Victor Lemonte Wooten is an American bass guitarist, record producer and recipient of five Grammy Awards. He has been the bassist for Béla Fleck and the Flecktones since the group's formation in 1988 and a member of the band SMV with two other bassists, Stanley Clarke and Marcus Miller. Since 2017 he has played bass for the metal band Nitro, he owns Vix Records. He wrote the novel The Music Lesson: A Spiritual Search for Growth Through Music. Wooten has won the Bass Player of the Year award from Bass Player magazine three times and is the first person to win the award more than once. In 2011, he was ranked No. 10 in the Top 10 Bassists of All Time by Rolling Stone magazine. Born to Dorothy and Elijah Wooten, Victor is the youngest of the five Wooten Brothers. Regi began to teach Victor to play bass when he was two, by the age of six, he was performing with his brothers in their family band, The Wooten Brothers Band; as a United States Air Force family, they moved when Wooten was young. The family settled in Newport News, Virginia in 1972.
Wooten graduated from Denbigh High School in 1982. While in high school, he and his brothers played in the country music venue at Busch Gardens theme park in Williamsburg, Virginia. In 1987, he traveled to Tennessee, to visit friends that he made at the theme park. One of them was a studio engineer who introduced him to Béla Fleck, with whom has collaborated. In 2000 Wooten created a music program called Bass/Nature camp, expanded into Victor Wooten's Center for Music and Nature and includes all instruments, his camps are at Wooten Woods, a 147 acre retreat in Only, near Nashville. Wooten co-leads the "Victor Wooten/Berklee Summer Bass Workshop" at Berklee College of Music in Boston. At Berklee and his own camps, he collaborates with Steve Bailey; the two bassists have been teaching together since the early 1990s. He was featured on the May/June 2014 cover of Making Music Magazine to discuss the camps. Wooten is most seen playing Fodera basses, of which he has a signature model, his most famous Fodera, a 1983 Monarch Deluxe he refers to as "number 1," sports a Kahler Tremolo System model 2400 bridge.
Fodera's "Yin Yang" basses incorporates the Yin Yang symbol—which Wooten uses in various media—as a focal point of the top's design and construction. The symbol is created from two pieces of finished wood, fitted together to create the Yin-Yang pattern; as well as playing electric bass and the double bass, he played cello in high school. He still plays cello with the Flecktones as well as in the 2012 Sword and Stone/Words and Tones tour. A Show of Hands What Did He Say? Yin-Yang Live in America Soul Circus Palmystery A Show of Hands The Music Lesson Words & Tones Sword & Stone Trypnotyx With Béla Fleck and the Flecktones Béla Fleck and the Flecktones Flight of the Cosmic Hippo UFO Tofu Three Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Live Art Left of Cool Greatest Hits of the 20th Century Outbound Live at the Quick Little Worlds Ten From Little Worlds The Hidden Land Jingle All the Way Rocket Science With Bass Extremes Cookbook Just Add Water With Greg Howe Extraction With SMV Thunder With Vital Tech Tones Vital Tech Tones Vital Tech Tones 2 With The Wootens The Wootens The Music Lesson: A Spiritual Search for Growth Through Music, ISBN 978-0-425-22093-1, Penguin Group, 2008 Tonya Jameson, Pop Music Writer.
