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Lac DeschĂȘnes

Lac Deschênes is a 44 kilometres long lake on the Ottawa River that runs from the Chats Falls Dam near Fitzroy Harbour in the west to the Deschênes Rapids at Britannia in the east. It is a little over 3.2 kilometres wide at its widest point and little more than a few hundred metres at its narrowest. The provincial border between Ontario and Quebec runs through the length of the lake with the City of Ottawa on its southern shore and the city of Gatineau on much of its northern shore, it is known by the French name only. The shoreline is gently sloped and composed of broken limestone interspersed with smaller sections of aquatic shoreline vegetation or mudflats. Above the Chats Falls Dam is Lac des Chats. Below Britannia is a series of waterfalls culminating with the Chaudière Falls. Between the rapids and the falls, the river is not navigable. Lac Deschênes is used for recreational sailing, it is home to one commercial marina. Britannia Yacht Club is the oldest, established in 1887, it is located at the eastern end of the lake near the Deschênes Rapids.

Next is the Nepean Sailing Club established in 1979 but now the largest of the Ottawa area sailing clubs. It is located in Dick Bell Park on Carling Avenue in the former City of Nepean; the Lac Deschênes Sailing Club and the Kanata Sailing Club are the two smaller clubs consisting of dinghy fleets. On the Quebec side of the lake is the Club de Voile Grande-Rivière located at the Aylmer Marina. Further upstream on the Ontario side is the Port of Call Marina. Numerous launch ramps exist on both sides of the lake. On the Ontario side, these are located at Fitzroy Harbour, Buckham's Bay, Port of Call Marina, Shirleys Bay, the Nepean Sailing Club. A small public dock exists at Pinhey's Point while the village of Quyon maintains much larger public dock facilities near the western end of the lake. Access between Ontario and Quebec across Lac Deschênes is provided by a ferry service between West Carleton and Quyon. Although a bridge has been proposed, it has not yet received approval. Canadian Hydrographic Service Chart 1550 - Britannia Bay to Chats Falls covers the whole of Lac Deschênes.

The Canadian Coast Guard maintains lights and buoys on the lake, however local emergency services in Ottawa and Gatineau are responsible for providing search and rescue services within their respective city boundaries. The nearest Coast Guard radio is in Prescott however dialling 911 is the most effective means of reaching local emergency services. Chart datum is 57.9 metres above sea level. Current water levels can be found on the Ottawa River Levels website. Water levels fluctuate on Lac Deschênes 0.9 m annually, with the high on average of 58.8 m occurring during the spring freshet and the low on average of 57.9 m occurring during September. Water levels are affected by the flows being passed from upstream. Waters are slow flowing except below the dam at Chats Falls and again at Britannia Rapids. Although much of Lac Deschênes is shallow less than 9.0 m, there is a deep trough between Twelve Mile Island and Aylmer Island that reaches depths of 49 m. Numerous species of sport fish can be found in Lac Deschênes including black crappie, pickerel and pike.

Catfish abound in many of the bays. Ring-billed and great black-backed gulls are abundant as well as various other waterfowl species. Large numbers of Canada geese and other waterbirds stop at the lake during their fall migration. Mallards have been seen in the Shirleys Bay area. Red-throated loons, Arctic terns, common terns have been spotted. Moderate numbers of shorebirds concentrate in the muddier parts of the shoreline such as at Shirleys Bay and Andrew Hayden Park. A colony of purple martins makes their home at the Nepean Sailing Club. Ottawa River Levels Take a Virtual Cruise on the Ottawa River

