Alleyn-et-Cawood is a municipality in the Outaouais region, northwest of Gatineau, part of the Pontiac Regional County Municipality, Canada. Its main population centre is Danford Lake, located along Route 301. In 2004 the united township municipality of Alleyn-et-Cawood became the Municipality of Alleyn-et-Cawood. Elected in 2013, the mayor of the municipality is Carl Mayer. Languages: English as first language: 74% French as first language: 26% Local businesses include: Magasin TL Lyndale Gardens Roger Johnson's Garage List of municipalities in Quebec
Alcove is a small community in Quebec, part of the Municipality of La Pêche. It is located along Highway 105 and the Gatineau River 35 minutes north of Ottawa north of Wakefield and south of Farrellton; the main features of Alcove are a gas station, church and aged buildings. There is road access to the Gatineau River for boat launching. Alcove is the building/launching site of the famous Wakefield Canada Day raft, constructed by the local youth yearly and floated down the Gatineau river to Wakefield; the last remaining attraction in Alcove is the secluded graveyard in the center of the village. It was created by the founding family of the area, it is on private property and has not been in use for more than half a century
Pontiac is a municipality in western Quebec, Canada, on the north shore of the Ottawa River, in the Outaouais region of the Ottawa Valley. It was created by the 1975 amalgamation of the communities of Onslow, Eardley and Onslow-Partie-Sud. Pontiac is located within Canada's National Capital Region, it is part of Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality. It should not be confused with Pontiac Regional County Municipality. According to Statistics Canada, in 2011, the population's native language was 55.7% French, 39% English, 2.6% other languages, including German, Spanish and Russian. Three out of five people are bilingual, with 63% speaking both French and English. Pontiac has a low cost of living and is trying to attract new immigrants coming to Canada to improve the local economy; the unemployment rate is 11%. Breckenridge Eardley Heyworth Luskville Quyon List of municipalities in Quebec
Provinces and territories of Canada
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories make up the world's second-largest country by area. Several of the provinces were former British colonies, Quebec was a French colony, while others were added as Canada grew; the three territories govern the rest of the area of the former British North America. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territorial governments have powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada.
The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. A change to the division of powers between the federal government and the provinces requires a constitutional amendment, whereas a similar change affecting the territories can be performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be sovereign within certain areas based on the divisions of responsibility between the provincial and federal government within the Constitution Act 1867, each province thus has its own representative of the Canadian "Crown", the lieutenant governor; the territories are not sovereign, but instead their authorities and responsibilities come directly from the federal level, as a result, have a commissioner instead of a lieutenant governor. Notes: There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as most islands north of the Canadian mainland. The following table lists the territories in order of precedence. Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, 1867, into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom. Prior to this and Quebec were united as the Province of Canada. Over the following years, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island were added as provinces; the British Crown had claimed two large areas north-west of the Canadian colony, known as Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory and assigned them to the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1870, the company relinquished its claims for £300,000, assigning the vast territory to the Government of Canada. Subsequently, the area was re-organized into the province of the Northwest Territories; the Northwest Territories were vast at first, encompassing all of current northern and western Canada, except for the British holdings in the Arctic islands and the Colony of British Columbia.
The British claims to the Arctic islands were transferred to Canada in 1880, adding to the size of the Northwest Territories. The year of 1898 saw the Yukon Territory renamed as Yukon, carved from the parts of the Northwest Territories surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1, 1905, a portion of the Northwest Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1912, the boundaries of Quebec and Manitoba were expanded northward: Manitoba's to the 60° parallel, Ontario's to Hudson Bay and Quebec's to encompass the District of Ungava. In 1869, the people of Newfoundland voted to remain a British colony over fears that taxes would increase with Confederation, that the economic policy of the Canadian government would favour mainland industries. In 1907, Newfoundland acquired dominion status. In the middle of the Great Depression in Canada with Newfoundland facing a prolonged period of economic crisis, the legislature turned over political control to the Newfoundland Commission of Government in 1933.
