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Kraków District

Kraków District was one of the original 4 administrative districts set up by the Nazis after the German occupation of Poland during the years of 1939-1945. This district, along with the other three districts, formed the General Government, it was established on October 12, 1939 by Adolf Hitler, with the capital in occupied Kraków – the historic residence of Polish royalty. The Nazi Gauleiter Hans Frank became the Governor-General of the entire territory of General Government, he made his residence in Kraków at the guarded Wawel castle. Frank was the former legal counsel to the Nazi Party; the Kraków District was divided up into 12 Kreise. Each of these Kreise was ran by a district chief; the 12 Kreise that made up the district included Dębica, Jarosław, Jasło, Krosno, Miechów, Neu- Sandez, Przemyśl, Reichshof and Tarnow. The fifth district, was incorporated into the General Government after the beginning of German invasion of the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa; the main administrative leader was the district governor.

The first governor was SS Major General Otto Wächter, who would be succeeded in the following order: Richard Wendler, Dr. Ludwig Losacker, Dr. Kurt von Burgsdorff; the first German SS and Police Leader was Hans Walter Zech, succeeded by SS Oberführer Julian Scherner, by SS Sturmbannführer Will Haase. The SSPF oversaw various police agencies, such as the Order Police; the Order Police consisted of the Schutzpolizei, which handled policing activities in larger cities, Gendarmerie, which handled policing activities in smaller towns and rural areas. Lastly, the Jewish Police oversaw the inner activities of the various ghettos set up throughout the district. Polish Police and the Order Police were responsible for external patrolling of the ghettos; the Commander of Security Police and SD for District Kraków was SS-Lieutenant Colonel Max Grosskopf. The Jewish Police gained a reputation of being brutal when it came to carrying out orders from the Germans. Once the military gave control over to the German civil administration, various antisemitic laws were passed to strip Jews of their rights and began forced labor for those that were able.

Jewish councils were created by the civil administration to enforce Jewish-related policies that were signed into law. The members of these councils were responsible for the implementation of any orders given to them; the Jewish councils were responsible for organization of forced labor, the collection of taxes and contributions, the enforcement of sanitary regulations, the organization of welfare and medical services. The Jewish councils were accused to treating refugees corruption. Members of the councils tried to bribe German officials into delaying an order; this did not work over the long term as Jewish funds began to dry up quickly. The Jewish Social Self-Help took over control of welfare from the Jewish councils. Branches were set up in major Jewish populations throughout the district; the services they provided include setting up soup kitchens, distributed food and clothing, given to them, provided care for the elderly and children. Their efforts were not enough to fix all the issues facing the Jewish ghettos.

A little over two months after the invasion of Poland, the new Gestapo chief of Kraków SS-Obersturmbannführer Bruno Müller had launched his Sonderaktion Krakau, shutting down all universities and high schools, arresting leading academics. The occupation of Kraków by Nazi Germany began in September 6, 1939. Many Jews and civilians alike tried to flee when the German army came, but many were forced to return to the city; the Kraków ghetto was established on March 3, 1941, followed by a wave of further ghettoization in other towns throughout the district. German statistics estimated; this was a low estimate as it failed to take in to account the Jews that came from Germany after Poland was incorporated into the Reich. Kraków became the headquarters of Security Police and the SD intelligence agency for Operation Reinhard which marked the most deadly phase of the Final Solution; the majority of deportations of Jews came within a three-and-a-half month period from June 1 to mid-September 1942. All ghettos were liquidated by February 1944, with Jews either being sent to labor camps or to Bełżec extermination camp.

Of the 60,000 Jews that were in Kraków before the war began, around 2,000 survived. There was organized resistance within the Kraków ghetto, they participated in activities both outside the ghetto. Many pre-war youth groups remained in contact and began to train with weapons, implemented assistance programs, other various underground activities; the resistance conducted raids in which they killed Gestapo informants, stole uniforms that were produced in factories in the ghetto, other activities. Outside the ghetto, they attacked checkpoints. Much of the forced labor in the Kraków District occurred at Nazi-run concentration camps. Labor was coordinated by the Judenrat; this included separating Jews by able-bodiedness for forced labor and handling any social issues that arose. It was not uncommon for laborers to be sent from labor camps to Nazi extermination camps to nearby Auschwitz-Birkenau or Bełżec. By 1942, about 37,000 Jews remained in the Kraków District.

