Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab. It is the country's second-most populous city after Karachi. Lahore is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities, with an estimated GDP of $58.14 billion as of 2015. Lahore is the largest city and historic cultural centre of the wider Punjab region, is one of Pakistan's most liberal and cosmopolitan cities. Lahore's origins reach into antiquity; the city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the Mughal Empire between the late 16th and early 18th century, served as its capital city for a number of years; the city was captured by the forces of the Afsharid ruler Nader Shah in 1739, fell into a period of decay while being contested between the Afghans and the Sikhs. Lahore became capital of the Sikh Empire in the early 19th century, regained much of its lost grandeur. Lahore was annexed to the British Empire, made capital of British Punjab.
Lahore was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with the city being the site of both the declaration of Indian Independence, the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Lahore experienced some of the worst rioting during the Partition period preceding Pakistan's independence. Following the success of the Pakistan Movement and subsequent independence in 1947, Lahore was declared capital of Pakistan's Punjab province. Lahore exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan. Lahore is a major center for Pakistan's publishing industry, remains the foremost center of Pakistan's literary scene; the city is a major centre of education in Pakistan, with some of Pakistan's leading universities based in the city. Lahore is home to Pakistan's film industry, is a major centre of Qawwali music; the city hosts much of Pakistan's tourist industry, with major attractions including the Walled City, the famous Badshahi and Wazir Khan mosques and Sikh shrines. Lahore is home to the Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The origins of Lahore's name are unclear. Lahore's name had been recorded by early Muslim historians as Lōhar, Lōhār, Rahwar. Al-Biruni referred to the city as Lohāwar in his 11th century work, while the poet Amir Khusrow, who lived during the Delhi Sultanate, recorded the city's name as Lāhanūr. Medieval Rajput sources recorded the city's name as Lavkot. One theory suggests that Lahore's name is a corruption of the word Ravāwar, as R to L shifts are common in languages derived from Sanskrit. Ravāwar is the simplified pronunciation of the name Iravatyāwar - a name derived from the Ravi River, known as the Iravati River in the Vedas. Another theory suggests the city's name may derive from the word Lohar, meaning "blacksmith."According to Hindu legend, Lahore's name derives from Lavpur or Lavapuri, is said to have been founded by Prince Lava, the son of Sita and Rama. The same account attributes the founding of nearby Kasur by his twin brother Prince Kusha, Historic record shows, that Kasur was founded by Pashtun migrants in 1525.
No definitive records exist to elucidate Lahore's earliest history, Lahore's ambiguous early history have given rise to various theories about its establishment and history. Hindu legend states that Keneksen, the founder of the Great Suryavansha dynasty, is believed to have migrated out from the city. Early records of Lahore are scant, but Alexander the Great's historians make no mention of any city near Lahore's location during his invasion in 326 BCE, suggesting the city had not been founded by that point, or was unimportant. Ptolemy mentions in his Geographia a city called Labokla situated near the Chenab and Ravi Rivers which may have been in reference to ancient Lahore, or an abandoned predecessor of the city. Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang gave a vivid description of a large and prosperous unnamed city when he visited the region in 630 CE that may have been Lahore; the first document that mentions Lahore by name is the Hudud al-'Alam, written in 982 CE in which Lahore is mentioned as a town which had "impressive temples, large markets and huge orchards."Few other references to Lahore remain from before its capture by the Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in the 11th century.
Lahore appears to have served as the capital of Punjab during this time under Anandapala of the Kabul Shahi empire, who had moved the capital there from Waihind. The capital would be moved to Sialkot following Ghaznavid incursions. Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni captured Lahore on an uncertain date, but under Ghaznavid rule, Lahore emerged as the empire's second capital. In 1021, Sultan Mahmud appointed Malik Ayaz to the Throne of Lahore—a governorship of the Ghaznavid Empire; the city was captured by Nialtigin, the rebellious Governor of Multan, in 1034, although his forces were expelled by Malik Ayaz in 1036. With the support of Sultan Ibrahim Ghaznavi, Malik Ayaz rebuilt and repopulated the city, devastated after the Ghaznavid invasion. Ayaz erected city walls and a masonry fort built in 1037–1040 on the ruins of the previous one, demolished during the Ghaznavid invasion. A confederation of Hindu princes unsuccessfully laid siege to Lahore in 1043-44 during Ayaz' rule; the city became a academic centre, renowned for poetry under Malik Ayaz' reign.
Lahore was formally made the eastern capital of the Ghaznavid empire in 1152, under the reign of Khusrau Shah. The city became the sole capital of the Ghaznavid empire in 1163 after the fall of Ghazni; the e
One Sexy Zone is the debut studio album by Japanese idol group Sexy Zone. It was released on November 2012, through Pony Canyon; the record was preceded by three singles: "Sexy Zone", "Lady Diamond", "Sexy Summer ni Yuki ga Furu". One Sexy Zone was released in four editions: Regular Edition, Limited Edition, Lawson-HMV Limited Edition, Sexy Zone Shop Limited Edition, it ranked number one on the Oricon Singles Chart, where the quintet set the record for the youngest male group to top the chart with an average age of 15.4 years. The album charted at number three on the Billboard Japan Top Album Sales chart, it was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of Japan, denoting shipments of 100,000 units. One Sexy Zone was released on November 2012, in four editions: Regular Edition. Sexy Zone embarked on the New Year Arena Concert 2013 on January 2 and 3 at Osaka-jō Hall and January 4 to 6 at the Yokohama Arena. On the issue dated November 26, 2012, One Sexy Zone debuted at number one on Japan's national weekly Oricon Albums Chart, selling 86,451 copies in its first week.