"Pushing the Envelope. Charlotte Observer, The 01 Dec. 2000: NewsBank - Archives. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. Ron, Wynn. "Victor Wooten expands his profile with two ambitious solo records. Nashville Scene 20 Sept. 2012: NewsBank. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. Robert, Bell. "Friday To-Do: Victor Wooten." Arkansas Times: Blogs 27 Sept. 2012: NewsBank. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. Gary, Demuth. "Bassist Victor Wooten takes spiritual approach to music.. Salina Journal, The 1 June 2007: NewsBank. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. "Victor Wooten's Mystical Quest." Downbeat 77.7: 26-35. Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. Michael, Deeds. "Music runs in Victor Wooten´s family." Idaho Statesman, The 31 Jan. 2003: 20. NewsBank - Archives. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. Wooten, Victor. "I Saw God." YouTube. Google, n.d. Web; the Baltimore Sun. "A Natural Language. Sun, The 2 July 2010: NewsBank. Web. 11 October 2012. Official site Interview with Anil Prasad at Innerviews Live performance photographs The Bass Vault "Music as a Language", Victor Wooten at TED-Ed Interview NAMM Oral History Library
Beaumont is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Texas, in the United States, within the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located in Southeast Texas on the Neches River about 85 miles east of Houston, Beaumont had a population of 117,267 at the time of the 2010 census, making it the thirtieth-most populous city in the state of Texas. Beaumont was founded as a town in 1835; the early European–American settlement had an economy based on the development of lumber and port industries. In 1892, Joseph Eloi Broussard opened the first commercially successful rice mill in the state, stimulating development of rice farming in the area. Rice became an important commodity crop in Texas, is now cultivated in 23 counties. A big change occurred in 1901 with the Spindletop gusher, which demonstrated the potential of the huge oil field. With Spindletop, several energy companies developed in Beaumont, some continue; the area developed as one of the major petro-chemical refining areas in the country.
Along with Port Arthur and Orange, Beaumont forms the Golden Triangle, a major industrial area on the Texas Gulf Coast. Beaumont is home of Lamar University, a national Carnegie Doctoral Research university with 14,966 students, including undergraduates and post graduates. Over the years, several corporations have been based in this city, including Gulf States Utilities which had its headquarters in Beaumont until its takeover by Entergy Corporation in 1993. GSU's Edison Plaza headquarters remains the tallest building in Beaumont. In 1824 Bobby and Nancy Tevis developed a farm. Soon after that, a small community grew up around the farm, named Tevis Bluff or Neches River Settlement. In 1835 the land of Tevis, together with the nearby community of Santa Anna, was purchased by Henry Millard, Joseph Pulsifer, Thomas Byers Huling, they began planning a town to be laid out on this land. Their partnership, J. P. Pulsifer and Company, controlled the first 50 acres upon; this town was named Beaumont, after Mary Dewburleigh Barlace Warren Beaumont, the wife of Henry Millard.
They added more property for a total of 200 acres. Beaumont became a town on 16 December 1838. Beaumont's first mayor was Alexander Calder. From the town's founding in 1835, business activities included real estate and retail sales. Other businesses were formed in railroad construction and operation, new building construction, lumber sales, communications; the Port of Beaumont became a successful regional shipping center. Beaumont was farmers in its early years. With an active riverport by the 1880s, it became rice-milling town; the city exported rice as a commodity crop. Beaumont's lumber boom, which reached its peak in the late 19th century, was stimulated by the rebuilding and expansion of the railroads in the state and region after the Civil War; the Beaumont Rice Mill, founded in 1892 by Joseph Eloi Broussard, was the first commercially successful rice mill in Texas. In addition, Broussard cofounded the Beaumont Irrigation Company in 1898 to operate an irrigation system to support rice culture.
The company along with four others established around the same time helped stimulate the expansion of rice cultivation from 1500 acres in 1892 to 400,000 acres in 23 counties by his death in 1956. The other companies were The Port Arthur Rice and Irrigation Company, The McFaddin-Wiess-Kyle Canal Company, the Treadaway or Neches Canal Company, the Taylors-Hillebrand complex; the holdings of those companies formed the basis for the Lower Neches Valley Authority established by the state legislature in 1933. The rise of Beaumont's mill economy drew many new residents to many of them immigrants; the first Jewish man in the city was from Louisiana, others migrated from the South, were joined by immigrants. They worked in a variety of jobs in the growing city and ranching area. In 1895 Jews formed their first congregation. By the early 20th century, the city was served by the Southern Pacific. Oil was discovered at nearby Spindletop on 10 January 1901. Spindletop became one of the largest in American history.
