Krzysztof Kieślowski was a Polish film director and screenwriter. He is known internationally for Dekalog, The Double Life of Veronique, the Three Colors trilogy. Kieślowski received numerous awards during his career, including the Cannes Film Festival Jury Prize, FIPRESCI Prize, Prize of the Ecumenical Jury. In 1995, he received Academy Award nominations for Best Best Writing. In 2002, Kieślowski was listed at number two on the British Film Institute's Sight & Sound list of the top ten film directors of "modern times". Kieślowski was born in Warsaw, the son of Barbara and Roman Kieślowski, he grew up in several small towns, moving wherever his engineer father, a tuberculosis patient, could find treatment. He was raised Roman Catholic and retained what he called a "personal and private" relationship with God. At sixteen, he dropped out after three months. Without any career goals, he entered the College for Theatre Technicians in Warsaw in 1957 because it was run by a relative, he wanted to become a theatre director, but lacked the required bachelor's degree for the theatre department, so he chose to study film as an intermediate step.
Leaving college and working as a theatrical tailor, Kieślowski applied to the Łódź Film School, which has Roman Polanski and Andrzej Wajda among its alumni. He was rejected twice. To avoid compulsory military service during this time, he became an art student, went on a drastic diet to make himself medically unfit for service. After several months of avoiding the draft, he was accepted to the school's directing department in 1964, on his third attempt, he attended Łódź Film School until 1968 and, despite state censorship and interdiction on foreign travel, was able to travel around Poland for his documentary research and filming. Kieślowski decided to make documentary films. Kieślowski's early documentaries focused on the everyday lives of city dwellers and soldiers. Though he was not an overtly political filmmaker, he soon found that attempting to depict Polish life brought him into conflict with the authorities, his television film Workers'71, which showed workers discussing the reasons for the mass strikes of 1970, was only shown in a drastically censored form.
After Workers'71, he turned his eye on the authorities themselves in Curriculum Vitae, a film that combined documentary footage of Politburo meetings with a fictional story about a man under scrutiny by the officials. Though Kieślowski believed the film's message was anti-authoritarian, he was criticized by his colleagues for cooperating with the government in its production. Kieślowski said that he abandoned documentary filmmaking due to two experiences: the censorship of Workers'71, which caused him to doubt whether truth could be told under an authoritarian regime, an incident during the filming of Station in which some of his footage was nearly used as evidence in a criminal case, he decided that fiction not only allowed more artistic freedom, but could portray everyday life more truthfully. His first non-documentary feature, was made for television and won him first prize at the Mannheim Film Festival. Both Personnel and his next feature, The Scar, were works of social realism with large casts: Personnel was about technicians working on a stage production, based on his early college experience, The Scar showed the upheaval of a small town by a poorly-planned industrial project.
These films were shot in a documentary style with many nonprofessional actors. Camera Buff and Blind Chance continued along similar lines, but focused more on the ethical choices faced by a single character rather than a community. During this period, Kieślowski was considered part of a loose movement with other Polish directors of the time, including Janusz Kijowski, Andrzej Wajda, Agnieszka Holland, called the Cinema of Moral Anxiety, his links with these directors, Holland in particular, caused concern within the Polish government, each of his early films was subjected to censorship and enforced re-shooting/re-editing, if not banned outright. For example, Blind Chance was not released domestically until 1987 six years after it had been completed. No End was his most political film, depicting political trials in Poland during martial law, from the unusual point of view of a lawyer's ghost and his widow. At the time it was harshly criticized by both the government and the church. Starting with No End, Kieślowski collaborated with two people, the composer Zbigniew Preisner and the trial lawyer Krzysztof Piesiewicz, whom Kieślowski met while researching political trials under martial law for a planned documentary on the subject.
Piesiewicz co-wrote the screenplays for all of Kieślowski's subsequent films. Preisner provided the musical score for No End and most subsequent of Kieślowski's films and plays a prominent part. Many of Preisner's pieces are referred to and discussed by the films' characters as being the work of the Dutch composer "Van den Budenmayer". Dekalog, a series of ten short films set in a Warsaw tower block, each nominally based on one of the Ten Commandments, was created
Vivian Inez Archibald CBE is a British Virgin Islander politician and businesswoman who has served as the Deputy Governor of the British Virgin Islands since September 2008. On 21 August 2008, Meg Munn, who held the British ministerial portfolio for the Overseas Territories at the time, instructed the Governor of the British Virgin Islands to appoint Archibald as Deputy Governor. Inez Archibald took office as the British Virgin Islands' Deputy Governor on 15 September 2008. Archibald holds a bachelor's degree in economics and business administration from Rollins College, she received a master's degree in religion from Stetson University and a second master's degree in divinity from Emory University. Archibald's husband of forty-eight years, prominent British Virgin Islands lawyer Joseph Archibald, died on 3 April 2014, they had three daughters. Archibald was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2015 New Year Honours
A is an album by guitarist Jimmy Raney recorded at three separate sessions between 1954 and 1955 and released on the Prestige label. Ken Dryden of Allmusic reviewed the album, stating "This CD contains some of Jimmy Raney's finest work as a leader and is recommended". All compositions by Jimmy Raney except. "Minor" – 4:31 "Some Other Spring" – 5:01 "Double Image" – 4:28 "On the Square" – 4:27 "Spring Is Here" – 2:53 "One More for the Mode" – 3:49 "What's New?" – 2:42 "Tomorrow Fairly Cloudy" – 3:28 "A Foggy Day" – 4:07 "Someone to Watch over Me" – 3:12 "Cross Your Heart" – 3:53 "You Don't Know What Love Is" – 3:39Note Tracks 5-12 were released on a Prestige 10" LP titled Jimmy Raney 1955 Jimmy Raney – guitar John Wilson – trumpet Hall Overton – piano Teddy Kotick – bass Art Mardigan, Nick Stabulas – drums Bob Weinstock – supervisor Rudy Van Gelder – engineer