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Laura Bush

Laura Welch Bush is an American educator, First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her husband, George W. Bush, from 2001 to 2009. Bush served as First Lady of Texas from 1995 to 2000. Born in Midland, Bush graduated from Southern Methodist University in 1968 with a bachelor's degree in education, took a job as a second grade teacher. After attaining her master's degree in library science at the University of Texas at Austin, she was employed as a librarian. Bush met her future husband, George W. Bush, in 1977, they were married that year; the couple had twin daughters in 1981. Bush's political involvement began during her marriage, she campaigned with her husband during his unsuccessful 1978 run for the United States Congress, for his successful Texas gubernatorial campaign. As First Lady of Texas, Bush implemented many initiatives focused on health and literacy. In 1999–2000, she aided her husband in campaigning for the presidency in a number of ways, such as delivering a keynote address at the 2000 Republican National Convention, which gained her national attention.

She became First Lady after her husband was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2001. Polled by The Gallup Organization as one of the most popular First Ladies, Bush was involved in national and global concerns during her tenure, she continued to advance her trademark interests of education and literacy by establishing the annual National Book Festival in 2001, encouraged education on a worldwide scale. She advanced women's causes through The Heart Truth and Susan G. Komen for the Cure organizations, she represented the United States during her foreign trips, which tended to focus on HIV/AIDS and malaria awareness. Laura Lane Welch was born on November 4, 1946, in Midland, the only child of Harold Welch and Jenna Louise Hawkins Welch. Bush is of English and Swiss ancestry, her father was a house builder and successful real estate developer, while her mother worked as the bookkeeper for her father's business. Early on, her parents encouraged leading to what would become her love of reading.

She said, "I learned at home from my mother. When I was a little girl, my mother would read stories to me. I have loved books and going to the library since. In the summer, I liked to spend afternoons reading in the library. I enjoyed the Little House on the Prairie and Little Women books, many others... Reading gives you enjoyment throughout your life." Bush has credited her second grade teacher, Charlene Gnagy, for inspiring her interest in education. On the night of November 6, 1963, two days after her 17th birthday, Laura Welch ran a stop sign and struck another car, killing its driver; the victim was classmate Michael Dutton Douglas. By some accounts, Douglas had been Welch's boyfriend at one time, but she stated that he was not her boyfriend at that time but rather a close friend. Bush and her passenger, both 17, were treated for minor injuries. According to the accident report released by the city of Midland in 2000, in response to an open-records request, she was not charged in the incident.

Bush's spokesman said, "It was a tragic accident that affected the families and was painful for all involved, including the community at large." In her book Spoken from the Heart she says that the crash caused her to lose her faith "for many, many years". She attended James Bowie Elementary School, San Jacinto Junior High School, Robert E. Lee High School in Midland, she graduated from Lee in 1964 and went on to attend Southern Methodist University in Dallas where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta. She graduated in 1968 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Education. After graduating from SMU, she began her career as a school teacher at Longfellow Elementary School in the Dallas Independent School District, she taught for three years at John F. Kennedy Elementary School, a Houston Independent School District school in Houston, until 1972. In 1973, Bush attained a Master of Science degree in Library Science from the University of Texas at Austin, she was soon employed as a librarian at the Kashmere Gardens Branch at the Houston Public Library.

The following year, she moved back to Austin and took another job as a librarian in the Austin Independent School District school Dawson Elementary until 1977. She reflected on her employment experiences to a group of children in 2003, saying, "I worked as a teacher and librarian and I learned how important reading is in school and in life." She met George W. Bush in July 1977 when mutual friends Joe and Jan O'Neill invited her and Bush to a backyard barbecue at their home, he proposed to her at the end of September and they were married on November 5 of that year, the day after her 31st birthday, at the First United Methodist Church in Midland, the same church in which she had been baptized. Laura bought a two-toned dress off the rack for the wedding; the couple honeymooned in Mexico. George W. Bush detailed his choice to marry Laura as the "best decision of life". Laura, an only child, said she gained "brothers and sisters and wonderful in-laws" who all accepted her after she wed George W. Bush.

The year after their marriage, the couple began campaigning for George W. Bush's 1978 Congressional candidacy. According to George Bush, when he asked her to marry him, she had said, "Yes, but only if you promise me that I'll never have to make a campaign speech." She soon relented, gave her first stump speech for him in 1978 on the courthouse steps in Muleshoe, Texas. After narrowly winning the primary, he lost the general election. Bush attended the inauguration of father-in-law George H. W. Bush as Vice President in January

Frederick Municipal Airport (Maryland)

Frederick Municipal Airport is a public airport located in the city of Frederick, in Frederick County, United States. This airport is publicly owned by City of Frederick. Frederick Municipal Airport is classified as a general aviation airport. According to analysis, FDK experienced 129,000 operations in 2004 with an expected increase to about 165,000 by 2025. In October 2010, Frederick Municipal Airport received 4.8 million dollars from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to build and staff a control tower at the airport. Work commenced Oct 2010 and an air traffic control tower, with accompanying Class D airspace, was commissioned May 1, 2012. FDK maintains two paved runways: the primary runway, Runway 5-23, 5,220 feet in length and 100 feet in width, Runway 12-30, 3,600 feet in length and 75 feet in width. Plans for the airfield include upgrading the existing runway 5/23 to 6,000 feet in length, 12/30 to 3,750 feet, adding a third turf runway with 2,400 feet. In keeping up with increased growth of corporate and personal aircraft in the Frederick area, the airport has planned for increased hangar storage.

