Lane County is a county in the U. S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 351,715, making it the fourth-most populous county in Oregon; the county seat is Eugene. It is named in honor of Oregon's first territorial governor. Lane County comprises OR Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is the third largest MSA in Oregon, the 144th largest in the country. Lane County was established on January 29, 1851, it was created from the southern part of Linn County and the portion of Benton County east of Umpqua County. It was named after Joseph Lane, it covered all of southern Oregon east to the Rocky Mountains and south to the California border. When the Territorial Legislature created Lane County, it did not designate a county seat. In the 1853 election, four sites competed for the designation, of which the "Mulligan donation" received a majority vote. In 1846 Elijah Bristow and his wife, the former Susannah Gabbart, had become the first white settlers to build a claim cabin within the present-day boundaries of Lane County, near Pleasant Hill.
They had crossed the plains to California in the previous year, came north with Eugene F. Skinner, Captain Felix Scott, William Dodson; as their party entered the valley between the Coast Fork and Middle Fork of the Willamette River, Bristow gazed around and exclaimed, "What a pleasant hill! Here is my home!"In 1852 John Diamond and William Macy led an exploration party to survey a shortcut for the Oregon Trail across the Cascade Range. The shortcut over the Willamette Pass became known as the Free Emigrant Road. Around 250 wagons with 1,027 people left the usual Oregon Trail route at Vale and followed Elijah Elliott through the central Oregon high desert; this became known as the Elliott Cutoff. When they reached what is now Bend, they sent scouts to the south to look for the road. Once settlers in the Willamette Valley discovered the emigrants were coming, a huge rescue effort was launched as the emigrants were out of supplies and in dire condition; the emigrants of this wagon train doubled the population of Lane County in 1853.
The county has been vastly reduced from its original size by several boundary changes. One of the first changes gave it access to the Pacific Ocean, when it acquired the northern part of Umpqua County in 1853. With the creation of Wasco County in 1854, it lost all of its territory east of the Cascade Mountains. Minor boundary changes occurred with Douglas County in 1852, 1885, 1903, 1915, 1917. According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,722 square miles, of which 4,553 square miles is land and 169 square miles is water. Lane County is one of two Oregon counties that extend from the Pacific Ocean to the Cascades A portion of the Umpqua National Forest is in Lane County. Portions of the Willamette, McKenzie, Siuslaw rivers run through the county. Lincoln County Benton County Linn County Deschutes County Klamath County Douglas County Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge Siuslaw National Forest Umpqua National Forest Willamette National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 322,959 people, 130,453 households, 82,185 families living in the county.
The population density was 71 people per square mile. There were 138,946 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.64% White, 0.78% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from other races, 3.32% from two or more races. 4.61 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 130,453 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.00% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years.
For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,942, the median income for a family was $45,111. Males had a median income of $34,358 versus $25,103 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,681. About 9.00% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 351,715 people, 145,966 households, 86,938 families living in the county; the population density was 77.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 156,112 housing units at an average density of 34.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 88.3% white, 2.4% Asian, 1.2% American Indian, 1.0% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 2.8% from other races, 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.8% were German, 14.9% were English, 13.8% were Irish, 5.3% were American.
Of the 145,966 households, 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a
Wisutkasat or Borommathewi, was a Siamese Queen and Princess during the Ayutthaya period in the 16th century, born Sawatdiratchathida to Prince Thianracha and Suriyothai. She was a mother of two kings (Naresuan and Ekathotsarot, the maternal ancestor of the Sukhothai Dynasty, which ruled Ayutthaya from 1569-1629. In 1548 she married a cousin on her mother's side, he was made Lord of Phitsanulok, soon after helping Maha Chakkraphat to the throne through a palace coup. She bore Thammaracha three children, two sons: Phra Naretsuan born in 1555, Phra Ekathotsarot and one daughter Phra Suphankanlaya. In 1563, King Bayinnaung of Burma invaded Siam; the city of Phitsanulok was forced to surrender and her husband switched his allegiance from her father to his enemy. In 1566, she took part in the kidnapping of her younger sister Phra Thepkassattri, betrothed to King Setthathirath of Lan Xang, in order to thwart an attempted alliance between Ayutthaya and Laos against her husband. Chakkraphat and Mahinthrathirat marched to Phitsanouk while Thammaracha was away, took Wisutkasat and her children to Ayutthaya as hostages.
Following the Burmese-Siamese War, her husband ascended the throne with the help of Bayinnaung as King Maha Thammarachathirat or Sanphet I, together they became the founders of the Sukhothai Dynasty. Princess Suphankanlaya became a consort of Bayinnaung Prince Naret or Naresuan King Sanphet II Prince Ekathotsarot King Sanphet III Prince Ramesuan Wood, William A. R.. History of Siam. Thailand: Chalermit Press. ISBN 1-931541-10-8
Supporters' groups or supporters' clubs are independent fan clubs or campaign groups in sport association football. Supporters' groups in continental Europe are known as ultras which derives from the Latin word ultrā, meaning beyond in English, with the implication that their enthusiasm is'beyond' the normal. In English-speaking nations, these groups are known as "supporters' groups". Most groups in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia call themselves "supporters' groups", however some do self identify as ultras in communities with large Spanish, French, or Italian speaking populations. In Mexico exist porras, while in South America are called either hinchada and in Brazil and fanaticada. All this terms are most used to refer to the whole crowd of a team in the stadium and not only the groups into those crowds that lead the chants and display of choreographies and flags; this groups in particular are barras bravas in most part of Latin America and torcidas organizadas in Brazil. Both are organised supporters' groups not only focused on support their team and intimidate rivals, but on provoking violence against opposing fans or defending from police repression or attacks of rival groups.
