Lassen County is a county in the northeastern portion of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,895; the county seat and only incorporated city is Susanville. Lassen County comprises the Susanville, micropolitan statistical area. A former farming and lumber area, its economy now depends on employment at two state and one federal prison. In 2007 half the adults in Susanville worked in one of the facilities. Lassen County was formed on April 1, 1864 from parts of Plumas and Shasta counties following the two-day conflict known as the "Sagebrush War" called the Roop County War, that started on February 15, 1863. Due to uncertainties over the California border, the area, now Lassen County was part of the unofficial Nataqua Territory and Roop County, Nevada during the late 1850s and early 1860s; the county was named by European Americans after Peter Lassen, along with Lassen Peak, in adjoining Shasta County. Lassen was one of General John C. Fremont's guides, a famous trapper and Indian fighter.
He was murdered under mysterious circumstances near the Black Rock Desert in 1859, his murder was never solved. By the 1880s small towns began to spring up all over Lassen County. Bieber developed in rich farm land. Gold was discovered at Hayden Hill, the small town developed to support the miners. Hayden Hill no longer exists: when the mining stopped, the townspeople left for other communities. Madeline was formed at the north end of another rich farming valley, along the railroad tracks heading north to Alturas, California; this community still has about 50 people living around the town. A narrow gauge railroad, the Nevada-California-Oregon Railway, ran through Lassen County from 1880 to 1927; the NCOR was the longest small gauge of the century. It was intended to connect Reno, Nevada to the Columbia River, but only 238 miles of track were laid, from Reno to Lakeview, Oregon. In 1913 the Fernley & Lassen Railroad was built and it was used to export timber from the large forests of Lassen County.
As this railroad was completed, the Red River Lumber Company set up shop, building the town of Westwood, California to support its massive logging operation. Two other lumber mills followed the Red River Lumber Co, they built their mills in the county seat of Susanville. The Lassen Lumber and Box Company and the Fruit Growers Company both operated mills in Susanville for several decades. In 2003, Redding-based Sierra Pacific Industries, announced plans to relocate or lay off 150 workers as they closed the last lumber mill in Susanville, due to the lack of large timber for the mill. Sierra Pacific chose to close the mill permanently rather than spend the several million dollars required to convert the mill from large to small timber. Since the late 20th century, three prisons have been opened in and near Susanville: California Correctional Center and High Desert State Prison, both in the city. In 2007, half the adults in Susanville worked in one of the three prisons. In "job-starved rural America... residents see them as the last and only chance for employment after work at the lumber mill or the dairy dries up."
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,720 square miles, of which 4,541 square miles is land and 179 square miles is water. Part of Lassen Volcanic National Park extends onto a western corner of the county. Modoc County, California - north Washoe County, Nevada - east Sierra County, California - southeast Plumas County, California - south Shasta County, California - west Lassen National Forest Lassen Volcanic National Park Modoc National Forest Plumas National Forest Toiyabe National Forest The 2010 United States Census reported that Lassen County had a population of 34,895; the racial makeup of Lassen County was 25,532 White, 2,834 African American, 1,234 Native American, 356 Asian, 165 Pacific Islander, 3,562 from other races, 1,212 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,117 persons; as of the census of 2000, there were 33,828 people, 9,625 households, 6,776 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile.