Frederick Municipal Airport covers an area of 616 acres and contains two runways: Runway 5/23: 5,219 x 100 ft, Surface: Asphalt Runway 12/30: 3,600 x 75 ft, Surface: Asphalt Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association headquarters Fuel: 100LL, Jet-A Aircraft sales Aircraft maintenance Oxygen Pilot lounge and supplies Airways Inn restaurant- Airways Inn Flight school and rental- Bravo Flight Training Frederick Flight Center Helicopter Flight school and rental- Advanced Helicopter Concepts Fractured Prune Donut Shoppe: 0.5 mi Dutch's Daughter restaurant: 8 mi Courtyard by Marriott: 5 mi Hampton Inn: 5 mi The Frederick Municipal Airport, called Frederick Field in the movie, is featured in the 1996 action film Executive Decision starring Kurt Russell, though the airport filmed is not Frederick Municipal Airport. Frederick Municipal Airport was constructed starting on 26 March 1946; the airport opened on 17 April 1946 with the arrival of a Stinson aircraft. The airport became the home of the Experimental Aircraft Association East coast fly-in in 1970.

Airport/Facility Directory published by FAA every 56 days US Terminal Procedures published by FAA every 56 days Flight Guide published by Airguide Publications, Inc. semiannually FAA Airport Diagram, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for FDK AirNav airport information for KFDK ASN accident history for FDK FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures

John Mullan (road builder)

John Mullan Jr. was an American soldier, civil servant, road builder. After graduating from the United States Military Academy in 1852, he joined the Northern Pacific Railroad Survey, led by Isaac Stevens, he extensively explored western Montana and portions of southeastern Idaho, discovered Mullan Pass, participated in the Coeur d'Alene War, led the construction crew which built the Mullan Road in Montana and Washington state between the spring of 1859 and summer of 1860. He unsuccessfully sought appointment as Territorial Governor of the new Idaho Territory, although he played a significant role in the territory's formation and the establishment of its boundaries. Leaving the United States Army in April 1863, he failed at several businesses before profiting immensely as a real estate dealer and land attorney in California. At one point, the law firm he co-founded was the largest land speculator in the state, he became an agent and lobbyist for the states of California and Oregon and for the Washington Territory, securing reimbursements from the federal government.

The tarnished reputation he earned as a land speculator, coupled with state politics, led the three states and the territory to deny him most of the income he expected to generate from this business. He died penniless and ill in 1909. Mullan served from 1883 to 1887 as one of the commissioners of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, a private organization acting as an agent of the federal government. Mullan was born in Virginia, on July 31, 1830, to John and Mary Mullan, he was the oldest son of what would be 11 children. The Mullans moved to Annapolis, Maryland, in 1833. John Sr. had enlisted in the United States Army in 1823, about the time of John Jr.'s birth was an ordnance sergeant. John Jr. began attending school in 1839. Despite the financial burden of raising so many children, the Mullans were able to finance secondary and higher education for John, he attended St. John's College in Annapolis, where he studied Greek, history, philosophy, rhetoric, surveying and geology, among other subjects.

Mullan graduated from St. John's in 1847 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, he was just 16 years old. In 1845, Secretary of War William L. Marcy transferred the Army post of Fort Severn to the United States Navy, which converted the fort into the United States Naval Academy. At Marcy's request, John Mullan Sr. was assigned to the Navy, spent the rest of his career doing light general repair and cleaning at the Naval Academy. Due to his father's lengthy career in the Army, John Mullan Jr. sought admission to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. The Mullan family were Democrats, John Sr. had served as an alderman on the Annapolis city council. This made the Mullans well-connected politically, several respected citizens of Annapolis wrote John Jr. glowing letters of recommendation. The entire Democratic delegation in the Maryland General Assembly petitioned President James K. Polk to admit him. In 1848, Mullan traveled to the White House in Washington, D. C. and asked Polk for an appointment to West Point.

Sizing up the diminutive but muscular Mullan, Polk asked, "Well, don't you think you are rather small to want to be a soldier?" Mullan replied, "I may be somewhat small, but can't a small man be a soldier as well as a tall one?" Polk, bemused by Mullan's audacity, gave him the appointment six weeks later. Mullan entered West Point on July 1, 1848. About 70 percent of classroom time at West Point was spent on three subjects: engineering and science. West Point was the nation's preeminent engineering school, Mullan studied under Dennis Hart Mahan, the nation's leading civil engineer. Mullan's was one of the first classes of cadets to learn how to navigate using a compass and odometer. Few cadets engaged in extracurricular reading at the West Point library, but Mullan checked out large quantities of books, many of them dealing with the newly acquired western United States, he graduated in 1852, 15th in a class of 43. Among Mullan's classmates were future generals such as George Crook, George B. McClellan, Phil Sheridan.

Mullan was commissioned a brevet 2d Lieutenant in the United States Army after graduating from West Point. On July 1, he was assigned to Fort Columbus on Governors Island in New York Harbor. On November 4, 1852, Mullan left New York City aboard a steamship, traversed the Isthmus of Nicaragua, arrived in San Francisco on December 1, 1852, where he was assigned to the 1st Artillery Regiment. On February 10, 1853, outgoing President Millard Fillmore signed legislation creating the Washington Territory. On March 17, newly inaugurated President Franklin Pierce appointed one of his supporters, Isaac Stevens, to be Territorial Governor of Washington Territory; the Senate confirmed the appointment the same day. Stevens knew that on March 3, 1853, Congress had appropriated $150,000 to survey railroad routes across the Pacific Northwest. Secretary of War Jefferson Davis was eager to complete the surveys, which he believed would show a northern route to be impossible; this would force Congress to survey and fund the construction of a southern route, which in turn would lead to rapid development of the area and the creation of new slave-holding states.

Davis was determined to move as swiftly as possible on the surveys, on March 25, 1853, appointed Stevens to lead the survey project. The Stevens survey was the first transcontinental surve