Automobili Lamborghini S.p. A. is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury sports cars and SUVs based in Sant'Agata Bolognese. The company is owned by the Volkswagen Group through its subsidiary Audi. Ferruccio Lamborghini, an Italian manufacturing magnate, founded Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini S.p. A. in 1963 to compete with established marques, including Ferrari. The company was noted for using a rear rear-wheel drive. Lamborghini grew during its first decade, but sales plunged in the wake of the 1973 worldwide financial downturn and the oil crisis; the firm's ownership changed three times after 1973, including a bankruptcy in 1978. American Chrysler Corporation took control of Lamborghini in 1987 and sold it to Malaysian investment group Mycom Setdco and Indonesian group V'Power Corporation in 1994. In 1998, Mycom Setdco and V'Power sold Lamborghini to the Volkswagen Group where it was placed under the control of the group's Audi division. New products and model lines were introduced to the brand's portfolio and brought to the market and saw an increased productivity for the brand.
In the late 2000s, during the worldwide financial crisis and the subsequent economic crisis, Lamborghini's sales saw a drop of nearly 50 percent. Lamborghini produces the V12-powered Aventador and the V10-powered Huracán, along with the Urus SUV powered by a twin-turbo V8 engine. In addition, the company produces V12 engines for offshore powerboat racing. Lamborghini Trattori, founded in 1948 by Ferruccio Lamborghini, is headquartered in Pieve di Cento and continues to produce tractors. Manufacturing magnate Italian Ferruccio Lamborghini founded the company in 1963 with the objective of producing a refined grand touring car to compete with offerings from established marques such as Ferrari; the company's first models, such as the 350 GT, were released in the mid 1960s. Lamborghini was noted for the 1966 Miura sports coupé, which used a rear mid-engine, rear wheel drive layout. Lamborghini grew during its first ten years, but sales fell in the wake of the 1973 worldwide financial downturn and the oil crisis.
Ferruccio Lamborghini sold the company to Georges-Henri Rossetti and René Leimer and retired in 1974. The company went bankrupt in 1978, was placed in the receivership of brothers Jean-Claude and Patrick Mimran in 1980; the Mimrans purchased the company out of receivership by 1984 and invested in the its expansion. Under the Mimrans' management, Lamborghini's model line was expanded from the Countach to include the Jalpa sports car and the LM002 high performance off-road vehicle; the Mimrans sold Lamborghini to the Chrysler Corporation in 1987. After replacing the Countach with the Diablo and discontinuing the Jalpa and the LM002, Chrysler sold Lamborghini to Malaysian investment group Mycom Setdco and Indonesian group V'Power Corporation in 1994. In 1998, Mycom Setdco and V'Power sold Lamborghini to the Volkswagen Group where it was placed under the control of the group's Audi division. New products and model lines were introduced to the brand's portfolio and brought to the market and saw an increased productivity for the brand Lamborghini.
In the late 2000s, during the worldwide financial crisis and the subsequent economic crisis, Lamborghini's sales saw a drop of nearly 50 percent. As of the 2018 model year, Lamborghini's automobile product range consists of three model lines, two of which are mid-engine two-seat sports cars while the third one is a front engined, all-wheel drive SUV; the V12-powered Aventador line consists of the LP 740 -- roadster. The V10-powered Huracán line includes the all-wheel-drive LP 610-4 coupé and spyder, the low cost rear-wheel-drive LP 580-2 coupé and spyder and the most powerful, track oriented LP 640-4 Performanté coupé and spyder. With the intention of doubling its sales volume by 2019, Lamborghini added an SUV named Urus in its line-up, powered by a twin-turbo V8 engine and utilises a front engine, all-wheel drive layout. Motori Marini Lamborghini produces a large V12 marine engine block for use in World Offshore Series Class 1 powerboats. A Lamborghini branded marine engine displaces 8,171 cc and outputs 940 hp.
In the mid-1980s, Lamborghini produced a limited-production run of a 1,000 cc sports motorcycle. UK weekly newspaper Motor Cycle News reported in 1994 – when featuring an example available through an Essex motorcycle retailer – that 24 examples were produced with a Lamborghini alloy frame having adjustable steering head angle, Kawasaki GPz1000RX engine/transmission unit, Ceriani front forks and Marvic wheels; the bodywork was plastic and integrated with front fairing merged into fuel tank and seat cover ending in a rear tail-fairing. The motorcycles were produced by French business Boxer Bikes. Lamborghini licenses its brand to manufacturers that produce a variety of Lamborghini-branded consumer goods including scale models, accessories, bags and laptop computers. In contrast to his rival Enzo Ferrari, Ferruccio Lamborghini had decided early on that there would be no factory-supported racing of Lamborghinis, viewing motorsport as too expensive and too draining on company resources; this was unusual for the time, as many sports car manufacturers sought to demonstrate the speed and technical superiority through motorsport participation.
