Lambda or lamda is the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet, representing the sound /l/. In the system of Greek numerals lambda has a value of 30. Lambda is derived from the Phoenician Lamed. Lambda gave rise to the Cyrillic El; the ancient grammarians and dramatists give evidence to the pronunciation as in Classical Greek times. In Modern Greek the name of the letter, Λάμδα, is pronounced. In early Greek alphabets, the shape and orientation of lambda varied. Most variants consisted one longer than the other, connected at their ends; the angle might be in lower-left, or top. Other variants had a vertical line with a sloped stroke running to the right. With the general adoption of the Ionic alphabet, Greek settled on an angle at the top; the HTML 4 character entity references for the Greek capital and small letter lambda are Λ. The Unicode code points for lambda are U+039B and U+03BB. Examples of the symbolic use of uppercase lambda include: The lambda particle is a type of subatomic particle in subatomic particle physics.
Lambda is the set of logical axioms in the axiomatic method of logical deduction in first-order logic. Lambda was used as a shield pattern by the Spartan army; this stood for Lacedaemon, the name of the polis of the Spartans, as opposed to the city itself. Lambda is the von Mangoldt function in mathematical number theory. In statistics, Wilks's lambda is used in multivariate analysis of variance to compare group means on a combination of dependent variables. In the spectral decomposition of matrices, lambda indicates the diagonal matrix of the eigenvalues of the matrix. In computer science, lambda is the time window over which a process is observed for determining the working memory set for a digital computer's virtual memory management. In astrophysics, lambda represents the likelihood that a small body will encounter a planet or a dwarf planet leading to a deflection of a significant magnitude. An object with a large value of lambda is expected to have cleared its neighborhood, satisfying the current definition of a planet.
In crystal optics, lambda is used to represent the period of a lattice. In NATO military operations, a chevron is painted on the vehicles of this military alliance for identification. In chemistry there are Δ and Λ isomers, see: coordination complex In electrochemistry, lambda denotes the "equivalent conductance" of an electrolyte solution. In cosmology, lambda is the symbol for the cosmological constant, a term added to some dynamical equations to account for the acceleration of the universe. In optics, lambda denotes the grating pitch of a Bragg reflector. In block-handwritten Russian, this letter represents Л in both lowercase. In politics the lambda is the symbol of Identitarianism, a white nationalist movement that originated in France before spreading out to the rest of Europe and on to North America and New Zealand; the Identitarian lambda represents the Battle of Thermopylae. Examples of the symbolic use of lowercase lambda include: Lambda indicates the wavelength of any wave in physics, electronics engineering, mathematics.
In evolutionary algorithms, λ indicates the number of offspring that would be generated from μ current population in each generation. The terms μ and λ are originated from Evolution strategy notation. Lambda indicates the radioactivity decay constant in nuclear radioactivity; this constant is simply related to the half-life of any radioactive material. In probability theory, lambda represents the density of occurrences within a time interval, as modeled by the Poisson distribution. In mathematical logic and computer science, lambda is used to introduce anonymous functions expressed with the concepts of lambda calculus. Lambda is a unit of volume, synonymous with one microliter; this use is deprecated. Lambda indicates an eigenvalue in the mathematics of linear algebra. In the physics of electric fields, lambda sometimes indicates the linear charge density of a uniform line of electric charge. Lambda denotes a Lagrange multiplier in multi-dimensional calculus. In solid-state electronics, lambda indicates the channel length modulation parameter of a MOSFET.
In ecology, lambda denotes the long-term intrinsic growth rate of a population. This value is calculated as the dominant eigenvalue of the age/size class matrix. In formal language theory and in computer science, lambda denotes the empty string. Lambda is a nonstandard symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet for the voiced alveolar lateral affricate. Lambda denotes the Lebesgue measure in mathematical set theory; the Goodman and Kruskal's lambda in statistics indicates the proportional reduction in error when one variable's values are used to predict the values of another variable. Lambda denotes the oxygen sensor in a vehicle that measures the air-to-fuel ratio in the exhaust gases of an internal-combustion engine. A Lambda 4S solid-fuel rocket was used to launch Japan's first orbital satellite in 1970. Lambda denotes the failure rate of devices and systems in reliability theory, it is measured in failure events per hour. Numerically, this lambda is the reciprocal of the mean time between failures.
