:TV went into a position where it could afford to diversify and in February 2005, they took their equipment out of the studio for the first time and into the Union's Riley Smith Hall, recorded a live outside broadcast of the Dance Exposé society's performance Aurora Borealis III. Subsequently, they filmed the Musical Theatre society's production of Romeo and Juliet, the Rileys societies awards night.

April 2005 saw another storming LS:TV NaSTA victory, where they took home 6 of the top awards, including Best Broadcaster, held for the past 10 years by Glasgow's student television station, GUST. The following months saw wave after wave of new programming hitting the LS:TV screens, not least their ten-hour charity broadcast for 2005’s Children In Need. Featuring live fund raising, LS:TV collected over £600 and presented a cheque together with LUU’S RAG to the BBC. In 2006, LS:TV began to prepare itself to host NaSTA 2006 alongside YSTV. LS:TV once again scooped a generous helping of awards, but had to say goodbye to its founding members, who were moving on to bigger and brighter things. A 2008 rebrand saw the station drop the colon and start using the name LSTV; this was shortly followed by the construction of a new studio and a move to larger facilities in the Activities Resource Centre in the Union building. This includes a operational gallery and access to one of the university's activity rooms, transformed into a studio by means of a few props and chairs.

In September 2013, LSTV received a large amount of funding which allowed them to upgrade their facilities to High Definition broadcast systems and software, moved from the use of DV tapes to SD cards to record and capture footage. September 2014 marked the stations tenth anniversary since formation in 2004, another rebrand for the station - extending their name to Leeds Student Television. Alongside this, in the summer of 2014, the station was moved to a bigger studio and office space located on the first floor of Leeds University Union, next to student media counterparts The Gryphon and Leeds Student Radio. A substantial refurbishment programme, funded by Leeds University’s Footsteps fund, was undertaken in the summer of 2015; this brought the station to near 4K capacity. The station branched out into paid commercial work, making promotional videos for Bierkeller, TEDx, AMF amongst others. In the following March, Leeds Student Television was elected to host the National Student Television Awards in 2016, their first time as a solitary host station.

At the start of the 2015/16 season, it was announced that the station would be moving to bi-weekly broadcasts. This was to make the broadcasts longer, to have a larger proportion of new content for each live show. On 7 October 2015, Leeds Student Television saw their first digital freeview broadcast, in the form of an hour long highlights show on Made in Leeds entitled Best Of LSTV Live; the show aired on a weekly basis at 10pm on Wednesdays, consists

Samuel Hearne

Samuel Hearne was an English explorer, fur-trader and naturalist. He was the first European to make an overland excursion across northern Canada to the Arctic Ocean Coronation Gulf, via the Coppermine River. In 1774, Hearne built Cumberland House for the Hudson's Bay Company, its first interior trading post and the first permanent settlement in present Saskatchewan. Samuel Hearne was born in February 1745 in London UK. Hearne's father was Secretary of the Waterworks, of the London Bridge who died in 1748, his mother's name was Diana, his sister's name was Sarah, three years younger than Samuel. Samuel Hearne joined the British Royal Navy in 1756 at the age of 11 as midshipman under the fighting captain Samuel Hood, he remained with Hood during the Seven Years' War, seeing considerable action during the conflict, including the bombardment of Le Havre. At the end of the Seven Years' War, having served in the English Channel and the Mediterranean, he left the Navy in 1763. In February 1766, he joined the Hudson's Bay Company as a mate on the sloop Churchill, engaged in the Inuit trade out of Prince of Wales Fort, Manitoba.

Two years he became mate on the Brigantine Charlotte and participated in the company's short-lived black whale fishery. In 1767, he found the remains of James Knight's expedition. In 1768, he examined portions of the Hudson Bay coasts with a view to improving the cod fishery. During this time he gained a reputation for snowshoeing. Hearne was able to improve his navigational skills by observing William Wales, at Hudson Bay during 1768–1769 after being commissioned by the Royal Society to observe the Transit of Venus with Joseph Dymond; the English on Hudson Bay had long known that the Indians to the northwest used native copper, as indicated by such words as Yellowknife. When, in 1768, a northern Indian brought lumps of copper to Churchill, the governor, Moses Norton, decided to send Hearne in search of a possible copper mine; the basic theme of Hearne's three journeys is the Englishmen's ignorance of the methods of travel through this difficult country and their dependence on Indians who knew the land and how to live off of it.

First Journey: Since there was no canoe route to the northwest, the plan was to go on foot over the frozen winter ground. Without canoes, they would have to carry as much food as possible and live off the land. Hearne planned to join a group of northern Indians that had come to trade at Churchill and somehow induce them to lead him to the copper mine, he left Churchill on 6 November 1769 along with two company employees, two Cree hunters and a band of Chipewyans and went north across the Seal River, an east-west river north of Churchill. By 19 November their European provisions gave out and their hunters had found little game, they headed west and north, finding only a few ptarmigan and three stray caribou. The Indians, who knew the country, had better sense than to risk starvation in this way and began deserting; when the last Indians left and his European companions returned to the sheltered valley of the Seal River, where he was able to find venison, reached Churchill on 11 December. Second Journey: Since he could not control the northern Indians, Hearne proposed to try again using'home guards', that is, Cree who lived around the post and hunted in exchange for European supplies.