Alfa Pendular

Alfa Pendular is the name of the Pendolino high-speed tilting train of Portuguese state railway company CP. It connects the cities of Guimarães, Porto, Coimbra, Santarém, Lisbon and Faro, among others at speeds of up to 220 kilometres per hour; the trains were assembled in Portugal by ADtranz at the former Sorefame works at Amadora, based on contracting partnership between Fiat-Ferroviaria as the main contractor and ADtranz and Siemens as the main subcontractors. Beginning 2017, the trains were refurbished, introducing new seating and features such as Wi-Fi and power outlets; the Alfa Pendular high speed train is a six car electric multiple unit, derived from and resembles the Giugiaro designed Italian Fiat-Ferroviaria ETR 480 Pendolino train. The bogies had to be redesigned to operate on Portugal's 1,668 mm Iberian gauge track. There are 8 traction motors, installed on all but the two middle vehicles of the train, developing 4.0 megawatts. This M-M-T-T-M-M arrangement spreads the weight of the train, giving it a weight of only 13.5 tonnes per axle, which helps its cornering ability at high speed.

During testing, a top speed of 245.6 km/h was reached close to Espinho in 1998. Its tilting train technology, with a maximum tilt angle of 8°, allows the train to negotiate curves at higher speeds than conventional trains; the combination of the resulting high cornering velocity and the tilting movement of the carriages helps ensure a comfortable ride for the passengers, although the jostle and sway compensating for track irregularities may cause "travel sickness" in those susceptible. The hydraulic tilting system is governed by two gyroscopes in the head cars; the curve is found on the base of the elevation of the external track. The use of this train did not require particular modifications to the existing rail network, but it is expensive in terms of maintenance of the rolling stock because of the complexity of the tilting system; the stations served by the Alfa Pendular are from north to south: Braga Guimarães Famalicão Trofa Porto-Campanhã Vila Nova de Gaia Espinho Aveiro Coimbra-B Pombal Entroncamento Santarém Lisboa-Oriente Lisboa-Santa Apolónia Lisboa-Entrecampos Pinhal Novo Tunes Albufeira Loulé Faro List of high speed trains Media related to Alfa Pendular at Wikimedia Commons CP 4000 @ Trainspo

Gail Thacker

Gail Thacker is a visual artist most known for her unique use of type 665 Polaroid positive/negative film in which her subjects—friends, the city—become intertwined with the process and chemistry of her photos. She attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts at Tufts and has lived and worked in New York City since 1982, she is part of a group of artists called The Boston School. Gail Thacker was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1959. Thacker studied fine arts at the Atlanta Arts Alliance from 1976 to 1978, she studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts at Tufts concentrating on video and photography, graduated in 1981. Thacker studied at the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology between 1978 and 1981, she moved to New York City in 1982. Thacker's Polaroid photography has been exhibited internationally. Thacker's interest in Polaroid photography began after Mark Morrisroe gave her a box of Polaroid 665 Positive/Negative film, they met at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston during a video class.

Mark, a photographer and performance artist, features in Thacker's photographs. He was diagnosed with AIDS in 1986 and passed away in 1989. In New York City, the AIDS epidemic had started by the time Thacker moved there. Thacker said in a lecture, "The only thing I have control over was my relationship with these Polaroids; this was the only way I could stop time from destroying the rest of my friends."Thacker's process includes first aging the Polaroid photographs before developing them. She left, she allowed images to sit in their chemicals for months to years before developing the negatives. Thacker said over email, “I have distressed my images to express a sense of inner agony. I sometimes feel a crippling knowledge that I am invisible and alone.”Exhibitions of Thacker's work includes museums and galleries such as the Museum of the City of New York, Leslie-Lohman Museum of Gay and Lesbian Art, Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Spain. Her Polaroid work is included in such collections as The Polaroid Collection, Fotomuseum Winterthur, CGAC, the Fisher Collection, the New York Public Library.