Schedular system of taxation

The schedular system of taxation is the system of how the charge to United Kingdom corporation tax is applied. It applied to United Kingdom income tax before legislation was rewritten by the Tax Law Rewrite Project. Similar systems apply in other jurisdictions that are or were related to the United Kingdom, such as Ireland and Jersey. Under the source rule, tax is levied on a source of income or gain only if there is a specific provision taxing that income or gain; the levies to tax on income were original set out in Schedules to the Income Tax Act. In the case of United Kingdom corporation tax, they remain for companies charged to that tax, in the case of United Kingdom income tax, but not all remain. In the United Kingdom the source rule applies; this means that something is taxed only if there is a specific provision bringing it within the charge to tax. Accordingly, profits are only charged to corporation tax if they fall within one of the following, are not otherwise exempted by an explicit provision of the Taxes Acts: Notes: The heads of charge listed above are mutually exclusive.

No income or gain can fall within more than one head of charge. In practice companies do not get taxed under Schedule F. Most companies are exempted from Schedule F and there is a provision for those companies which are taxed on UK dividends that removes the charge from Schedule F to Schedule D. A controlled foreign company is a company controlled by a UK resident, not itself UK resident and is subject to a lower rate of tax in the territory in which it is resident. Under certain circumstances, UK resident companies that control a CFC pay corporation tax on what the UK tax profits of that CFC would have been. However, because of a wide range of exemptions few companies suffer a CFC charge. There used to be a Schedule B and a Schedule C that applied to companies, but these have now been merged with Schedule D. Schedule E, repealed in 2003, only applied to individuals. Authorised unit trusts are not liable to tax on their chargeable gains. Income tax was levied under 5 schedules - income not falling within those schedules was not taxed.

The schedules were: Schedule A Schedule B Schedule C Schedule D Schedule E Later a sixth Schedule, Schedule F was added. The Schedules under which tax is levied have changed. Schedule B was abolished in 1988, Schedule C in 1996 and Schedule E in 2003. For income tax purposes, the remaining Schedules were abolished in 2005. Schedules A, D and F remain for corporation tax purposes. Schedule D is itself divided into a number of cases: Notes: Income can fall within more than one of Case I, III and V. Where this happens, the income is only taxed under one of the Cases; the HM Revenue and Customs decides. Where interest-type income and gains.losses on loans, financial instruments and intangibles relate to a trade, they fall within Case I not Case III. The one exception to this is life assurance companies taxed on the I minus E basis, where they always fall within Case III. Overseas interest-type income, etc. falls within Case I or III, as appropriate, never under Case V. There was a Case II, which applied to income from vocations.

It is not believed that a company within the charge to corporation tax can have such income and Case II was abolished when income tax stopped being treated on a schedular basis. There used to be Cases IV, VII and VIII; the computations of income and taxable chargeable gains include deductions for direct expenses. However, not all sources of income have direct expenses. A company may incur expenses managing a subsidiary which does not tend to pay dividend income to it. Relief is therefore given for management expenses incurred by a company with investment business, for certain management expenses of a life assurance company taxed on the I minus E basis. Relief is given as a deduction from profits chargeable to corporation tax to certain payments to charities, certain royalty payments made by non-traders and some manufactured overseas dividends. Subject to specific statute or case law to the contrary, Case I of Schedule D and Schedule A profits are based on profits as calculated using UK Generally Accepted Accounting Practice.

The same is true for the deduction for management expenses that are available to companies with investment business. Where a company prepares its accounts under International Financial Reporting Standards, it will use profits computed on that basis instead from 2005 onwards, subject to specific statute or case law to the contrary; the main exceptions to this rule are that no deductions are allowed under Case I of Schedule D for expenses not incurred wholly and for the trade and that no deductions are available for capital. In recent publications, the HM Revenue and Customs has split the various exceptions to the "follow the accounts" rule up into 11 somewhat arbitrary categories, of which 1 is the miscellaneous residual category; the other ten are Public policy Transfer pricing Structural Avoidance Tax neutrality Capital items Fiscal incentives Symmetry Realisability and Tax capacity "True reflection" Since no capital deductions

Allium yosemitense

Allium yosemitense is a California species of wild onion known by the common name Yosemite onion. Most of the known populations are situated within the boundaries of Yosemite National Park. Allium yosemitense grows from a bulb two to three centimeters long, producing a scape up to about 23 centimetres in maximum height, it has two long flat leaves that are slightly longer than the scape. The umbel contains up to 50 white or pink flowers, each on a pedicel which may be over 3 centimetres long. Allium yosemitense is endemic to the central Sierra Nevada of California. Populations have been recorded in three counties: El Dorado and Tuolumne. Most of the sites are inside Yosemite National Park; the habitats in which Allium yosemitense can be found include: California interior chaparral and foothill woodlands, Sierra Nevada lower montane forest, Mediterranean California Lower Montane Black Oak-Conifer Forest. Allium yosemitense is listed by the State of California as Rare, included in the California Native Plant Society—CNPS Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants of California.