There were 12,000 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80.8% White, 8.8% Black or African American, 3.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races. 13.8 % of the population were Latino of any race. 13.8% were of German, 12.1% Irish, 10.5% English, 8.7% American and 5.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 88.2 % spoke 10.3 % Spanish as their first language. There were 9,625 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 168.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 192.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36
The Raguba field is an oil field located in the central part of Libya's Sirte Basin in Concession 20. The Sirte Oil Company operates the Raguba field; the field is connected by pipeline to the main line between the Nasser field, one of the largest in Libya, Brega. Raguba field has 80 wells producing high gravity oil; the first exploration oil well in this field was drilled in January 1961 with production commencing in 1963. By the end of 2005, the field had produced 787 million standard barrels of oil and 859×10^9 cu ft of associated gas. Libya's onshore oil has been discovered in three geological trends of the Sirte Basin: 1) the western fairway, which includes several large oil fields. Overall, the Sirte Basin contains 80% of Libya's proven oil reserves and accounts for 90% of production. List of oil fields Baird, D. W. Geohistory and petroleum in the central Sirt Basin, in The geology of Sirt Basin: p. 3-56. Eni Website
Poems and Songs is the first collection of poems by Australian poet Henry Kendall. It was released in hardback by J. R. Clarke in 1862, features the poet's anthologised poems "Song of the Cattle Hunters", "The Muse of Australia"; the collection includes 45 poems by the author. "The Muse of Australia" "Mountains" "Kiama" "Etheline" "Aileen" "Kooroora" "Fainting by the Way" "Song of the Cattle-Hunters" "Footfalls" "God Help Our Men at Sea" "Sitting by the Fire" "Bellambi's Maid" "The Curlew Song" "The Ballad of Tanna" "The Rain Comes Sobbing to the Door" "Urara" "Evening Hymn" "Stanzas" "The Wail in the Native Oak" "Harps We Love" "Waiting and Wishing" "The Wild Kangaroo" "Clari" "Wollongong" "Ella with the Shining Hair" "The Barcoo" "Bells Beyond the Forest" "Ulmarra" "The Maid of Gerringong" "Watching" "The Opossum-Hunters" "In the Depths of a Forest" "To Charles Harpur" "The River and the Hill" "The Fate of the Explorers" "Lurline" "Under the Figtree" "Drowned at Sea" "Morning in the Bush" "The Girl I Left Behind Me" "Amongst the Roses" "Sunset" "Doubting" "Geraldine" "Achan" Shortly after its original publication The Freeman's Journal opined "Here is music and delicate imagery, transporting our fancy, enabling us in a moment — at a glance — to enter into the innermost heart of the poet's meaning."G. B.
Barton, writing in Literature in New South Wales was effusive in his praise when he wrote "This volume represents the highest point to which the poetic genius of our country has yet attained... The author paints the scenery of his native land with the hand of a master."In the late 1960s, Adrian Mitchell wrote ".. Kendall's first volume is characterized by poems of regret and remembered parting of lovers, of nostalgia and of separation across the sea—or as a more melodramatic variation, a separation across the grave; these are conventional poems on conventional themes relying on poetic cliché."In 1994 The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature stated: "Many of these early Kendall poems attempt, however imperfectly, to reflect the spirit and character of Australian life to picture the beauty of the Australian coastal landscape." 1862 in literature 1862 in poetry
The government of Uttar Pradesh, has faced protests against its proposed enforced land acquisition in 2011. These protests have been centred on the village of Bhatta Parsaul, Greater Noida and have resulted in sporadic incidents of violence since January of that year. In August 2010 there had been protests against the state government in Delhi and these had resulted in three deaths; the issue is controversial because around 65% of the Indian population is economically dependent on agriculture but the government has the power to requisition any private land which it thinks is needed for a "public purpose". Past examples of this included several acquisitions by regional authorities across India for the purpose of developing Special Economic Zones to boost the economy and create jobs. In this instance, the state government of Uttar Pradesh has requisitioned the land for the building of the Yamuna Expressway, a road linking Agra to Delhi. Laws relating to land acquisition in India, by the government from the governed, date back to 1800s.
Amongst these were: Regulation I of 1824, Bengal Code which aimed to enable the officers of the Government to obtain, at a fair valuation, land or other property for public purposes. This code was used by the British to acquire land for salt manufacture. Bombay Presidency, Act XXVIII, 1839 which aimed to enable the British to acquire land for public purposes in the Islands of Bombay and Colaba. Act VI of 1857, British India which repealed local Acts above, laid down one law for acquisition of land in the whole of British India; the India Act XVIII, 1885 which enacted rules for expedient acquisition of land in British India for mines and minerals. Prior laws did not cover cases where resources were situated under the land which the Government sought to acquire; the 1885 Act addressed this, as well included rules laid down in sections 7785 of the English Railway Clauses Consolidation Act. The Land Acquisition Act of 1894 was a comprehensive law enacted in British India; this Act of 1894 is the basis for Indian government's current procedures for land acquisition for public purpose.