He left Churchill on 23 February. Reaching the Seal River, he found good hunting and followed it west until he reached a large lake Sethnanei Lake. Here he decided to live by fishing. In April the fish began to give out. On 24 April a large body of Indians women, arrived from the south for the annual goose hunt. On 19 May the geese arrived and there was now plenty to eat, they headed east past Baralzone Lake. By June the geese had flown further north and they were again threatened with famine. At one point they killed three muskoxen and had to eat them raw because it was too wet to light a fire, they crossed the Kazan River above Yathkyed Lake where they found good hunting and fishing and went west to Lake Dubawnt, about 450 miles northwest of Churchill. On 14 August his quadrant was destroyed, which accounts for the inaccuracy of latitudes on the remainder to this and the next journey. At this point the sources become vague. On his return journey he met Matonabbee, to be his guide on the next journey.

Matonabbee may well have saved him from freezing or starving to death. Most of the land Hearne crossed on his second journey is desolate and was not properly explored again until Joseph Tyrrell in 1893. Third Journey: Hearne contrived to travel as the only European with a group of Chipewyan guides led by Matonabbee; the group included eight of Matonabbee's wives to act as beasts of burden in the sledge traces, camp servants, cooks. This third expedition set out in December 1770, to reach the Coppermine River in summer, by which he could descend to the Arctic in canoes. Matonabbee kept a fast pace, so fast they reached the great caribou traverse before provisions dwindled and in time for the spring hunt. Here Northern Indian hunters gathered to hunt the vast herds of caribou migrating north for the summer. A store of meat was laid up for Hearne's voyage and a band of "Yellowknife" Dene joined the expedition. Matonabbee ordered his women to wait for his return in the Athabasca country to the west.

The Dene were a mild and peaceful people, they were in a state of conflict with the Inuit. A great number of Yellowknif


Amigoland is the first novel by American author Oscar Casares and a follow-up to his book of short stories, Brownsville. It was published in 2009 by Little Company; the plot centers on two estranged elderly brothers who reunite after many years to break the elder brother, Don Fidencio, out of his nursing home in Brownsville and head to Mexico on a quest to solve the mystery of how their family came to America. Amigoland received a "starred review" from Publishers Weekly and was selected by the 2010 Mayor's Book Club in Austin, Texas for that year's citywide reading campaign. Don Fidencio is a 91-year-old widower, a resident of Amigoland, a Brownsville nursing home, where he's been sent by his daughter and son-in-law, his body is failing him, he's stuffed with pills – "pills for his heart... his blood pressure... his cholesterol... his kidneys... his heartburn... the pain in his legs... to make him... to make him sleep." He turns the name of the place into an irony: He feels so isolated, he cannot bother to learn the names of those around him, opting instead for shorthand – "The Gringo With the Ugly Finger," "The One Who Likes to Kiss Your Forehead."

He takes pleasure only from his cigarettes. Fidencio’s somewhat younger brother Celestino a widower, is now suffering from diabetes. In contrast to his brother, Celestino is still vital enough to start a Viagra-assisted affair with his housekeeper, Socorro. Socorro is Don Celestino's housekeeper, she is a childless widow three decades younger than Celestino who lives across the border in Matamoros. It's Socorro, seeking a deeper relationship with Celestino, who encourages him to visit his brother after years of estrangement; as Fidencio and Celestino catch up, Socorro learns that their falling out concerned a story the old men cannot agree on: Was it true that their "Papa Grande" saw his family killed by Indians and was kidnapped and brought north? They decide to set out on a four-day bus trip to Linares to search for the truth about their grandfather and about each other; the themes of aging, brotherhood and memory figure prominently in Amigoland. Casares said in an interview. Amigoland was written as his own father was dying in a nursing home in Brownsville

Danao, Bohol

Danao the Municipality of Danao, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 17,890 people; the town of Danao, Bohol celebrates its fiesta on December 10, to honor the town patron the Holy Family. According to the Diccionario Español-Bisaya, danao means charca, laguna, estanque grande, campañas, etc.. Except that of a lake, all definitions of danao describe the municipality of Danao, with freshet being the most meaning. A freshet is either a sudden rise or overflow of a stream or river, or freshwater stream emptying into the sea; the Isumod river flowing near the town center of Danao may overflow and inundate a large portion of the town. The river empties into the sea. Danao comprises 17 barangays: Eco and Educational Adventure Tour Danao offers a great new experience of Bohol. One can soar across one of Bohol's most attractive gorges like a bird. Dagohoy Historical Marker: A historical marker on Dagohoy's grave in the mountains installed in his honor.

The Dagohoy Marker located in barangay Magtangtang, was installed by the Philippine Historical Commission to honor the heroic deeds of Dagohoy. Magtangtang was Francisco Dagohoy's hideout during the revolt. Hundreds of Dagohoy's followers preferred death inside the cave than surrender, their skeletons still remain in the site. Municipality of Danao

Borders of Azerbaijan

The Borders of Azerbaijan define the land and maritime borders of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has international land borders with 5 states; the neighboring countries are Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Iran to the south, Turkey to the west and Armenia to the west and via the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the north and east. To the east, Azerbaijan is bordered by the Caspian Sea, classified as the world's largest lake and as a closed sea. Additionally, in Armenia, there exist three Azerbaijani enclaves: Barxudarlı, Yuxarı Əskipara and Karki Reciprocally, there exists one Armenian enclave, a village called Artsvashen in north-western Azerbaijan. Although as a landlocked country, Azerbaijan has no access to the open sea, it has a coastline of 713 km on the Caspian Sea, a lake or a closed sea depending on various definitions and interpretations; because of its large size and being bordered by five countries, it has maritime borders and naval forces by all five Caspian littoral states.

Azerbaijan's maritime boundaries with Russia and Kazakhstan have been determined, but is still disputed with Iran and Turkmenistan. Table of countries with a land border with Azerbaijan. State Border Service Border crossings of Azerbaijan