Enzo Ferrari in particular was known for considering his road car business a source of funding for his participation in motor racing. Ferruccio's policy led to tensions between him and his engineers, many of whom were racing enthusiasts; when Dallara and Wallace began dedicating their spare time to the dev
Bernard Gordon was an American writer and producer. For much of his 27-year career, he toiled in obscurity, prevented from taking screen credit by the Hollywood Blacklist. Among his best-known works are screenplays for Flesh and Fury, Earth vs. the Flying Saucers and 55 Days at Peking. Gordon was born in New Britain, Connecticut to Kitty and William Gordon, Jewish immigrants from Russia, his father managed a hardware store and Gordon grew up in New York City, where he attended the City College. Beginning as a writer for print, Gordon moved to California and got a production job as a script reader, providing written "coverage" of screenplays submitted to studios. A political activist and in the 1940s, a member of the Communist Party, Gordon helped found the Screen Readers Guild, he married fellow activist Jean Lewin in 1946, one of the organizers of the Hollywood Canteen during the war. His first produced screenplay was Flesh and Fury, a gritty boxing picture starring an up-and-coming actor named Tony Curtis.
A western with Rock Hudson followed, but Gordon was subpoenaed to testify to the House Un-American Activities Committee investigating Communist influence in Hollywood. Although subpoenaed, Gordon was never called to testify, thus remained in a legal limbo, his producer, William Alland, had named Gordon in his own testimony to HUAC. A former left-wing sympathizer himself, Alland informed the government about the political leanings of writers with whom he dealt at Universal Pictures. In 1954, Gordon received an under-the-table assignment from producer Charles Schneer, who worked with Columbia Pictures' low-budget maven Sam Katzman. Gordon adapted a play written by two friends, which became the film The Law vs. Billy the Kid. Schneer employed Gordon many times during the 1950s, memorably as screenwriter of Earth vs. the Flying Saucers, a low-budget alien-invasion film with special effects by Ray Harryhausen. Gordon worked under the pen name Raymond T. Marcus, a friend, not in the film business; these low-paying assignments were B-level potboilers.
Notably, one of the Schneer films was the only feature film to co-star Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy Davis, Hellcats of the Navy. Reagan's political views were diametrically opposed to the still-blacklisted Gordon, furthering problems while elected President he denied blacklisting occurred despite history proving this inaccuracy; the writer took ironic satisfaction in having written an introduction for the esteemed Admiral Chester Nimitz and having Reagan give voice to his words on film to be replayed during his term as President. Another film for which Gordon wrote pseudonymously due to the Black List was Zombies of Mora Tau. Through his friendship with writer/entrepreneur Philip Yordan, Gordon found regular work as a writer and producer in Madrid for the Samuel Bronston Productions. At first, however, he was still denied screen credit, with Yordan listing himself as sole author of films like Circus World, Battle of the Bulge, Custer of the West and Day of the Triffids. Gordon did receive on-screen credit for 55 Days at Peking, the first screen adaptation of The Thin Red Line.
As a producer, he made a number of westerns in Spain and the well-received sci-fi thriller Horror Express, co-starring Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee. Another film he wrote, Cry of Battle, was playing at the theater in which Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested by Dallas police on 22 November 1963. Returning to the US, Gordon had trouble finding work until his former production secretary in Madrid, Lisa Doty, found him a job in Canada adapting Margaret Atwood's novel Surfacing for producer Beryl Fox. Director Claude Jutra made it into a film, Surfacing, in 1981. Gordon's blacklist-era work remained anonymous until journalist Ted Newsom happened upon the man behind the assumed name Raymond T. Marcus; when the Writers Guild of America took up the task of crediting pseudonymous screenwriters from the 1950s and 1960s, awarding retroactive screen credits to them, Gordon received more after-the-fact credits than any other blacklisted writer. His first film to receive posthumous credit was The Day of the Triffids credited to the film's producer, Phillip Yordan.
