Las Vegas Strip

The Las Vegas Strip is a stretch of South Las Vegas Boulevard in Clark County, Nevada, known for its concentration of resort hotels and casinos. The Strip, about 4.2 miles long, sits south of the Las Vegas city limits in the unincorporated towns of Paradise and Winchester but is referred to as being in Las Vegas. Many of the largest hotel and resort properties in the world are located on the Strip, known for its contemporary architecture and wide variety of attractions, its hotels, restaurants, residential high-rises, entertainment offerings, skyline have established the Strip as one of the most popular and iconic tourist destinations in the world and is one of the driving forces for Las Vegas' economy. Most of the Strip has been designated as an All-American Road and is considered a scenic route at night. Area casinos that were not in Downtown Las Vegas along Fremont Street sat outside the city limits on Las Vegas Boulevard. In 1959, the Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign was built 4.5 miles outside the city limits.

The sign is located in the median just south of Russell Road, across from the location of the now-demolished Klondike Hotel and Casino and about 0.4 miles south of the southernmost entrance to Mandalay Bay, the Strip's southernmost casino. In the strictest sense, "the Strip" refers only to the stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard, between Sahara Avenue and Russell Road, a distance of 4.2 miles. However, the term is used to refer not only to the road but to the various casinos and resorts that line the road, to properties that are near but not on the road. Phrases such as Strip Area, Resort Corridor or Resort District are sometimes used to indicate a larger geographical area, including properties 1 mile or more away from Las Vegas Boulevard, such as the Hard Rock, Rio and Oyo casinos; the Sahara is considered the Strip's northern terminus, though travel guides extend it to the Stratosphere 0.4 miles to the north. Mandalay Bay, just north of Russell Road, is the southernmost resort considered to be on the Strip.

The "Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas" sign is considered part of the Strip, although it sits 0.4 miles south of the Mandalay Bay and Russell Road. Because of the number and size of the resorts, the resort corridor can be quite wide. Interstate 15 runs parallel and 0.5 to 0.8 miles to the west of Las Vegas Boulevard for the entire length of the Strip. Paradise Road runs to the east in a similar fashion, ends at St. Louis Avenue; the eastern side of the Strip is bounded by McCarran International Airport south of Tropicana Avenue. North of this point, the resort corridor can be considered to extend as far east as Paradise Road, although some consider Koval Lane as a less inclusive boundary. Interstate 15 is sometimes considered the western edge of the resort corridor from Interstate 215 to Spring Mountain Road. North of this point, Industrial Road serves as the western edge. Newer hotels and resorts such as South Point, Grandview Resort, M Resort are on Las Vegas Boulevard South as distant as 8 miles south of the "Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas" sign.

Marketing for these casinos and hotels states that they are on southern Las Vegas Boulevard and not "Strip" properties. The first casino to be built on Highway 91 was the Pair-o-Dice Club in 1931, but the first casino-resort on what is the Strip was the El Rancho Vegas, which opened with 63 rooms on April 3, 1941, its success spawned a second hotel on what would become the Strip, the Hotel Last Frontier in 1942. Organized crime figures such as New York's Bugsy Siegel took interest in the growing gaming center, funded other resorts such as the Flamingo, which opened in 1946, the Desert Inn, which opened in 1950; the funding for many projects was provided through the American National Insurance Company, based in the notorious gambling empire of Galveston, Texas. Las Vegas Boulevard South was called Arrowhead Highway, or Los Angeles Highway; the Strip was named by Los Angeles police officer and businessman Guy McAfee, after his hometown's Sunset Strip. In 1950, mayor Ernie Cragin of the City of Las Vegas sought to annex the Strip, unincorporated territory, in order to expand the city's tax base to fund his ambitious building agenda and pay down the city's rising debt.

Instead, Gus Greenbaum of the Flamingo led a group of casino executives to lobby the Clark County commissioners for town status. Two unincorporated towns were created and Winchester. More than two decades the Supreme Court of Nevada struck down a 1975 Nevada state law that would have folded the Strip and the rest of the urban areas of Clark County into the City of Las Vegas. Caesars Palace was established in 1966. In 1968, Kirk Kerkorian purchased the Flamingo and hired Sahara Hotels Vice President Alex Shoofey as President. Alex Shoofey brought along 33 of Sahara's top executives; the Flamingo was used to train future employees of the International Hotel, under construction. Opening in 1969, the International Hotel, with 1,512 rooms, began the era of mega-resorts; the International is known as Westgate Las Vegas today. The first MGM Grand Hotel and Casino a Kerkorian property, opened in 1973 with 2,084 rooms. At the time, this was one of the largest hotels in the world by number of rooms; the Rossiya Hotel built in 1967 in Moscow, for instance, had 3,200 rooms.


Losing Battles

Losing Battles is the last novel written by Eudora Welty. It was released on April 13, 1970; the novel's setting is two days -- Monday morning -- in a 1930s farm in Mississippi. Losing Battles was her first novel to make the best seller lists, to the surprise of Welty. Welty wrote the novel as a challenge to herself. In an interview for The Paris Review, she said: I wanted to see if I could do something, new for me: translating every thought and feeling into action and speech, speech being another form of action—to bring the whole life of it off through the completed gesture, so to speak. I felt that I’d been writing too much by way of description, of introspection on the part of my characters. I tried to see if I could make everything shown, brought forth, without benefit of the author’s telling any more about what was going on inside the characters’ minds and hearts. For me, this makes certainly for comedy—which I love to write best of all. Now I see. Welty set the novel in the 1930s because she wanted to write about "a family who had nothing" and the Depression provided that opportunity.

Welty had not planned on writing a novel, in the Paris Review interview she said "I’m a short-story writer who writes novels the hard way, by accident". The first edition of the novel was published on Welty's 61st birthday. Reception of the novel was very positive, with many critics praising its "geniality and humour". New York Times reviewer and academic James Boatwright gave strong praise to the novel, calling it "a beautiful and valuable novel" which had an "overwhelming effect is comic—lyrical and touching." Joyce Carol Oates was not as enthusiastic, describing the novel as entertainment, less successful at probing the "psychological concerns" of the characters. Scholar Larry J. Reynolds challenged that assessment, noting that "beneath its entertaining surface intense struggle for survival subtly and told."

Mott Snowfield

Mott Snowfield is a snowfield in the northeast of Trinity Peninsula, between Laclavère Plateau and Antarctic Sound. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Peter G. Mott, leader of the Falkland Islands and Dependencies Aerial Survey Expedition, 1955–57. Trinity Peninsula. Scale 1:250000 topographic map No. 5697. Institut für Angewandte Geodäsie and British Antarctic Survey, 1996; this article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Mott Snowfield"