In criminology, lambda denotes an individual's frequency of offenses. In cartography and navigation, lambda denotes the longitude of a location. In ele
Robert Brightiffe or Britiffe, of Baconsthorpe, was an English lawyer and Whig politician. He sat in the House of Commons from 1715 to 1734 and served as recorder of Norwich in 1737–1743. Brightiffe was born at Baconsthorpe, the son of Edmund Brightiffe and his wife Mary Longe, daughter of Robert Longe of Spixworth, Norfolk, he was educated at Holt School and in Norwich. He was admitted to the lists of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge on 24 March 1680, at the age of sixteen, he subsequently entered the Middle Temple on 29 May 1682, was called to the Bar in 1688. He married Judith Edgar, daughter of Henry Edgar of Eye, who died in 1705. In 1704 he was appointed Recorder of Lynn and held the post until 1730, he married as his second wife Elizabeth Rant, daughter of Sir William Rant of Thorpe Market, who died in 1712. As a Norwich lawyer, he acted as legal adviser to the Walpole families. Brightiffe was returned as Whig Member of Parliament for Norwich at the 1715 general election, he followed his patrons into opposition between 1717 and 1720, thereafter voted with the Government.
He was returned again at the elections of 1722 and 1727. He retired in favour of "old" Horatio Walpole at the 1734 British general election, he was recorder of Norwich from 1737 to 1743. Brightiffe married, as his third wife, Elizabeth Tanner, widow of Dr Thomas Tanner, Bishop of St Asaph and daughter of Thomas Strotton of Little Melton, Norfolk after 1735, he died on 22 September 1749. He had one daughter from each of his two first marriages to. One of his daughters married John Hobart, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire and the other, Sir William Morden Harbord, 1st Baroner
Bruce Korte is a Canadian curler from Saskatoon. He is a three-time SaskTel Tankard provincial champion; as a junior, Korte's top accomplishment was losing the 1984 men's provincial junior final. Korte has won three provincial championships, in 2000, 2004 and 2010. At the 2000 Labatt Brier, Korte's Saskatchewan rink finished 5-6. At the 2004 Nokia Brier, his rink finished 5-6 once again. At the 2010 Tim Hortons Brier, he played third for his long-time third Darrell McKee and the team finished the event with a 4-7 record. In 2002, Korte skipped his rink to his first and only Grand Slam of Curling title, winning the Masters of Curling over Jeff Stoughton. Korte has been a skip for his entire career except for the period between 2009 and 2011 when he threw third stones for McKee. McKee left the team in 2011. Korte skipped team Saskatchewan at the 2016 Canadian Mixed Curling Championship, making it all the way to the final before losing to Alberta, he skipped Saskatchewan again at the 2018 Canadian Mixed Curling Championship, but missed qualifying for the championship pool.
Korte skipped Saskatchewan at the 2019 Canadian Senior Curling Championships, winning the event over defending champions Bryan Cochrane of Ontario. Bruce Korte on the World Curling Tour database Bruce Korte on the CurlingZone database
Galhinna is a village situated in the Kandy District, Central Province, Sri Lanka. The town is located nearly 3 kilometres away from the town of Ankumbura and is surrounded by the villages of Ramakotuwa, Bulugaha Ela, Galkanada, Alawatta, Kovila Muduna, Kandekumbera, it is located 26 kilometres north-west of the Kandy, at an altitude of 675 metres above sea level and is one of the highest points in Kandy. The name Galhinna is derived from the Sinhalese "gal" and "hena", meaning "stone fence"; the name refers to the area's rocky landscapes. The general area of Galhinna is surrounded by range of mountains and is by tea plantations and rubber estates, it holds an important place in business education. The area is thought to have been inhabited from as early as the 19th century AD. Galhinna is home to Al Manar Central College, established in 1934; this public school provides education for 1,500 pupils from elementary to GCE Advanced Level. The Galhinna Grand Mosque is another important place in the village.