The Land Acquisition Act of 1894 was challenged in the past. The Act was reviewed by various committees appointed by the Government of India. For example, in 1967, a committee was appointed by Resolution No. 6-6/67-Gen II by the Government of India to study and recommend principles to amend the 1894 Act. This committee was chaired by Anand Mulla, had over 20 members selected from different sections of Indian society, it submitted its report; as a result of such reviews, The Land Acquisition Act of 1894 has been amended several times, after India's independence from Britain in 1947, by various democratically elected governments of India. The Amendments have been duly passed in some cases by the central government, in other cases by the state governments in India, such as the Amendment and Validation Act of 1967 by the state of Karnataka; the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 is not the only Act surviving from the times of British India. Indian Penal Code of 1860 forms the backbone of criminal law in India.
Modern India's laws, like the laws of many economically developed countries such as the United States, are based on English common law. The Land Acquisition laws in India have the same historical foundation and are similar to the Eminent Domain laws in Europe and United States. Since its independence in 1947 and through 1991, India's economic progress was slow. With market reforms and economic liberalisation in India starting in 1991, India has emerged as a growing economy; this economic growth demands infrastructure. According to a McKinsey report, India has ~500 kilometers of paved road per 1000 square kilometers, but the road quality is well below global standards, close to 90% of highways are structurally inadequate to support the 10.2 tonne load per axle that trucks carry. McKinsey believes India's port and power generation infrastructure is stretched, major improvements are needed to support India's economic growth. India has launched an array of projects to meet these infrastructure needs.
According to MoSPI, India's Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, as of January 2011, over 140 mega infrastructure projects were in progress, financed by the central government of India, each worth over Rs. 10 billion, a combined total of over Rs. 5,37,628 crores. Of these, as of January 2011, 50% of the projects were delayed between few months to as much as 6 years; the Government of India claims one of the causes for these delays is land acquisition issues such as high land compensation demanded by farmers. In addition to mega projects by India's central government, numerous large projects are under progress led by state governments or private entrepreneurs. For example, the Uttar Pradesh government has launched a number of energy projects and expressway projects such as Yamuna Expressway and the Ganga Expressway; the Haryana government has launched the KMP Expressway project. Infrastructure is necessary in India for disaster relief and disaster prevention. According to The Indian Red Cross, the Indian sub-continent is prone to droughts and other natural calamities.
Floods are the most regular and devastating, with an average of 18.6 million hectare of land is flooded annually, over 40 million hectare of land is flood prone. Drought is an eternal feature of Indian livelihood. 18% of the country's total area, 68% of the total cultivated area is estimated as drought prone. Half of the Indian population is affected by drought annually. Earthquakes and cyclones are other major sources of disasters, with the Indian Ocean amongst one of the six key cyclone prone regions in the world. According to India's Ministry of Ho
During the 2003–04 English football season, Watford F. C. competed in the First Division. The ongoing financial difficulties saw a large number of players released that summer, including record signing Allan Nielsen and strikers Tommy Smith and Gifton Noel-Williams. To make matters worse, Manchester United loanee Jimmy Davis was killed in a car crash on the opening day of the new campaign; this had a huge effect on the team's form at the beginning of the season, notably on his close friend Danny Webber. But a strong finish to the season saw the club finish in mid-table. Watford's score comes first Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Build a Rocket Boys! is the fifth studio album by English rock band Elbow, released on 4 March 2011 in the UK. Coinciding with the UK release, the album was available digitally in the United States on 8 March and released in the physical format on 12 April, it is the follow-up to the successful The Seldom Seen Kid, like its predecessor, was self-produced by the band in Blueprint Studios, Manchester. The album was nominated for the 2011 Mercury Prize; the first single, "Neat Little Rows", was released on 27 February 2011. The song received its first radio airplay on 13 January 2011; the video for the single was produced by The Soup Collective and filmed at Blueprint Studios where the album was recorded. It premiered on 31 January 2011; the album's title, track listing and cover art were "accidentally" revealed by frontman Guy Garvey on 22 December 2010. It is said to be influenced by Garvey's childhood, as he moved back to the area he grew up in before the album was recorded, is aimed to appease both their traditional fanbase and those who took a shine to the arena anthems of The Seldom Seen Kid.
