Kushinagar district

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Kushinagar district
Location of Kushinagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Kushinagar district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionGorakhpur
HeadquartersPadrauna
TehsilsPadrauna Sadar, Khadda, Kushinagar, Hata, Tamkuhiraj, Captanganj
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKushinagar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesPadrauna Sadar, Khadda, Ramkola, Hata, Fazilnagar, Tamkuhiraj, Kushinagar
Area
 • Total2,873.5 km2 (1,109.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,560,830
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
4.87 per cent
Demographics
 • Literacy67.66 per cent
 • Sex ratio955
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-28 and NH28B
Websitehttp://www.kushinagar.nic.in
District Officers
Government
 • District MagistrateDr. Anil Kumar Singh
 • A.D.MMr.K.L. Tiwari

Kushinagar is a district of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India situated in the easternmost part of the state. It has the administrative headquarters at Ravindra Nagar Dhoos in Padrauna; the district is named such after the town Kushinagar, a Buddhist pilgrimage site where Gautama Buddha attained parinirvana in the 5th century BCE. Since the independence of India, Kushinagar district was a part of Deoria District and came into existence on 13 May 1994 as a separate district division, it was earlier known as Padrauna and thereafter was renamed Kushinagar on 19 June 1997.[1]

Location[edit]

Kushinagar District is bounded on the east by Bihar state, on the southwest by Deoria District, on the west by Gorakhpur District, and on the northwest by Maharajganj District, it is part of Gorakhpur Division.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kushinagar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640),[2] it is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Transport[edit]

The Indian Government has approved a project for the construction of an International Airport which would be completed till 2019.[citation needed] In 2017, Uttar Pradesh Government has approved a project for develop Kushinagar bus station as an International Bus Station.[citation needed] Daily Buses from Gorakhpur to Tamkuhi Road and Gorakhpur to Padrauna through Kasia are available at Railway Station Bus Depot Gorakhpur.[citation needed]

Padrauna, Ramkola, Kaptanganj, Dudahi and Tamkuhi Road are some cities connected with train facility in the district.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Kushinagar district has a population of 3,560,830,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania[4] or the US state of Connecticut;[5] this gives it a ranking of 81st in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,226 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,180/sq mi),[3] its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.08%.[3] Kushinagar has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 67.66%.[3] According to 2011 Census, 99.49% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 0.46% Urdu as their first language..[6]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901738,315—    
1911804,023+0.86%
1921820,780+0.21%
1931876,462+0.66%
1941977,561+1.10%
19511,043,419+0.65%
19611,184,272+1.27%
19711,401,482+1.70%
19811,746,618+2.23%
19912,255,120+2.59%
20012,891,667+2.52%
20113,564,544+2.11%
source:[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census - Kushinagar district" (PDF). Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Connecticut 3,574,097
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°54′09″N 83°58′55″E / 26.90250°N 83.98194°E / 26.90250; 83.98194