The first icebreaker Krassin was built for the Imperial Russian Navy as Svyatogor. She had a long, distinguished career in rescue operations, as well as a pathfinder and explorer of the Northern Sea Route, she has been restored to operating condition and is now a museum ship in Saint Petersburg. The icebreaker was built by Armstrong Whitworth in Newcastle upon Tyne under the supervision of Yevgeny Zamyatin; the vessel was launched as the Svyatogor on 3 August 1916 and completed in February 1917. Up to the beginning of the 1950s she remained the most powerful icebreaker in the world. During the allied intervention against the Bolsheviks in Northern Russia she was scuttled by the Royal Navy, they raised her for use in the White Sea and brought her from Devonport to Scapa Flow for crushing hurdles put up to prevent German submarines entering. During this time she undertook minesweeping duties. Svyatogor was returned to the USSR under the Krassin trade agreement in 1921. In 1927 this icebreaker was renamed by the Soviet government to honor a deceased early Bolshevik leader and Soviet diplomat Leonid Krasin.
The most famous duty the Krassin performed was rescuing General Umberto Nobile and his surviving crew when their airship Italia crashed on the ice upon returning from the North Pole in 1928. On return from this mission Krassin helped to repair the German passenger ship Monte Cervantes, with 1,835 passengers on board, after it hit an iceberg and its hull was damaged. In 1933 Krassin became the first vessel to reach the inaccessible northern shores of Novaya Zemlya in the history of navigation. In 1938, the Krassin rescued Icebreaker Lenin and her convoy, trapped in ice at the end of the previous summer. During World War II, Krassin participated in many Russian convoys. In 1941 the US Government entered into negotiations with the Soviet Government for the purchase or lease of one or more of their modern ice breakers for use by the US Coast Guard on the east coast of Greenland; the Krassin was offered, crossed the Pacific to Bremerton, Washington. She was surveyed and found to be in need of repairs totalling about $500,000.
Funds were allocated from President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Emergency Fund for the President", but negotiations came to an abrupt end on 25 November 1941. Although the Krassin never served in the Coast Guard, the service gained valuable knowledge about icebreakers, put to use in the design of the Wind class icebreakers, she continued her journey through the Panama Canal to Great Britain, where she was armed with surface and anti-aircraft guns and proceeded to Reykjavik, Iceland to join convoy PQ-15. She escorted the convoy through the North and Barents Seas, around the Kola Peninsula and into Murmansk. In 1942 the Krassin and Lenin were spotted at the Mona Islands in the Kara Sea by a Kriegsmarine plane during Operation Wunderland; the heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer rushed to find them, but providential bad weather and ice conditions saved the icebreakers from destruction. Between August 1953 to June 1960, under the East German war reparations program, Krassin was extensively reconstructed at VEB Mathias-Thesen-Werft, Germany.
Until 1971 she served the Arctic Northern Sea Route. The icebreaker was used as an Arctic scientific vessel; the icebreaker was owned by the International Fund for the History of Science. Arkady Melua, as a president of the International Fund for the History of Science, took part in the transfer of the icebreaker "Krasin" to the balance of the fund; the transfer took part on August 10, 1989. The icebreaker was used for the import of used cars from Europe to Russia, was sold by Melua to the JSC "Tehimeks." JSC "Tehimeks" planned to sell the icebreaker to the United States of America to be broken up as scrap metal. After the failure of the deal caused by the Russian government it was registered at St. Petersburg, where it was docked as a floating museum. After the war, the historic icebreaker took an active part in research expeditions in the Polar Ocean and led Soviet cargo convoys through the polar region. Rather than being destroyed to make way for more modern ships, the Krassin was preserved and restored.
The vessel is now a museum ship in Saint Petersburg, the only icebreaker maritime museum commemorating the Arctic convoys. She has been restored to operating condition and there are plans to sail her to various European ports. An island in the Nordenskiöld Archipelago was named after this icebreaker. Postage stamps and a coin have been issued in her honor. Yakov Legzdin Description, 3D tour of the historic Krassin. Rus news geurnal. Legendary " Krasin " departures on scrap metal «Sankt-peterburgskie vedomosti» 13.09.91 г. «„Krasin“ is sinking down» «Kommersant» Num. 035 от 02-09-91 The lehendary Krasin is floating to metal The history of the icebreaker «Krasin» Federal investigation bearou
James Kilkenny was a footballer who played as a right half for Doncaster Rovers. He started off playing for his local club Annfield Plain in the North Eastern League; as a 17 year old, in 1952 he was signed by English second division club Doncaster Rovers, his debut being in a 3–2 home victory against Bristol City on 26 November 1955. In a match against Liverpool in January 1957, he left Billy Liddell, the Liverpool captain and having to leave the field needing three stitches in the head after an aerial duel, his only league goal came in a 4–0 home victory over Port Vale on 20 April 1957, though he scored an FA Cup goal in a 2–1 second round win at Tranmere Rovers on 6 December 1958. A serious bout of'flu in December 1957 left him unfit to play until the following April. Altogether, Kilkenny played 147 cup games for Doncaster, scoring two goals. At the end of the 1960–61 season he left to play for Northern Counties League side South Shields
Tomomi Kahara born Tomomi Shimogawara on August 17, 1974 in Tokyo), is a Japanese pop singer. She is famous for working with Tetsuya Komuro who gave her much success in the 1990s, which led to her deep dip in popularity after 1999, the year in which she released her first non-TK produced album, One Fine Day. Tomomi Kahara and Tetsuya Komuro dated for a few years, but they suffered from personal problems which led to their breakup. After a period of sickness, Kahara's talent agency terminated her contract on June 29, 2007. Kahara was born in Koto, Tokyo in 1974, she attended Showa Gakuin Elementary, Shoin Junior, Senior High School. She started her horse-riding lesson when she was three, received the 4th place in the National Sports Festival of Japan in 1992. Before she started her career as a singer, she worked as a model, appeared in fashion magazines such as CanCam and Vivi as well as TV shows. While working with Tetsuya Komuro, her first single "Keep Yourself Alive", was released in late 1995.