Supporters' groups and ultras are renowned for their fanatical vocal support in large groups, defiance of the authorities, the display of banners at stadiums, which are used to create an atmosphere to intimidate opposing players and supporters, as well as encouraging their own team. Supporters' groups are based around a core group, with smaller subgroups organised by location, friendship, or political stance. Supporters' groups tend to use various styles and sizes of banners and flags with the name and symbols of the group; some supporters' groups sell their own merchandise such as scarves and jackets. The culture is a mix such as scarf-waving and chanting. A supporters group can number from a handful of fans to hundreds, claim entire sections of a stadium for themselves. According to a writer for Spiked, the four core points of the ultra mentality are: never stop singing or chanting during a match, no matter the result never sit down during a match attend as many games as possible, regardless of cost or distance loyalty to the stand in which the group is locatedSupporters' groups have a representative who liaises with the club owners on a regular basis regarding tickets, seat allocations, storage facilities.
Some clubs provide the groups cheaper tickets, storage rooms for flags and banners, early access to the stadium before matches to prepare the displays. Some have criticised these types of favoured relationships; some spectators criticise supporters groups for never sitting during matches and for displaying banners and flags, which hinder the view of those sitting behind. During matches of significant importance, many supporters' groups choreograph a large overhead display, displayed just in the section of the stadium where the group is located or the entire stadium. Sometimes small sheets of plastic or paper are held aloft to form a pattern or to colour the stadium; such a display is called a card display. Other materials used in certain types of displays include balloons, huge banners, smoke bombs, some times giant dolls. Popular culture icons are used on banners. Corporate brand logos and catchphrases are often used; the displays, which can be expensive to make take months to prepare. All of the supporter-provided overhead displays, two-poles, etc. are called tifo.
Supporters groups tend to be vocal at matches, with each group having several football chants. The melodies are taken from popular songs. Unlike hooligan firms, barras bravas and ultras, whose main aim is to fight fans of other clubs, the main focus of supporters' groups is to support their own team. Hooligans try to be inconspicuous when they travel not wearing team colours to avoid detection by the police. In contrast, supporters' groups tend to be more conspicuous when they travel and like to arrive en masse, allowing the police to keep a close eye on their movements. Although supporters' groups can become violent, the vast majority of matches go ahead with no violent incidents. In the United States, the sport has been traditionally viewed as a family-friendly event, hooliganism among supporters groups is unheard of; the main supporter group of the Australia national soccer team is Socceroos Active Support. SAS was founded in January 2015 as an independent group, who uses social media to organise and keep in touch.
This replaced the former active support group Terrace Australis, who were founded by the FFA and fans in 2013, during Australia's 2014 World Cup qualification campaign. Its establishment came in the wake of minimal community engagement; the emergence of Terrace Australis saw the Green and Gold Army relinquish its role as a hub for active support, which it had claimed since its establishment in 2001. The main supporter group of the Australia national rugby league team is The Roo Crew; the supporters of the New Zealand national football team are known as the'White Noise', a play on the All Whites nickname. The official South Sydney Rabbitohs supporter group is known as "The B
A One Day International is an international cricket match between two representative teams, each having ODI status, as determined by the International Cricket Council. An ODI differs from Test matches in that the number of overs per team is limited, that each team has only one innings. Nepal earned One Day International in 2018 as a result of their performances at the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier. Nepal played their first ODI against the Netherlands national cricket team on 1 August 2018; the list is arranged in the order. Where more than one player won his first ODI cap in the same match, those players are listed alphabetically by surname. Statistics are correct as of 12 February 2020. List of Nepal Twenty20 International cricketers
The ventral posterolateral nucleus is a nucleus of the thalamus. Together with the ventral posteromedial nucleus, ventral posterior inferior nucleus and ventromedial posterior nucleus, it constitutes the ventral posterior nucleus. There is uncertainty in the location of VMpo, as determined by spinothalamic tract terminations and staining for calcium-binding proteins, several authorities do not consider its existence as being proved; the VPL receives information from the neospinothalamic tract and the medial lemniscus of the posterior column-medial lemniscus pathway. It projects this sensory information to Brodmann's Areas 3, 1 and 2 in the postcentral gyrus. Collectively, Brodmann areas 3, 1 and 2 make up the primary somatosensory cortex of the brain
Anton Vašek was the head of Department 14 in the Slovak State's Central Economic Office. He is known for accepting bribes in exchange for reducing deportation of Jews from Slovakia. Vašek attended law school. One of his classmates was the Jewish Tibor Kováč. On 3 April 1942, Vašek was appointed head of Department 14 in the Slovak State's Central Economic Office; this department was in charge of organizing the deportations during the Holocaust in Slovakia. Vašek was soon approached by Kováč, now a member of the Working Group, a Jewish resistance organization. Due to their prior relationship, Kováč was able to bribe Vašek, visited his office daily to deliver bribes and provide Vašek with excuses to explain delays in deportations to his superiors. Vašek's desire for money to fund his gambling and womanizing made him susceptible to bribery. Due to Vašek's intervention, a 26 June transport of Jews was cancelled. Mach was skeptical about the report and the deportations resumed in July. Although Vašek accepted thousands of Slovak koruna in bribes, he continued to organize transports and said that the "Jewish question must be solved 100 percent".
Due to his high-handedness in exercising power over life and death, Vašek became known as the "king of the Jews". He was known to pull Jews out of cattle cars after receiving a bribe, only to send them on the next transport. Vašek was tried by the National Tribunal, accused of accepting 2 million koruna in bribes and being responsible for the deportation of 50,000 Slovak Jews to concentration camps. Kovăc was a key witness for the prosecution at the trial, he was convicted on 28 July 1946, sentenced to death, executed. Sources