With the discovery of oil at Spindletop, Beaumont's population more than tripled in two months from 9,000 in January 1901 to 30,000 in March 1901. Oil is, has always been, a major export of the city, a major contributor to the national GDP. William Casper Tyrrell, nicknamed "Captain W. C.", was a leading businessman and oil tycoon in the city in the early 20th century, developing businesses during the Texas Oil Boom. An entrepreneur from Pennsylvania and Iowa, he arrived after the gusher at Spindletop, invested in development of a commercial port in the city, an irrigation system to support the local rice industry, as well as residential and retail development of suburban property, he was a philanthropist. He purchased and donated First Baptist Church, whose congregation had moved to a new facility, to use as the city's first public library, now known as the Tyrrell Historical Library; when the city became a major center for defense shipbuilding during World War II, tens of thousands of rural Texans migrated there for the new high-paying jobs.
The Roosevelt administration ordered the defense industry to be integrated, many Southern whites were working with blacks for th
A Whole New Thing (Sly and the Family Stone album)
A Whole New Thing is the debut album by funk/soul band Sly and the Family Stone, released in 1967 on Epic/CBS Records. The album was released to mixed criticism and failed to make an impact from a commercial standpoint and did not chart. CBS Records executive Clive Davis prevailed upon band leader Sly Stone to create a more commercial album. Unlike Sly and the Family Stone albums, A Whole New Thing was recorded live in the studio instead of being overdubbed and featured less of a pop feel than releases such as Dance to the Music and Stand!. The lead vocals are shared between Sly Stone, Freddie Stone, Larry Graham. All tracks written by Sylvester Stewart, produced and arranged by Sly Stone for Stone Flower Productions. "Underdog" – 3:59 "If This Room Could Talk" – 3:00 "Run, Run" – 3:14 "Turn Me Loose" – 1:52 "Let Me Hear It from You" – 3:35 "Advice" – 2:22 "I Cannot Make It" – 3:20 "Trip to Your Heart" – 3:43 "I Hate to Love Her" – 3:30 "Bad Risk" – 3:04 "That Kind of Person" – 4:25 "Dog" – 3:10 1995 CD reissue: "What Would I Do" 2007 CD limited edition reissue: "Underdog" "Let Me Hear It From You" "Only One Way Out of This Mess" "What Would I Do" "You Better Help Yourself" Sly and the Family StoneSly Stone – vocals, guitar, celeste and more Freddie Stone – vocals, guitar Larry Graham – vocals, bass guitar Cynthia Robinson – trumpet, vocal ad-libs Jerry Martini – saxophone Greg Errico – drums Little Sister – background vocals
Mark King (musician)
Mark Raymond King is an English musician. He is most famous for being the lead singer and bassist of the band Level 42. King is known for his slap style of playing the bass guitar, with MusicRadar describing him as "the guy who put the slap in pop during the 80s". King received a BASCA Gold Badge Award in October 2015 in recognition of his contribution to British music, he won the "Outer Limits" award at the 2017 Progressive Music Awards. King was brought up in Cowes, Isle of Wight, off the south coast of England, his father, Raymond King, was a dairyman, the family lived in a tied dairy house. King recalled in a 2006 newspaper interview, "it was post-war, with one brass tap, an outside toilet and a zinc bath in front of the fire", he lived on the Camp Hill and Albany prison estates on the outskirts of Newport. He attended Kitbridge Middle School where he met his childhood sweetheart Tracey Wilson writing a song about her, he went to Cowes High School. King began his musical career as a drummer and learning guitar from the age of eleven.
