LSR J1835+3259

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Coordinates: Sky map 18h 35m 37.902s, +32° 59′ 54.59″

LSR J1835+3259
Observation data
Epoch J2000[1]      Equinox J2000[1]
Constellation Lyra
Right ascension 18h 35m 37.902s[1]
Declination +32° 59′ 54.59″[1]
Spectral type M8.5[2]
Apparent magnitude (V (USNO filter system)) 18.27 ± 0.03[2]
Apparent magnitude (I (USNO filter system)) 13.46 ± 0.02[2]
Apparent magnitude (z (USNO filter system)) 12.63 ± 0.02[2]
Apparent magnitude (J (2MASS filter system)) 10.27 ± 0.03[2]
Apparent magnitude (H (2MASS filter system)) 9.58 ± 0.05[2]
Apparent magnitude (Ks (2MASS filter system)) 9.15 ± 0.04[2]
Radial velocity (Rv)-10 ± 40[3] km/s
Parallax (π)176.5 ± 0.5[2] mas
Distance18.48 ± 0.05 ly
(5.67 ± 0.02 pc)
Other designations
2MASSI J1835379+325954,[2] 2MASS 1835+32,[2] 2MASS J18353790+3259545,[1] LSR 1835+3259,[3] 2MUCD 11792,[1] [B2006] J183537.9+325955,[1] LSPM J1835+3259,[1] USNO-B1.0 1229-00376318[1]
Database references

LSR J1835+3259 is a nearby brown dwarf star of spectral class M8.5,[2] located in constellation Lyra, the discovery of which was published in 2003,[2][3] and it is the 3rd nearest M-type brown dwarf after DEN 1048-3956 and LP 944-020.[3]


Trigonometric parallax of this object, measured in 2001–2002 with the USNO 61 inch (1.5 m) reflector under US Naval Observatory (USNO) parallax program, is 0.1765 ± 0.0005 arcsec, corresponding to a distance of 5.67 ± 0.02 pc, or 18.48 ± 0.05 ly.[2]


The first potential extrasolar auroras detected occurred in the atmosphere of LSR J1835+3259. They were found in July 2015 by the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array in New Mexico by analyzing the emitted radio waves. The potential auroras were probably 1 million times brighter than those ever observed on Earth.[4] The optical emission is mainly red in colour, because the charged particles are interacting with hydrogen in its atmosphere. It is not known what the cause is. Some have speculated that material maybe being stripped off the surface of the brown dwarf via stellar winds to produce its own electrons. Another possible explanation is an as-yet-undetected planet or moon around the dwarf, which is throwing off material to light it up, as is the case with Jupiter and its moon Io.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "2MASS J18353790+3259545 -- Brown Dwarf (M<0.08solMass)". Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Reid, I. Neill; Cruz; Laurie; Liebert; Dahn; Harris; Guetter; Stone; Canzian; Luginbuhl; Levine; Monet; Monet (2003). "MEETING THE COOL NEIGHBORS. IV. 2MASS 1835+32, A NEWLY DISCOVERED M8.5 DWARF WITHIN 6 PARSECS OF THE SUN". The Astronomical Journal. 125: 354–358. Bibcode:2003AJ....125..354R. doi:10.1086/344946. 
  3. ^ a b c d Lepine, Sebastien; Rich; Shara (2003). "Spectroscopy of New High Proper Motion Stars in the Northern Sky. I. New Nearby Stars, New High-Velocity Stars, and an Enhanced Classification Scheme for M Dwarfs". The Astronomical Journal. 125: 1598–1622. arXiv:astro-ph/0209284Freely accessible. Bibcode:2003AJ....125.1598L. doi:10.1086/345972. 
  4. ^ O'Neill, Ian (July 29, 2015). "Monstrous Aurora Detected Beyond our Solar System". Discovery. Retrieved July 29, 2015. 
  5. ^ Q. Choi, Charles (July 29, 2015). "First Alien Auroras Found, Are 1 Million Times Brighter Than Any On Earth". Retrieved July 29, 2015. 

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