Thacker is featured in publications such as, The Polaroid Book, Familiar Feelings, There was a Sense of Family: The Friends of Mark Morrisroe, Mark Dirt, Tabboo! The Art of Stephen Tashjian, Frontiers Journal of Women Studies, along with articles in such newspapers and magazines such as The New York Times, The Daily News, the New York Press, The New Yorker, Providence Town Magazine and The Village Voice, a soon to be released book on her Polaroid art which will include essays by Eileen Myles and Manuel Segade in a bilingual Spanish and English edition. Gotham Art & Theater Spirit in the Sky, 1995, Safe-T Gallery Tabboo!, 2007, Safe-T Gallery Brandon Olson, Lance Cruce and Robert Appleton as Jackie Curtis, Holly Woodlawn and Candy Darling, 2008, Safe-T Gallery Mark Morrisroe, Eyes Closed Pat Hearn at 38 Thayer Street Mark Morrisroe Je m’appelle Tabboo! Tabboo! on Motorcycle Self Portrait Kenny Kenny Michael Dee and Crystal Jimmy Flower Rafael Sanchez Enlarged Polaroids, manipulated process St.

Marks Place, 2001 16" x 20" Walk, 2001 16" x 20" Soho, NY Cityscape 2000 16" x 20" Newport, RI. She has worked with artists such as Stephen Tashjian, Holly Woodlawn, Sur Rodney Sur and Arleen Schloss, Chi Chi Valenti, keeping a sense of underground art and performance art alive in New York City. NURTUREart

Hazelbrook railway station

Hazelbrook railway station is located on the Main Western line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the Blue Mountains town of Hazelbrook. Hazelbrook Railway Station is an express stop station, there are three morning express trains heading east, three afternoon express trains heading west. Neighbouring express stations are Wentworth Falls; the station opened in 1884. Hazelbrook has one island platform with two sides, it is serviced by NSW TrainLink Blue Mountains Line services travelling from Sydney Central to Lithgow. Blue Mountains Transit operate two routes via Hazelbrook station: 685H: to Springwood 690K: Springwood to Katoomba Media related to Hazlebrook railway station at Wikimedia Commons Hazelbrook station details Transport for New South Wales

Fort San Miguel

Fort San Miguel was a Spanish fortification at Yuquot on Nootka Island, just west of north-central Vancouver Island. It protected the Spanish settlement, called Santa Cruz de Nuca, the first colony in British Columbia, it was first dismantled in October of that year. It was rebuilt and enlarged in 1790 Nootka Sound was reoccupied by Francisco de Eliza; the fort was an artillery land battery for the defence of the harbour and buildings. The Spanish settlement, called Santa Cruz de Nuca, was the first colony in British Columbia; the fort lay near the home of Maquinna, chief of the Mowachaht group, who are now in the joint Mowachaht/Muchalaht First Nations band government with the Muchalaht at Gold River nearby on Vancouver Island. On May 15, 1789 Martínez chose the location of his fortification at the entrance of Friendly Cove on Hog Island. Work progressed so that on May 26 they were able to place their artillery followed by the construction of barracks and a powder storeroom. On June 24, 1789 a salvo was fired from the new fort and the Spanish ships in what Martínez considered an official act of possession of Nootka Harbour.

On July 4, the American vessels and their captains Gray and Kendrick fired salvos and fireworks in recognition of their recent independence from Britain accompanied by a further salvo from the Spanish fort. On July 29, 1789 new orders arrived from Viceroy Flores directing Martínez to abandon the station and return to San Blas; the artillery from the fort was loaded back aboard the Princesa and he left Friendly Cove on October 30, 1789. The fort was dismantled; the fort was rebuilt one year in 1790, by Pedro de Alberni, a senior captain of the Spanish Army, who served the Spanish Crown in the First Free Company of Volunteers of Catalonia along with 80 other men. They sailed to Nootka with the Francisco de Eliza expedition. After arriving at Nootka, Eliza established three lines of defence: the 300-ton frigate Concepción, the soldiers under Alberni on land and on the frigate, the rebuilding of the battery on San Miguel Island; the construction of the battery was difficult. It was built on top of a rocky island -- small.