In 1974, when he was fifteen, King met his future Level 42 bandmate Phil Gould, who remembers that the young King "came and sat in with the band that I formed, at one of the gigs we were doing. He brought his kit down and blew me off, blew me off the stage because he was so much faster than me." Gould remembers the young King as being a budding multi-instrumentalist, a "really good guitarist" who would "play around with programming, synth stuff. He was one of those natural musicians."King received encouragement to pursue a career in music from his music teacher at middle school, but was asked to leave Cowes High School at the age of 17, when he turned up at school wearing denim jeans. King recalls in a magazine interview "It didn't go down well, I was told my schooling had run its course." King left home and stayed at a friend's house for two weeks, sleeping on the floor, before getting a job on a production line at a Ronson lighter factory. After quitting this job, King became a milkman, but he was still determined to "prove he was not a failure".
So, at the age of 19, King moved to London, along with his milk van, in hope of finding a career in music. He played drums for the band Re-Flex in their early years, before starting his career as a bass player. King moved to London at the age of 19, subsequently forming Level 42 in 1979 with Phil Gould, keyboard player Mike Lindup and Phil's guitarist brother Boon. Although a drummer, King found himself having to learn bass after landing a job at Macari's. In an interview with the magazine Music U. K, he states: I kept up playing drums until I moved to London. I'd always wanted to be a good drummer and it's just ironic that I've turned out to be a bass player; the way I started playing bass was that when I arrived in London I was looking for a job, the only place I could find one was in Macaris in Charing Cross Rd. I wanted to get something involved in music, that seemed like a good place to be, but Macaris didn't sell drums, so I lied and said I could play bass. They said, "Fine, you sell the basses, sweep up and get the coffees and whatever".
King's natural rhythmic intuition contributed to his distinctive bass playing style, along with the popularity of jazz-funk in Britain at the time. At one of their first gigs, at the La Babalu club in Ryde, Level 42 were spotted by Andy Sojka, the head of small independent record label Elite and signed them; the next year, they were signed to Polydor and King spent the next nine years recording and touring with the band. The first Top 40 single, "Love Games", was released in 1981, heralding the band's first appearance on Top of the Pops; the big breakthrough came with the release of "The Sun Goes Down" in 1983. While in Level 42, King found his bass-playing services in some demand, he was invited by Nik Kershaw to play on his second album The Riddle and by Midge Ure to play on his albums The Gift and Answers to Nothing. Level 42 supported The Police in 1981, followed by tours with Steve Winwood and Queen in 1986 and Madonna in 1987. Level 42 released the album Retroglide in 2006 and a European tour followed.
Level 42 toured in autumn of 2008. In 1984, he released his first solo album Influences, followed by One Man in 1998. In 1999, he issued a collection of unused songs in the form of the album Trash. Trash was a historic release as it was issued without a record company and offered to fans via a low-key guestbook entry, made by King, on www.level42.com. Using an Apple Mac, CD burner and inkjet printer, King manufactured the CD himself and posted it directly to fans, charging £17 plus postage, he hand numbered early copies. Not anticipating the popularity of the album, the initial CDs were numbered as part of a series of 100. Word soon spread of the CD and King sold over 1,000 copies. In the years following Trash, King repeated the successful'home-made' formula releasing a string of live recordings including Live at the Jazz Cafe, Live on the Isle of Wight and Live at Reading Concert Hall. Despite being contracted to Universal Music imprint W14, King continues to release live shows on his own Summerhouse Record label, of which 2007's Retroglid
Aubrey Drake Graham is a Canadian rapper, songwriter and entrepreneur. Drake gained recognition as an actor on the teen drama television series Degrassi: The Next Generation in the early 2000s. Intent on pursuing a career in music, he left the series in 2007 following the release of his debut mixtape, Room for Improvement, he released two further independent projects, Comeback Season and So Far Gone, before signing to Lil Wayne's Young Money Entertainment in June 2009. Drake released his debut studio album Thank Me Later in 2010, which debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 and was soon certified platinum, his next two releases, 2011's Take Care and 2013's Nothing Was the Same, were critically and commercially successful. In 2015, he released two mixtapes—the trap-influenced If You're Reading This It's Too Late and a collaboration with Future titled What a Time to Be Alive—both of which earned platinum certification in the U. S, his fourth album, broke several chart records. The dancehall-influenced album sat atop the Billboard 200 for 13 nonconsecutive weeks, becoming the first album by a male solo artist to do so in over 10 years.