The grand mosque in the village is one of the oldest in Sri Lanka. Next to it is the Islamic Madrasa named Jamiathul Faththah Arabic College, one of the wealthiest Islamic institutions in Sri Lanka for the past two centuries; the village has a few Buddhist temples in the surrounding areas. Another girls' Islamic Madrasa is located at Thaqwa Gardens in Galhinna named Dharuth Thaqwa Girls Arabic College started on 23 January 2008; the first batch has passed out in 2012. Galhinna has an estimated population of 18,507; the majority of the people living in Galhinna are Muslims surrounded by Sinhala villages. Tamil is the major language spoken in Galhinna by the majority of the population; the other languages spoken are English. Galhinna is a cold village and it is covered with fog during noon time
List of Yugoslav World War II monuments and memorials in Croatia represent monuments and memorials built on the territory of the present day Croatia in Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1991. It does not include other statues of individuals; the Yugoslav authorities established several memorial sites between 1945 and 1960, though widespread building started after the founding of the Non-Aligned Movement. Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito commissioned several memorial sites and monuments in the 1960s and 70s dedicated to World War II battle, concentration camp sites, they were designed by notable sculptors, including Dušan Džamonja, Vojin Bakić, Miodrag Živković, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, architects, including Bogdan Bogdanović, Gradimir Medaković. After Tito's death, a small number was built, the monuments were popular visitor attractions in the 1980s as patriotic sites. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia and during the Yugoslav Wars in the 1990s, World War II monuments and memorials were targeted and destroyed by vandals while the new Croatian government did nothing to prevent them.
It is thought that around 3000 antifascist memorials have been destroyed in Croatia since 1991 while some others were removed. Today, the remaining memorial sites are visited by local antifascist organisations and World War II veterans. In recent times, some demolished. People's Heroes of Yugoslavia monuments List of World War II monuments and memorials in Bosnia and Herzegovina List of World War II monuments and memorials in Montenegro List of World War II monuments and memorials in North Macedonia List of World War II monuments and memorials in Serbia List of World War II monuments and memorials in Slovenia List of Yugoslav World War II monuments and memorials
LNP Media Group owns and publishes LNP, a daily newspaper based in Lancaster County and LancasterOnline, its online affiliate with monthly readership of over one million. LNP traces its roots to The Lancaster Journal, first published in 1794. LNP Media Group publishes three other local newspapers in Lancaster County: The Lititz Record Express, The Ephrata Review and The Elizabethtown Advocate. Additionally, LNP Media Group owns and publishes three specialty publications: Lancaster Farming, La Voz Lancaster, Fly After 5. Lancaster Farming is a farm newspaper for the mid-Atlantic region with paid circulation of over sixty thousand. La Voz Lancaster is a bi-monthly publication covering the Hispanic community in Lancaster County. Fly After 5 is a bi-monthly newspaper covering entertainment. LNP Media Group is owned by Steinman Communications, a corporation controlled by descendants of Andrew Jackson Steinman, who purchased the Intelligencer in 1866; the holding company owns Intelligencer Printing, one of the oldest commercial printing houses in the United States.
First printed in 1794 as the Lancaster Journal, the Intelligencer Journal was the largest circulation newspaper in Lancaster and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States of America that had not changed its name. The Lancaster New Era was founded in 1877 with the goal of taking the state Republican machine to task. In 1920, New Era merged with The Examiner. Paul Block, Sr. bought the New Era-Examiner three years and positioned it to compete with the morning Intelligencer and afternoon New Journal, both published by the Steinmans. When the venture failed in 1928, Block sold the paper, now named New Era, to the Steinmans, who merged the Intell and Journal into the morning Intelligencer Journal and published New Era as an afternoon newspaper on every day of the week except Sunday; the Saturday edition was eliminated in 2007 and associated content moved to the Saturday-morning edition of Intell. By 2009, New Era had the largest circulation of any Pennsylvania newspaper in the afternoon newspaper market.
It won the Pennsylvania NewsMedia Association Sweepstakes Award four years in a row. Its reporting on the West Nickel Mines School shooting in eastern Lancaster County won numerous state and national awards, among them the Pulliam National Journalism Writing Award and the Taylor Award for Fairness from the Nieman Foundation for Journalism. On 26 June 2009, Lancaster Newspapers published the final afternoon edition of New Era, citing increasing costs and decreasing readership, merged it with the Intelligencer Journal. Columns and other syndicated content reserved for the afternoon edition now appear in the Journal. Established in 1923 as the first local Sunday newspaper in Lancaster County, Sunday News was renamed Sunday LNP in October 2014. La Voz Lancaster is a bi-monthly news source for the Hispanic population of Lancaster County; the Caucus is a weekly watchdog investigative paper aimed at Pennsylvania politics The Intell traditionally retained a center-left editorial stance, while the New Era was reliably conservative.
For five years after the papers merged, the combined publication ran two distinct editorial pages. In 2014, Lancaster Newspapers adopted an independent stance, publishing a single editorial page thereafter. Under its current masthead, LNP was first published in October 2014 with the tagline "Always Lancaster." The newsroom combines journalists from New Era and Sunday News. LancasterOnline is a subscription service that provides access to all features in the daily newspaper and a searchable digital archive of all content published in the newspaper's history