Embrasures had to be built to support the guns. It took four days to emplace eight large cannons. Six smaller cannons were emplaced; the battery did not have enough space for the remaining eight large cannon Eliza had brought, so they were stored ashore. The Spanish soldiers left the fort in 1792. In 1795 it was abandoned under the terms of the third Nootka Convention. Before being occupied by Spain the site had been the Mowachaht summer village of Yuquot, it was reoccupied by the Mowachaht under Chief Maquinna. Remnants of the Spanish post, including its kitchen garden, were still visible when John R. Jewitt, an English captive of Maquinna, lived there in 1803-1805. History of British Columbia History of the west coast of North America Information about Friendly Cove and its history from 1802 map of Friendly Cove by Espinosa y Tello, showing the artillery battery on top of San Miguel Island, David Rumsey Map Collection. 1844 map of Friendly Cove by Eugene Duflot De Mofras, showing San Miguel Island, Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps


A semiwadcutter or SWC is a type of all-purpose bullet used in revolvers. The SWC combines features of the wadcutter target bullet and traditional round nosed revolver bullets, is used in both revolver and pistol cartridges for hunting, target shooting, plinking. Full wadcutters have problems feeding from magazines reliably in automatics, so SWCs may be used when a true WC is desired but cannot be used for this reason; the semiwadcutter design consists of a conical nose, truncated with a flat point, sitting on a cylinder. The base of the cone is smaller in diameter than the cylinder, leaving a sharp shoulder; the flat nose punches a clean hole in the target, rather than tearing it like a round nose bullet would, the sharp shoulder enlarges the hole neatly, allowing easy and accurate scoring of the target. The SWC design offers better external ballistics than the wadcutter, as its conical nose produces less drag than the flat cylinder. A typical modification is to alter the conical section to make the sides concave, to reduce the bullet mass, or convex, to increase it.

B shows. The concave sides reduce the bullet weight, thus the recoil, while keeping the overall length of the bullet long enough to feed reliably in a semi-automatic pistol such as the M1911 found in bullseye competitions; some of the most famous SWC designs were developed by Elmer Keith for use in handgun hunting. These designs use a wider front, convex sides on the "cone" in front; this puts more weight in the front of the bullet, allowing a heavier bullet with no reduction in case capacity. Since Keith was a prime motivating force in the development of the first magnum handgun cartridge, the.357 Magnum, he was interested in maximizing the amount of case volume for the slower burning powders needed to push heavy bullets at high velocities. The choice of bullet for the.357 Magnum cartridge varied during its development. During the development at Smith & Wesson, the original Keith bullet was modified to the form of the Sharpe bullet, which itself was based upon the Keith bullet, but which had 5/6 of the bearing surface of the Keith bullet, Keith bullets being made oversized and sized down.

Winchester, upon experimenting further during the cartridge development, modified the Sharpe bullet shape while keeping the Sharpe contour of the bullet. The final choice of bullet for the.357 Magnum was thus based on the earlier Keith and Sharpe bullets, while additionally having slight differences from both. The Keith-style SWC has been taken further, to produce designs that are nearly wadcutters in shape, but are intended for large game hunting with handguns; these have nearly cylindrical noses, which are as long as the firearm chamber allows, just smaller than bore diameter so they will chamber. The massive nose provides a large surface area for producing large wound channels, resulting in rapid incapacitation, the heavy bullet provides excellent penetration; the wide nose is less prone to deformation than a narrow nose, allowing the bullet to keep its shape and continue to penetrate if it encounters bone. Keith specified a meplat, 65% of the bullet caliber, but increased it to a 70% meplat.

The other distinguishing characteristics of a "Keith-style" SWC are a double radius ogive, beveled crimp groove, three equal width driving bands, wide square bottomed grease groove, a plain base with sharp corners. The wide forward driving band helps keep the bullet aligned; because of the three wide equal width driving bands, the total bearing surface is greater than half the overall length of the bullet. This large bearing surface helps the Keith-style SWC to be an inherently accurate bullet, minimizes leading from gas blow-by; the wide square bottom grease groove holds ample lubricant. Reloading the.44 Magnum by Patrick Sweeney, Handguns magazine