The album's second single, "One Dance", topped the charts in several countries, became his first number-one single as a lead artist. That year, Drake led both the Billboard Hot 100 and the Billboard 200 charts for eight weeks. Views achieved quadruple platinum status in the US, earned over 1 million album-equivalent units in the first week of its release, its lead single "Hotline Bling" peaked at number two on the Hot 100 and received Grammy Awards for Best Rap/Sung Performance and Best Rap Song. In 2017, he released the mixtape More Life. Described by Drake as a "playlist", it became his seventh consecutive number one on the Billboard 200, set multiple streaming records. A year he released the double album Scorpion, which broke several streaming records, housed the Grammy Award winning number-one single "God's Plan", the bounce-infused number ones "Nice for What" and "In My Feelings". Drake holds several Billboard chart records, he has the most charted songs among solo artists in the history of the Billboard Hot 100, the most charted Hot 100 songs in a single week, the most time on the Hot 100 and the most Hot 100 debuts in a week.
He has the most number one singles on the Hot Rap Songs, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay and Rhythmic Charts. Drake has won three Juno Awards, six American Music Awards, fifteen Billboard Music Awards. Among the world's best-selling music artists, with more than 20 million albums and 100 million singles sold globally, he is ranked by the Recording Industry Association of America as the world's highest-certified digital singles artist; as an entrepreneur, Drake has founded the OVO Sound record label with longtime collaborator 40, as well as using the "OVO" moniker to create a clothing line and program on Beats 1 Radio. Aubrey Drake Graham was born on October 1986, in Toronto, Ontario, his father, Dennis Graham, is an African American and a practising Catholic from Memphis and worked as a drummer, performing alongside country musician Jerry Lee Lewis. Drake's mother, Sandra "Sandi" Graham, is an Ashkenazi Jewish Canadian who worked as an English teacher and florist, his parents met after Dennis performed at Club Bluenote in Toronto, where he first interacted with Sandra, in attendance.
He is a dual citizen of the United States and Canada. In his youth, Drake attended a Jewish day school, formally celebrated becoming a Bar Mitzvah in a religious service. Drake's parents divorced. After the divorce, he and his mother remained in Toronto, while his father returned to Memphis, where he was incarcerated for a number of years on drug-related charges. Dennis' limited finances and legal issues caused him to remain in the United States until Drake's early adulthood. Prior to his arrest, Dennis would travel to Toronto and bring Drake to Memphis every summer, his father collaborated with Canadian music group Arkells on the music video for a song titled "Drake's Dad". Drake was raised in two polarizing Toronto neighbourhoods. In his youth, he played minor hockey with the Weston Red Wings. Drake moved to one of the city's affluent neighbourhoods, Forest Hill, in 2000; when asked about the move, Drake replied, " a half of a house we could live in. The other people had the top half, we had the bottom half.
I lived in the basement, my mom lived on the first floor. It was not big, it was not luxurious, it was what we could afford."He attended Forest Hill Collegiate Institute, where he demonstrated an affinity for the arts, first acting while an active student at the school. He attended Vaughan Road Academy in the city's multicultural Oakwood–Vaughan neighbourhood. Due to the economic status associated with the neighbourhood, Drake described the school as "not by any means the easiest school to go to." Drake was bullied in school for his racial and religious background, upon realizing that his busy class schedule was detrimental to his burgeoning acting career, Drake dropped out of school. He graduated in October 2012. At 15, eager to begin as an actor, a high school friend introduced Drake to his father, an acting agent; the agent found Drake a role on Canadian teen drama series Degrassi: The Next Generation. Drake portrayed Jimmy Brooks, a basketball star who became physically disabled after he was shot by a classmate.