It sold over 360,000 copies and went Top 10, peaking at No. 8. Her second single, "I Believe", added to her popularity. In March 1996, she released the single "I'm Proud" which peaked at No. 2 and was her best-selling single. It outsold Namie Amuro's singles released that year. In June 1996, she released her first album, Love Brace, a collection of songs about love and stated by Tetsuya Komuro to be his best work to date, it was a huge success selling over 2.5 million copies, half of them within the first week of release. A big star and Tetsuya Komuro became an item and she continued to release singles, all peaking at 1. In December 1997, she released her second album, Storytelling, it went to the top of the charts and sold 1.37 million copies, much less than the 2.5 million copies that her previous album has sold. Since the release of Storytelling, her popularity began to decline and her relationship with her mentor, Tetsuya Komuro, was in every tabloid. Gossip magazines rumored that both of them were abusing drugs and that their relationship was beginning to fall apart.
Her next single tumblin dice went only to the number-two position. Her music did not reach the top position again, her next album, nine cubes, sold a depressing 261,000 copies, much less than her first two albums. Her breakup with Tetsuya Komuro, frequent scandals, suicide attempts shed her in a negative light in the conservative Japanese media, she left her record company, who released a compilation which sold well, over 600,000 copies and debuted at No. 1. At that time, gossip magazines were labeling Ami Suzuki, as Kahara's replacement. After some time relaxing after the scandals, Tomomi Kahara resumed her career at Warner writing her own lyrics. After Komuro, Kahara worked with a variety of producers at Warner Music Japan, including American Andy Marvel and recorded songs by Gary Carolla and Vincent Degiorgio which appeared on her albums One Fine Day and Love Again, released in 1999 and 2001, respectively. In 2004, Kahara signed with Universal Music Japan, her most recent recordings for Universal Music Japan have shown her in a dazzling and sultry light with some of her best vocal performances to date.
She covered some of her biggest hits and recorded new songs from Korean and Japanese composers as well as pop standards such as "Ben", a cover version of the song by Michael Jackson. Her best-selling album at Universal sold a little over 50,000 copies and her latest album, sold only 12,000 copies, but she was still be seen in the media. In 2006, after years of average fame, Tomomi Kahara returned to the spotlight, she starred in a musical and her latest photobook, Crystallize II, which came with two strawberry condoms, sold unexpectedly well. She was one of the voice actors for the'Sound of Music' Japanese DVD and she sang the theme song for a NHK Taiga drama. On June 29, 2007, Kahara was fired by her talent agency after repeated personal problems affected her professional appearances. After this, she went on a hiatus, it was unsure if she would return. On November 4, 2008, Tetsuya Komuro was arrested, Japanese weekly magazine Josei Jishin reported that Kahara was shocked by his arrest and suffered from insomnia.
On January 17, 2009, she was taken to a hospital because she took excessive amounts of tranquilizers. On October 30, 2011, she announced, she has taken acting classes. End of 2012, she made her return by live FNS TV program. On April 17, 2013, she released new single. Dreamed a Dream On June 26, 2013, she released new album. Dream – self cover Best In August 2013, following the suicide of Hikaru Utada's mother, Kahara generated controversy when she stated that she wished to make a song about the event, her comment was criticized as being insensitive. "Keep yourself alive" September 8, 1995 "I believe" October 11, 1995 "I'm proud" March 6, 1996 No. 2 1,372,420 copies sold "Love Brace" July 22, 1996 "Save your dream" October 2, 1996 808,570 copies sold "Hate tell a lie" April 23, 1997 1,058,610 copies sold "Love is all music" July 2, 1997 653,000 copies sold "Tanoshiku Tanoshiku" Yasashikune September 18, 1997 "I wanna go" February 11, 1998 "You Don't give up" April 8, 1998 "tumblin' dice" June 17, 1998 "here we are" July 29, 1998 "Daily News" October 14, 1998 "as A person" July 22, 1999 "Be Honest" October 27, 1999 "Believe in Future" February 23, 2000 "Blue Sky" July 26, 2000 "Never Say Never" April 18, 2001 "Precious" August 8, 2001 "Anata no Kakera" October 24, 2001 "Akiramemashou" April 24, 2002 "Pleasure" February 26, 2003 "Anata Ga Ireba" Septem