Las Vegas Valley

The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area in the southern part of the U. S. state of Nevada. The state's largest urban agglomeration, the Las Vegas Metropolitan Statistical Area is coextensive since 2003 with Clark County, Nevada; the Valley is defined by the Las Vegas Valley landform, a 600 sq mi basin area surrounded by mountains to the north, south and west of the metropolitan area. The Valley is home to the three largest incorporated cities in Nevada: Las Vegas and North Las Vegas. Eleven unincorporated towns governed by the Clark County government are part of the Las Vegas Township and constitute the largest community in the state of Nevada; the names Las Vegas and Vegas are interchangeably used to indicate the Valley, the Strip, the city, as a brand by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority to denominate the region. The Valley is affectionately known as the "ninth island" by Hawaii natives and Las Vegans alike, in part due to the large number of people from Hawaii who live in and travel to Las Vegas.

Since the 1990s the Las Vegas Valley has seen rapid growth, tripling its population of 741,459 in 1990 to 2,227,053 estimated in 2018. The Las Vegas Valley remains one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States, in its short history has established a diverse presence in international business, urban development and entertainment, as well as one of the most visited tourist destinations in the world. In 2014, a record breaking 41 million visited the Las Vegas area, producing a gross metropolitan product of more than $100 billion; the first reported non-Native American visitor to the Las Vegas Valley was the Mexican scout Rafael Rivera in 1829. Las Vegas was named by Mexicans in the Antonio Armijo party, including Rivera, who used the water in the area while heading north and west along the Old Spanish Trail from Texas. In the 19th century, areas of the valley contained artesian wells that supported extensive green areas, or meadows, hence the name Las Vegas; the area was settled by Mormon farmers in 1854 and became the site of a United States Army fort in 1864, beginning a long relationship between southern Nevada and the U.

S. military. Since the 1930s, Las Vegas has been identified as a gaming center as well as a resort destination targeting adults. Nellis Air Force Base is located in the northeast corner of the valley; the ranges that the Nellis pilots use and various other land areas used by various federal agencies, limit growth of the valley in terms of geographic area. Businessman Howard Hughes arrived in the late 1960s and purchased many casino hotels, as well as television and radio stations in the area. Legitimate corporations began to purchase casino hotels as well, the mob was run out by the federal government over the next several years; the constant stream of tourist dollars from the hotels and casinos was augmented by a new source of federal money from the establishment of what is now Nellis Air Force Base. The influx of military personnel and casino job-hunters helped start a land building boom, now leveling off; the Las Vegas area remains one of the world's top entertainment destinations. The valley is contained in the Las Vegas Valley landform.

This includes the cities of Las Vegas, North Las Vegas, Henderson, the unincorporated towns of Summerlin South, Spring Valley, Sunrise Manor, Enterprise and Whitney. The valley is technically located within the larger metropolitan area, as the metropolitan area covers all of Clark County including parts that do not fall within the valley; the government of Clark County has an "Urban Planning Area" of Las Vegas. This definition is a rectangular area, about 20 mi from east to west and 30 miles from north to south. Notable exclusions from the "Urban Planning Area" include Red Rock, Blue Diamond, Mount Charleston; the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department is the largest police department in the valley and the state and exercises jurisdiction in the entire county. There are 3,000 police officers that cover the city of Las Vegas; the department does not exercise primary jurisdiction in areas with separate police forces such as North Las Vegas, Boulder City, Nellis Air Force Base and the Paiute reservation.

The metropolitan area was created for the 1970 census. In 2000, the metropolitan area was changed to include Nye County and Mohave County, but it returned to only being Clark County; the Office of Management and Budget has designated Clark County as the Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau ranked the Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 31st most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012; the Office of Management and Budget has further designated the Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive Las Vegas–Henderson, NV–AZ CSA, the 27th most populous combined statistical area and the 30th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. The Las Vegas Valley lies in the Mojave Desert; the valley in the northwest section is a northwest-by-southeast trending area, trending parallel to Las Vegas Wash, lies at the northeast of the Spring Mountains massif.

U. S. Route 95 leaves Las Vegas's northwest and goes northwesterly through the northwest valley section, with Las Vegas Wash about 2 miles northeast. U. S. 95 lies on the south

Hualien railway station

Hualien is a railway station in Hualien City, Hualien County, Taiwan served by Taiwan Railways Administration. It is the starting station of Taitung line; the station has one side platform. The station first opened on 17 February 1911 as "Karenkō Station". Hualien Al-Falah Mosque Hualien County Council Hualien County Stone Sculptural Museum Hualien Martyrs' Shrine Hualien Stadium Port of Hualien Tzu Chi University List of railway stations in TaiwanNext Station: Ji'an Station Beipu Station Media related to TRA Hualien Station at Wikimedia Commons

Federation of European Motorcyclists Associations

The Federation of European Motorcyclists' Associations is a motorcycling advocacy group based in Brussels, Belgium. It was formed on 10 January 1998 from a merger of the Federation of European Motorcyclists and the European Motorcyclists' Association. From its inception FEMA has been headquartered at Rue des Champs 62, 1040 Brussels, Belgium in the offices used by its forerunner FEM. FEMA's first General Secretary was Simon Milward who had served since 1992 as the General Secretary of the Federation of European Motorcyclists; the main driving force behind the amalgamation of FEM and EMA into FEMA was Neil Liversidge, the National Chairman of the UK's Motorcycle Action Group known as MAG Ltd. The merger created a pan-European riders' rights organisation ranging from Scandinavia in the north to Greece in the south and from Ireland in the west to the Czech republic in the east, it brought together national organisations who continued to compete with each other for members within their own territories such as MAG and the British Motorcyclists Federation of the UK, BVDM, Kuhle Wampe and Biker Union of Germany.

In 1999 the FEMA member groups met with other motorcyclists' organisations and motorcycle industry representatives from across the globe in Mulhouse, France. It was at this conference that Neil Liversidge authored the'Mulhouse Declaration', that -'We the undersigned utterly oppose the compulsory fitment to owned vehicles of any device designed to arbitrarily remove control from the driver to remote operation. We note with extreme concern the tendency of governments to impose more intrusive and restrictive regulations upon the citizen. We caution governments to remember that they are permitted to govern only by the consent of the people and that such consent when given through an election does not grant unlimited licence to interfere in the daily life of the citizen. We further caution all governments that to impose unduly on popular freedom is to imperil the respect in which government and the rule of law is held.'The declaration received the unanimous support of the delegates present. Founding member organisations of FEMA were: Motorcycle Action Group British Motorcyclists Federation MAG Ireland Luxembourg Moto Initiativ Fédération Française des Motards en Colère DMC Coordinamento Motociclisti SMC Federacao Nacional Motociclismo MAG Belgium Bikers Co-operation Biker Union Kuhle Wampe Bundesverband der Motorradfahrer MMS Hungary MAG Austria Cyprus Motorcycle Federation Motoe SMOTO MP69 Bifhjólasamtök Lýðveldisins Sniglar MAG Netherlands Norsk Motorcykkel Union CMRC Official website