When asked about his early acting career, Drake replied, "My mother was sick. We were poor, l
Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian. Canada is a multilingual and multicultural society home to people of many different ethnic and national origins, with the majority of the population made up of Old World immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of French and the much larger British colonization, different waves of immigration and settlement of non-indigenous peoples took place over the course of nearly two centuries and continue today. Elements of Indigenous, French and more recent immigrant customs and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada, thus a Canadian identity. Canada has been influenced by its linguistic and economic neighbour—the United States. Canadian independence from the United Kingdom grew over the course of many years since the formation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.
World War I and World War II in particular, gave rise to a desire among Canadians to have their country recognized as a fully-fledged sovereign state with a distinct citizenship. Legislative independence was established with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Canadian Citizenship Act of 1946 took effect on January 1, 1947, full sovereignty was achieved with the patriation of the constitution in 1982. Canada's nationality law mirrored that of the United Kingdom. Legislation since the mid-20th century represents Canadians' commitment to multilateralism and socioeconomic development; as of 2010, Canadians make up only 0.5% of the world's total population, having relied upon immigration for population growth and social development. 41% of current Canadians are first- or second-generation immigrants, 20% of Canadian residents in the 2000s were not born in the country. Statistics Canada projects that, by 2031, nearly one-half of Canadians above the age of 15 will be foreign-born or have one foreign-born parent.
Indigenous peoples, according to the 2011 Canadian Census, numbered at 1,400,685 or 4.3% of the country's 33,476,688 population. While the first contact with Europeans and indigenous peoples in Canada had occurred a century or more before, the first group of permanent settlers were the French, who founded the New France settlements, in present-day Quebec and Ontario. 100 Irish-born families would settle the Saint Lawrence Valley by 1700, assimilating into the Canadien population and culture. During the 18th and 19th century; this arrival of newcomers led to the creation of the Métis, an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nations parentage. The British conquest of New France was preceded by a small number of Germans and Swedes who settled alongside the Scottish in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, while some Irish immigrated to the Colony of Newfoundland. In the wake of the British Conquest of 1760 and the Expulsion of the Acadians, many families from the British colonies in New England moved over into Nova Scotia and other colonies in Canada, where the British made farmland available to British settlers on easy terms.
More settlers arrived during and after the American Revolutionary War, when 60,000 United Empire Loyalists fled to British North America, a large portion of whom settled in New Brunswick. After the War of 1812, British and Irish immigration was encouraged throughout Rupert's Land, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Between 1815 and 1850, some 800,000 immigrants came to the colonies of British North America from the British Isles as part of the Great Migration of Canada; these new arrivals included some Gaelic-speaking Highland Scots displaced by the Highland Clearances to Nova Scotia. The Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s increased the pace of Irish immigration to Prince Edward Island and the Province of Canada, with over 35,000 distressed individuals landing in Toronto in 1847 and 1848. Descendants of Francophone and Anglophone northern Europeans who arrived in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries are referred to as Old Stock Canadians. Beginning in the late 1850s, the immigration of Chinese into the Colony of Vancouver Island and Colony of British Columbia peaked with the onset of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
The Chinese Immigration Act placed a head tax on all Chinese immigrants, in hopes of discouraging Chinese immigration after completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The population of Canada has risen, doubling every 40 years, since the establishment of the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the mid-to-late 19th century, Canada had a policy of assisting immigrants from Europe, including an estimated 100,000 unwanted "Home Children" from Britain. Block settlement communities were established throughout western Canada between the late 19th and early 20th centuries; some were planned and others were spontaneously created by the settlers themselves. Canada was now receiving a large number of European immigrants, predominantly Italians, Scandinavians, Dutch and Ukrainians. Legislative restrictions on immigration that had favoured British and other European immigrants were a