Lake Worth Beach is a city in Palm Beach County, United States, located about 64 miles north of Miami, its name from the body of water along its eastern border known as the Lake Worth Lagoon. The lake itself was named for General William J. Worth, who led U. S. forces during the last part of the Second Seminole War. As of 2010, the population estimated by the U. S. Census Bureau was 34,910, it is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,012,331 people in 2015. Indigenous people known as the Jaega were the earliest reported inhabitants of the section of the Florida Atlantic coast in the areas of Martin and Palm Beach Counties. Remains of shell mounds can be found near the Jupiter inlet, inland in what is now Boynton Beach and just south of the Boynton Inlet, indicating pre-Columbian Jaega habitation; the city's first settlers were Samuel and Fannie James, an African American couple and reported to be ex-slaves, known as the Black Diamonds, who settled on the shores of the Lake Worth Lagoon near the current 5th Avenue South in 1885..
The couple made a claim for their land under the Homestead Act in 1885 and received a receipt for their claim on February 1, 1887. Their holdings 187 acres, increased over time and came to include an additional 160 acres of homestead land south of Lake Avenue between M and F Streets, 160 acres in College Park acquired from the estate of William Stephan, where Fannie ran a pineapple farm, 160 acres to the south between the current Dixie and Federal Highways, acquired from Swedish immigrants and Sarah Gudmundsen; the Jameses sold off most of this acreage in 10 and 20 acres parcels to new investors. After Samuel's death in 1909, Fannie sold her remaining 156 acres to developer, Palm Beach Farms company, keeping only an acre and a quarter farmette; the farmette lay outside the new city limits as required by the segregation provisions of the 1913 Town of Lake Worth charter. The initial name for the post office was Jewell. Fannie James was the first postmaster; the post office was located in a small dry goods shop which the couple operated to serve the lake traffic that connected the small pioneer homesteads located along the banks of the Lake Worth Lagoon.
Area pioneers report that Jewell was included as a stop on the route of the barefoot mailman via the Celestial Railroad by July 1889. After Henry Flagler extended his rail line south from West Palm Beach to Miami in 1896, a land development scheme was created to plant a townsite between the railroad and the lake. Purchasers of agricultural lots, west of town, would receive a small 25 foot lot within the City of Lake Worth, closer to the beach; the developer, Bryant & Greenwood, proposed to name the town Lucerne, however the United States Postal Service refused to accept the name because there was a Lake Lucerne post office north of Miami in Dade County, now a neighborhood in Miami Gardens. Therefore, the city fathers settled on the name Lake Worth, for the lake on which the fledgling town was sited. One of the main streets was named Lucerne Avenue instead. In April 1911, "A solitary Indian mound surrounded by wild woods marked the spot where flourishing Lake Worth is now growing beyond the most vivid imagination", according to a promotional article published in the Lake Worth Herald, The population of the nascent city stood at 38 in July 1912.
During that busy year, the library, newspaper, Women's Club, Chamber of Commerce and first church were established. By the year's end, publication of the "city's first census showed 308 residents, 125 houses, 10 wagons, seven automobiles, 36 bicycles and 876 fowls.". The town was growing so fast; the area along the Intracoastal from 5th Avenue South to 15th Avenue South still bears the name Addition 1. "In the new addition, the Lake front has been divided into large lots covered with palm and tropical growth, where we expect to see charming villas and winter homes spring up as by enchantment. It will be the fashionable part of town, where the wealthy of the earth can display their artistic taste and make ideal homes; these lots are selling so fast that but few are left." Included in the new addition were South Palm Park, a boat dock and P Street with its vibrant, green median and collection of 31 species of palm trees. Lake Worth Beach was incorporated as the "Town of Lake Worth" in June 1913.