The band's success, according to Garvey, made it difficult for the band to continue in the same vein when it came to lyrics. For, as Q magazine put it, "...when heartbreaking melancholia is your currency and contentment can be a problem." The group's frontman admitted that due to being "too happy" he had to "look elsewhere for lyrics." "I can't sincerely write about where I'm at because I'm doing OK. It wouldn't work."Elbow began writing new material and reviewing previous material they'd made on the road in January 2010, while on the Isle of Mull. It was there and that the new album's major motif began to take shape: that of nostalgia, missing family life and detesting the feeling of being unable to settle in. "In essence, they realised they've grown up, the thought set Garvey on a nostalgic, reflective course," according to Q. The agenda, both thematically and musically, was set by "Jesus Is a Rochdale Girl," a minimalist, Eno-esque track based on Garvey's earlier poem he wrote about his first love.
"I think our records have always had light and shade to a degree, this one more so than the others", commented Garvey. A couple of times, when struggling with lyrics, he made trips to Peter Gabriel's Real World Studios in Wiltshire to "share thoughts" with its owner. On such occasions the frontman communicated via video calls with his band, which, on some occasions, had to place the laptop on top of the piano and play the latest versions of songs to virtual Garvey."Lippy Kids", according to Q, is a key song: it was written in defence of the British teenager, victim to, as Garvey put it, "the anti-hoody shit that goes on in the media, the thought that if you hang around on a street corner you're a criminal." Speaking of the overall sound and its apparent lack of radio-friendliness, Garvey commented: "We could write deliberate radio hits until the cows come home, but I think you can hear it obviously when a band has done that." The singer mentioned the relative easiness of the atmosphere. "It's the first album we've made without the comedy anvil hanging over our heads," he said.
In January Guy Garvey sent Q Magazine a'new album update', mentioning among many things that happened since the magazine's correspondent last visit to the studio...... We had a pair of young ladies called Cupid's Bow play cello for us. We crane-lifted a grand piano into the top floor of the studio. Windows had to be removed and it took 12 hours to complete; the 55-strong Halle Youth Choir gave up a Sunday to sing a number of songs. I felt a bit cheeky asking such well-trained vocalists to sound a bit more'Manc' but they were up to it. So many real musicians under one roof, we were flattered that they agreed to work with us. Indeed, Halle Youth Choir features on six of the tracks, most noticeably, "With Love" and "Open Arms."In October 2012, the song "The Night Will Always Win" was used for the introduction for the video game Call of Duty: Black Ops 2. Critics praised the album as it scored a rating of 82 on Metacritic, which indicates "universal acclaim." According to The Daily Telegraph's Helen Brown, Guy Garvey much in the vein of artist LS Lowry, "make something moving and original from the experience of the man on the street", drawing "poignant, minimalist sketches of urban life that seem to be observed with a big yearning heart from a remote distance".
The band followed the success of Seldom Seen Kid with "greatness and without fuss", providing "…more of the same: richly textured and warm stuff", according to the critic. NME's John Doran, insisting that its'artistic bravery' that places Elbow "in a different league to other purveyors of emotional atmospheric rock", compares the album favourably to Coldplay's Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends, noting that the group is "rooted in the sublimely specific and the gloriously mundane" with Guy Garvey here cementing his position of "the laureate of the everyday." "If you've been chucked, realised that you miss your parents, or thought that you don't see enough of your mates he has written a song that hits the heart of the matter with frightening resonance", writes the reviewer. Not impressed by the track "Lippy Kids", the critic points to "Jesus Is a Rochdale Girl" as a "sublime counterpoint to this", calling it "a beautifully vivid recollection of moving in with someone for the first time."