Following Canada's participation in World War II, in a 1948 referendum, a narrow majority of Newfoundland citizens voted to join the Confederation, on March 31, 1949, Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province. In 2001, it was renamed Newfoundland and Labrador. In 1903, the Alaska Panhandle Dispute fixed British Columbia's northwestern boundary; this was one of only two provinces in Canadian history to have its size reduced. The second reduction, in 1927, occurred when a boundary dispute between Canada and the Dominion of Newfoundland saw Labrador increased at Quebec's expense – this land returned to Canada, as part of the province of Newfoundland, in 1949. In 1999, Nunavut was created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories. Yukon lies in the western portion of Northern Canada. All t
La Pêche is a municipality along both sides of the Gatineau River in Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality in the Outaouais region of Quebec, about 30 km north of downtown Gatineau. It comprises the following villages and communities: DuclosEast Aldfield Edelweiss Farrellton Lac-des-Loups Lascelles and Alcove Sainte-Cécile-de-Masham Saint-François-de-Masham Saint-Louis-de-Masham WakefieldBordering on the north side of the Gatineau Park, La Pêche provides multiple access points to this park. La Pêche was declared Quebec's first and Canada's second fair trade town on November 9, 2007. Municipality of La PêcheThe MRC
Chelsea is a municipality located north of Gatineau, Quebec and about 10 km north of Ottawa. Chelsea is located within Canada's National Capital Region, it is the seat of Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality. Its population was 7,538 in the Canada 2016 Census. Chelsea is a triangle-shaped municipality that includes much of the southern and eastern parts of Gatineau Park, is bordered on the east by the Gatineau River; the southern border is 5 km south of Old Chelsea, it runs north to the community of Farm Point. Beyond Farm Point lies the village of Wakefield. Just north of Old Chelsea is Camp Fortune, a popular alpine ski club 15 minutes from Downtown Ottawa. During World War II, the Royal Canadian Navy wanted to understand more about the propagation of radio waves and how they were affected by the earth's ionosphere in order that German radio transmissions could be intercepted in a more efficient manner. In co-operation with the National Research Council, the RCN established a "field intensity station" at Chelsea in 1941 to monitor the height of the ionosphere.
Chelsea known as an ionospheric observatory, was established in 1941 and closed down in 1947. It was located on the north side of Old Chelsea Road a few hundred yards west of Highway 105; the Chelsea station operated during the post war period but in 1947, its work was transferred to the Defence Research Board's new Radio Propagation Laboratory in Ottawa. Shortly thereafter, the station was demolished. Today, there are no traces of the single shack or the many masts that were once erected on the property; the municipality has a reputation for being environmentally responsible and was one of the first in Canada to ban the use of pesticides. While 60% of the area consists of Gatineau Park, much of the rest of Chelsea is residential with large lots, tracts of undeveloped land, it has a distinctly rural feel. The population of Chelsea is evenly divided between anglophones and francophones and both English and French languages are in common use throughout the town. A new sports complex, the Meredith Centre, was developed on the main road, neighboring the English Elementary School.
The new complex hosts a hockey rink, community rooms, soccer fields. Chelsea is named after the Vermont town of Thomas Brigham; the name has been in use since the early 19th century: Old Chelsea, Parish Saint-Stephen-of-Chelsea, Chelsea. Part of the film Grey Owl was shot on the Gatineau River. A number of regionally and nationally well-known musicians and artists live in Chelsea, including Ian Tamblyn. Kingsmere List of municipalities in Quebec Camp Fortune Chemin de fer de l'Outaouais Gatineau River Yacht Club Hull-Chelsea-Wakefield Railway Ryan Tower Official Transport Quebec Road Map Municipality of Chelsea Website Forest School in Chelsea
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette is a municipality in the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada. It is part of the Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais Regional County Municipality, straddling the eastern banks of the Du Lièvre River. In 1841, the Township of Portland, named after the Isle of Portland in Dorset, was formed. From 1845 on, it was colonized by Irish and French Canadians, followed by Norwegians in 1860. A year in 1861, the township was reorganized as a township municipality. A post office followed in 1883. French priests established a parish in 1905, named after the French pilgrimage location Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette. During the early morning hours of April 26, 1908, a deadly landslide killed at least 34 people while sending 15 homes into the Lievre River including the residence of then-mayor Camille Lapointe; as the river was blocked by mud and land, a wave was sent into the village damaging or destroying several other structures. The toll could have been larger as a few years before the event the closure of a mine forced over 200 families to leave the village.
Other major landslides were recorded in the village, twice in 1900 and in 1912 where several key infrastructures were demolished and swept away. A major fire destroyed a large section of the village in 1903. In 1966, Portland was renamed to Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette. On January 1, 1975, it was merged into a new City of Buckingham, but because of public outcry, this merger didn't last long. In 1980, Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette regained its municipal autonomy. Population trend: Population in 2011: 757 Population in 2006: 774 Population in 2001: 706 2001 to 2006 population change: 9.6% Population in 1996: 678 Population in 1991: 658Private dwellings: 332 Languages: English as first language: 20% French as first language: 78% Other as first language: 2% List of municipalities in Quebec