With an average age of 15.4 years, Sexy Zone became the youngest male group to top the chart. The record was held by w-inds; when its album w-inds.: 1st Message ranked number one 10 years and 11 months prior. On the Billboard Japan Top Album chart, the album debuted at number three. One Sexy Zone was certified gold at the end of the month by the Recording Industry Association of Japan for shipments exceeding 100,000 units. According to Oricon's year-end report, the album sold 95,421 copies domestically and ranked number 71 on its list of best-selling albums, it ranked at number 91 on the Billboard Japan Top Albums Sales Year End chart
Blue Toad Murder Files is a murder mystery puzzle video game developed and published by the British video game developer Relentless Software. The game is episodic and the first installment was released for the PlayStation 3 via the PlayStation Store in December 2009; the entire "season" of the game, Blue Toad Murder Files: The Mysteries of Little Riddle, includes six separate episodes. The Windows version was available to download from online games distribution sites as well as from the official website in November 2010. Support for PlayStation Move was added in December 2010. An iOS version was released in April 2013; the game is for one to four players and leans towards TV murder mysteries such as Agatha Christie's Poirot, Midsomer Murders and Jonathan Creek with "witnesses, alibis motives" rather than being a logic puzzle like Cluedo. The game sees the player investigate murders and interrogate residents in the country village of Little Riddle. Aspects of the game have been compared to the Professor Layton series of games, regarding its setting and puzzle solving game mechanic, but it differs from the Layton games in that the puzzles in Blue Toad are more linked to the game's storyline.
At various points the game questions the player about their investigation and key plot points to check that they were paying attention. Actor Tom Dussek voiced all the 22 characters in the game. At the beginning of the game, the player choose between these four characters: Lambert Vanderbosh was one of the first members of the agency, he is 50-something years old and is keen and caring. Vanderbosh has a large mustache, he is dressed in a brown business suit with a red scarf tucked in. Miss Marjorie Maple looks like a helpless old lady, but is a well-seasoned detective, she is understanding and respective to others in the agency. Maple, like Vanderbosh, has grey hair, she wears half-moon eyeglasses. Richard "Dick" Dickens is a credit to British schools everywhere and has a dazzling career ahead of him, he is tutored by the other agents and is hardworking. Dickens has brown hair, always neatly combed to one side of his head, he wears a green, sleeve-less sweater with puffy brown pants and wears round glasses.
Hannah Dakota is the newest addition to the Blue Toad team and received her invitation when she solved the Dilemma of the Discordant Debutant. She is smart and attractive, too. Hannah has side bangs which are tucked back, she wears a yellow sweater with a green skirt. Like Dickens, she wears round glasses; the Station Master The Mayor The Town Hall Clerk The Doctor The Jeweler The Miller Mrs. Gossip Inspector Bragg The Constable Lady Snobbish The Vicar The Colonel Moses The Butcher The Librarian Mrs. Bothersome The Antique Shop Owner The Hotel Manager Mrs. Wentworth The Chef The Baker Malachi Snobbish The episode begins with the narrator explaining how your player is on vacation. Mother, the head of The Blue Toad Agency, is said to have sent you to Little Riddle, a village described to be quite peaceful and comfortable; when the player arrives at the station via train, he/she sees a member of the station staff locked in a rather one-sided conversation with an old lady. The Station Master notices your approach and seems to recognize you from the newspaper, as a picture of the Blue Toad Agency members is on the front.
The player has to explain to the Station Master, who by completing a puzzle. After you are finished, you head off to the town hall. Halfway through the conversation, the Mayor is shot and his body falls in front of you. You notice that the Mayor has dropped a diary and pick it up. Soon, a constable arrives at the scene, shocked to see that the Mayor is dead. Your player deciphers the diary via puzzle and learns that the Mayor had been in heated arguments with four people: The Doctor, The Jeweler, The Miller, The Station Master. After this, you decide to visit these four suspects. You try to talk to the Town Hall Clerk, but you find Inspector Bragg, an officer who doesn't like you investigating questioning her. Tired, you check into the Little Riddle Hotel before heading off to the pub. At the pub, you help the bar maid fix the pub's pipe problem, chase down a shadowy figure who you know is spying on you; the figure is revealed to be the Constable, sent by Inspector Bragg to keep an eye on you. In the morning, you think that the old lady that you saw at the station might help you know more about the Mayor and learn from the Hotel Manager that her name is Mrs. Gossip.
Your visit to Mrs. Gossip's cottage is of no help; when you meet the Town Hall Clerk, she tells you about each of the four suspect's conversations with the Mayor and points out that the Miller had no appointment. At the end of the episode, it is revealed that the Miller was the Mayor's murderer but as your play