Gordon subsequently wrote two autobiographical books detailing the 20-year surveillance of him by the FBI, spoke publicly about his experiences. He helped lead the fight against the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Lifetime Achievement Award to Elia Kazan, who cooperated with HUAC during the blacklist era. Gordon died on May 2007 in Hollywood, California. Hollywood Exile, or How I Learned to Love the Blacklist ISBN 978-0-292-72833-2 The Gordon File: A Screenwriter Recalls Twenty Years of FBI Surveillance ISBN 978-0-292-71955-2 Bernard Gordon on IMDb
Eltham College is an independent school situated in Mottingham, southeast London. Eltham and Mottingham once formed part of the same parish, hence its name; the school dates back to the early Victorian era, when it was founded as the London Missionary Society's School for the Sons and Orphans of Missionaries. Within a short time the Baptist Missionary Society joined as co-founders. A girls' school had been established in Walthamstow in 1838 and a boys' school was opened in the same place at the beginning of 1842; the boys' school relocated to Mornington Crescent in 1852 and to a purpose-built location in the centre of Blackheath in 1857. Missionary David Livingstone sent his son Robert to the school during the 1850s; the school moved to its present site - centred on an 18th-century mansion in Mottingham - in 1912. The building had been used by the Royal Naval School from 1889 to the end of the summer term in 1910. Eltham College began life as a small boarding school catering for children of missionaries serving overseas in India and Africa.
From 1945 to 1976 Eltham was a Direct Grant school. When the Direct Grant system was abolished in 1976, the school chose to go independent. Since the 1950s, the college has become a day school for boys; the sixth form has been co-educational since 1978. Reflecting the origins of the school, each of the four houses is named after a prominent LMS or BMS missionary, namely Carey, Livingstone and Moffat. Headmaster Paul Henderson continued a programme of building and development started by Christopher Waller, including major refurbishments to the junior school and music school, a car park in front of the college; the Gerald Moore Art Gallery opened in 2012, displaying works by Moore and other artists. In 2012, to mark the centenary of the move to Mottingham, the college launched a campaign to raise the funds to replace the Sixth Form Centre and Jubilee Block. Construction began in July 2017 and ended in February 2019; the new Turberville building is located on the west side of the Old Quad with a new colonnade linking it to existing buildings.
A triple-height, glazed atrium will form a link between the quad and the playing fields to the east and give access to the David Robins Sixth Form Centre. The school's headmasters at Blackheath were: 1852-1866: William George Lemon 1866-1868: James Scott 1869-1870: Charles Dugard Makepeace 1870-1875: Edward J Chinnock 1875-1892: Edward Waite 1893-1914: Walter Brainerd Hayward 1914-1926: George Robertson 1926-1930: Nevil Wood 1930-1959: Geoffrey Turberville 1959-1983: Christopher Porteous 1983-1990: Christopher Waller 1990-2000: Malcolm Green 2000–2014: Paul Henderson 2014–Present: Guy Sanderson Philip Bailey, cricket statistician Stuart Ball, political historian George Band, mountaineer Nicholas Barberis, Professor of Finance Piers Benn, philosopher Sir Anthony Bottoms, criminologist Fenner Brockway, peace campaigner Sir Michael Buckley, civil servant Charlie Connelly and broadcaster Stephen Dunnett and Professor of Biosciences since 2005 at Cardiff University Frank Farmer, physicist Stephen Farr, organist Nick Ferrari, radio broadcaster Christopher Idle, Anglican priest and hymn writer Simon Gass KCMG CVO, Senior Diplomat, Ambassador to Iran 2009-11, to Greece from 2004-9 Alan Edwin Furness OBE, ambassador from the United Kingdom to Senegal 1993-97 former British Deputy High.
Commissioner, Bombay James Harris, Welsh rugby union player David E. H. Jones and writer Jim Knight former Labour MP, Minister of State for Schools in the UK Government, MP from 2001-2010 for South Dorset Matthew Le Merle - Investor, board director and innovation writer Eric Liddell, Olympic athlete, after whom the sports hall is named Peter Luff, campaigner Johan Malcolm, Leicestershire county cricket player Phil Packer MBE, soldier and fundraiser Philip Page, Professor of Organic Chemistry Mervyn Peake, author of Gormenghast, after whom the library is named Geoffrey K. Pullum, Professor of General Linguistics since 2007 at the University of Edinburgh David Sanger, organist Michael Saward, Anglican priest and hymn writer Andrew Sentance, Member of the Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee from 2006–11, Chief Economist of British Airways from 1998-2006 Bryan Sykes, human geneticist and genealogist Eltham College website Independent Schools Inspectorate, containing a report on the College Old Elthamians RFC website