List of plants of the Sierra Nevada

False Pretenses

False Pretenses is a 1935 American romantic comedy film directed by Charles Lamont and starring Irene Ware. When Mary Beekman loses her waitress job, after a fight with her loutish boyfriend, trucker Mike O’Reilly she stands at a bridge on a windy night, losing her pay check through a windblown and leans over the guardrail of the bridge to catch it. Socialite Kenneth Alden catches her. He’s lost everything, not mortgaged. Both down on their luck, they assume. Instead, Mary has an idea. If Ken sells shares to a syndicate of his wealthy friends, in a phoney beauty product, they’ll have enough money for some clothes to pass Mary off in society, long enough to meet and marry a wealthy bachelor, they can pay everyone back, with interest. The con might work, except that Ken has too much integrity to marry for money to Clarissa, Mary is beginning to see his point when she falls for Pat, who has secrets of his own; the plot boils over. Pat's valet is a thief, but he escapes with a stolen Tiara. Meantime Mary thinks to leave as things do not work out, so she shares the taxi to the station with Pat's valet escaping with the Tiara.

After a police chase, Mary is hauled off to the station. It looks like no one is going to end up a bad reputation. Irene Ware as Mary Beekman Sidney Blackmer as Kenneth Alden Betty Compson as Clarissa Stanhope Russell Hopton as Pat Brennan Edward Gargan as Mike O'Reilly Ernest Wood as Tiffany Cortland Lucy Beaumont as Miss Milgrim Marshall Ruth as Gardner Dot Farley as Mrs. Smythe John Picorri as Soutar Herbert Clifton as Bleven William Humphrey as Newman False Pretenses on IMDb False Pretenses, Rotten Tomatoes False Pretenses, TCM.com

Huliyurdurga

Huliyurdurga is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Kunigal taluk of Tumkur district in Karnataka; as of 2001 India census, Huliyurdurga had a population of 8399 with 4149 females. Huliyurdurga is about 22 km south of Kunigal, it is now the headquarters of the hobli of the same name was once the headquarters of the taluk of the same name till 1873. It is situated on the foot of the hill of the same name; the hill has the peculiar appearance of an inverted cup. The fortification of the hill commanding the place is about 845 metres above the sea level and were said to have been erected by Kempe Gowda, the Magadi chief. There are ruined houses, powder magazines granaries, durbar hall and other remains; the temple close to this hill is said to have been built by Kempe Gowda or by Chikkadeveraya Wodeyar. It has well worked granite pillars in the navaranga; the temple of Mallikarjuna is situated on the summit of Hemagiri hill, by the side of Huliyurdurga. A shrine of Varadaraja locally known as Hemagiriyappa is on the eastern slope of Hemagiri where the object of worship is a round stone and on the southern slope is a shrine of Bhairava.

The hill is not fortified. Tumkur Districts of Karnataka 3. Karnataka State Gazetteer 1983. Http://Tumkur.nic.in/

Criminal: UK

Criminal: UK is a 2019 British police procedural anthology series created by George Kay and Jim Field Smith and starring David Tennant, Hayley Atwell, Clare-Hope Ashitey, Youssef Kerkour. It is part of Netflix's Criminal, an anthology series consisting of 12 total episodes, with three episodes each set in four countries and filmed in local languages: France, Spain and the UK, it was released on 20 September 2019 on Netflix. The show is set within the confines of a police interrogation room where London investigators engage in intense games of psychological cat-and-mouse with their suspects to find the answers that they need to solve their cases. David Tennant – Dr. Edgar Fallon Hayley Atwell – Stacey Doyle Youssef Kerkour – Jamal'Jay' Muthassin Nicholas PinnockDetective Inspector Paul Ottager Katherine Kelly – Detective Inspector Natalie Hobbs Lee Ingleby – Detective Inspector Tony Myerscough Mark StanleyDetective Constable Hugo Duffy Rochenda Sandall – Detective Constable Vanessa Warren Shubham Saraf – Detective Constable Kyle Petit Clare-Hope Ashitey – Detective Sergeant Adele Addo Isabella Laughland – McRae Lolita Chakrabarti – Anita Baines Mark Quartley – Jeremy Nicholson Kevin EldonMichael Walker All twelve episodes were filmed at Netflix's production hub at Ciudad de la Tele in Madrid.

Criminal: UK was released on 20 September 2019 on Netflix streaming. Criminal: UK on Netflix Criminal: UK on IMDb