Many of the first residents were farmers from other parts of the American south and mid-west, looking to benefit from the growing winter vegetable market of the time. The city benefited with the rest of south Florida during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. A wooden automobile traffic bridge over Lake Worth was completed in 1919; the first casino and municipal beach complex was completed shortly thereafter. The 1920s saw the completion of the Gulf Stream Hotel, now on the National Register of Historic Places; the city was damaged in the 1928 hurricane, toppling the bell tower on the elementary school and destroying the beachfront casino and automobile bridge over Lake Worth. This led to a severe economic decline during the Great Depression. Things were so dire in the city in the 1930s, that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration built a striking, moorish-styled "City Gymnasium" on the corner of Lake Avenue and Dixie Highway; the building today serves as City Hall. William A. Boutwell, who ran the Boutwell Dairy from 1927 to 1956, is credited with inventing half & half creamer.
Shih Jun-ji is a Taiwanese economist. He served as the second chairman of the Financial Supervisory Commission from 2006 to 2007 after Kong Jaw-sheng was removed from office. Shih served concurrently as Governor of Taiwan Province and minister without portfolio in 2016; that year, he was named chair of the Taiwan Stock Exchange. In 2017, he took office as Vice Premier of the Republic of China. Chen Chi-mai succeeded Shih as vice premier in 2019. Shih obtained his bachelor's degree in business administration from Fu Jen Catholic University in 1978, master's degree in economics from Soochow University in 1980 and doctoral degree in economics from National Taiwan University in 1984; as a student, he led a demonstration which protested the White Terror, a period of political suppression that began after the 228 Incident of 1947. After graduation, Shih did research with the Academia Sinica joined the Fair Trade Commission from 1998 to 2001, he was appointed to the Financial Supervisory Commission in July 2006, named FSC chairman in August of that year.
During Shih's tenure as FSC chairman, the Rebar Chinese Bank filed for bankruptcy protection, which caused a bank run that led to NT$19 billion in losses and eventual government takeover of the financial institution. The Enterprise Bank of Hualien, independent of Rebar, was declared insolvent and placed under the purview of the FSC. Shih resigned on 12 January 2007, shortly after the takeover announcement, to take responsibility for the Rebar scandal and was succeeded by Susan Chang on an interim basis, before Hu Sheng-cheng took office. Shih returned to the Academia Sinica's Institute of Social Science after resigning the FSC chairmanship, he was named the economic adviser to Tsai Ing-wen's 2016 presidential campaign. Shortly before she won the election, the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission reported that Shih could be chosen as a financial adviser in Tsai's administration. Tsai's premier Lin Chuan selected Shih as a minister without portfolio in April 2016. Shih was in charge of economic and communications policies, led trade negotiations.
He was named chairman of the Taiwan Stock Exchange in June 2016 and assumed the position on July 1. Shih succeeded Lin Hsi-yao as vice premier of the Republic of China in September 2017, he was appointed to the office by William Lai, who replaced Lin Chuan as premier
Fort de la Conchée is a fortification on the rocky island of Quincé, four kilometers north-west of St Malo, France. Constructed by Sebastien Vauban the fort covers the entire island; the fortress consists of a service building built on high, thick granite masonry walls two stories high. An oval upper terrace with embrasures facing the open sea served as the fort's site for the fort's battery. Today, the fort is a nature reserve for seabirds. In 1689 Vauban conducted an inspections of French coastal fortifications for King Louis XIV, who wished to strengthen and improve the country's defences. In 1693, whilst the fort was being constructed, the English raided the town, they landed on Conchée, where they captured those working on the fort. The English, with their Dutch allies, attacked the fortress again in 1695. Though the fort was unfinished, ten guns had been installed, which permitted the French to repulse the attack; the battery turned its guns on the main attacking fleet, causing much damage to it.
The fort was finished in 1705. The fortress was declared obsolete in 1889 and demilitarised in 1901. During the Second World War the Germans used the abandoned fort for target practice; the Allies attacked the fort during St Malo's liberation. Lepage, Jean-Denis G. G. Vauban and the French Military Under Louis XIV: An Illustrated History of Fortifications and Strategies. ISBN 978-0-7864-4401-4 Fortified places in Saint-Malo